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1 Post Classical Era Test 1. How did Classical Civilizations (Rome, Greece China, & India) help to increase global trade? A. The classical period provided stability and safety for merchants and trade B. The spread of Islam broke down barriers to trade C. Classical civilizations didn t actually help trade, they hindered it. D. All of these were conquered by Islam, making one country where trade could happen freely. 2. What two regions did the Trans-Saharan trade link? A. Africa and the Arab World B. Africa and Europe C. Africa and India D. Europe and Asia 3. In the Trans-Saharan Trade, West African nations had an abundance of which they traded with North Africans and Arabs for. A. Gold/Salt B. Gold/Spices C. Salt/Spices D. Gold/Silk 4. Along the Silk Road, were rest stops and inns that later developed into cities and trading centers. A. Caravanserais B. Ka aba C. Yurts D. Hostels 5. Which of the following were contributions of India to diffusion along the Silk Road? 6. Which of the following were contributions of China to diffusion along the Silk Road? 7. Which of the following were contributions of the Byzantine Empire to diffusion along the Silk Road?

2 8. Which of the following were contributions of the Middle East to diffusion along the Silk Road? 9. What cultural characteristics did the Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas all share? A. Floating islands called chinampas for farming B. A ball game called pok-a-tok C. Polytheistic religions with human sacrifice D. Strong central governments (Empire) 10. How did the Aztecs change their physical environment to help ensure survival? A. Cut terraces into the sides of the mountains to provide space for farming and building? B. They built floating islands called chinampas for farming. C. They had a sophisticated irrigation system with aquaducts that brought water from great distances. D. They employed a Pony-express style of communication using runners to take messages across the empire. 11. How did the Incas change their physical environment to help ensure survival? A. Cut terraces into the sides of the mountains to provide space for farming and building? B. They built floating islands called chinampas for farming. C. They had a sophisticated irrigation system with aquaducts that brought water from great distances. D. They employed a Pony-express style of communication using runners to take messages across the empire. 12. What one factor contributed to the weakening and demise of the Aztecs and Incas more than anything else? A. Drought B. European iron weapons C. Internal political turmoil (civil wars) D. Disease brought by Europeans 13. Mecca is an important city to Islam for all of the following except: A. It is the birthplace of Muhammad B. It is the place where Muhammad was first able to convert followers to Islam C. It is the location of the Ka aba, a former temple for polytheistic religions that was captured by the Muslims and dedicated to worship of Allah D. A pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a Muslim s life is one of the five pillars of Islam.

3 14. The Mongols became known as the because of the color of their tents, or yurts. A. White Horde B. Golden Horde C. Purple People Eaters D. Red Swarm 15. Which of the following was not a part of the legacy of the Mongols? A. The creation of the Yuan Dynasty in China, which opened up more trade with the West. B. The Spread of Christianity C. The introduction of gunpowder to the west D. The spread of the plague to the west 16. The most successful Germanic kingdom (barbarians) to invade western Europe after the fall of Rome was the. A. Angles B. Magyars C. Vikings D. Franks 17. Who was the first king to unite the Franks? A. Pepin the Short B. Clovis I C. William the Conqueror D. Urban II 18. Who was the first Holy Roman Emperor? A. Charles Martel B. Urban II D. Richard I 19. Saladin takes Jerusalem but allows Christian pilgrims access to the city in which Crusade? 20. What king from Normand conquered the Anglo-Saxons in England after William the Confessor died without an heir in 1066 CE? A. Charles the Hammer B. William the Conqueror D. Pepin the Short

4 21. Which crusade was actually a success for the Christians and resulted in their taking control of the city of Jerusalem? 22. During which crusade did Christian crusaders attack the city of Constantinople instead of Jerusalem? 23. What is the importance of the Magna Carta? A. It declared Charlemagne to be the first Holy Roman Emperor B. It was the official call to the crusades by Pope Urban II C. It was the first limitation of the king s power in England D. It created the Spanish Inquisition to target non-christians in Spain 24. Who made the official call to begin the crusades? A. Urban II B. Richard the Lionheart D. Charles the Hammer 25. Why did people turn to Feudalism in the Middle Ages? A. It increased trade between Europe and the Middle East B. People felt local lords could protect them better from outside invasions C. It allowed more rights to the peasant classes D. It gave more power to the Catholic church 26. In Feudalism, what was the land called that was given out by the king? A. A fief B. A Vassal C. A Serf D. A Baron 27. In Feudalism, what was the term used for a person who owed loyalty to the king or a higher lord? A. A fief B. A Vassal C. A Serf D. A Baron

5 28. In Feudalism, what was another name for a vassal of the king? A. Lord of the Manor B. Serf C. Fief D. Knight 29. How many crusades were there, not including the Children s crusade? A. 4 B. 5 C. 7 D What was the first caliphate in Islam? A. Abbasids B. Sufi C. Sunni D. Umayyad 31. Which of the following was NOT a reason for the Umayyad s early success at spreading Islam? A. The Byzantine and Persian empires were weak B. The Muslims allowed little freedom to conquered people which destroyed their will C. The aggressive Muslim horse and camel cavalry easily overwhelmed traditional armies D. Many conquered people welcome the Muslims as liberators 32. Who were the Muslim mystics, who sought communion with God through meditation, fasting, and other rituals? A. Sufis B. Sunnis C. Shiites D. Abbasids 33. What city becomes a Muslim center for learning and culture in Europe? A. Cairo B. Cordoba C. Bagdad D. Mecca

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