1 SSWH 7 Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics.
2 SSWH 7 A Explain the manorial system and feudal relationships, include: the status of peasants and feudal monarchies and the importance of Charlemagne
3 Vocabulary Charlemagne - united most of Europe; was crowned Emperor by the Pope, known as the Light of the Dark Ages Feudalism - Political system of local government based on the granting of land in return for loyalty, military assistance, and other services Manor - the home of the nobility Fief - land given to a vassal Fealty - promise of loyalty Vassal - holder of land in the feudal system Bubonic Plague - deadly disease spread to Europe during the 1340s. It is estimated to have killed 30% to 60% of Europe's population Crusades - a series of religious wars between Christian Europe and Muslim Middle East in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries.
4 What s happening in Europe? After the fall of the Roman Empire: centralized political authority, long distance trade, urbanization, and literacy slowly declined Germanic tribes flooded into the region and established hundreds of small kingdoms and tribal chiefdoms political authority in these kingdoms tended to be very weak, based mostly on the king or another strong man s ability to provide protection Borders and thrones shifted often as war between and within kingdoms was common.
5 Transition Period in the European Middle Ages Time in history between the end of the Classical Age and the beginning of the Modern World one tribe The Franks (settled in France) lasting impact on Europe helped shaped this new culture of post-roman Europe Charles Martel became the mayor was even more powerful than the king - controlled army & made laws ended the Muslim threat trying to invade - made him a hero his son, Pepin, was crowned king
6 Transition Period in the European Middle Ages Pope needed the Franks to help against the Lombards (Germanic tribe attacking) Frankish ruler, Pepin (AD 751) defeated the Lombards. territory given by the Pope is called Donation of Pepin created the Papal State Paves the way for Charlemagne Pepin s son and greatest of all Frankish Kings
7 The importance of establishing the Carolingian Dynasty political unity and cultural revival emerged under the Carolingian Dynasty Carolingian kings gained & expanded their power through an alliance with the Roman Catholic Church. pope crowned the first Carolingian King, Pepin, the king by grace of God. This act established a tradition in which the pope claimed the right to confer secular political power on kings. Carolingian power reached its peak under Charlemagne who built an empire that spanned most of Central Europe.
8 Charlemagne Light of the Dark Ages great political and military skill United much of western Europe for the first time in 400 years. he established a relatively unified empire in medieval Europe Forced people to convert to Christianity His officials were called missi dominici or the lord s messengers.
9 Charlemagne Light of the Dark Ages His rule was a model for later kings in medieval Europe Cultural rebirth throughout Europe supported education created libraries sponsored collection & copying of ancient Roman manuscripts Pope Leo II crowned him emperor symbolized Charlemagne's importance & the power of the Catholic Church
12 The Feudal System Manorial System Feudalism Economic system during the Middle Ages that revolved around self-sufficient farming estates where lords and peasants shared the land Political system of local government based on the granting of land in return for loyalty, military assistance, and other services.
13 Feudalism Feudalism was a complex system of relationships between people of different classes. Invasions by Germanic Tribes Land-owners found protection by entering into feudal arrangements
14 A person who granted land was a lord and the grant of land was called a fief. A powerful noble granted land to a lesser noble. Ownership of the land remained with the noble who made the grant. The person who received the fief was a
15 Feudal Relationships A person who granted land was a lord or a knight and the grant of land was called a fief. The person who received the fief was a vassal creating a contract between them.
16 Feudal Relationships The contract between the person giving the land and the vassal created a fealty a promise of loyalty.
17 Feudal System creates a web Kings granted land (fiefs) to vassals in exchange for military service and oaths of loyalty (fealty). Lords (nobility) of large land grants might in turn grant out fiefs to lesser nobles or knights who served in their personal army. The system became more complicated as it became hereditary over time. Titles of nobility and the fiefs associated with the title might pass from one family to another through marriage.
18 Feudal Obligations Oath of Fealty Lords, vassals in feudal system had duties to fulfill to one another Knight s chief duty as vassal to provide military service to his lord Had to promise to remain loyal; promise called oath of fealty Financial Obligations Knight had certain financial obligations to lord Knight obligated to pay ransom for lord s release if captured in battle Gave money to lord on special occasions, such as knighting of son Lord s Obligations Lord had to treat knights fairly, not demanding too much time, money Had to protect knight if attacked by enemies Had to act as judge in disputes between knights
19 Feudal System creates a web original inhabitants of the land granted to these vassals became serfs serfs were legally bound to the land and obliged to work as farmers for the lord In other areas these inhabitants might be free peasant farmers performed manual labor in exchange for use of the land Rarely ate meat Limited life expectancy Many fought in the service of their knights paid taxes to the lord in the form of agriculture SERFS could NOT be sold. Serfs had NO legal rights -- unlike peasants who had some legal rights
20 Feudal System Impact Europe became highly decentralized This decentralization forced much of Europe to become largely self sufficient decentralized nature of feudal states Roman Catholic Church emerged as both a spiritual and temporal power in medieval society
21 SSWH 7 B Explain the political impact of Christianity and the role of the church in medieval society.
22 Role of the Church While political power and the economy of Medieval Europe was highly decentralized, the spiritual unity of the continent remained quite unified. popes in Rome maintained this unity through a hierarchy of clergy The authority of the clergy over the royalty, nobility and common people was reinforced by several factors.
23 Role of the Church medieval Catholicism taught that only the clergy could interpret the scripture reinforced by the fact that medieval bibles were written in Latin, clergy alone could administer sacraments or rituals that the church said were required to achieve salvation in heaven
24 Role of the Church church enforced a law code (canon law), on all believers regulated the behavior of all church members and was enforced by a network of courts that had the authority to arrest and punish violators The punishment of the most extreme forms of heresy included torture and execution.
25 Role of the Church church maintained its power through the threat and use of excommunication and interdict Excommunication - denying any opportunity to achieve eternal salvation An interdict denied the sacraments to entire regions thus condemning all of the inhabitants to hell.
26 Role of the Church for the Everyday Man The church was an ever present facet of the average man's life. The average person was involved with the church from baptism until death. Medieval learning, managed by the Catholic Church, focused less on new scientific discovery and more on mastering existing knowledge. Priests and Monks were responsible for the preservation of learning and ancient literature. an important force in maintaining cultural unity in Europe
27 Role of the Church monarchs of Europe attempted to limit the authority of the pope by placing their allies in the clergy Bishops served as regional church leaders throughout Europe - monarchs used their power to appoint them Lay Investiture - monarchs wanted the authority to appoint the bishops within their realms The church tolerated this practice until 1075 when Pope Gregory VII banned lay investiture.
28 Political Impact of the Church Had broad political powers most powerful institution Power extended through every social/political levels Anyone who opposed the church heresy Source of leadership and stability for the community. Church had power to tax Tithe Large income from owning lands Leading landowner Wealthiest single institute in Europe
29 The Lay Investiture Controversy A conflict between the Roman Catholic Church and the Holy Roman Empire. It reflected the struggle over who had the power to appoint church positions. It involved the Pope's edict preventing Henry IV from appointing bishops. Henry challenged the ruling...
30 Pope Gregory VII Henry IV Devout Brought spiritual reform to the church Increased the power and authority of the papacy. Felt that rulers and ordinary people alike were subject to the will of the church and its pope. Used excommunication as a way to resolve conflicts of church and state. Came to the throne at the age of 5. At age of 15, Henry moved to strengthened his imperial rule. Believed that he had the power to appoint bishops of the church lay investiture. Actions brought him into conflict with Pope Gregory VII.
31 Lay Investiture Controversy Investiture Struggle How did it happen? Pope Gregory VII originally allowed and accepted Lay Investiture Henry IV kept refusing to follow papal commands Henry IV and all the bishops that he appointed rejected the authority of the Pope and demanded the Pope abdicate. Pope Gregory VII then deposed the king and excommunicated the king and all the bishops with him. Pope Gregory VII banned Lay Investiture. After mounting pressure, Henry IV went to the Pope in Canossa, Italy to beg forgiveness. Pope made Henry wait three days in the dead of winter. Then he revoked Henry s excommunication.
32 The Lay Investiture Controversy So what did this mean? Monarchs lost the ability to appoint their own bishops. Eroded power of the monarchs Established more firmly the power of the church
33 SSWH 7 C Describe how increasing trade led to the growth of towns and cities, include: the impact of the Bubonic Plague
34 Growth of Towns and Cities increase in trade and urbanization of Europe was precipitated by population growth Population growth was due to an increase in the food supply because of an increase in the availability in farm land and technological advances
35 Growth of Towns and Cities regional fairs emerge fairs were generally held on religious holidays in or near the few small towns that existed in Medieval Europe Peasants from nearby manors would travel to the fairs to buy and sell goods traveling merchants that brought exotic goods from the east
36 Growth of Towns and Cities regional fairs became larger and more frequent spurred the growth of these towns As these towns grew became increasingly independent existed outside of the authority and traditions of the feudal system
37 Growth of Towns and Cities 3 Important business developments arose from these regional fairs: a new system of manufacturing a banking system developed and the practice of investing wealth started
38 Growth of Towns and Cities With trade cities began to grow! Merchants and workers began to unite in association called guilds. Guilds were organizations of merchants and artisans that worked together to regulate business practices to ensure the profitability and viability of their respective commodities.
39 Growth of Towns and Cities the existing aristocracy was wealthy because of land holdings As population and trade grew so did a new class, the merchant class merchants wealth came from the increase of trade This middle class didn't exactly "fit" in the traditional scheme of feudal society.
40 Growth of Towns and Cities The new middle class and their increasing wealth and power was a factor in the decline of feudalism. lived in cities that were outside of the jurisdiction of the feudal system feudal monarchs attempted to bring these cities under their authority, however few were successful
42 The Black Death aka Bubonic Plague Traveled along the Silk Road---originated in China Entered Europe mostly through trade ports Boats landed in the ports with infected passengers and rodents 30-60% population of Europe killed spread of the Plague was the biggest disrupter to the social structure of Europe Took 150 years for Europe s population to recover
43 Effects of the Bubonic Plague diminished populations in European cities decreased trade and drove up prices severely undermined the feudal system in the countryside led to economic growth and development in the long-term
44 Effects of the Bubonic Plague increased the demand for peasant labor increased their ability to demand higher wages nobles refused to increase wages serfs and peasants fought back in violent rebellions grip of the nobility of the peasantry was forever weakened
46 SSWH 7 D Describe the causes and impact of the Crusades on the Islamic World and Europe.
47 The Crusades Definition: A series of military expeditions carried out by European Christians against the Muslims from the eleventh to the thirteenth centuries A war over religion
48 The Crusades 1037 the Seljuk Turks established an empire in the Middle East Seljuk Turks power threatened the Byzantine Empire 1093 the emperor solicited help from Pope Urban II Urban called for the first Crusade to free Jerusalem from Muslim rule The first Crusade set off in 1096 and lasted until 1099.
49 The Crusades The Crusaders successfully drove the Turks from Jerusalem. This success was short lived however, in less than 100 years Jerusalem was back in the hands of the Muslim Turks. The Christians of Europe organized several other Crusades over the next 300 years but none of them were ever able to retake Jerusalem.
50 The Crusades Motivation for the Crusades was a mix of genuine religious zealotry, economic self-interest, and political opportunism. Devout Christians found motivation: Seljuk Turks denied Christian pilgrims access to Jerusalem the pope s promise of guaranteed salvation for all those who died on Crusade
51 The Crusades Those seeking economic advantage hoped that the Crusades would offer opportunities for gold and land. Crusades offered young men a chance to obtain land and titles in newly conquered territory. Italian merchants sought profit from: financing & transporting Crusader armies lucrative trade routes
52 The Crusades The popes hoped that the Crusades: would bring peace to Europe by uniting quarreling knights against a common enemy reinforce the power of the papacy in secular affairs The Crusades stimulated Mediterranean trade.
53 General Goals of the Crusades Reclaim Palestine for the Christians (places where Jesus and the Apostles lived) Get rid of troublesome knights Opportunity for land, wealth, and a new position in society Adventure New trade routes To capture Jerusalem the Holy Land from the Islamic Rulers
54 The Crusades The first Crusade facilitated trade between Asia and Europe increased demand for Asian and Middle Eastern commodities Effects of the Crusades Europeans were exposed to Muslim scholarship Rediscovery of Greek and Roman works helped spur an intellectual awakening in Europe
55 The Crusades Effects of the Crusades helped to undermine the feudal order in Europe offered opportunities to all levels of society Kings found greater power and influence Serfs gained freedom and sometimes wealth Weakened power of the church
56 Impact of the Crusades Islamic World: slowed the advance of Islam prevented the formation of a unified Islamic power Byzantine Empire fell to the turks Commercial trading shifted from Muslims to Italians in the Mediterranean Positive effect: the expansion of trade into the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern areas
57 The Crusades Lasting Impact of the Crusades: To the east, the Crusades left a legacy of animosity. Motivated by economic opportunity, Western European Christians sacked and looted Constantinople increased the divide between the Roman Catholic Church in the West and the Eastern Orthodox Church
Timeline I. Medieval Europe A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes. B. By the 4 th century, the Catholic Church became more powerful. The church was (is) organized
Chapter 13 Notes Western Europe in the Middle Ages Middle Ages 500-1500 The Middle Ages are also called the Medieval Period. The foundations of early medieval society were: Classical heritage of Rome Christian
Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.9 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Western Europe during the Middle Ages from about 500 to 1000 AD in terms of its impact on Western Civilization
Medieval Europe 500-1350 Dark Ages 500 800 High Middle Ages 800 1350 The German Kingdoms Romans loyal to Rome vs. Germans loyal to local war chiefs Romans speak Latin Germans speak German. German law based
AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR CENTRAL GOV T OF ROME FALLS APART FAIRLY QUICKLY NORMAL LIFE DISAPPEARS: LOSS OF SAFETY, SERVICES, LAWS,
Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Dark Ages - the Age of Feudalism Medieval Europe began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD. With the destruction of Roman civilization,
7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and Emperor Henry IV. (H, P) Term Hint Definition Excommunicate
Name CHAPTER 13 Section 1 (pages 353 357) Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about Southeast Asian kingdoms and Korean dynasties. In this section, you will
Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: The Early Middle Ages The Roman empire was replaced by smaller Germanic kingdoms. When Charlemagne aided Pope Leo III in 799, he was crowned Emperor of the Romans
CHAPTER 12 - THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES IN THE WEST TO 1000: THE BIRTH OF EUROPE CHAPTER SUMMARY This chapter begins the account of the western Middle Ages, the period in which a distinctive European culture
Due Date: Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages 285-290) I. THE NEW GERMANIC KINGDOMS Name: 1. What did the Germanic Ostrogoths and Visigoths retain from the
Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe Section 1: The Early Middle Age I. Geography of Western Europe A. Location 1. Second smallest land area of the seven continent 2. Lies on the western end of Eurasia (Portugal
Middle Ages: Feudalism - Study Guide - -Franks and Charlemagne - 1. List all names for the Middle Ages. 2. What did Charles The Hammer Martel do? 3. Explain Charlemagne s accomplishments. 4. Explain the
A crown from the Holy Roman Empire. Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. Priests and other religious officials
Questions 1. How powerful was the Roman Catholic Church? 2. What were the Crusades? 3. What caused the Crusades? 4. Why was the First Crusade unsuccessful? 5. Which Muslim leader took over Jerusalem during
The Worlds of European Christendom Chapter 9 After the Roman Empire By the 4 th Century the Roman Empire gets divided Christian Europe is two parts: 1. Eastern half = The Byzantine Empire 2. Western half
Chapter 13 The Commonwealth of Byzantium 1 The Early Byzantine Empire n Capital: Byzantium n On the Bosporus n Commercial, strategic value of location n Constantine names capital after himself (Constantinople),
Name Study Guide: The Middle Ages ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: The European Middle Ages occur chronologically between the Roman Empire and the modern age that we live in. The Middle Ages are divided into three
European Middle Ages, 500 1200 Charlemagne unites the Germanic kingdoms, the feudal system emerges, and the Church strongly influences the lives of people in Europe. King Charlemagne, in style of Albrecht
Objectives Understand why Holy Roman emperors failed to build a unified nation-state in Germany. Describe the conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV and summarize the struggle to control
The Middle Ages Introduction to the Middle Ages The Middle Ages Introduction to the Middle Ages The Middle Ages is a period in European history from about the 400s to 1400 A.D. During these years, also
EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD The slaw decline of the Roman Empire marked the beginning of a new era in European history. This period is called the Middle Ages. It lasted from around 500 to 1500.
High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) Christianity During the Middle Ages Because of the renewal of Christian faith around 1000 CE, the Middle Ages gains a new
Middle Ages = European history between the fall of the Roman Empire (476) and the Modern Era (1450) Also called the Medieval Period ( Medium is Latin for Middle; aevum is Latin for age) Early Middle Ages
The Church Objectives: To describe the Church s structure, influence and power. To explain the relationship between the Church and the German Empire. To list events in the power struggle between the popes
The Early Middle Ages The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings Section Focus After Rome fell the world entered into chaos. Time of warfare, violence, and religion. Time period known as
A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: www.cainaweb.org Early Church Growth & Threats Patristic Period & Great Councils Rise of Christendom High Medieval Church Renaissance to Reformation
Revival & Crusades AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) From the fall of the Roman Empire 476 C.E. to around 1000 C.E. Europe was in the Dark Ages or Medieval Times. Between 1000 1200 a revival
The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe, a.d. 50 800 Lesson 4 The Age of Charlemagne ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How can religion impact a culture? What factors lead to the rise and fall of empires? Reading HELPDESK
The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe Chapter 8 Section 2 Decline & Fall of Rome The Romans are no longer a world superpower so what the heck happened? 1. Military Problems 2. Economic Problems 3. Political
Section Quiz 9-1 DIRECTIONS: Matching Match each item in with an item in. 1. lived in convents 2. fine paid by a wrongdoer 3. religious pratice of monks 4. bishop of Rome 5. Charles the Great A. wergild
The Holy Roman Empire (946-1437) By: Aubrey Feyrer Amanda Peng Ian Scribner Growth of the Holy Roman Empire Intellectual and Cultural History Included present-day Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg,
Bentley Chapter 16 Study Guide: The Two Worlds of Christendom The Quest for Political Order (p. 328-329) 1. How did the east and west differ after the fall of the Roman Empire? The Early Byzantine Empire:
The Early Middle Ages The Dark Ages The term the Middle Ages was coined by historians who did not know what to call the time period between the classical era (Rome) and the rebirth of the classical era,
Europe in the Middle Ages Unit 6 Unit Standards Part 1 Europe in the Middle Ages 7.32 Identify the physical location and features of Europe including the Alps, the Ural Mountains, the North European Plain
Chapter 11 The Roman Empire and the Rise of Christianity in the West, 31 B.C.E. 800 C.E. p142 Roman Decline Rome s power to rule began to decline after Marcus Aurelius (161-180 CE) Germanic tribes invaded
The Crusades What is a crusade? A crusade was a Holy War between European Christians and the Muslim Turks. What were they fighting over? Three major religious groups all claimed Jerusalem in the land of
What It Wasn t Life in is often depicted with knights in shining armor, kings, queens, and glorious pageantry, but in truth it was often harsh, uncertain, and dangerous. What It Was Also called the Middle
Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Constantinople Survived because it was far away from the Germanic tribe invasions It was the
LESSON 3.2 THE FOUNDATION AND EXPANSION OF ISLAM LESSON 3.2.4 WATCH Key Ideas Factual Use these questions and prompts at the appropriate stopping points to check in with students and ensure they are getting
AP European History Summer Assignment Due: First day of class To complete this assignment you will need your textbook, The Western Heritage, which can be picked up from the school library on the following
Emperor of the Byzantine Empire to the HRE (1093) Come then, with all your people and give battle with all your strength, so that all this treasure shall not fall into the hands of the [Muslim] Turks Therefore
Name The Crusades Aim #1: What were the Crusades? The Crusades were a series of wars starting in 1095 CE that lasted into the end of the 13th century (1200s) in which European Christians tried to win control
Essential Question: What was the Renaissance? What factors led to the rise of the Renaissance? Western Europe The emerged Renaissance from the Middle Ages during an era known as the Renaissance From 1300
The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins 1. What happened to Rome in 410 AD? 2. Why would this sack of Rome be physiologically crushing to the Romans? 3. Who is Alaric? 4. What are Alaric and his Visigoths
9/30/13 10:45 AM Name Date Period DBQ: The European Middle Ages Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying documents in Part A. As you analyze the documents, take into account both
The Byzantine Empire Preview This preview is designed to show students how the city of Constantinople thrived as a trading hub. This will help you understand why Constantinople became the capital of the
Church History 11 th Bible Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD 496 1291) I. The Wobbling West (the Middle Ages arrive in the West) A. Middle Ages (Medieval times) 1. Former Western Empire B.
Chapter 9 The Byzantine Empire, Russia, and the rise of Eastern Europe The 2 nd Rome Map of the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Justinian Building and Defending the Empire Justinian- Ruled the Byzantine
Chapter 9, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 9 The High Middle Ages (1050 1450) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights
Section 1 Standards-Based Instruction Standards at a Glance In the last chapter, students read about the rise of Charlemagne and the spread of Christianity in Europe. Here, students will focus on the relationship
+ To Jesus Through Mary Name: Per. Date: Eighth Grade Religion ID s Chapter Five: A Remarkable Age of Renewal (1046 1305) 1. Emperor Henry III He was the Holy Roman Emperor who in the early 1000 s (1046)
The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c.500-840) Much of Europe's destiny would be tied in with a new Germanic power, the Franks. This tribe had played a minor role in the breakup of the Roman Empire.
The Crusades The Crusades WHAT WERE THEY? THEY WERE A SERIES OF RELIGIOUS WARS BETWEEN CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS FOUGHT BETWEEN THE 11 TH TO 13 TH CENTURIES. THESE WARS WERE BEGUN BY CHRISTIANS AND CAUSED
Islamic court decision, seventeenth century whenever cotton yarn comes the aforementioned arrives, pays an extra price, and takes it from its owner, and the other weavers remain deprived of yarn. As of
Chapter 7: Medieval- middle age While the Byzantines prospered, the old Western empire fell into the Dark Ages. Germanic tribes snatched up what was the Roman Empire between 400-700 AD They include Vandals,
CRISIS AND REFORMS After death of Marcus Aurelius (the end of the Pax Romana) the empire was rocked by political and economic turmoil for 100 years Emperors were overthrown regularly by political intrigue
FEUDALISM Definition: Political, social and economic system (WHAT) that predominated in Western Europe (WHERE) between the 9 th and 13 th centuries (WHEN). Feudal Europe From the Atlantic ocean until Russia,
Wood 6 Christian Societies in Europe and the Middle East (600-1450 CE) vocab, if used, is in quotations; all vocab is listed at the bottom Big Question: What were the PERSIAN benefits and failures of Christianity
Medieval Europe Timeline Cards ISBN: 978-1-68380-006-4 Subject Matter Expert Bradley Mollmann Illustration and Photo Credits Title Martin Hargreaves Chapter 1 Martin Jung/imageBROKER / imagebroker Chapter
Chapter 14 Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe OUTLINE I. Introduction Two civilizations survived in postclassical Europe: the Byzantine Empire and its culturally related cultures
I. The Byzantine Empire, 600-1200 A. An Empire Beleaguered 1. Following the Sasanids, the Muslim Arabs took the wealthy provinces of Syria, Egypt, and Tunisia from the Byzantine Empire and converted their
Byzantines, Turks, and Russians Interact 500-1500 Byzantium Germanic tribes had driven the Romans east. In 330 CE, the Roman emperor had begun to favor Christianity and established a city called Constantinople,
Chapter 14 Section 4 The Church Divided The Bubonic Plague The Hundred Years War Chapter 14 Section 4 Innocent III 1198-1216 Height of Church Power Weakens Power shifting of Kings and Strong government
Chapter 17: Nomadic Empires and Eurasian Integration Chapter 18: States and Societies of Sub-Saharan Africa Chapter 19: The Increasing Influence of Europe 1. Marco Polo wrote that the Mongols were "stout
World History S. Anderson you ll learn about Europe after the fall of Rome. In the East, the Roman Empire continued as the Byzantine Empire. In the West, Europe experienced centuries of turmoil as different
Medieval Europe AD 476 is the accepted date for the transition for the Classical, or Ancient, World to the Medieval World. The fall of Rome resulted in three main cultural groups: The Byzantine Empire,
The Middle Ages Period The Early Middle Ages SLMS/09 The Dark Ages The term the Middle Ages was coined by historians who did not know what to call the time period between the classical era (Rome) and the
Social Studies World History Unit 04A : Diffusion of Ideas and Systems: The Middle Ages in Europe, 600 1450 2013 2014 1 Use the graphic organizer and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following
Objectives Identify the advanced civilizations that were flourishing in 1050. Explain the causes and effects of the Crusades. Summarize how Christians in Spain carried out the Reconquista. Terms and People
The Normans Viking Settlers The Viking Age spanned the late 8 th to the late 11 th century During this time, Vikings from Scandinavia explored Europe by its oceans and rivers for trade and plunder By the
Lesson 1 Early Christianity ESSENTIAL QUESTION What are the characteristics of a leader? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did the Jews respond to Roman rule? 2. Why were the life and death of Jesus of Nazareth
CHURCH HISTORY The Height and Decline of the Papacy (1073 1517) By Dr. Jack L. Arnold Medieval Church History, part 3 I. INTRODUCTION A. The period from 1073 to 1517 is the time in history when the Roman
Introduction: Medieval Scotland Learning Intentions You will be able to: Describe Scotland in the twelfth century, with reference to: Population The structure of society Daily life Trade Government Religion
AP WORLD HISTORY Big Ideas The purpose of this PowerPoint is for you to review 10 Big Ideas from each of our historical units. (Units 1& 2 are combined together). As you read the top 10 countdown hopefully
English Literature The Medieval Period (Old English to Middle English) England before the English When the Romans arrived, they found the land inhabited by Britons. known as the Celts Stonehenge no written
Name Date Part A DBQ Unit 6: European Age of Exploration Directions The task below is based on documents 1 through 5. This task is designed to test your ability to work with the information provided by
Announcements: 1: Bell Ringer worksheets FOR A GRADE! You need: Bell Ringer (Fall of Rome), blank sheet of paper, one-pager template Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017 1. Pick up a copy of the Bell Ringer:
The Crusades Footsteps of Faith Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Fall 2013 Footsteps of Faith: Lectures Footsteps of Faith: Introduction The Crusades Faith & Culture in the ANE Birthplace of Empires The Children
THE MONGOLS Nomads of the Asian Steppe Steppe = a vast belt of dry grassland across Eurasia Provided a land trade route Home to nomads who swept into cities to plunder, loot & conquer Pastoralists = herded
EUROPEAN HISTORY - DBQ the Middle Ages (Suggested writing time minutes) Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying documents. (Some of the documents have been edited for the purpose