Medieval Europe & the Western Church AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Medieval Europe & the Western Church AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )"

Transcription

1 Medieval Europe & the Western Church AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

2 The order of the old Roman Empire in the west had fallen to Germanic barbarians (things in the east continued on through Constantinople) causing the rise of various kings and nobles. People flocked to the countryside to avoid urban areas that attracted looters and pillagers and sometimes plague. Other changes in these Medieval times: Decline of learning Loss of common language as new dialects emerged Disruption of trade

3

4 Islam and Muslim armies entered Europe through Spain and pushed into France. They were stopped by Christian soldiers led by Charles Martel (aka Charles the Hammer) at the Battle of Tours in 732 (significance: Islam will not become a dominant religion in Europe).

5 Charles Martel and the Carolingian family rose to prominence, eventually becoming king of the Franks (a Germanic group that became influential in the former Roman province of Gaul, think France). The family obtained power by cooperating with the Pope (one could not consider themselves king unless they had the backing of God so the pope s endorsement was crucial). Martel s grandson Charlemagne ruled at the peak of the Carolingian / Frankish power in Europe (Carolingian Dynasty ).

6

7

8 When Charlemagne s son Louis the Pious died he left his three sons (Lothair, Louis the German, & Charles the Bald) the empire. The territory was split up under the Treaty of Verdun, 843. The three regions (modern France, northern Italy, & Germany) would never be reunited. However, the economic system based on landed wealth did continue (feudalism is coming!).

9

10

11 Another threat to the security of Western Europe came from Scandinavian Vikings who carried out hundreds of raids into England, France, and Spain. They were capable of taking their multi oared dragon prowed boats through the North Atlantic and up continental rivers to attack coastal and inland towns.

12 However, the Vikings didn t just carry out raids, they did establish trading connections and the occasional settlement. Probably didn t have helmets like this

13 Most notably William of Normandy (William the Conquer) took over Normandy, France and then successfully invaded England in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and brought Anglo Saxon dominance in Britain to an end. He made all of England his personal property, granted nobles land in return for their loyalty, and as a result unified England under one centralized government.

14 The new Germanic political order in Europe saw the decline of the urban based civilization and the rise of scattered thatched housed villages. Local sufficiency and the barter system replaced the Roman network of trade and use of coins.

15 The diet in northern countries consisted of beer, butter, bread, pork, and forest game. In the south wine, wheat, and olive oil were staples. Self sufficient farming estates (manors) became the primary centers of agricultural production in Europe.

16

17 Small farmers gave up their lands to a large landowner in return for protection from pillagers. Nobles exercised unlimited power over the serfs, who were not permitted to leave the manor. (Slavery, an important part of the Roman Empire had been replaced with a new type of system).

18 Under feudalism, mounted warriors (eventually we will just call these people knights) were given a piece of land (fief) in return for military service. The nobles and lords were given land in return for sworn loyalty to the king. (Generally this land could be inherited).

19 Kings seldom exercised legal jurisdiction at the local level (leaving it to nobles), nor did they interfere with lands owned by the Church clergy. Nobles frequently arranged marriages with other noble families to secure their power for future generations.

20 Noblewomen could own land and even administer an estate while her husband was away. Peasant women usually worked alongside their menfolk (raked hay, picked vegetables, spun cloth, sheared sheep).

21 However, the peasants accepted this life for themselves because like most Christians during medieval times they believed that God determined a person s place in society.

22 The Bayeux Tapestry (done by women) is 230 feet long, and 20 inches wide. It depicts William the Conqueror's invasion of England.

23 In a time of disunity in Europe, the Church became a unifying force (ex: people may have lived under different nobles, but Europeans in general were becoming nearly all Christian; there were pockets of polytheism).

24 However, the Church had a rocky relationship with European kings: Investiture controversy: During the 11 th & 12 th centuries popes challenged monarchs authority on the appointment of bishops. The Holy Roman Empire (think Germany / Central Europe) was formed in 962 (German states had already formed a confederation), emperors were crowned by popes, but popes struggled to exert influence. Both kings and popes saw themselves as ultimate authorities, thus political life in western Europe was more complicated than in the east.

25 Monasteries (religious communities apart from secular society) housed monks or nuns who took oaths of celibacy and poverty. Monasteries preserved literacy and learning in early medieval times. The copied manuscripts and ancient Latin works (the survival of Greek works depended more on Byzantine & Muslim scribes in the east).

Chapter 13 Notes. Western Europe in the Middle Ages

Chapter 13 Notes. Western Europe in the Middle Ages Chapter 13 Notes Western Europe in the Middle Ages Middle Ages 500-1500 The Middle Ages are also called the Medieval Period. The foundations of early medieval society were: Classical heritage of Rome Christian

More information

13.1 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms. Many Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire are reunited under Charlemagne s empire.

13.1 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms. Many Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire are reunited under Charlemagne s empire. 13.1 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Many Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire are reunited under Charlemagne s empire. Invasions of Western Europe Effects of Constant Invasions and Warfare

More information

European Middle Ages,

European Middle Ages, European Middle Ages, 500 1200 Charlemagne unites the Germanic kingdoms, the feudal system emerges, and the Church strongly influences the lives of people in Europe. King Charlemagne, in style of Albrecht

More information

Bell Activity page 105

Bell Activity page 105 Bell Activity page 105 Think about the difference between renting and owning property. Do renters have as much control over property as owners? Why might some people want to buy a home rather than rent

More information

The Early. Middle Ages. The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings

The Early. Middle Ages. The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings The Early Middle Ages The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings Section Focus After Rome fell the world entered into chaos. Time of warfare, violence, and religion. Time period known as

More information

Unit V: The Middle Ages and the Formation of Western Europe ( ) Chapter 13&14

Unit V: The Middle Ages and the Formation of Western Europe ( ) Chapter 13&14 Unit V: The Middle Ages and the Formation of Western Europe (500-1500) Chapter 13&14 13.1 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Many Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire are reunited under

More information

GOOD MORNING!!! Middle Ages Medieval Times Dark Ages

GOOD MORNING!!! Middle Ages Medieval Times Dark Ages GOOD MORNING!!! Tomorrow we will take an Islam Quiz. Be sure to study! Study your questions on your objectives as well as vocabulary. Today we are talking about the Middle Ages in Europe. You may know

More information

The Middle Ages: Continued

The Middle Ages: Continued The Middle Ages: Continued Christianity in Western Europe The Barbarians desired the farmlands, roads and wealth of the Western Roman Empire. The unintended consequence of conquest was that the tribes

More information

Unit 9: Early Middle Ages

Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.9 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Western Europe during the Middle Ages from about 500 to 1000 AD in terms of its impact on Western Civilization

More information

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Name CHAPTER 13 Section 1 (pages 353 357) Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about Southeast Asian kingdoms and Korean dynasties. In this section, you will

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction

World History: Patterns of Interaction European Middle Ages, 500-1200 Charlemagne unites the Germanic kingdoms, the feudal system emerges, and the Church strongly influences the lives of people in Europe. European Middle Ages, 500-1200 SECTION

More information

Chapter 7: Early Middle Ages ( )

Chapter 7: Early Middle Ages ( ) Chapter 7: Early Middle Ages (751-1100) 1. INTRODUCTION The Merovingians were replaced in 751 by the Carolingians,, from the kingdom of Austrasia. Their most famous king was Charles the Great (Charlemagne))

More information

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe Section 1: The Early Middle Age I. Geography of Western Europe A. Location 1. Second smallest land area of the seven continent 2. Lies on the western end of Eurasia (Portugal

More information

Dark Ages High Middle Ages

Dark Ages High Middle Ages Medieval Europe 500-1350 Dark Ages 500 800 High Middle Ages 800 1350 The German Kingdoms Romans loyal to Rome vs. Germans loyal to local war chiefs Romans speak Latin Germans speak German. German law based

More information

Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages

Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages 500-1200 Name Hour Section 1: Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms (P. 353) 1. What were the Middle Ages? Invasions of Western Europe 2. Germanic invaders

More information

Middle Ages WHAT WERE THE CULTURAL, SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL STRUCTURES OF MEDIEVAL EUROPE?

Middle Ages WHAT WERE THE CULTURAL, SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL STRUCTURES OF MEDIEVAL EUROPE? Middle Ages WHAT WERE THE CULTURAL, SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL STRUCTURES OF MEDIEVAL EUROPE? Invasions of Western Europe Germanic invasions overran the western half of the Roman Empire As a result

More information

Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages

Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages 500-1200 Section 1: Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms (P. 353) 1. What were the Middle Ages? Name: Hour Invasions of Western Europe 2. Germanic invaders

More information

Early Middle Ages = C.E. High Middle Ages = C.E. Late Middle Ages = C.E.

Early Middle Ages = C.E. High Middle Ages = C.E. Late Middle Ages = C.E. Middle Ages = European history between the fall of the Roman Empire (476) and the Modern Era (1450) Also called the Medieval Period ( Medium is Latin for Middle; aevum is Latin for age) Early Middle Ages

More information

Middle Ages: Feudalism

Middle Ages: Feudalism Middle Ages: Feudalism - Study Guide - -Franks and Charlemagne - 1. List all names for the Middle Ages. 2. What did Charles The Hammer Martel do? 3. Explain Charlemagne s accomplishments. 4. Explain the

More information

SSWH 7. Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics.

SSWH 7. Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. SSWH 7 Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. SSWH 7 A Explain the manorial system and feudal relationships, include: the status of peasants and feudal

More information

Chapter 10 Christian Europe Emerges

Chapter 10 Christian Europe Emerges Chapter 10 Christian Europe Emerges 300-1200 The Byzantine Empire, 300 1200 Church and State While Roman rule and the traditions of Rome died in the west, they were preserved in the Byzantine Empire and

More information

Section 2: Feudalism and the Manor Economy

Section 2: Feudalism and the Manor Economy Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: The Early Middle Ages The Roman empire was replaced by smaller Germanic kingdoms. When Charlemagne aided Pope Leo III in 799, he was crowned Emperor of the Romans

More information

World History Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism

World History Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism 1. After the fall of Rome, the migrations of Germanic peoples created several Germanic kingdoms in Europe. 2. The Franks had the strongest of these kingdoms, and

More information

Medieval Italy After the fall of Rome, Italy and France became a series of kingdoms ruled by different German tribes mixed with the native Italian and

Medieval Italy After the fall of Rome, Italy and France became a series of kingdoms ruled by different German tribes mixed with the native Italian and Medieval Europe AD 476 is the accepted date for the transition for the Classical, or Ancient, World to the Medieval World. The fall of Rome resulted in three main cultural groups: The Byzantine Empire,

More information

Justinian ( ) parts of North Africa, Italy & Spain Wanted to restore to its former Glory Absolute and Head of the Code - Rebuilt Built

Justinian ( ) parts of North Africa, Italy & Spain Wanted to restore to its former Glory Absolute and Head of the Code - Rebuilt Built Module 4: The Early Middle Ages Lesson 1: The Byzantine Empire Characteristics Lasted from 330 to 1453; 1400 years Considered themselves ( ), not Byzantines Very impressive militarily, political flexibility,

More information

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, HUNDRED YEARS WAR, AND THE PLAGUE

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, HUNDRED YEARS WAR, AND THE PLAGUE AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, HUNDRED YEARS WAR, AND THE PLAGUE CENTRAL GOV T OF ROME FALLS APART FAIRLY QUICKLY NORMAL LIFE DISAPPEARS: LOSS OF SAFETY, SERVICES, LAWS,

More information

The European Middle Ages CE

The European Middle Ages CE The European Middle Ages 500-1500 CE World History- Wednesday 11/15 2nd 6 Weeks grades have now been finalized. If you have any questions, please see me in person. Warm-Up Discuss with your neighbors-

More information

The European Middle Ages

The European Middle Ages The European Middle Ages What happened to the Roman Empire? By the end of the 5 th century, Germanic invaders had destroyed the Roman Empire This led to Disruption of trade Downfall of cities Population

More information

CHAPTER 8 Medieval Europe

CHAPTER 8 Medieval Europe CHAPTER 8 Medieval Europe Clovis, King of the Franks, converted to Christianity near the end of the fifth century. He converted because his wife kept begging him to do so, and because he wanted the help

More information

A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes.

A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes. Timeline I. Medieval Europe A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes. B. By the 4 th century, the Catholic Church became more powerful. The church was (is) organized

More information

EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD

EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD The slaw decline of the Roman Empire marked the beginning of a new era in European history. This period is called the Middle Ages. It lasted from around 500 to 1500.

More information

Western Civilization Chapter 13

Western Civilization Chapter 13 Western Civilization Chapter 13 Middle Ages Time period from 400 1500. New lifestyle for most of Europe Franks Franks group of people that shaped the culture of Europe (German Invaders) Clovis King of

More information

CHARLEMAGNE AND THE NEW EUROPE

CHARLEMAGNE AND THE NEW EUROPE CHARLEMAGNE AND THE NEW EUROPE Rise of the Carolingians 7 th century CE = Frankish leaders were symbolic dukes were in charge Charles the Hammer Martel (688-741) = first Carolingian Held important office

More information

The Rise of Europe. Chapter 7

The Rise of Europe. Chapter 7 The Rise of Europe Chapter 7 The Early Middle Ages 500-1500 A.D. The Dark Ages Waves of Invaders Trade slowed Towns emptied Lack of education Political division The Rise of the Germanic Kingdoms The Goths,

More information

Western Europe Ch

Western Europe Ch Western Europe Ch 11 600-1450 Western Europe: After the Fall of Rome Middle Ages or medieval times Between the fall of Roman Empire and the European Renaissance Dark Ages? Divide into the Early Middle

More information

Stained Glass Windows Notre Dame

Stained Glass Windows Notre Dame Early Middle Ages Architecture Stained Glass Windows Notre Dame Illuminated manuscript Ireland s Book of Kells Map Medieval Chertsey Architecture Medieval Church Notre Dame Early Church Aestheticism is

More information

LG 1: Explain how Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy were unifying social and political forces in Western Europe and Byzantine Europe and

LG 1: Explain how Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy were unifying social and political forces in Western Europe and Byzantine Europe and LG 1: Explain how Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy were unifying social and political forces in Western Europe and Byzantine Europe and identify the impact of ideas contained in Justinian s Code

More information

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR CENTRAL GOV T OF ROME FALLS APART FAIRLY QUICKLY NORMAL LIFE DISAPPEARS: LOSS OF SAFETY, SERVICES, LAWS,

More information

The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins

The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins 1. What happened to Rome in 410 AD? 2. Why would this sack of Rome be physiologically crushing to the Romans? 3. Who is Alaric? 4. What are Alaric and his Visigoths

More information

Medieval Matters: The Middle Age

Medieval Matters: The Middle Age Medieval Matters: The Middle Age 400-1500 The Roman Empire Falls (376) and Western World Ignites DYK - Son of a Gun - Comes from the Medieval Knights view that firearms were evil Byzantine Empire Eastern

More information

Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks

Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks Our new unit: The Post-Classical Era (approximately) 500-1500 Areas of Focus: Medieval Europe, the Byzantine Empire, the Islamic Empire, Tang & Song China Vocab Quiz:

More information

Roman Empire Study Guide Review

Roman Empire Study Guide Review Roman Empire Study Guide Review Question 1 Who was considered the head of a Roman household? The father Why? He made all the decisions; his word was law Question 2 Who were missionaries? People who spread

More information

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Dark Ages - the Age of Feudalism Medieval Europe began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD. With the destruction of Roman civilization,

More information

UNIT 0 THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE THE GERMANIC PEOPLES THE BYZANTINE AND CAROLINGIAN EMPIRES

UNIT 0 THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE THE GERMANIC PEOPLES THE BYZANTINE AND CAROLINGIAN EMPIRES UNIT 0 THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE THE GERMANIC PEOPLES THE BYZANTINE AND CAROLINGIAN EMPIRES THE ROMAN EMPIRE Chronology: 27 BCE 476 AD Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire): until 1453. Political

More information

Feudal Europe Chapter 10

Feudal Europe Chapter 10 Finals Review_7th Feudal Europe Chapter 10 Lesson 1 pg. 256 Europe After Rome 1. Barbarian invasions & fall of Rome 2. Germanic kingdoms & Charlemagne 4. Rise of Feudalism 3. Disunity & invasion Germanic

More information

The Middle Ages: AD AD. World History Middle Ages, Renaissance, Unit

The Middle Ages: AD AD. World History Middle Ages, Renaissance, Unit The Middle Ages: 500-1450 AD AD World History Middle Ages, Renaissance, Reforma@on Unit Standards SSWH7: The student will analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and

More information

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe ( )

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe ( ) Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe (500-1300) 1 The Early Middle Ages Why was Western Europe a frontier land during the early Middle Ages? How did Germanic kingdoms gain power in the early Middle Ages? How

More information

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 9 GERMANIC KINGDOMS

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 9 GERMANIC KINGDOMS WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 9 GERMANIC KINGDOMS BOARD QUESTIONS 1) WHAT GERMANIC TRIBE RULED SPAIN? 2) WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ROMAN LAW AND GERMANIC LAW? 3) WHY DID CLOVIS BECOME CHRISTIAN? 4) WHERE

More information

Journal A The European ruler who built an empire greater than any since Rome was

Journal A The European ruler who built an empire greater than any since Rome was Journal 01-09-19 Journal A The European ruler who built an empire greater than any since Rome was a. Charlemagne. b. Clovis. c. Martel. d. Pepin. Journal B Where did monks live while they studied Christian

More information

Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( )

Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( ) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 8, Section Chapter 8 The Rise of Europe (500 1300) Copyright 2003 by Pearson

More information

The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c ) Charlemagne (768-8l4)

The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c ) Charlemagne (768-8l4) The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c.500-840) Much of Europe's destiny would be tied in with a new Germanic power, the Franks. This tribe had played a minor role in the breakup of the Roman Empire.

More information

The Anglo-Saxon Period and The Middle Ages Theme: The Heroic and the Humble

The Anglo-Saxon Period and The Middle Ages Theme: The Heroic and the Humble The Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066 and The Middle Ages 1066-1485 Theme: The Heroic and the Humble Before the Anglo-Saxons Roman emperor Claudius ordered conquest of Britain in AD 43 Britain considered a province

More information

Reading Essentials and Study Guide

Reading Essentials and Study Guide Lesson 3 The Growth of European Kingdoms ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How can changes to political systems impact economic activities? How is society influenced by changes in political and economic systems? Reading

More information

Study Guide: The Middle Ages

Study Guide: The Middle Ages Name Study Guide: The Middle Ages ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: The European Middle Ages occur chronologically between the Roman Empire and the modern age that we live in. The Middle Ages are divided into three

More information

Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together.

Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. A crown from the Holy Roman Empire. Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. Priests and other religious officials

More information

7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and

7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and 7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and Emperor Henry IV. (H, P) Term Hint Definition Excommunicate

More information

World History: Connection to Today. Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( )

World History: Connection to Today. Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( ) Chapter 8, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 8 The Rise of Europe (500 1300) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights

More information

Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages )

Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages ) Due Date: Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages 285-290) I. THE NEW GERMANIC KINGDOMS Name: 1. What did the Germanic Ostrogoths and Visigoths retain from the

More information

The Rise of the Franks

The Rise of the Franks : Section 1 Opener: The Rise of the Franks Page 1 of 1 The Rise of the Franks The Vikings were known for their shipbuilding ability. Use CNNfyi.com@CNN Student News or other current event sources to discover

More information

Chapter 17: THE FOUNDATIONS OF CHRISTIAN SOCIETY IN WESTERN EUROPE

Chapter 17: THE FOUNDATIONS OF CHRISTIAN SOCIETY IN WESTERN EUROPE Chapter 17: THE FOUNDATIONS OF CHRISTIAN SOCIETY IN WESTERN EUROPE While other parts of the world were experiencing unprecedented prosperity during the postclassical era, Europe's economy underwent a sharp

More information

The Foundations of Christian Society in Western Europe (Chapter 17)

The Foundations of Christian Society in Western Europe (Chapter 17) The Foundations of Christian Society in Western Europe (Chapter 17) While other parts of the world were experiencing unprecedented prosperity during the postclassical era, Europe's economy underwent a

More information

A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by:

A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: www.cainaweb.org Early Church Growth & Threats Patristic Period & Great Councils Rise of Christendom High Medieval Church Renaissance to Reformation

More information

CHAPTER 9: Christian Societies Emerge in Europe, Following the Sasanids, the Muslim Arabs took the wealthy provinces of Syria,

CHAPTER 9: Christian Societies Emerge in Europe, Following the Sasanids, the Muslim Arabs took the wealthy provinces of Syria, I. The Byzantine Empire, 600-1200 A. An Empire Beleaguered 1. Following the Sasanids, the Muslim Arabs took the wealthy provinces of Syria, Egypt, and Tunisia from the Byzantine Empire and converted their

More information

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9 The Worlds of European Christendom Chapter 9 After the Roman Empire By the 4 th Century the Roman Empire gets divided Christian Europe is two parts: 1. Eastern half = The Byzantine Empire 2. Western half

More information

Medieval Europe & Crusades. Snapshots of two representative periods: Charlemagne And The Crusades

Medieval Europe & Crusades. Snapshots of two representative periods: Charlemagne And The Crusades Medieval Europe & Crusades Snapshots of two representative periods: Charlemagne And The Crusades The Big Picture 4th-5th centuries Roman Empire Allies with Barbarians To watch over regions In name of

More information

State Formation in Western Europe (Chapters 17 and 20) The Middle Ages

State Formation in Western Europe (Chapters 17 and 20) The Middle Ages State Formation in Western Europe (Chapters 17 and 20) The Middle Ages Clarification Western Europe (500-1500 CE) = The Middle Ages) 500-1000 CE = the Medieval Period; The Dark Ages Much of Roman Civilization

More information

CHAPTER 12 - THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES IN THE WEST TO 1000: THE BIRTH OF EUROPE

CHAPTER 12 - THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES IN THE WEST TO 1000: THE BIRTH OF EUROPE CHAPTER 12 - THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES IN THE WEST TO 1000: THE BIRTH OF EUROPE CHAPTER SUMMARY This chapter begins the account of the western Middle Ages, the period in which a distinctive European culture

More information

The Formation of Western Europe, The Formation of Western Europe, Church Reform and the Crusades.

The Formation of Western Europe, The Formation of Western Europe, Church Reform and the Crusades. The Formation of Western Europe, 800 500 The Formation of Western Europe, 800 500 Europeans embark on the Crusades, develop new commercial and political systems, and suffer through bubonic plague and the

More information

The Middle Ages Introduction to the Middle Ages

The Middle Ages Introduction to the Middle Ages The Middle Ages Introduction to the Middle Ages The Middle Ages Introduction to the Middle Ages The Middle Ages is a period in European history from about the 400s to 1400 A.D. During these years, also

More information

England and France in the Middle Ages

England and France in the Middle Ages England and France in the Middle Ages Who ruled the Frankish Empire in this map of 814? What was the Treaty of Verdun? What problems resulted from this Treaty? Look at these maps of Europe after Charlemagne's

More information

Do Not Write on This Paper!!!

Do Not Write on This Paper!!! Post Classical Era Test 1. How did Classical Civilizations (Rome, Greece China, & India) help to increase global trade? A. The classical period provided stability and safety for merchants and trade B.

More information

Revival & Crusades AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

Revival & Crusades AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) Revival & Crusades AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) From the fall of the Roman Empire 476 C.E. to around 1000 C.E. Europe was in the Dark Ages or Medieval Times. Between 1000 1200 a revival

More information

Chapter 11. The Roman Empire and the Rise of Christianity in the West, 31 B.C.E. 800 C.E.

Chapter 11. The Roman Empire and the Rise of Christianity in the West, 31 B.C.E. 800 C.E. Chapter 11 The Roman Empire and the Rise of Christianity in the West, 31 B.C.E. 800 C.E. p142 Roman Decline Rome s power to rule began to decline after Marcus Aurelius (161-180 CE) Germanic tribes invaded

More information

Beginning of the Dark Ages SAHS

Beginning of the Dark Ages SAHS Beginning of the Dark Ages SAHS Fall of Rome (~410) The Roman Empire brought order to European tribes When the Romans retreated, Europe no longer benefited from Roman technology, education, and leadership

More information

Medieval Europe PRACTICE TEST 1

Medieval Europe PRACTICE TEST 1 Medieval Europe PRACTICE TEST 1 Name: Part 1: Multiple Choice Knowledge Assessment ( /38) 1. Which of the following modern countries were NOT once part of the Roman Empire? a) Egypt. b) South Africa. c)

More information

Lesson 1: The Early Middle Ages. Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe

Lesson 1: The Early Middle Ages. Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe Lesson 1: The Early Middle Ages Topic 7: Medieval Christian Europe OBJECTIVES Summarize ways in which the Byzantine empire flourished after the decline of Rome Explain the impact of the fall of Rome on

More information

Bentley Chapter 16 Study Guide: The Two Worlds of Christendom

Bentley Chapter 16 Study Guide: The Two Worlds of Christendom Bentley Chapter 16 Study Guide: The Two Worlds of Christendom The Quest for Political Order (p. 328-329) 1. How did the east and west differ after the fall of the Roman Empire? The Early Byzantine Empire:

More information

UNIT 3: EMPIRES OF FAITH Medieval Europe Notes

UNIT 3: EMPIRES OF FAITH Medieval Europe Notes UNIT 3: EMPIRES OF FAITH Medieval Europe Notes I. Post-Roman Western Europe A. people began moving into Roman territory in the third century AD. a. By 500 AD the Western Roman Empire had fallen. b. Germans

More information

The Normans Viking Settlers Rollo and Normandy Norsemen become Normans William of Normandy

The Normans Viking Settlers Rollo and Normandy Norsemen become Normans William of Normandy The Normans Viking Settlers The Viking Age spanned the late 8 th to the late 11 th century During this time, Vikings from Scandinavia explored Europe by its oceans and rivers for trade and plunder By the

More information

Europe in the Middle Ages. Unit 6

Europe in the Middle Ages. Unit 6 Europe in the Middle Ages Unit 6 Unit Standards Part 1 Europe in the Middle Ages 7.32 Identify the physical location and features of Europe including the Alps, the Ural Mountains, the North European Plain

More information

The Middle Ages. The Middle Ages The Basics. - Between , small kingdoms replaced provinces - Germans? How did that happen?

The Middle Ages. The Middle Ages The Basics. - Between , small kingdoms replaced provinces - Germans? How did that happen? The Middle Ages The Basics When? What? (fall of Roman Empire) - Between 400-600, small kingdoms replaced provinces - Germans? How did that happen? Impact of Germanic Invasions Concept of Government Changes

More information

Lesson 3: The Growth of European Kingdoms

Lesson 3: The Growth of European Kingdoms Chapter 10: Medieval Kingdoms in Europe, 800 1300 Lesson 3: The Growth of European Kingdoms World History Bell Ringer #45 1-12-18 1. How did craft guilds improve economic conditions in cities? A. Encouraged

More information

The Early Middle Ages

The Early Middle Ages The Early Middle Ages Western Europe in Decline Why the Dark Ages? Europe entered period of economic, political & social decline after fall of the Roman Empire 500 1000 AD politically divided, rural, cut

More information

Chapter 8: The Byzantine Empire & Emerging Europe, A.D Lesson 4: The Age of Charlemagne

Chapter 8: The Byzantine Empire & Emerging Europe, A.D Lesson 4: The Age of Charlemagne Chapter 8: The Byzantine Empire & Emerging Europe, A.D. 50 800 Lesson 4: The Age of Charlemagne World History Bell Ringer #36 11-14-17 1. How did monks and nuns help to spread Christianity throughout Europe?

More information

The Dark Ages. Today s Title: The Dark Ages Today s EQ: Why were the Dark Ages considered dark?

The Dark Ages. Today s Title: The Dark Ages Today s EQ: Why were the Dark Ages considered dark? The Dark Ages Today s Title: The Dark Ages Today s EQ: Why were the Dark Ages considered dark? Think back What led to the fall of this massive Roman Empire? What do you think happened to the rest of Europe

More information

William the Conqueror

William the Conqueror William the Conqueror 1027 1087 WHY HE MADE HISTORY William the Conqueror became one of the greatest kings of England. His conquests greatly affected the history of both England and Western Europe. how

More information

Reading Essentials and Study Guide

Reading Essentials and Study Guide The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe, a.d. 50 800 Lesson 4 The Age of Charlemagne ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How can religion impact a culture? What factors lead to the rise and fall of empires? Reading HELPDESK

More information

Name: Period: Date: Chapter 18 The Later Middle Ages Study Guide

Name: Period: Date: Chapter 18 The Later Middle Ages Study Guide Name: Period: Date: Chapter 18 The Later Middle Ages Study Guide Popes and Kings Rule Europe Section 1 Popes and Kings After Feudalism in Europe two types of leaders came to power, who were they and what

More information

Section Quiz Chapter 9. Name ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo Date ooooooooooooooooooooooooo Class ooooooooooooooo

Section Quiz Chapter 9. Name ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo Date ooooooooooooooooooooooooo Class ooooooooooooooo Section Quiz 9-1 DIRECTIONS: Matching Match each item in with an item in. 1. lived in convents 2. fine paid by a wrongdoer 3. religious pratice of monks 4. bishop of Rome 5. Charles the Great A. wergild

More information

Name Class Date. MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used.

Name Class Date. MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. 1. Co-ruler with Theodora 2. Byzantine general who reconquered territory in

More information

Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe. Church Hierarchy. Authority of the Church. The Holy Roman Empire. Lesson 1: The Power of the Church

Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe. Church Hierarchy. Authority of the Church. The Holy Roman Empire. Lesson 1: The Power of the Church Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe Lesson 1: The Power of the Church Church Hierarchy Pope, Archbishops, & Bishops Lords & Knights Authority of the Church All people are Only way to avoid hell

More information

Conquest When a country is taken over by another: for example the Norman Conquest after 1066

Conquest When a country is taken over by another: for example the Norman Conquest after 1066 Anglo-Saxons A tribe of people from Germany who settled in Britain before the Norman Conquest Conquest When a country is taken over by another: for example the Norman Conquest after 1066 Crusade A Holy

More information

WORLD HISTORY. Course Review

WORLD HISTORY. Course Review Key Periods of the Middle Ages Middle Ages (500 1400 CE) A period in European history between the Fall of Rome and the or Medieval Period Renaissance dominated by the influences of the Catholic Church,

More information

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian Byzantine Empire Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Byzantium, a Greek city in the eastern part of the empire. Ruled over the Balkan Peninsula, the Middle East and parts of

More information

UNIT 3: MIDDLE AGES STUDY GUIDE

UNIT 3: MIDDLE AGES STUDY GUIDE UNIT 3: MIDDLE AGES STUDY GUIDE I can explain how feudalism worked and why it emerged in the Middle Ages DIRECTIONS: Use the word bank below to fill in the Pyramid Pope/church, Kings, Nobles, Merchants/craftsmen,

More information

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Name CHAPTER 13 Section 1 (pages 353 357) Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about Southeast Asian kingdoms and Korean dynasties. In this section, you will

More information

Ch. 10: Christian Europe Emerges,

Ch. 10: Christian Europe Emerges, Ch. 10: Christian Europe Emerges, 300-1200 I. Early Medieval Europe, 300-1000 a. From Roman Empire to Germanic Kingdoms i. 5 th cen., Roman Empire broke down. Europe fragmented. Various Germanic tribes

More information

AKA the Medieval Period with knights, castles and the Black Plague. 8/12/2012 1

AKA the Medieval Period with knights, castles and the Black Plague. 8/12/2012 1 AKA the Medieval Period with knights, castles and the Black Plague. 8/12/2012 1 Begins in 5 th century AD (400s), after the fall of the Western Roman Empire Ends at the beginning of the Renaissance, or

More information

Middle Ages. World History

Middle Ages. World History Middle Ages World History Era of relative peace and stability Population growth Cultural developments in education and art Kings, nobles, and the Church shared power Developed tax systems and government

More information

World Civilizations Grade 3

World Civilizations Grade 3 World Civilizations Grade 3 Trimester I: Unit I: European Feudalism () Unit II: Islam () Unit III: China and Japan () Unit IV: High Middle Ages () Trimester II: Unit V: Renaissance & Reformation () Unit

More information