Text 6: The Effects of the Crusades. Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe ( ) Lesson 4: Economic Expansion and Change: The Crusades and After

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Text 6: The Effects of the Crusades. Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe ( ) Lesson 4: Economic Expansion and Change: The Crusades and After"

Transcription

1 Text 6: The Effects of the Crusades Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe ( ) Lesson 4: Economic Expansion and Change: The Crusades and After

2 BELLWORK How did the Crusades lead to the Age of Exploration?

3 OBJECTIVES Explain the effects of the Crusades Explain why the Byzantine empire collapsed

4 The Effects of the Crusades The Crusades failed in their chief goal conquer the Holy Land They also left a bitter legacy of religious hatred In the Middle East, both Christians and Muslims committed atrocities in the name of religion The Crusades did have positive effects on Europe They began just as Europe was undergoing major economic and political changes, the Crusades helped quicken the pace of those changes, contributing to the end of medieval Europe In Europe, crusaders sometimes turned their religious fury against Jews, killing entire communities

5 A Growing Demand for Goods Even before the Crusades, Europeans had developed a taste for luxuries that merchants brought from the Byzantine empire The Crusades increased the level of trade with returning crusaders bringing even more fabrics, spices, and perfumes from the Middle East to a larger market Trade increased and expanded

6 Merchants in Venice and other northern Italian cities built large fleets to carry crusaders to the Holy Land Those fleets were used to open new markets in the crusader states Even after the Muslims recaptured Acre, Italian merchants kept these trade routes open

7 The Crusades further encouraged the growth of a money economy To finance a journey to the Holy Land, nobles needed money They allowed peasants to pay rents in money rather than in grain or labor Peasants began to sell their goods in towns to earn money, a practice that helped to undermine serfdom

8 Changes for Monarchs and the Church The Crusades helped to increase the power of monarchs They managed to gain the power to levy taxes in order to support the Crusades Some rulers, such as the French king Louis IX and the English king Richard I, called the Lionheart, led crusades, which added greatly to their prestige

9 Enthusiasm for the Crusades brought papal power to its greatest height The growing power of the Church brought popes into a bitter struggle with feudal rulers in Europe Byzantine resentment against the West hardened as a result of the Fourth Crusade, which ended in the sack of Constantinople The Crusades did not end the split between the Roman and Byzantine churches as Pope Urban had hoped

10 Europe Gains a Wider View of the World Contacts with the Muslim world led Christians to realize that millions of people lived in regions they had never even known existed After many years in China, he returned to Venice and wrote a book about the wonders of Chinese civilization Curious Europeans left to explore far-off places such as India and China In 1271 Marco Polo set out for China with his merchant father and uncle

11 The experiences of crusaders and of travelers like Marco Polo expanded European horizons and contributed to the end of medieval Europe by bringing Europe into a wider world from which it had been cut off since the fall of Rome By the 1400s, a desire to trade directly with India and China would lead Europeans to a new age of exploration

12 Impact in the Middle East and the Byzantine Empire The Crusades occurred during a time when Muslims in the Middle East were locked in frequent local power struggles On occasion, rival Muslim rulers joined forces to fight the European invaders Saladin briefly united lands from Egypt to Syria, but divisions soon reappeared

13 The Fourth Crusade further weakened the Byzantine empire, which had already lost most of its lands As the empire continued to decline, it faced a new threat, this time from the Ottoman Turks In 1453, finally fell to the invaders led by Mehmet II

The Crusades THEY WERE A SERIES OF RELIGIOUS WARS BETWEEN CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS FOUGHT BETWEEN THE 11 TH TO 13 TH CENTURIES.

The Crusades THEY WERE A SERIES OF RELIGIOUS WARS BETWEEN CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS FOUGHT BETWEEN THE 11 TH TO 13 TH CENTURIES. The Crusades The Crusades WHAT WERE THEY? THEY WERE A SERIES OF RELIGIOUS WARS BETWEEN CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS FOUGHT BETWEEN THE 11 TH TO 13 TH CENTURIES. THESE WARS WERE BEGUN BY CHRISTIANS AND CAUSED

More information

Text 5: The Crusades. Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe ( ) Lesson 4: Economic Expansion and Change: The Crusades and After

Text 5: The Crusades. Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe ( ) Lesson 4: Economic Expansion and Change: The Crusades and After Text 5: The Crusades Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe (330-1450) Lesson 4: Economic Expansion and Change: The Crusades and After BELLWORK Why did Pope Urban II agree to help Byzantine emperor Alexius

More information

What is a crusade? A crusade was a Holy War between European Christians and the Muslim Turks.

What is a crusade? A crusade was a Holy War between European Christians and the Muslim Turks. The Crusades What is a crusade? A crusade was a Holy War between European Christians and the Muslim Turks. What were they fighting over? Three major religious groups all claimed Jerusalem in the land of

More information

The Foundation of the Modern World

The Foundation of the Modern World The Foundation of the Modern World In the year 1095 A.D., Christian Europe was threatened on both sides by the might of the Islamic Empire, which had declared jihad (Holy War) against Christianity. In

More information

Section 3. Objectives

Section 3. Objectives Objectives Identify the advanced civilizations that were flourishing in 1050. Explain the causes and effects of the Crusades. Summarize how Christians in Spain carried out the Reconquista. Terms and People

More information

Revival & Crusades AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

Revival & Crusades AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) Revival & Crusades AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) From the fall of the Roman Empire 476 C.E. to around 1000 C.E. Europe was in the Dark Ages or Medieval Times. Between 1000 1200 a revival

More information

The Power of the Church

The Power of the Church Questions 1. How powerful was the Roman Catholic Church? 2. What were the Crusades? 3. What caused the Crusades? 4. Why was the First Crusade unsuccessful? 5. Which Muslim leader took over Jerusalem during

More information

Bell Ringer: October 18(19), 2017

Bell Ringer: October 18(19), 2017 Announcements: 1: Bell Ringer worksheets FOR A GRADE! You need: 1: Spiral/blank sheet of paper 2: Copy of the If I Were a Crusader Bell Ringer: October 18(19), 2017 1. Pick up a copy of the Bell Ringer:

More information

Medieval Matters: The Middle Age

Medieval Matters: The Middle Age Medieval Matters: The Middle Age 400-1500 The Roman Empire Falls (376) and Western World Ignites DYK - Son of a Gun - Comes from the Medieval Knights view that firearms were evil Byzantine Empire Eastern

More information

The Crusades: War in the Holy Land

The Crusades: War in the Holy Land The Crusades: War in the Holy Land By Encyclopaedia Britannica, adapted by Newsela staff on 07.18.17 Word Count 1,094 Level 970L Richard I leaving England for the Crusades in 1189. Painted by Glyn Warren

More information

Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages, Lesson 2: The Crusades

Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages, Lesson 2: The Crusades Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages, 1000 1500 Lesson 2: The Crusades World History Bell Ringer #48 1-23-18 1. Born to a wealthy merchant family, Francis of Assisi A. Used his social status

More information

Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires

Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires Guiding Question: How did the Crusades affect the lives of Christians, Muslims, and Jews? Name: Due Date: Period: Overview: The Crusades were a series

More information

Emperor of the Byzantine Empire to the HRE (1093)

Emperor of the Byzantine Empire to the HRE (1093) Emperor of the Byzantine Empire to the HRE (1093) Come then, with all your people and give battle with all your strength, so that all this treasure shall not fall into the hands of the [Muslim] Turks Therefore

More information

Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet. Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished

Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet. Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished Primary Source Analysis Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished Tonight s reading Pgs 149-151 and

More information

The Crusades. Footsteps of Faith. Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Fall 2013

The Crusades. Footsteps of Faith. Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Fall 2013 The Crusades Footsteps of Faith Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Fall 2013 Footsteps of Faith: Lectures Footsteps of Faith: Introduction The Crusades Faith & Culture in the ANE Birthplace of Empires The Children

More information

11.2. March 16, Where are Palestine and Jerusalem? JERUSALEM. Why might people fight for this city?

11.2. March 16, Where are Palestine and Jerusalem? JERUSALEM. Why might people fight for this city? March 16, 2010 766 E TH U CR ES D A S Where are Palestine and Jerusalem? CHRISTIAN MILITARY EXPEDITIONS TO DRIVE MUSLIMS OUT OF THE LAND EUROPE ASIA PALESTINE 112 ARABIA Our activity was designed to introduce

More information

The Crusades Pope Urban II called for a Crusade (holy war) to gain control of the Holy Land The Crusades had economic, social, and political goals. Muslims controlled Palestine and threaten Constantinople.

More information

Finish The. Game or Recruitment Poster Project

Finish The. Game or Recruitment Poster Project HW Finish The Crusades Board Game or Recruitment Poster Project Where were the Crusades? 1. Imagine you are a knight on the Second Crusade 2. Turn to the map on p. 267 3. Approximately how far of a journey

More information

Western Europe: The Edge of the Old World

Western Europe: The Edge of the Old World Western Europe: The Edge of the Old World SOCIETY Hierarchy and Authority Kings and nobles in European society had control over the average families. In turn, these families- unlike in the previously explored

More information

World History: Connection to Today. Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( )

World History: Connection to Today. Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( ) Chapter 8, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 8 The Rise of Europe (500 1300) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights

More information

Middle Ages. World History

Middle Ages. World History Middle Ages World History Era of relative peace and stability Population growth Cultural developments in education and art Kings, nobles, and the Church shared power Developed tax systems and government

More information

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe ( )

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe ( ) Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe (500-1300) 1 The Early Middle Ages Why was Western Europe a frontier land during the early Middle Ages? How did Germanic kingdoms gain power in the early Middle Ages? How

More information

Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( )

Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( ) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 8, Section Chapter 8 The Rise of Europe (500 1300) Copyright 2003 by Pearson

More information

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9 The Worlds of European Christendom Chapter 9 After the Roman Empire By the 4 th Century the Roman Empire gets divided Christian Europe is two parts: 1. Eastern half = The Byzantine Empire 2. Western half

More information

CHAPTER 9. Medieval Civilization

CHAPTER 9. Medieval Civilization CHAPTER 9 Medieval Civilization In the late Middle Ages, life began to change in Europe. Feudal warfare declined and trade started to flourish again. Towns also began to grow, which stimulated the local

More information

High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I. (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades)

High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I. (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) Christianity During the Middle Ages Because of the renewal of Christian faith around 1000 CE, the Middle Ages gains a new

More information

Church Reform and the Crusades

Church Reform and the Crusades Church Reform and the Crusades Objectives: 1. Explain the spiritual revival and Church reforms that began in the 11 th century. 2. Describe the Gothic cathedrals of the 12 th century. 3. Summarize the

More information

Those Who Prey and Those Who Kill. The Church as a major source of POWER!

Those Who Prey and Those Who Kill. The Church as a major source of POWER! Those Who Prey and Those Who Kill The Church as a major source of POWER! Feudal European Government Society was divided into three estates or groups of people. The First Estate: Those Who Prey, the Church

More information

Journal A This was an effort to drive Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula/ Spain & Portugal.

Journal A This was an effort to drive Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula/ Spain & Portugal. JOURNAL 01-29-19 Journal A This was an effort to drive Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula/ Spain & Portugal. A. Reconquista B. Inquisition C. Crusade D. Interrogation Journal B Why did the Christians begin

More information

LESSON WATCH Key Ideas Factual

LESSON WATCH Key Ideas Factual LESSON 3.2 THE FOUNDATION AND EXPANSION OF ISLAM LESSON 3.2.4 WATCH Key Ideas Factual Use these questions and prompts at the appropriate stopping points to check in with students and ensure they are getting

More information

2. Identify Key Characters of the first Explain the difficulties Europeans had

2. Identify Key Characters of the first Explain the difficulties Europeans had The Crusades OBJECTIVES 1. Identify the causes of the Crusades 2. Identify Key Characters of the first 3 Crusades 3. Explain the difficulties Europeans had in terms of geography and politics 4. Understand

More information

476 A.D THE MIDDLE AGES: BIRTH OF AN IDEA

476 A.D THE MIDDLE AGES: BIRTH OF AN IDEA People use the phrase Middle Ages to describe Europe between the fall of Rome in 476 A.D and about the year 1500 A.D. Many scholars call the era the medieval period instead! Middle Ages, they say, incorrectly

More information

World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe,

World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe, World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe, 800 1500 Section 1: Church Reform and the Crusades Beginning in the 1000s, a new sense of spiritual feeling arose in Europe, which led

More information

The Crusades Wonders of Arabia

The Crusades Wonders of Arabia The Crusades Wonders of Arabia Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Fall 2017 Wonders of Arabia Lectures Nov 8- Children of Abraham; Understanding Islam Nov 9- Moses, Israelites, and Crossing the Red Sea; Lawrence

More information

World History Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism

World History Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism 1. After the fall of Rome, the migrations of Germanic peoples created several Germanic kingdoms in Europe. 2. The Franks had the strongest of these kingdoms, and

More information

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Dark Ages - the Age of Feudalism Medieval Europe began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD. With the destruction of Roman civilization,

More information

The High Middle Ages ( )

The High Middle Ages ( ) Chapter 9, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 9 The High Middle Ages (1050 1450) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights

More information

Depiction of the Fall of Rome The Mother of the World is Dead 476 A.D

Depiction of the Fall of Rome The Mother of the World is Dead 476 A.D People use the phrase Middle Ages to describe Europe between the fall of Rome in 476 CE and the beginning of the Renaissance in the 14th century. Many scholars call the era the medieval period instead;

More information

CHAPTER 8 TEST LATE MIDDLE AGES. c. leading the Normans to victory in the Battle of Hastings.

CHAPTER 8 TEST LATE MIDDLE AGES. c. leading the Normans to victory in the Battle of Hastings. CHAPTER 8 TEST LATE MIDDLE AGES 1. William the Conqueror earned his title by a. repelling the Danish invaders from England. b. defeating the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld. c. leading the Normans to

More information

Chapter 10 Learning Guide The Worlds of European Christendom

Chapter 10 Learning Guide The Worlds of European Christendom Chapter 10 Learning Guide The Worlds of European Christendom Main Idea 1 When Rome split into 2 halves, the eastern half of the empire flourished and became wealthier, more urbanized, and had access to

More information

The Middle Ages Introduction to the Middle Ages

The Middle Ages Introduction to the Middle Ages The Middle Ages Introduction to the Middle Ages The Middle Ages Introduction to the Middle Ages The Middle Ages is a period in European history from about the 400s to 1400 A.D. During these years, also

More information

Big Idea The Ottoman Empire Expands. Essential Question How did the Ottomans expand their empire?

Big Idea The Ottoman Empire Expands. Essential Question How did the Ottomans expand their empire? Big Idea The Ottoman Empire Expands. Essential Question How did the Ottomans expand their empire? 1 Words To Know Sultan the leader of the Ottoman Empire, like a emperor or a king. Religious tolerance

More information

Society, Religion and Arts

Society, Religion and Arts Society, Religion and Arts Despite the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the Eastern Empire continued to thrive in Constantinople. It would endure for nearly 1,000 years after the Fall of Rome, largely

More information

What is the difference between a monastic order and another religious order like a mendicant friar? Give an example for each.

What is the difference between a monastic order and another religious order like a mendicant friar? Give an example for each. Journal 01-28-19 Journal A What event led to the First Crusade? A. War broke out among the European feudal princes. B. Christian forces captured the cities of Nicaea and Antioch. C. European armies invaded

More information

The Formation of Western Europe, The Formation of Western Europe, Church Reform and the Crusades.

The Formation of Western Europe, The Formation of Western Europe, Church Reform and the Crusades. The Formation of Western Europe, 800 500 The Formation of Western Europe, 800 500 Europeans embark on the Crusades, develop new commercial and political systems, and suffer through bubonic plague and the

More information

Learning Goal: Describe the major causes of the Renaissance and the political, intellectual, artistic, economic, and religious effects of the

Learning Goal: Describe the major causes of the Renaissance and the political, intellectual, artistic, economic, and religious effects of the RENAISSANCE Learning Goal: Describe the major causes of the Renaissance and the political, intellectual, artistic, economic, and religious effects of the Renaissance. What Was the Renaissance? A great

More information

Expansion. Many clan fought each other. Clans were unified under Islam. Began military attacks against neighboring people

Expansion. Many clan fought each other. Clans were unified under Islam. Began military attacks against neighboring people Islamic Empires Expansion Many clan fought each other Clans were unified under Islam Began military attacks against neighboring people Defeated Byzantine area of Syria Egypt Northern Africa Qur an permitted

More information

Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe. Church Hierarchy. Authority of the Church. The Holy Roman Empire. Lesson 1: The Power of the Church

Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe. Church Hierarchy. Authority of the Church. The Holy Roman Empire. Lesson 1: The Power of the Church Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe Lesson 1: The Power of the Church Church Hierarchy Pope, Archbishops, & Bishops Lords & Knights Authority of the Church All people are Only way to avoid hell

More information

A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes.

A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes. Timeline I. Medieval Europe A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes. B. By the 4 th century, the Catholic Church became more powerful. The church was (is) organized

More information

( ) EUROPE AWAKENS... 3 SPANISH CLAIMS AND CONQUESTS ENGLISH EFFORTS SPANISH FRENCH AND DUTCH... 33

( ) EUROPE AWAKENS... 3 SPANISH CLAIMS AND CONQUESTS ENGLISH EFFORTS SPANISH FRENCH AND DUTCH... 33 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY 801 EUROPE COMES TO AMERICA (1492 1620) CONTENTS I. QUEST AND CONQUEST.................. 2 EUROPE AWAKENS.................................. 3 THE VOYAGES OF COLUMBUS..........................

More information

Bell Activity page 105

Bell Activity page 105 Bell Activity page 105 Think about the difference between renting and owning property. Do renters have as much control over property as owners? Why might some people want to buy a home rather than rent

More information

The Byzantine Empire and Russia ( )

The Byzantine Empire and Russia ( ) Chapter 10, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 10 The Byzantine Empire and Russia (330 1613) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River,

More information

Medieval Europe. Medieval Europe The Catholic Church

Medieval Europe. Medieval Europe The Catholic Church What It Wasn t Life in is often depicted with knights in shining armor, kings, queens, and glorious pageantry, but in truth it was often harsh, uncertain, and dangerous. What It Was Also called the Middle

More information

Europe Recovers. Putting it all together: Look carefully at the three completed graphic organizers. Use them to answer these questions:

Europe Recovers. Putting it all together: Look carefully at the three completed graphic organizers. Use them to answer these questions: Student Handout 5.1 Europe Recovers Graphic Organizer 1: The pace of change in Europe accelerated greatly from 1300 to 1500. Some of the events and facts associated with this acceleration are listed in

More information

The Byzantine Empire. Chap. 13 Lesson 1. - The City of Constantinople

The Byzantine Empire. Chap. 13 Lesson 1. - The City of Constantinople The Byzantine Empire Chap. 13 Lesson 1 - The City of Constantinople Objectives: Identify Roman ideas that shaped the Byzantine Empire s culture. Analyze how Justinian I and Theodora changed the empire.

More information

The High Middle Ages

The High Middle Ages Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 9, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 9 The High Middle Ages

More information

The European Middle Ages CE

The European Middle Ages CE The European Middle Ages 500-1500 CE World History- Wednesday 11/15 2nd 6 Weeks grades have now been finalized. If you have any questions, please see me in person. Warm-Up Discuss with your neighbors-

More information

Mk AD

Mk AD Mk 2018 The Rise of the Arab Islamic Empire 622AD - 1450 610AD The Arabian Peninsula: Muhammad, age 40 has visions and revelations he claimed came from God. These revelations were written down by friends.

More information

Essential Question: What was the Renaissance? What factors led to the rise of the Renaissance?

Essential Question: What was the Renaissance? What factors led to the rise of the Renaissance? Essential Question: What was the Renaissance? What factors led to the rise of the Renaissance? Western Europe The emerged Renaissance from the Middle Ages during an era known as the Renaissance From 1300

More information

The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire

The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire Muhammad became a leader of the early Muslim community Muhammad s death left no leader he never named a successor and

More information

Bellwork. Turn in your foldable if you did not on Friday

Bellwork. Turn in your foldable if you did not on Friday Bellwork Turn in your foldable if you did not on Friday The Byzantine Empire Constantinople THE TWO ROMAN EMPIRES Constantinople The Byzantine Empire Eastern Roman Empire The Byzantine Empire Eastern

More information

Name. The Crusades. Aim #1: What were the Crusades?

Name. The Crusades. Aim #1: What were the Crusades? Name The Crusades Aim #1: What were the Crusades? The Crusades were a series of wars starting in 1095 CE that lasted into the end of the 13th century (1200s) in which European Christians tried to win control

More information

APWH Chapter 27.notebook January 04, 2016

APWH Chapter 27.notebook January 04, 2016 Chapter 27 Islamic Gunpowder Empires The Ottoman Empire was established by Muslim Turks in Asia Minor in the 14th century, after the collapse of Mongol rule in the Middle East. It conquered the Balkans

More information

Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together.

Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. A crown from the Holy Roman Empire. Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. Priests and other religious officials

More information

BYZANTINE EMPIRE. Pg

BYZANTINE EMPIRE. Pg BYZANTINE EMPIRE Pg.289-294 BYZANTINE EMPIRE IN 5 MINUTES OR LESS Bulgaria Turkey (Constantinople) Constantine I built a "new Rome" where the ancient Greek colony of Byzantium used to be. (combination

More information

World Civilizations Grade 3

World Civilizations Grade 3 World Civilizations Grade 3 Trimester I: Unit I: European Feudalism () Unit II: Islam () Unit III: China and Japan () Unit IV: High Middle Ages () Trimester II: Unit V: Renaissance & Reformation () Unit

More information

Bentley Chapter 16 Study Guide: The Two Worlds of Christendom

Bentley Chapter 16 Study Guide: The Two Worlds of Christendom Bentley Chapter 16 Study Guide: The Two Worlds of Christendom The Quest for Political Order (p. 328-329) 1. How did the east and west differ after the fall of the Roman Empire? The Early Byzantine Empire:

More information

The Crusades. Wonders of Arabia. Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Spring 2015

The Crusades. Wonders of Arabia. Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Spring 2015 The Crusades Wonders of Arabia Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Spring 2015 Wonders of Arabia: May Lectures May 1- Lawrence of Arabia, the Bedouins & Allied Victory in WW1 May 2- Mysteries of the Nabateans

More information

Knight Templar s being burned at the stake

Knight Templar s being burned at the stake Consequences Knight Templar Knight Templar s being burned at the stake What do you think???? What were some of the consequences of the Crusades? Work with a partner in order to fill out the first 2 columns!

More information

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Chapter 10 Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Section 1 The Byzantine Empire Capital of Byzantine Empire Constantinople Protected by Greek Fire Constantinople Controlled by: Roman Empire Christians Byzantines

More information

Introduction to the Byzantine Empire

Introduction to the Byzantine Empire Introduction to the Byzantine Empire Do Now: What are the advantages of building a major city here? MAP Peninsula Advantages Provided natural safe harbors for ships both merchant and military ships Provided

More information

One of the flags of the Knight s Templar. A Knight Templar

One of the flags of the Knight s Templar. A Knight Templar One of the flags of the Knight s Templar A Knight Templar What were the causes and consequences of the Crusades on the Christian, Jewish, and Muslim populations in Europe? Write your own definition for

More information

Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages

Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages Section 1: Medieval Christianity Papal Monarchy Catholic Church reached its height of its political power in the 13 th century under Pope Innocent III

More information

World History Unit 3 Contd. Post Classical Asia and Beyond

World History Unit 3 Contd. Post Classical Asia and Beyond World History Unit 3 Contd. Post Classical Asia and Beyond Essential Questions What were the major civilizations of Asia in the post-classical era? What were the effects of the Mongol invasions? What were

More information

Crusades, Trade and the Plague. Medieval Europe - Lesson 4

Crusades, Trade and the Plague. Medieval Europe - Lesson 4 Crusades, Trade and the Plague Medieval Europe - Lesson 4 Who issued the call for the Crusades and why? Pope Urban II called for the Crusades to regain the Holy Land and protect the Byzantine Empire. In

More information

The Crusades Myth and Romanticism Modern Myth and Romanticism Background Europe in the 1000s Primogeniture Pope Urban II

The Crusades Myth and Romanticism Modern Myth and Romanticism Background Europe in the 1000s Primogeniture Pope Urban II The Crusades Myth and Romanticism For centuries, the crusades have been romanticized and mythologized in the Western world Crusaders were glorified in Europe where the people had little knowledge or understanding

More information

APWH chapter 12.notebook October 31, 2012

APWH chapter 12.notebook October 31, 2012 Chapter 12 Mongols The Mongols were a pastoral people who lived north of China. They traveled with their herds of animals which provided meat, milk, clothing, and shelter. Typically, they never had any

More information

Chapter 10, Lesson 3 Kingdoms & Crusades. It Matters Because: The development of law & government during the Middle Ages still affects us today.

Chapter 10, Lesson 3 Kingdoms & Crusades. It Matters Because: The development of law & government during the Middle Ages still affects us today. Chapter 10, Lesson 3 Kingdoms & Crusades It Matters Because: The development of law & government during the Middle Ages still affects us today. I. Royal Power in England A. Late 800s, Viking raids nearly

More information

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe Section 1: The Early Middle Age I. Geography of Western Europe A. Location 1. Second smallest land area of the seven continent 2. Lies on the western end of Eurasia (Portugal

More information

UNIT 3: MIDDLE AGES STUDY GUIDE

UNIT 3: MIDDLE AGES STUDY GUIDE UNIT 3: MIDDLE AGES STUDY GUIDE I can explain how feudalism worked and why it emerged in the Middle Ages DIRECTIONS: Use the word bank below to fill in the Pyramid Pope/church, Kings, Nobles, Merchants/craftsmen,

More information

EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD

EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD The slaw decline of the Roman Empire marked the beginning of a new era in European history. This period is called the Middle Ages. It lasted from around 500 to 1500.

More information

The Umayyads and Abbasids

The Umayyads and Abbasids The Umayyads and Abbasids The Umayyad Caliphate was founded in 661 by Mu awiya the governor or the Syrian province during Ali s reign. Mu awiya contested Ali s right to rule, arguing that Ali was elected

More information

Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks

Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks Our new unit: The Post-Classical Era (approximately) 500-1500 Areas of Focus: Medieval Europe, the Byzantine Empire, the Islamic Empire, Tang & Song China Vocab Quiz:

More information

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian Byzantine Empire Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Byzantium, a Greek city in the eastern part of the empire. Ruled over the Balkan Peninsula, the Middle East and parts of

More information

What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.?

What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? After the Pax Romana, the Roman Empire entered an era of decline The Roman Empire had a series of weak emperors The Fall of the Roman Empire Romans had a

More information

The Crusades. Summary. Contents. Rob Waring. Level Before Reading Think Ahead During Reading Comprehension... 5

The Crusades. Summary. Contents. Rob Waring. Level Before Reading Think Ahead During Reading Comprehension... 5 Level 4-10 The Crusades Rob Waring Summary This book is about the battles for Jerusalem and control of the Holy Land. Contents Before Reading Think Ahead... 2 Vocabulary... 3 During Reading Comprehension...

More information

Chapter 9. The Byzantine Empire, Russia, and the rise of Eastern Europe

Chapter 9. The Byzantine Empire, Russia, and the rise of Eastern Europe Chapter 9 The Byzantine Empire, Russia, and the rise of Eastern Europe The 2 nd Rome Map of the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Justinian Building and Defending the Empire Justinian- Ruled the Byzantine

More information

Trade, Towns and Financial Revolution

Trade, Towns and Financial Revolution Trade, Towns and Financial Revolution Growing food supply-3 field system farming Fairs and trade-the guilds. Urban splendor reborn -medieval towns flourished, despite their unsanitary conditions. Revival

More information

Study Guide: The Middle Ages

Study Guide: The Middle Ages Name Study Guide: The Middle Ages ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: The European Middle Ages occur chronologically between the Roman Empire and the modern age that we live in. The Middle Ages are divided into three

More information

The Middle Ages? Sounds kind of Medieval to me!

The Middle Ages? Sounds kind of Medieval to me! The Middle Ages? Sounds kind of Medieval to me! Prehistory Ancient Civilizations Medieval Modern Era/Today What is the Medieval period? After the collapse of Rome, Western Europe entered a period of political,

More information

Ottoman Empire. 1400s-1800s

Ottoman Empire. 1400s-1800s Ottoman Empire 1400s-1800s 1. Original location of the Ottoman Empire Asia Minor (Turkey) Origins of the Ottoman Empire After Muhammad s death in 632 A.D., Muslim faith & power spread throughout Middle

More information

European Culture and Politics ca Objective: Examine events from the Middle Ages to the mid-1700s from multiple perspectives.

European Culture and Politics ca Objective: Examine events from the Middle Ages to the mid-1700s from multiple perspectives. European Culture and Politics ca. 1750 Objective: Examine events from the Middle Ages to the mid-1700s from multiple perspectives. What s wrong with this picture??? What s wrong with this picture??? The

More information

The Crusades and the Wider World

The Crusades and the Wider World 3 Crusader knights at the siege of Jerusalem WITNESS HISTORY AUDIO Crusaders Capture Jerusalem The Franks entered the city magnificently at the noonday hour.... With trumpets sounding and with everything

More information

Medieval. Islamic Empires. Timeline Cards

Medieval. Islamic Empires. Timeline Cards Medieval Islamic Empires Timeline Cards Subject Matter Expert Ahmed H. al-rahim, PhD, Department of Religious Studies, University of Virginia Illustration and Photo Credits Title Travel Library Limited/Superstock

More information

The Worlds of Christendom: Contraction, Expansion, and Division

The Worlds of Christendom: Contraction, Expansion, and Division CHAPTER 10 The Worlds of Christendom: Contraction, Expansion, and Division 500 1300 CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES To examine European society after the breakup of the Roman Empire To compare the diverse

More information

Review Unit Packet (page 1-37)

Review Unit Packet (page 1-37) Reading Notes (homework) Review Unit Part 1 (1-9) Review Unit Packet (page 1-37) Questions of the Day, Terms, Objective Questions (in class) Question of the Day 1- How does food get into your home track

More information

Chapter 13. The Commonwealth of Byzantium. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.

Chapter 13. The Commonwealth of Byzantium. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display. Chapter 13 The Commonwealth of Byzantium 1 The Early Byzantine Empire n Capital: Byzantium n On the Bosporus n Commercial, strategic value of location n Constantine names capital after himself (Constantinople),

More information

Western Civilization Chapter 13

Western Civilization Chapter 13 Western Civilization Chapter 13 Middle Ages Time period from 400 1500. New lifestyle for most of Europe Franks Franks group of people that shaped the culture of Europe (German Invaders) Clovis King of

More information

Church Reform and the Crusades THE AGE OF FAITH--What changes did the Church undergo? Starting in the 1000s, a new age

Church Reform and the Crusades THE AGE OF FAITH--What changes did the Church undergo? Starting in the 1000s, a new age Church Reform and the Crusades THE AGE OF FAITH--What changes did the Church undergo? Starting in the 1000s, a new age of spiritual feeling arose in Europe. This era was called The Age of Faith. It led

More information

Part I: The Byzantine Empire - A Quick Overview

Part I: The Byzantine Empire - A Quick Overview Part I: The Byzantine Empire - A Quick Overview The Roman Empire Divided Constantine s City-- Constantinople The Byzantine Empire I. Origins of the Empire A. Started as eastern part of Roman Empire 1.

More information