Text 5: The Crusades. Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe ( ) Lesson 4: Economic Expansion and Change: The Crusades and After

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Text 5: The Crusades. Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe ( ) Lesson 4: Economic Expansion and Change: The Crusades and After"

Transcription

1 Text 5: The Crusades Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe ( ) Lesson 4: Economic Expansion and Change: The Crusades and After

2 BELLWORK Why did Pope Urban II agree to help Byzantine emperor Alexius I?

3 OBJECTIVES Explain the causes and effects of the Crusades Explain why the Byzantine empire collapsed

4 By 1050, Western Europe was just emerging from centuries of isolation For the first time since the fall of Rome, Western Europeans were strong enough to break out of their narrow world and take the offensive against other lands

5 Starting in 1096, thousands of Europeans took part in the Crusades,a series of wars in which Christians battled Muslims for control of land in the Middle East During these wars, both sides committed bloody acts

6 The First Crusade freed Jerusalem from Muslim rule and established a string of European-ruled Crusader states They were surrounded by Muslim-ruled lands, however, and Arab counterattacks reconquered the last European outpost in 1291

7 Conflict in the Holy Land By the 1050s, the once prosperous Byzantine Empire was facing a serious threat from the Seljuk Turks This area included Jerusalem and other places where Christians believe Jesus had lived and preached The Turks had migrated from Central Asia into the Middle East, where they converted to Islam For centuries, Christians had made pilgrimages to the Holy Land Before long, the Seljuks had overrun most Byzantine lands in Asia Minor and extended their power over the Holy Land The conflict between the Seljuk Turks and the Byzantines disrupted travel to the Holy Land and was threatening the very survival of the Byzantine empire

8 In 1095, the Byzantine emperor Alexius I urgently asked Pope Urban II for Christian knights to help him fight the Muslim Turks Although Roman popes and Byzantine emperors were longtime rivals, Urban agreed

9 The Pope Calls for War At the Council of Clermont in 1095, Urban incited bishops and nobles to action calling for a crusade By 1096, thousands of knights were on their way to the Holy Land As the crusading spirit swept through Western Europe, armies of ordinary men and women inspired by fiery preachers also left for the Holy Land, few returned

10 Why did so many people embark on the Crusades? Religious reasons played a large role Yet many knights hoped to win wealth and land Some crusaders sought to escape troubles at home Others yearned for adventure The pope had mixed motives Increase his power in Europe and perhaps heal the schism, or split, between the Roman and Byzantine churches Saw lands in the Middle East as an outlet for Europe's growing population of knights Sending Christian knights to fight Muslims instead of one another would help ease warfare at home

11 Waves of Crusades Head Eastward Only the First Crusade came close to achieving its goals After a long and bloody campaign, Christian knights captured Jerusalem in 1099 and killed the Muslim and Jewish residents of the city The crusaders divided their captured lands into four small states, called crusader states

12 Muslims wanted to destroy these Christian states, prompting new crusades By 1187, Jerusalem fell to Salah al-din, known to Europeans as Saladin On the Third Crusade, Europeans failed to retake Jerusalem After negotiations, though, Saladin did reopen the holy city to Christian pilgrims

13 Europeans mounted crusades against other Muslim lands, especially in North Africa All ended in defeat During the Fourth Crusade, the crusaders were diverted from fighting Muslims to fighting other Christians

14 After helping merchants from the northern Italian city of Venice defeat their Byzantine trade rivals in 1204, crusaders captured and looted Constantinople Meanwhile, Muslim armies overran the crusader states By 1291, they had captured the last Christian outpost, the port city of Acre, and killed its Christian residents

The Crusades. Footsteps of Faith. Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Fall 2013

The Crusades. Footsteps of Faith. Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Fall 2013 The Crusades Footsteps of Faith Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Fall 2013 Footsteps of Faith: Lectures Footsteps of Faith: Introduction The Crusades Faith & Culture in the ANE Birthplace of Empires The Children

More information

Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages, Lesson 2: The Crusades

Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages, Lesson 2: The Crusades Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages, 1000 1500 Lesson 2: The Crusades World History Bell Ringer #48 1-23-18 1. Born to a wealthy merchant family, Francis of Assisi A. Used his social status

More information

Text 6: The Effects of the Crusades. Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe ( ) Lesson 4: Economic Expansion and Change: The Crusades and After

Text 6: The Effects of the Crusades. Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe ( ) Lesson 4: Economic Expansion and Change: The Crusades and After Text 6: The Effects of the Crusades Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe (330-1450) Lesson 4: Economic Expansion and Change: The Crusades and After BELLWORK How did the Crusades lead to the Age of Exploration?

More information

The Crusades Wonders of Arabia

The Crusades Wonders of Arabia The Crusades Wonders of Arabia Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Fall 2017 Wonders of Arabia Lectures Nov 8- Children of Abraham; Understanding Islam Nov 9- Moses, Israelites, and Crossing the Red Sea; Lawrence

More information

Section 3. Objectives

Section 3. Objectives Objectives Identify the advanced civilizations that were flourishing in 1050. Explain the causes and effects of the Crusades. Summarize how Christians in Spain carried out the Reconquista. Terms and People

More information

The Foundation of the Modern World

The Foundation of the Modern World The Foundation of the Modern World In the year 1095 A.D., Christian Europe was threatened on both sides by the might of the Islamic Empire, which had declared jihad (Holy War) against Christianity. In

More information

The Crusades: War in the Holy Land

The Crusades: War in the Holy Land The Crusades: War in the Holy Land By Encyclopaedia Britannica, adapted by Newsela staff on 07.18.17 Word Count 1,094 Level 970L Richard I leaving England for the Crusades in 1189. Painted by Glyn Warren

More information

Journal A This was an effort to drive Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula/ Spain & Portugal.

Journal A This was an effort to drive Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula/ Spain & Portugal. JOURNAL 01-29-19 Journal A This was an effort to drive Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula/ Spain & Portugal. A. Reconquista B. Inquisition C. Crusade D. Interrogation Journal B Why did the Christians begin

More information

Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires

Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires Guiding Question: How did the Crusades affect the lives of Christians, Muslims, and Jews? Name: Due Date: Period: Overview: The Crusades were a series

More information

LESSON WATCH Key Ideas Factual

LESSON WATCH Key Ideas Factual LESSON 3.2 THE FOUNDATION AND EXPANSION OF ISLAM LESSON 3.2.4 WATCH Key Ideas Factual Use these questions and prompts at the appropriate stopping points to check in with students and ensure they are getting

More information

Revival & Crusades AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

Revival & Crusades AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) Revival & Crusades AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) From the fall of the Roman Empire 476 C.E. to around 1000 C.E. Europe was in the Dark Ages or Medieval Times. Between 1000 1200 a revival

More information

11.2. March 16, Where are Palestine and Jerusalem? JERUSALEM. Why might people fight for this city?

11.2. March 16, Where are Palestine and Jerusalem? JERUSALEM. Why might people fight for this city? March 16, 2010 766 E TH U CR ES D A S Where are Palestine and Jerusalem? CHRISTIAN MILITARY EXPEDITIONS TO DRIVE MUSLIMS OUT OF THE LAND EUROPE ASIA PALESTINE 112 ARABIA Our activity was designed to introduce

More information

The Power of the Church

The Power of the Church Questions 1. How powerful was the Roman Catholic Church? 2. What were the Crusades? 3. What caused the Crusades? 4. Why was the First Crusade unsuccessful? 5. Which Muslim leader took over Jerusalem during

More information

Finish The. Game or Recruitment Poster Project

Finish The. Game or Recruitment Poster Project HW Finish The Crusades Board Game or Recruitment Poster Project Where were the Crusades? 1. Imagine you are a knight on the Second Crusade 2. Turn to the map on p. 267 3. Approximately how far of a journey

More information

The Crusades Pope Urban II called for a Crusade (holy war) to gain control of the Holy Land The Crusades had economic, social, and political goals. Muslims controlled Palestine and threaten Constantinople.

More information

Emperor of the Byzantine Empire to the HRE (1093)

Emperor of the Byzantine Empire to the HRE (1093) Emperor of the Byzantine Empire to the HRE (1093) Come then, with all your people and give battle with all your strength, so that all this treasure shall not fall into the hands of the [Muslim] Turks Therefore

More information

The Crusades. Wonders of Arabia. Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Spring 2015

The Crusades. Wonders of Arabia. Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Spring 2015 The Crusades Wonders of Arabia Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Spring 2015 Wonders of Arabia: May Lectures May 1- Lawrence of Arabia, the Bedouins & Allied Victory in WW1 May 2- Mysteries of the Nabateans

More information

What is a crusade? A crusade was a Holy War between European Christians and the Muslim Turks.

What is a crusade? A crusade was a Holy War between European Christians and the Muslim Turks. The Crusades What is a crusade? A crusade was a Holy War between European Christians and the Muslim Turks. What were they fighting over? Three major religious groups all claimed Jerusalem in the land of

More information

The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire

The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire Muhammad became a leader of the early Muslim community Muhammad s death left no leader he never named a successor and

More information

Big Idea The Ottoman Empire Expands. Essential Question How did the Ottomans expand their empire?

Big Idea The Ottoman Empire Expands. Essential Question How did the Ottomans expand their empire? Big Idea The Ottoman Empire Expands. Essential Question How did the Ottomans expand their empire? 1 Words To Know Sultan the leader of the Ottoman Empire, like a emperor or a king. Religious tolerance

More information

Chapter 9: Section 1 Main Ideas Main Idea #1: Byzantine Empire was created when the Roman Empire split, and the Eastern half became the Byzantine

Chapter 9: Section 1 Main Ideas Main Idea #1: Byzantine Empire was created when the Roman Empire split, and the Eastern half became the Byzantine Chapter 9: Section 1 Main Ideas Main Idea #1: Byzantine Empire was created when the Roman Empire split, and the Eastern half became the Byzantine Empire Main Idea #2: The split (Great Schism) was over

More information

What is the difference between a monastic order and another religious order like a mendicant friar? Give an example for each.

What is the difference between a monastic order and another religious order like a mendicant friar? Give an example for each. Journal 01-28-19 Journal A What event led to the First Crusade? A. War broke out among the European feudal princes. B. Christian forces captured the cities of Nicaea and Antioch. C. European armies invaded

More information

The European Middle Ages CE

The European Middle Ages CE The European Middle Ages 500-1500 CE World History- Wednesday 11/15 2nd 6 Weeks grades have now been finalized. If you have any questions, please see me in person. Warm-Up Discuss with your neighbors-

More information

Name. The Crusades. Aim #1: What were the Crusades?

Name. The Crusades. Aim #1: What were the Crusades? Name The Crusades Aim #1: What were the Crusades? The Crusades were a series of wars starting in 1095 CE that lasted into the end of the 13th century (1200s) in which European Christians tried to win control

More information

Bell Ringer: October 18(19), 2017

Bell Ringer: October 18(19), 2017 Announcements: 1: Bell Ringer worksheets FOR A GRADE! You need: 1: Spiral/blank sheet of paper 2: Copy of the If I Were a Crusader Bell Ringer: October 18(19), 2017 1. Pick up a copy of the Bell Ringer:

More information

Key Terms and People. Section Summary. The Later Middle Ages Section 1

Key Terms and People. Section Summary. The Later Middle Ages Section 1 The Later Middle Ages Section 1 MAIN IDEAS 1. Popes and kings ruled Europe as spiritual and political leaders. 2. Popes fought for power, leading to a permanent split within the church. 3. Kings and popes

More information

The Arabian Peninsula. Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns

The Arabian Peninsula. Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns The Rise of Islam The Arabian Peninsula Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns Middle East: Climate Regions Fresh Groundwater Sources Mountain Ranges

More information

Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together.

Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. A crown from the Holy Roman Empire. Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. Priests and other religious officials

More information

The Catholic Church and the Crusades

The Catholic Church and the Crusades The Catholic Church and the Crusades Why do you think the Church was so important to people in the Early Middle Ages? Hint: Think about the feudal stuff we did for homework Basic beliefs and rituals of

More information

The Crusades THEY WERE A SERIES OF RELIGIOUS WARS BETWEEN CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS FOUGHT BETWEEN THE 11 TH TO 13 TH CENTURIES.

The Crusades THEY WERE A SERIES OF RELIGIOUS WARS BETWEEN CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS FOUGHT BETWEEN THE 11 TH TO 13 TH CENTURIES. The Crusades The Crusades WHAT WERE THEY? THEY WERE A SERIES OF RELIGIOUS WARS BETWEEN CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS FOUGHT BETWEEN THE 11 TH TO 13 TH CENTURIES. THESE WARS WERE BEGUN BY CHRISTIANS AND CAUSED

More information

Name: Period: Date: Chapter 18 The Later Middle Ages Study Guide

Name: Period: Date: Chapter 18 The Later Middle Ages Study Guide Name: Period: Date: Chapter 18 The Later Middle Ages Study Guide Popes and Kings Rule Europe Section 1 Popes and Kings After Feudalism in Europe two types of leaders came to power, who were they and what

More information

Wayne E. Sirmon HI 103 World History

Wayne E. Sirmon HI 103 World History Wayne E. Sirmon HI 103 World History History 103 World History to 1500 October 16 October 17 October 19 October 29 November 5 Review Session - TBD Exam 2 (Ch. 4b-7) Project Serve Article 3 Approval (midnight)

More information

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Dark Ages - the Age of Feudalism Medieval Europe began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD. With the destruction of Roman civilization,

More information

CHAPTER 9. Medieval Civilization

CHAPTER 9. Medieval Civilization CHAPTER 9 Medieval Civilization In the late Middle Ages, life began to change in Europe. Feudal warfare declined and trade started to flourish again. Towns also began to grow, which stimulated the local

More information

CHAPTER NINE Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe

CHAPTER NINE Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe CHAPTER NINE Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe World Civilizations, The Global Experience AP* Edition, 5th Edition Stearns/Adas/Schwartz/Gilbert *AP and Advanced Placement are

More information

BYZANTINE EMPIRE. Pg

BYZANTINE EMPIRE. Pg BYZANTINE EMPIRE Pg.289-294 BYZANTINE EMPIRE IN 5 MINUTES OR LESS Bulgaria Turkey (Constantinople) Constantine I built a "new Rome" where the ancient Greek colony of Byzantium used to be. (combination

More information

High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I. (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades)

High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I. (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) Christianity During the Middle Ages Because of the renewal of Christian faith around 1000 CE, the Middle Ages gains a new

More information

The Crusades and the Wider World

The Crusades and the Wider World 3 Crusader knights at the siege of Jerusalem WITNESS HISTORY AUDIO Crusaders Capture Jerusalem The Franks entered the city magnificently at the noonday hour.... With trumpets sounding and with everything

More information

One of the flags of the Knight s Templar. A Knight Templar

One of the flags of the Knight s Templar. A Knight Templar One of the flags of the Knight s Templar A Knight Templar What were the causes and consequences of the Crusades on the Christian, Jewish, and Muslim populations in Europe? Write your own definition for

More information

The Formation of Western Europe, The Formation of Western Europe, Church Reform and the Crusades.

The Formation of Western Europe, The Formation of Western Europe, Church Reform and the Crusades. The Formation of Western Europe, 800 500 The Formation of Western Europe, 800 500 Europeans embark on the Crusades, develop new commercial and political systems, and suffer through bubonic plague and the

More information

Knight Templar s being burned at the stake

Knight Templar s being burned at the stake Consequences Knight Templar Knight Templar s being burned at the stake What do you think???? What were some of the consequences of the Crusades? Work with a partner in order to fill out the first 2 columns!

More information

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Chapter 10 Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Section 1 The Byzantine Empire Capital of Byzantine Empire Constantinople Protected by Greek Fire Constantinople Controlled by: Roman Empire Christians Byzantines

More information

Society, Religion and Arts

Society, Religion and Arts Society, Religion and Arts Despite the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the Eastern Empire continued to thrive in Constantinople. It would endure for nearly 1,000 years after the Fall of Rome, largely

More information

The Northern Crusades

The Northern Crusades The Northern Crusades 1 / 7 2 / 7 3 / 7 The Northern Crusades The Northern Crusades or Baltic Crusades were religious wars undertaken by Catholic Christian military orders and kingdoms, primarily against

More information

Chapter 9. The Byzantine Empire, Russia, and the rise of Eastern Europe

Chapter 9. The Byzantine Empire, Russia, and the rise of Eastern Europe Chapter 9 The Byzantine Empire, Russia, and the rise of Eastern Europe The 2 nd Rome Map of the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Justinian Building and Defending the Empire Justinian- Ruled the Byzantine

More information

The Crusades. Summary. Contents. Rob Waring. Level Before Reading Think Ahead During Reading Comprehension... 5

The Crusades. Summary. Contents. Rob Waring. Level Before Reading Think Ahead During Reading Comprehension... 5 Level 4-10 The Crusades Rob Waring Summary This book is about the battles for Jerusalem and control of the Holy Land. Contents Before Reading Think Ahead... 2 Vocabulary... 3 During Reading Comprehension...

More information

CHAPTER 8 TEST LATE MIDDLE AGES. c. leading the Normans to victory in the Battle of Hastings.

CHAPTER 8 TEST LATE MIDDLE AGES. c. leading the Normans to victory in the Battle of Hastings. CHAPTER 8 TEST LATE MIDDLE AGES 1. William the Conqueror earned his title by a. repelling the Danish invaders from England. b. defeating the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld. c. leading the Normans to

More information

A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes.

A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes. Timeline I. Medieval Europe A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes. B. By the 4 th century, the Catholic Church became more powerful. The church was (is) organized

More information

I. The Rise of Islam. A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods.

I. The Rise of Islam. A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods. I. The Rise of Islam A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods. 1. Mecca and Muhammad Mecca was a great trading center

More information

In the emperor formally dedicated a new capital for the Roman Empire He called the city It became widely known as

In the emperor formally dedicated a new capital for the Roman Empire He called the city It became widely known as Chapter 6 Fill-in Notes THE BYZANTINE AND ISLAMIC EMPIRES Overview Roman Empire collapses in the West The Eastern Roman Empire became known as the Empire a blending of the and cultures which influenced

More information

2. Identify Key Characters of the first Explain the difficulties Europeans had

2. Identify Key Characters of the first Explain the difficulties Europeans had The Crusades OBJECTIVES 1. Identify the causes of the Crusades 2. Identify Key Characters of the first 3 Crusades 3. Explain the difficulties Europeans had in terms of geography and politics 4. Understand

More information

Bellwork. Turn in your foldable if you did not on Friday

Bellwork. Turn in your foldable if you did not on Friday Bellwork Turn in your foldable if you did not on Friday The Byzantine Empire Constantinople THE TWO ROMAN EMPIRES Constantinople The Byzantine Empire Eastern Roman Empire The Byzantine Empire Eastern

More information

Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks

Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks Our new unit: The Post-Classical Era (approximately) 500-1500 Areas of Focus: Medieval Europe, the Byzantine Empire, the Islamic Empire, Tang & Song China Vocab Quiz:

More information

The Byzantine Empire and Russia ( )

The Byzantine Empire and Russia ( ) Chapter 10, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 10 The Byzantine Empire and Russia (330 1613) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River,

More information

Name Class Date. MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used.

Name Class Date. MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. 1. Co-ruler with Theodora 2. Byzantine general who reconquered territory in

More information

From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires

From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 4 Christians, Muslims, and Jews fought for control over the sacred city of Jerusalem. CHAPTER From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 11.1 Introduction In Chapter 10, you learned about Muslim contributions

More information

The Crusades Myth and Romanticism Modern Myth and Romanticism Background Europe in the 1000s Primogeniture Pope Urban II

The Crusades Myth and Romanticism Modern Myth and Romanticism Background Europe in the 1000s Primogeniture Pope Urban II The Crusades Myth and Romanticism For centuries, the crusades have been romanticized and mythologized in the Western world Crusaders were glorified in Europe where the people had little knowledge or understanding

More information

Medieval Matters: The Middle Age

Medieval Matters: The Middle Age Medieval Matters: The Middle Age 400-1500 The Roman Empire Falls (376) and Western World Ignites DYK - Son of a Gun - Comes from the Medieval Knights view that firearms were evil Byzantine Empire Eastern

More information

CONFLICT BETWEEN RELIGIONS: THE CRUSADES UNIT 2: RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS

CONFLICT BETWEEN RELIGIONS: THE CRUSADES UNIT 2: RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS CONFLICT BETWEEN RELIGIONS: THE CRUSADES UNIT 2: RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS CENTRAL QUESTIONS Religion does not exist in a vacuum. Religion leaves a large, influential footprint ranging from single individuals

More information

From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires

From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 11.1 Introduction In Chapter 10, you learned about Muslim contributions to world civilization. In this chapter, you will learn about the crusades, a series of religious

More information

World Civilizations. The Global Experience. Chapter. Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe. AP Seventh Edition

World Civilizations. The Global Experience. Chapter. Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe. AP Seventh Edition World Civilizations The Global Experience AP Seventh Edition Chapter 10 Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe Figure 10.1 This 15th-century miniature shows Russia s King Vladimir

More information

Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews

Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews Question 1. How do you think the division of the Christian church into clergy and laity in response to Roman persecution helped them spread their beliefs? 2. Use your notes to

More information

Study Guide: The Middle Ages

Study Guide: The Middle Ages Name Study Guide: The Middle Ages ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: The European Middle Ages occur chronologically between the Roman Empire and the modern age that we live in. The Middle Ages are divided into three

More information

Reading Essentials and Study Guide

Reading Essentials and Study Guide Lesson 5 The Byzantine Empire ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How can religion impact a culture? What factors lead to the rise and fall of empires? Reading HELPDESK Academic Vocabulary legal relating to law; founded

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction

World History: Patterns of Interaction Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500-1500 Byzantine, Russian, and Turkish cultures develop, while Christian and Islamic societies fight over religious issues and territory. Byzantines, Russians,

More information

Bell Activity page 105

Bell Activity page 105 Bell Activity page 105 Think about the difference between renting and owning property. Do renters have as much control over property as owners? Why might some people want to buy a home rather than rent

More information

What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.?

What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? After the Pax Romana, the Roman Empire entered an era of decline The Roman Empire had a series of weak emperors The Fall of the Roman Empire Romans had a

More information

Those Who Prey and Those Who Kill. The Church as a major source of POWER!

Those Who Prey and Those Who Kill. The Church as a major source of POWER! Those Who Prey and Those Who Kill The Church as a major source of POWER! Feudal European Government Society was divided into three estates or groups of people. The First Estate: Those Who Prey, the Church

More information

LG 1: Explain how Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy were unifying social and political forces in Western Europe and Byzantine Europe and

LG 1: Explain how Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy were unifying social and political forces in Western Europe and Byzantine Europe and LG 1: Explain how Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy were unifying social and political forces in Western Europe and Byzantine Europe and identify the impact of ideas contained in Justinian s Code

More information

( ) EUROPE AWAKENS... 3 SPANISH CLAIMS AND CONQUESTS ENGLISH EFFORTS SPANISH FRENCH AND DUTCH... 33

( ) EUROPE AWAKENS... 3 SPANISH CLAIMS AND CONQUESTS ENGLISH EFFORTS SPANISH FRENCH AND DUTCH... 33 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY 801 EUROPE COMES TO AMERICA (1492 1620) CONTENTS I. QUEST AND CONQUEST.................. 2 EUROPE AWAKENS.................................. 3 THE VOYAGES OF COLUMBUS..........................

More information

Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet. Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished

Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet. Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished Primary Source Analysis Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished Tonight s reading Pgs 149-151 and

More information

THE CRUSADES. This interview is reproduced here with permission.

THE CRUSADES. This interview is reproduced here with permission. THE CRUSADES Thomas Madden is chair of the history department at St. Louis University and author of: A Concise History of the Crusades, In October 2004 Zenit, the International News Agency, interviewed

More information

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9 The Worlds of European Christendom Chapter 9 After the Roman Empire By the 4 th Century the Roman Empire gets divided Christian Europe is two parts: 1. Eastern half = The Byzantine Empire 2. Western half

More information

Western Europe: The Edge of the Old World

Western Europe: The Edge of the Old World Western Europe: The Edge of the Old World SOCIETY Hierarchy and Authority Kings and nobles in European society had control over the average families. In turn, these families- unlike in the previously explored

More information

Middle Ages. World History

Middle Ages. World History Middle Ages World History Era of relative peace and stability Population growth Cultural developments in education and art Kings, nobles, and the Church shared power Developed tax systems and government

More information

Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages

Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages Section 1: Medieval Christianity Papal Monarchy Catholic Church reached its height of its political power in the 13 th century under Pope Innocent III

More information

The Muslim PR Game Called The Crusades by Armin Vamberian and Robert Sibley (Reprinted here by permission of Armin Vamberian)

The Muslim PR Game Called The Crusades by Armin Vamberian and Robert Sibley (Reprinted here by permission of Armin Vamberian) The Muslim PR Game Called The Crusades by Armin Vamberian and Robert Sibley (Reprinted here by permission of Armin Vamberian) There are some who seem to think that 9/11 was caused by America. They say

More information

Mk AD

Mk AD Mk 2018 The Rise of the Arab Islamic Empire 622AD - 1450 610AD The Arabian Peninsula: Muhammad, age 40 has visions and revelations he claimed came from God. These revelations were written down by friends.

More information

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian Byzantine Empire Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Byzantium, a Greek city in the eastern part of the empire. Ruled over the Balkan Peninsula, the Middle East and parts of

More information

Bentley Chapter 16 Study Guide: The Two Worlds of Christendom

Bentley Chapter 16 Study Guide: The Two Worlds of Christendom Bentley Chapter 16 Study Guide: The Two Worlds of Christendom The Quest for Political Order (p. 328-329) 1. How did the east and west differ after the fall of the Roman Empire? The Early Byzantine Empire:

More information

CHAPTER SEVEN Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia

CHAPTER SEVEN Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia CHAPTER SEVEN Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia World Civilizations, The Global Experience AP* Edition, 5th Edition Stearns/Adas/Schwartz/Gilbert *AP and

More information

The Crusades. Chapter 9 2/1/13. The Fall of the Holy Land. A. The Fall of the Holy Land. The Crusades, Military Orders and The Inquisition

The Crusades. Chapter 9 2/1/13. The Fall of the Holy Land. A. The Fall of the Holy Land. The Crusades, Military Orders and The Inquisition Chapter 9 The Crusades, Military Orders and The Inquisition In no way is the Church to be confused with the political community... But, this said, we should not conclude that the message of salvation entrusted

More information

Do Not Write on This Paper!!!

Do Not Write on This Paper!!! Post Classical Era Test 1. How did Classical Civilizations (Rome, Greece China, & India) help to increase global trade? A. The classical period provided stability and safety for merchants and trade B.

More information

World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe,

World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe, World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe, 800 1500 Section 1: Church Reform and the Crusades Beginning in the 1000s, a new sense of spiritual feeling arose in Europe, which led

More information

One thousand years ago the nations and peoples of Europe,

One thousand years ago the nations and peoples of Europe, Geographical Worlds at the Time of the Crusades 1 One thousand years ago the nations and peoples of Europe, western Asia, and the Middle East held differing cultural and religious beliefs. For hundreds

More information

Byzantines, Turks, and Russians Interact

Byzantines, Turks, and Russians Interact Byzantines, Turks, and Russians Interact 500-1500 Byzantium Germanic tribes had driven the Romans east. In 330 CE, the Roman emperor had begun to favor Christianity and established a city called Constantinople,

More information

Name: Date: Period: Chapter 9 Reading Guide. D. What major area has been lost by 1000 CE, other than Italy?

Name: Date: Period: Chapter 9 Reading Guide. D. What major area has been lost by 1000 CE, other than Italy? Name: Date: Period: UNIT SUMMARY Chapter 9 Reading Guide Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe, p.204-218 In addition to the great civilizations of Asia and North Africa forming

More information

WHI SOL Review Packet: Part II

WHI SOL Review Packet: Part II Ancient Rome from 700 B.C. (B.C.E.) to 500 A.D. (C.E.) 120. What geographical features protected Rome and the Italian peninsula? 121. What was Roman Mythology based on? What did it explain? 122. Who were

More information

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR CENTRAL GOV T OF ROME FALLS APART FAIRLY QUICKLY NORMAL LIFE DISAPPEARS: LOSS OF SAFETY, SERVICES, LAWS,

More information

Medieval. Islamic Empires. Timeline Cards

Medieval. Islamic Empires. Timeline Cards Medieval Islamic Empires Timeline Cards Subject Matter Expert Ahmed H. al-rahim, PhD, Department of Religious Studies, University of Virginia Illustration and Photo Credits Title Travel Library Limited/Superstock

More information

Anna Comnena. Overall, Anna was suspicious of the Crusaders, she wondered if some were truly fighting for God or just for glory in battle.

Anna Comnena. Overall, Anna was suspicious of the Crusaders, she wondered if some were truly fighting for God or just for glory in battle. Anna Comnena Anna, born in 1083, was the princess of the Byzantine Empire. When the Crusaders arrived in Constantinople, she had mixed feelings about them. She respected them but at the same time feared

More information

Chapter 9 1. Explain why Islam is considered more than a religion, but rather a way of life?

Chapter 9 1. Explain why Islam is considered more than a religion, but rather a way of life? Chapters 9-18 Study Guide Review Chapter 9 1. Explain why Islam is considered more than a religion, but rather a way of life? The Quran and the Sunnah guide Muslims on how to live their lives. 2. What

More information

NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa. In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the.

NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa. In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the. Name NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa Introduction In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the. Important Ideas A. Mohammed founded in the seventh century.

More information

RISE OF THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE

RISE OF THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE Byzantine Empire RISE OF THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE Factors that lead to the Rise of the Byzantine Empire Constantine Becomes Emperor of Rome Byzantium (Constantinople) becomes the capital of the Empire. Eastern

More information

Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean

Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean I. Rise of Islam Origins: Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean Brought Arabs in contact with Byzantines and Sasanids Bedouins

More information

The Byzantine Empire. By History.com, adapted by Newsela staff on Word Count 1,009 Level 1060L

The Byzantine Empire. By History.com, adapted by Newsela staff on Word Count 1,009 Level 1060L The Byzantine Empire By History.com, adapted by Newsela staff on 11.27.17 Word Count 1,009 Level 1060L Emperor Justinian and members of his court. Image from the public domain The origins of the Byzantine

More information

Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) Throughout most of its history, the people of the Arabian peninsula were subsistence farmers, lived in small fishing villages, or were nomadic traders

More information

The Umayyads and Abbasids

The Umayyads and Abbasids The Umayyads and Abbasids The Umayyad Caliphate was founded in 661 by Mu awiya the governor or the Syrian province during Ali s reign. Mu awiya contested Ali s right to rule, arguing that Ali was elected

More information

Church History 11 th Bible. Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD )

Church History 11 th Bible. Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD ) Church History 11 th Bible Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD 496 1291) I. The Wobbling West (the Middle Ages arrive in the West) A. Middle Ages (Medieval times) 1. Former Western Empire B.

More information

European Middle Ages,

European Middle Ages, European Middle Ages, 500 1200 Charlemagne unites the Germanic kingdoms, the feudal system emerges, and the Church strongly influences the lives of people in Europe. King Charlemagne, in style of Albrecht

More information