CHAPTER 8 TEST LATE MIDDLE AGES. c. leading the Normans to victory in the Battle of Hastings.

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1 CHAPTER 8 TEST LATE MIDDLE AGES 1. William the Conqueror earned his title by a. repelling the Danish invaders from England. b. defeating the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld. c. leading the Normans to victory in the Battle of Hastings. d. seizing Viking territory in Scandinavia. 2. Primarily intended to protect feudal rights, the Magna Carta eventually a. gave the king freedom to tax nobles without their constent. b. eliminated the power of the monarchy. c. guaranteed the rights of all English people. d. placed all governing authority with the House of Commons. 3. The French king who strengthened the monarchy during the period A.D to 1223 was a. Louis IX. b. Louis VI. c. Philip Augustus. d. Otto the Great. 4. The Crusades were undertaken to a. keep the Holy Land out of Muslim control. b. end the Great Schism. c. free Rome from the Byzantines. d. reform the Medieval church. 5. Between 1348 and 1350, almost one-third of the population of Europe a. migrated to urban trading centers.

2 b. died in an epidemic of bubonic plague. c. bought their freedom from feudal landholders. d. joined the Third Crusade. 6. The Crusades contributed to all of the following EXCEPT a. the growth of trade. b. new goods for western Europe. c. greater contact between Europe and the Byzantine and Muslim civilizations. d. an increase in the power of feudal lords. 7. The Third Crusade ended with the a. decisive victory of Richard I in Palestine. b. the defeat of the French at Agincourt. c. defeat of Seljuk Turks by French-led crusaders. d. a treaty giving the Muslims control but Christians the right to visit their Holy Land shrines 8. With some exceptions, Europe between the A.D. 400s and 1100s is characterized by the absence of a. strong monarchs. b. powerful religious authorities. c. feudal social hierarchies. d. wars between rival feudal lords. 9. The Franciscans were wandering preachers known as a. monks. b. friars. c. abbots. d. heretics.

3 10. The Crusades contributed to the breakdown of feudalism because. a. Muslims captured the property of feudal landholders. b. many peasants became noblemen. c. the authority of kings increased while many nobles were financially weakened. d. many peasants converted to Islam. 11. The theologian who wrote a book to show that basic religious truths could be proved by logical argument was named a. Thomas Aquinas. b. Cluny. c. Innocent III. d. Hugh Capet. 12. Despite the fact that Christians viewed Muslims with hostility, a. they refused to select a Muslim ruler. b. they learned from Muslim advances in science and mathematics. c. they treated them with charity and kindness. d. they lost the battle of Tours in France. 13. The relationship between medieval Christians and Jews was one a. in which Jews rose to positions of power. b. that improved during hard times. c. in which Jews were persecuted by Christians. d. of mutual toleration. 14. Why did some religious people want to reform the Church during medieval times? a. It had grown too big. b. It had grown weak.

4 c. It had grown corrupt. d. It had grown too powerful. 15. Which of the following groups dominated the economic and political life of towns during the Late Middle Ages? a. nobles b. merchant guilds c. Knights d. the clergy 16. What did Henry II of England do to broaden the system of royal justice a. He established a Supreme Court. b. He stiffened the requirements necessary to become a lawyer. c. He taxed the rich and used the money to build a court house. d. He established English common law and the jury system. 17. What change in education developed in the Middle Ages? a. The first universities evolved. b. Large universities with permanent buildings came into being. c. Students with very little training could qualify to be a teacher. d. Women began to attend universities. 18. The Black Death was caused by a. malnutrition. b. lack of vaccines. c. a disease spread by rats. d. wounds suffered during the Hundred Years War. 19. Why was the Magna Carta important? a. It approved money for wars in France.

5 b. It allowed the monarch to abolish Parliament. c. It asserted that the monarch must obey the law. d. It limited the power of the pope. 20. The Reconquista refers to a. the conquest of the Holy Land. b. the revival of Greek learning. c. the Christians' defeat at Acre. d. the campaign to drive out the Muslims of Spain. 21. Which of the following was a result of the plague in Europe a. economic decline b. the rebirth of Christianity c. political reform d. the Hundred Years' War 22. A Gothic cathedral has a. rounded arches. b. a gilded dome. c. very few windows. d. pointed arches. 23. Which of the following best describes the Church during the late Middle Ages? a. It provided strong moral leadership. b. It wielded great political power. c. It grew weak and divided. d. It offered great comfort to people during hard times. 24. Why is Joan of Arc remembered

6 a. She led a peasant uprising that ended feudalism. b. She led the French to victories against the English in the Hundred Years War. c. She led the English troops in the Hundred Years War. d. She drove the English from Calais. 25. After the division of 1054, the names of the two branches of the Christian Church were a. Islamic and Eastern (Greek) Orthodox. b. Jewish and Muslim. c. Roman Catholic (Latin Church) and Eastern (Greek) Orthodox. d. Islamic and Turkish. BONUS (5 points) On the bottom of your answer sheet write the name (and nickname) of the King who led the 3 rd Crusade.

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