The Roman Catholic Church. World History (Wednesday, November 2 nd, 2011)

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Roman Catholic Church. World History (Wednesday, November 2 nd, 2011)"

Transcription

1 The Roman Catholic Church World History (Wednesday, November 2 nd, 2011)

2 Background information... The Roman Catholic Church was and still is the most basic and powerful institutions in the Western World. Its power over both nobleman and serf is a statement of its incredible influence over all aspect of this time period. This lesson is important because it sets up the many issues and events that lead to the Protestant Reformation.

3 Location These next two slides show that the cathedrals were usually in the center of the towns. It is more appropriate to say that the towns literally grew up around the cathedrals. Why do you think this would be the case?

4 Notre Dame Cathedral

5 Chartres Cathedral

6 Size The cathedrals were built on a huge scale. It is said that they were built large so that man was sure to realize that they are small and that God is great...also that the church was great. Why would people need to realize this?

7 Notre Dame Cathedral

8 Chartres Cathedral

9 Chartres Cathedral

10 Questions... After seeing how large these structures are, lets ask a couple of engaging questions... How many homes of brick or other materials could have been built using the material that went into just one of these cathedrals? How long do you think it might have taken the people of the day to build these magnificent structures?

11 Interior height The architecture of the interior of these cathedrals was designed specifically to draw one s attention upward. It was literally designed to lift your eyes up to the heavens.

12 Interior Height

13 Interior Height

14 Stained Glass The purpose of the stained glass windows was to tell the stories of the Bible to an illiterate population. Remember, not many people could real at this point in history. Consequently, people relied on the church to communicate the story of their own salvation.

15 Stained Glass of Chartres Cathedral

16 More stained glass...

17 What is the purpose of a Cathedral? Cathedrals are grand churches and home to the Bishop. They were religious centers for the region and sites of pilgrimages (Tourism of the day). The are used was known as gothic. The gargoyles were actually to show the horrors of hell but also functioned as water spouts. The Flying Buttresses allowed the cathedral to be built bigger and higher while being more stabile and using less material. What is the general shape of a cathedral?

18 Notre Dame Cathedral

19

20 Gargoyles

21 Flying Buttresses

22 General Layout

23 The grandeur, expense, time, and effort that went into creating and maintaining these sites of worship with every feature designed to support a theme. What does that say about this institution in the Middle Ages? i. The incredible power, wealth, and importance of the Church.

24 General Layout What is this screen for?

25 The Screen The screen was actually a very important symbolic tool in the Church of the time. The screen separated the people worshiping from the altar and the priest conducting the service. This is an important metaphor for demonstrating the practical and theological differences between the Catholic Church and the Protestant reforms.

26 Today s activity... Open your book to page 191. Define the vocabulary terms at the top of page 191. Read section 3 and answer the four Reading Focus questions at the top of page 191. This is due at the end of class today.

27 The Roman Catholic Church World History (Thursday, November 3 rd, 2011)

28 How did Christianity advance into Western Europe? The Roman Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity and, after years of persecution, the religion became the official religion of the empire. In 312 AD, the Edict of Milan was signed, thus declaring Christianity to be an approved religion by the emperor. Constantine also created a Christian Council to decide answers to theological questions concerning the Christian faith (i.e. Who was Jesus Christ, what is the holy Trinity, etc). Once these types of questions had been answered, heretics (imprisonment, excommunication, banishment, etc) were removed, thus resulting in a stronger and more organized Roman Catholic Church. The Church provided Christians with a sense of security and a religious community to which they could belong.

29 How did Charlemagne increase the power of the Church? Pepin s son, Charles the Great, continues to expand the Frankish empire into Germany, Spain, and Italy. After conquering most of Western Europe With the Sword and the Cross, Charlemagne went to Rome to pray and on Christmas Day, 800 AD the Pope crowned him King of the Romans. As the person who bestows the title, the Pope claims the power to give that authority. This increases the Pope s political power. The Pope s blessing becomes a de facto must for all Christians. Charlemagne reforms the church by insisting that all priests in the kingdom be able to read and write, thus increasing their importance and value to the manors they serve.

30 How did Charlemagne increase the power of the Church? The Pope reserved the right to appoint church officials throughout Western Europe,even if they were thousands of miles away and did not know the person they were appointing. Many kings sought for lay investiture, which is the king bestowing a religious office (appointing a bishop) instead of the Pope.

31 How else did the Pope exercise political power? The two great weapons of the Pope were Excommunication Removal from the Church and condemnation to hell upon death. 2. Interdict Denial of all the people the right to attend church services, the sacraments such as confession, last rites, Eucharist, and refusal to perform marriage ceremonies. The Popes often would be the person responsible for crowning kings. This established the precedent of church gives the authority for one to be king. How would these two weapons give the people, including the Pope, the idea that the Pope was more powerful than the king of the land?

32 How did the church parallel many of the functions of the government? 1. The church caused conflict with the government (king) because it would hold trials in the cathedrals for any person that the church felt was in their jurisdiction and had violated canon law. This was seen as the church usurping, or undermining, the king s power. 2. The church was a major land owner, controlling vast estate and territory. With land comes power and wealth. At its height it is estimated that the Roman Catholic Church owned up to ¼ of the land in Europe! The church also collected taxes in the form of tithes (1/10 th of the yearly income) from every Christian family within its diocese.

33 What role did the Regular Clergy play? The regular clergy (monks shut away in monasteries) lived simple lives of prayer and labor for the monastery in which they resided. The Monks also were the keepers of knowledge, storing, translating, and copying the Bible and other books and writing of the Roman world. However, books that they felt did not support Christian Doctrine were discarded.

34 What role did the priest play in the lives of the Manor? A priest was the second most important person (behind the lord) on the manor. The priest was responsible for administering the seven sacraments of the church, recording the needed records of serfs (birth, baptism, death), and providing for their religious needs. Seven Sacraments: 1. Baptism 2. Confession / Penance / Reconciliation 3. Eucharist 4. Confirmation 5. Matirmony 6. Holy Orders 7. Unction (Last Rights)

35 How was the church a unifying force? There was a shared and unifying set of spiritual beliefs and rituals. At the local level, the church was the religous and social center. People met there for service, social gatherings, and festive celebrations.

36

The Role of the Church in Medieval Europe

The Role of the Church in Medieval Europe The Role of the Church in Medieval Europe Introduction The church was the center of medieval life. It was the center of activity in the community, provided education, explained world events (like what?),

More information

Assessment: The Roman Catholic Church in Medieval Europe

Assessment: The Roman Catholic Church in Medieval Europe Name Date Assessment: The Roman Catholic Church in Medieval Europe Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Historians sometimes call the Middle Ages in western Europe the A.

More information

Dark Ages High Middle Ages

Dark Ages High Middle Ages Medieval Europe 500-1350 Dark Ages 500 800 High Middle Ages 800 1350 The German Kingdoms Romans loyal to Rome vs. Germans loyal to local war chiefs Romans speak Latin Germans speak German. German law based

More information

Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks

Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks Our new unit: The Post-Classical Era (approximately) 500-1500 Areas of Focus: Medieval Europe, the Byzantine Empire, the Islamic Empire, Tang & Song China Vocab Quiz:

More information

Unit 9: Early Middle Ages

Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.9 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Western Europe during the Middle Ages from about 500 to 1000 AD in terms of its impact on Western Civilization

More information

The Middle Ages. The Middle Ages The Basics. - Between , small kingdoms replaced provinces - Germans? How did that happen?

The Middle Ages. The Middle Ages The Basics. - Between , small kingdoms replaced provinces - Germans? How did that happen? The Middle Ages The Basics When? What? (fall of Roman Empire) - Between 400-600, small kingdoms replaced provinces - Germans? How did that happen? Impact of Germanic Invasions Concept of Government Changes

More information

Chapter 13 Notes. Western Europe in the Middle Ages

Chapter 13 Notes. Western Europe in the Middle Ages Chapter 13 Notes Western Europe in the Middle Ages Middle Ages 500-1500 The Middle Ages are also called the Medieval Period. The foundations of early medieval society were: Classical heritage of Rome Christian

More information

The Church. The Church

The Church. The Church One of the few sources of Leadership and stability Helps extend presence throughout Europe Economically Strong =own land= lords Influence both spiritual and political matters One of the few sources of

More information

The European Middle Ages CE

The European Middle Ages CE The European Middle Ages 500-1500 CE World History- Wednesday 11/15 2nd 6 Weeks grades have now been finalized. If you have any questions, please see me in person. Warm-Up Discuss with your neighbors-

More information

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, HUNDRED YEARS WAR, AND THE PLAGUE

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, HUNDRED YEARS WAR, AND THE PLAGUE AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, HUNDRED YEARS WAR, AND THE PLAGUE CENTRAL GOV T OF ROME FALLS APART FAIRLY QUICKLY NORMAL LIFE DISAPPEARS: LOSS OF SAFETY, SERVICES, LAWS,

More information

The Early. Middle Ages. The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings

The Early. Middle Ages. The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings The Early Middle Ages The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings Section Focus After Rome fell the world entered into chaos. Time of warfare, violence, and religion. Time period known as

More information

Stained Glass Windows Notre Dame

Stained Glass Windows Notre Dame Early Middle Ages Architecture Stained Glass Windows Notre Dame Illuminated manuscript Ireland s Book of Kells Map Medieval Chertsey Architecture Medieval Church Notre Dame Early Church Aestheticism is

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction

World History: Patterns of Interaction European Middle Ages, 500-1200 Charlemagne unites the Germanic kingdoms, the feudal system emerges, and the Church strongly influences the lives of people in Europe. European Middle Ages, 500-1200 SECTION

More information

Study Guide: The Middle Ages

Study Guide: The Middle Ages Name Study Guide: The Middle Ages ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: The European Middle Ages occur chronologically between the Roman Empire and the modern age that we live in. The Middle Ages are divided into three

More information

World History Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism

World History Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism 1. After the fall of Rome, the migrations of Germanic peoples created several Germanic kingdoms in Europe. 2. The Franks had the strongest of these kingdoms, and

More information

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR CENTRAL GOV T OF ROME FALLS APART FAIRLY QUICKLY NORMAL LIFE DISAPPEARS: LOSS OF SAFETY, SERVICES, LAWS,

More information

The Power of the Church. Chapter 13, Section 4

The Power of the Church. Chapter 13, Section 4 The Power of the Church Chapter 13, Section 4 Far-Reaching Authority of the Church Introduction Pope Gelasius I (served as pope from 492-496) held a view of two powers in the world holy authority of bishops

More information

Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet. Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished

Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet. Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished Primary Source Analysis Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished Tonight s reading Pgs 149-151 and

More information

A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by:

A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: www.cainaweb.org Early Church Growth & Threats Patristic Period & Great Councils Rise of Christendom High Medieval Church Renaissance to Reformation

More information

Seven Sacraments. Sacrament: rites or ceremonies through which a believer receives God s grace in Roman Catholicism

Seven Sacraments. Sacrament: rites or ceremonies through which a believer receives God s grace in Roman Catholicism Medieval Church Medieval Church unifying force in Western Europe after the fall of the Western Roman Empire continued the traditions of the old Roman Empire heightened concern for the afterlife Seven Sacraments

More information

Reading Essentials and Study Guide

Reading Essentials and Study Guide Lesson 1 Medieval Christianity ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How did the Church influence political and cultural changes in medieval Europe? How did both innovations and disruptive forces affect people during the

More information

The Rise of Europe. Chapter 7

The Rise of Europe. Chapter 7 The Rise of Europe Chapter 7 The Early Middle Ages 500-1500 A.D. The Dark Ages Waves of Invaders Trade slowed Towns emptied Lack of education Political division The Rise of the Germanic Kingdoms The Goths,

More information

Western Europe Ch

Western Europe Ch Western Europe Ch 11 600-1450 Western Europe: After the Fall of Rome Middle Ages or medieval times Between the fall of Roman Empire and the European Renaissance Dark Ages? Divide into the Early Middle

More information

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Name CHAPTER 13 Section 1 (pages 353 357) Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about Southeast Asian kingdoms and Korean dynasties. In this section, you will

More information

High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I. (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades)

High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I. (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) Christianity During the Middle Ages Because of the renewal of Christian faith around 1000 CE, the Middle Ages gains a new

More information

Chapter 6, lesson 3 CULTURE of the MIDDLE AGES

Chapter 6, lesson 3 CULTURE of the MIDDLE AGES Chapter 6, lesson 3 CULTURE of the MIDDLE AGES How did the Church influence political and cultural changes in medieval Europe? What innovations and developments of medieval Europe still affect us today?

More information

Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages )

Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages ) Due Date: Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages 285-290) I. THE NEW GERMANIC KINGDOMS Name: 1. What did the Germanic Ostrogoths and Visigoths retain from the

More information

Chapter 7: Early Middle Ages ( )

Chapter 7: Early Middle Ages ( ) Chapter 7: Early Middle Ages (751-1100) 1. INTRODUCTION The Merovingians were replaced in 751 by the Carolingians,, from the kingdom of Austrasia. Their most famous king was Charles the Great (Charlemagne))

More information

Bell Activity page 105

Bell Activity page 105 Bell Activity page 105 Think about the difference between renting and owning property. Do renters have as much control over property as owners? Why might some people want to buy a home rather than rent

More information

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe ( )

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe ( ) Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe (500-1300) 1 The Early Middle Ages Why was Western Europe a frontier land during the early Middle Ages? How did Germanic kingdoms gain power in the early Middle Ages? How

More information

Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages

Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages Section 1: Medieval Christianity Papal Monarchy Catholic Church reached its height of its political power in the 13 th century under Pope Innocent III

More information

Middle Ages: Feudalism

Middle Ages: Feudalism Middle Ages: Feudalism - Study Guide - -Franks and Charlemagne - 1. List all names for the Middle Ages. 2. What did Charles The Hammer Martel do? 3. Explain Charlemagne s accomplishments. 4. Explain the

More information

SSWH 7. Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics.

SSWH 7. Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. SSWH 7 Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. SSWH 7 A Explain the manorial system and feudal relationships, include: the status of peasants and feudal

More information

Time Periods for this chapter include:

Time Periods for this chapter include: PART FIVE Chapter 15: Christianity and the Formation of Europe Time Periods for this chapter include: Early Christian: Byzantium Middle Ages: Carolingian, Romanesque, and Gothic Key Terms for this chapter

More information

Reading Essentials and Study Guide

Reading Essentials and Study Guide The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe, a.d. 50 800 Lesson 4 The Age of Charlemagne ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How can religion impact a culture? What factors lead to the rise and fall of empires? Reading HELPDESK

More information

Sacraments and Salvation in the Middle Ages

Sacraments and Salvation in the Middle Ages Sacraments and Salvation in the Middle Ages Most people in medieval Europe believed in God and an afterlife, the idea that the soul lives on after the body's death. The Church taught that people gained

More information

Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( )

Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( ) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 8, Section Chapter 8 The Rise of Europe (500 1300) Copyright 2003 by Pearson

More information

Chapter 8: The Byzantine Empire & Emerging Europe, A.D Lesson 4: The Age of Charlemagne

Chapter 8: The Byzantine Empire & Emerging Europe, A.D Lesson 4: The Age of Charlemagne Chapter 8: The Byzantine Empire & Emerging Europe, A.D. 50 800 Lesson 4: The Age of Charlemagne World History Bell Ringer #36 11-14-17 1. How did monks and nuns help to spread Christianity throughout Europe?

More information

Section 2. Objectives

Section 2. Objectives Objectives Understand why Holy Roman emperors failed to build a unified nation-state in Germany. Describe the conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV and summarize the struggle to control

More information

1) The Role and the Structure of the Church

1) The Role and the Structure of the Church The Church Objectives: To describe the Church s structure, influence and power. To explain the relationship between the Church and the German Empire. To list events in the power struggle between the popes

More information

World History: Connection to Today. Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( )

World History: Connection to Today. Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( ) Chapter 8, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 8 The Rise of Europe (500 1300) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights

More information

The Protestant Revolt and the Catholic Reformation

The Protestant Revolt and the Catholic Reformation The Protestant Revolt and the Catholic Reformation Chapter Five 1517 - Martin Luther posted a list on the door of his church in Wittenburg, Germany 95 things about the Roman Catholic Church that troubled

More information

World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe,

World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe, World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe, 800 1500 Section 1: Church Reform and the Crusades Beginning in the 1000s, a new sense of spiritual feeling arose in Europe, which led

More information

7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and

7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and 7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and Emperor Henry IV. (H, P) Term Hint Definition Excommunicate

More information

Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017

Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017 Announcements: 1: Bell Ringer worksheets FOR A GRADE! You need: Bell Ringer (Fall of Rome), blank sheet of paper, one-pager template Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017 1. Pick up a copy of the Bell Ringer:

More information

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 9 GERMANIC KINGDOMS

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 9 GERMANIC KINGDOMS WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 9 GERMANIC KINGDOMS BOARD QUESTIONS 1) WHAT GERMANIC TRIBE RULED SPAIN? 2) WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ROMAN LAW AND GERMANIC LAW? 3) WHY DID CLOVIS BECOME CHRISTIAN? 4) WHERE

More information

Medieval Europe & the Western Church AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

Medieval Europe & the Western Church AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) Medieval Europe & the Western Church AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) The order of the old Roman Empire in the west had fallen to Germanic barbarians (things in the east continued on through

More information

THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION

THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION Essential Question: p. 58 What caused the Protestant Reformation? Warm-Up: Look at this image: What is the main idea of the Protestant Reformation? During the Middle Ages, the

More information

European Middle Ages,

European Middle Ages, European Middle Ages, 500 1200 Charlemagne unites the Germanic kingdoms, the feudal system emerges, and the Church strongly influences the lives of people in Europe. King Charlemagne, in style of Albrecht

More information

n_ - - -:-.^--^^- - --

n_ - - -:-.^--^^- - -- ^ n_ - - -:-.^--^^- - -- $V 5^ « The Mass of Saint Giles was painted around the year 1500. CHAPTER The Role of the Church in Medieval Europe 3.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you learned about the

More information

Persecutions. The Blood of the Martyrs is the Seed of the Church

Persecutions. The Blood of the Martyrs is the Seed of the Church Persecutions The Blood of the Martyrs is the Seed of the Church Persecutions In this presentation we will look at Why Romans persecuted Christians Why there were periods of peace Why the persecutions were

More information

AKA the Medieval Period with knights, castles and the Black Plague. 8/12/2012 1

AKA the Medieval Period with knights, castles and the Black Plague. 8/12/2012 1 AKA the Medieval Period with knights, castles and the Black Plague. 8/12/2012 1 Begins in 5 th century AD (400s), after the fall of the Western Roman Empire Ends at the beginning of the Renaissance, or

More information

FEUDAL SYSTEM IN THE MIDDLE AGES

FEUDAL SYSTEM IN THE MIDDLE AGES FEUDAL SYSTEM IN THE MIDDLE AGES What led to the creation of feudalism? Nobles needed to defend their lands from invaders and from other nobles and kings. Feudalism is a system of government and a way

More information

The European Middle Ages

The European Middle Ages The European Middle Ages What happened to the Roman Empire? By the end of the 5 th century, Germanic invaders had destroyed the Roman Empire This led to Disruption of trade Downfall of cities Population

More information

Middle Ages WHAT WERE THE CULTURAL, SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL STRUCTURES OF MEDIEVAL EUROPE?

Middle Ages WHAT WERE THE CULTURAL, SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL STRUCTURES OF MEDIEVAL EUROPE? Middle Ages WHAT WERE THE CULTURAL, SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL STRUCTURES OF MEDIEVAL EUROPE? Invasions of Western Europe Germanic invasions overran the western half of the Roman Empire As a result

More information

The Formation of Western Europe, The Formation of Western Europe, Church Reform and the Crusades.

The Formation of Western Europe, The Formation of Western Europe, Church Reform and the Crusades. The Formation of Western Europe, 800 500 The Formation of Western Europe, 800 500 Europeans embark on the Crusades, develop new commercial and political systems, and suffer through bubonic plague and the

More information

LG 1: Explain how Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy were unifying social and political forces in Western Europe and Byzantine Europe and

LG 1: Explain how Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy were unifying social and political forces in Western Europe and Byzantine Europe and LG 1: Explain how Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy were unifying social and political forces in Western Europe and Byzantine Europe and identify the impact of ideas contained in Justinian s Code

More information

CHAPTER 8 Medieval Europe

CHAPTER 8 Medieval Europe CHAPTER 8 Medieval Europe Clovis, King of the Franks, converted to Christianity near the end of the fifth century. He converted because his wife kept begging him to do so, and because he wanted the help

More information

The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe. Chapter 8

The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe. Chapter 8 The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe Chapter 8 Section 2 Decline & Fall of Rome The Romans are no longer a world superpower so what the heck happened? 1. Military Problems 2. Economic Problems 3. Political

More information

Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews

Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews Question 1. How do you think the division of the Christian church into clergy and laity in response to Roman persecution helped them spread their beliefs? 2. Use your notes to

More information

The Protestant Reformation and its Effects

The Protestant Reformation and its Effects The Protestant Reformation and its Effects 1517-1618 Context How had the Christian faith grown since its inception? What role did the Church play in Europe during the Middle Ages? How had the Church changed

More information

Understanding The Reformation. Part One: The Background

Understanding The Reformation. Part One: The Background Understanding The Reformation Part One: The Background Class Schedule March 26 th Background of the Reformation Pt 1 April 9 th Background of the Reformation Pt 2 April 23rd The Life of Luther April 23rd

More information

The Middle Ages: Continued

The Middle Ages: Continued The Middle Ages: Continued Christianity in Western Europe The Barbarians desired the farmlands, roads and wealth of the Western Roman Empire. The unintended consequence of conquest was that the tribes

More information

Reading Essentials and Study Guide

Reading Essentials and Study Guide Lesson 1 The Protestant Reformation ESSENTIAL QUESTION What conditions can encourage the desire for reform? Reading HELPDESK Academic Vocabulary fundamental basic or essential external outward or observable

More information

Church History 11 th Bible. Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD )

Church History 11 th Bible. Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD ) Church History 11 th Bible Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD 496 1291) I. The Wobbling West (the Middle Ages arrive in the West) A. Middle Ages (Medieval times) 1. Former Western Empire B.

More information

Western Civilization Chapter 13

Western Civilization Chapter 13 Western Civilization Chapter 13 Middle Ages Time period from 400 1500. New lifestyle for most of Europe Franks Franks group of people that shaped the culture of Europe (German Invaders) Clovis King of

More information

Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors

Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Constantinople Survived because it was far away from the Germanic tribe invasions It was the

More information

Martin Luther. A religious reformer

Martin Luther. A religious reformer Martin Luther A religious reformer Keywords Martin Luther Reformer Germany Monk Salvation through Faith Alone Indulgences 95 Theses Papal Bull Martin Luther was from Germany He was sent to university to

More information

Chapter 13 Section 2 Terms. Feudalism Fief Vassal Primogeniture Manorialism Serfs Chivalry

Chapter 13 Section 2 Terms. Feudalism Fief Vassal Primogeniture Manorialism Serfs Chivalry Chapter 13 Section 2 Terms Feudalism Fief Vassal Primogeniture Manorialism Serfs Chivalry Chapter 13 Section 3 Terms Sacraments Saint Benedict Canon Law Interdict Heretics Simony Inquisition Lesson Objective

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Black Sea. Constantinople ASIA MINOR GREECE. Tarsus. Aegean Sea. Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem. Alexandria JUDAEA EGYPT

NAME DATE CLASS. Black Sea. Constantinople ASIA MINOR GREECE. Tarsus. Aegean Sea. Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem. Alexandria JUDAEA EGYPT Lesson 1 Early Christianity ESSENTIAL QUESTION What are the characteristics of a leader? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did the Jews respond to Roman rule? 2. Why were the life and death of Jesus of Nazareth

More information

Key Terms and People. Section Summary. The Later Middle Ages Section 1

Key Terms and People. Section Summary. The Later Middle Ages Section 1 The Later Middle Ages Section 1 MAIN IDEAS 1. Popes and kings ruled Europe as spiritual and political leaders. 2. Popes fought for power, leading to a permanent split within the church. 3. Kings and popes

More information

THE REFORMATION. Outcome: Martin Luther and the Reformation

THE REFORMATION. Outcome: Martin Luther and the Reformation THE REFORMATION Outcome: Martin Luther and the Reformation Constructive Response Question 4. Identify the reasons that drove Martin Luther to write the 95 Theses and describe the outcome of the action.

More information

Essential Question: What caused the Protestant Reformation? Warm-Up Q: Look at this image: What is the main idea of the Protestant Reformation?

Essential Question: What caused the Protestant Reformation? Warm-Up Q: Look at this image: What is the main idea of the Protestant Reformation? Essential Question: What caused the Protestant Reformation? Warm-Up Q: Look at this image: What is the main idea of the Protestant Reformation? During the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church was the dominant

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Black Sea. Constantinople ASIA MINOR GREECE Tarsus Sicily. Antioch Aegean Sea. Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem. Alexandria JUDAEA EGYPT

NAME DATE CLASS. Black Sea. Constantinople ASIA MINOR GREECE Tarsus Sicily. Antioch Aegean Sea. Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem. Alexandria JUDAEA EGYPT Lesson 1 Early Christianity ESSENTIAL QUESTION What are the characteristics of a leader? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did the Jews respond to Roman rule? 2. Why were the life and death of Jesus of Nazareth

More information

RCIA Significant Moments from the Past Session 25

RCIA Significant Moments from the Past Session 25 RCIA Significant Moments from the Past Session 25 The Church will receive its perfection only in the glory of heaven, at the time of Christ s glorious return. Until that day, the Church progresses on her

More information

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian Byzantine Empire Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Byzantium, a Greek city in the eastern part of the empire. Ruled over the Balkan Peninsula, the Middle East and parts of

More information

Section 3. Objectives

Section 3. Objectives Objectives Explain how the Church shaped medieval life. Understand monastic life and the influence of medieval monks and nuns. Analyze how the power of the Church grew during the Middle Ages and how reformers

More information

TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Medieval Culture and Achievements

TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Medieval Culture and Achievements Medieval Culture and Achievements Objectives Explain the emergence of universities and their importance to medieval life. Understand how newly translated writings from the past and from other regions influenced

More information

GOOD MORNING!!! Middle Ages Medieval Times Dark Ages

GOOD MORNING!!! Middle Ages Medieval Times Dark Ages GOOD MORNING!!! Tomorrow we will take an Islam Quiz. Be sure to study! Study your questions on your objectives as well as vocabulary. Today we are talking about the Middle Ages in Europe. You may know

More information

Chapter 11 Saints in our History The First 1000 Years

Chapter 11 Saints in our History The First 1000 Years Introduction to Chapter 11: Chapter 11 Saints in our History The First 1000 Years Almost 2000 years have elapsed since the founding of our Church at Pentecost. We ve seen the Church grow and spread throughout

More information

What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.?

What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? After the Pax Romana, the Roman Empire entered an era of decline The Roman Empire had a series of weak emperors The Fall of the Roman Empire Romans had a

More information

CHRISTIANITY. text in purple for notes. Voorhees

CHRISTIANITY. text in purple for notes. Voorhees CHRISTIANITY text in purple for notes Voorhees The student will apply social science skills to understand the development of Christianity by a) describing the origins, beliefs, traditions, customs, and

More information

Justinian ( ) parts of North Africa, Italy & Spain Wanted to restore to its former Glory Absolute and Head of the Code - Rebuilt Built

Justinian ( ) parts of North Africa, Italy & Spain Wanted to restore to its former Glory Absolute and Head of the Code - Rebuilt Built Module 4: The Early Middle Ages Lesson 1: The Byzantine Empire Characteristics Lasted from 330 to 1453; 1400 years Considered themselves ( ), not Byzantines Very impressive militarily, political flexibility,

More information

Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe. Church Hierarchy. Authority of the Church. The Holy Roman Empire. Lesson 1: The Power of the Church

Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe. Church Hierarchy. Authority of the Church. The Holy Roman Empire. Lesson 1: The Power of the Church Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe Lesson 1: The Power of the Church Church Hierarchy Pope, Archbishops, & Bishops Lords & Knights Authority of the Church All people are Only way to avoid hell

More information

Unit V: The Middle Ages and the Formation of Western Europe ( ) Chapter 13&14

Unit V: The Middle Ages and the Formation of Western Europe ( ) Chapter 13&14 Unit V: The Middle Ages and the Formation of Western Europe (500-1500) Chapter 13&14 13.1 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Many Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire are reunited under

More information

Feudal Europe Chapter 10

Feudal Europe Chapter 10 Finals Review_7th Feudal Europe Chapter 10 Lesson 1 pg. 256 Europe After Rome 1. Barbarian invasions & fall of Rome 2. Germanic kingdoms & Charlemagne 4. Rise of Feudalism 3. Disunity & invasion Germanic

More information

3. Which institution served as the main unifying force of medieval Western Europe?

3. Which institution served as the main unifying force of medieval Western Europe? World History Midterm Review Unit 3A Middle Ages in Europe 1. In Feudal times, how did the Roman Catholic Church and much of society view women? A. They believed women should have the right to vote. B.

More information

Throughout the Middle Ages, France experienced the slow deterioration of law, order,

Throughout the Middle Ages, France experienced the slow deterioration of law, order, FL 216 DE Assignment 2 Throughout the Middle Ages, France experienced the slow deterioration of law, order, and unity in society due to the collapse of the Roman Empire. Consequent of this collapse, the

More information

Welcome to the Middle Ages

Welcome to the Middle Ages Chapter 1 Welcome to the Middle Ages THE BIG QUESTION What are some of the events that led to the Middle Ages? If you know anything about knights, castles, or Robin Hood, then you already know something

More information

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Dark Ages - the Age of Feudalism Medieval Europe began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD. With the destruction of Roman civilization,

More information

13.1 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms. Many Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire are reunited under Charlemagne s empire.

13.1 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms. Many Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire are reunited under Charlemagne s empire. 13.1 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Many Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire are reunited under Charlemagne s empire. Invasions of Western Europe Effects of Constant Invasions and Warfare

More information

Chapter 16: The Reformation in Europe, Lesson 1: The Protestant Reformation

Chapter 16: The Reformation in Europe, Lesson 1: The Protestant Reformation Chapter 16: The Reformation in Europe, 1517 1600 Lesson 1: The Protestant Reformation World History Bell Ringer #55 2-23-18 What does the word reform mean? It Matters Because The humanist ideas of the

More information

Middle Ages. World History

Middle Ages. World History Middle Ages World History Era of relative peace and stability Population growth Cultural developments in education and art Kings, nobles, and the Church shared power Developed tax systems and government

More information

The Dark Ages, Middle Ages or Medieval Times?

The Dark Ages, Middle Ages or Medieval Times? The Dark Ages, Middle Ages or Medieval Times? By History.com, adapted by Newsela staff on 10.23.17 Word Count 786 Level 880L Knights of the Holy Ghost embarking on the Crusades. The illustration is modeled

More information

The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins

The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins 1. What happened to Rome in 410 AD? 2. Why would this sack of Rome be physiologically crushing to the Romans? 3. Who is Alaric? 4. What are Alaric and his Visigoths

More information

Journal A The European ruler who built an empire greater than any since Rome was

Journal A The European ruler who built an empire greater than any since Rome was Journal 01-09-19 Journal A The European ruler who built an empire greater than any since Rome was a. Charlemagne. b. Clovis. c. Martel. d. Pepin. Journal B Where did monks live while they studied Christian

More information

Wayne E. Sirmon HI 103 World History

Wayne E. Sirmon HI 103 World History Wayne E. Sirmon HI 103 World History History 103 World History to 1500 November 17 On-line Quiz Chapter 12 November 21-25 Thanksgiving Holiday November 30 On-line Quiz Chapter 13 December 1 Article 4 approval

More information

Church and Politics. Importance of the Church. Church. Church and. and Society. Church and Daily Life

Church and Politics. Importance of the Church. Church. Church and. and Society. Church and Daily Life The Crusades Church and Politics Importance of the Church The kingdoms in Europe were tied by religion because nearly everyone was Christian. Because Christianity was so important in Europe, the Christian

More information

Review: Early Middle Ages

Review: Early Middle Ages Review: Early Middle Ages 500-1000 Catholic Church pope Monasticism Charlemagne Feudalism or Manorialism Lords (nobles) Knights (vassals) Serfs/peasants code of chivalry Emperor Justinian Eastern (Greek)

More information

An Introduction to the Protestant Reformation

An Introduction to the Protestant Reformation An Introduction to the Protestant Reformation Wittenberg, 1725, engraving, 18 x 15 cm (State and University Library, Dresden) The Protestant Reformation Today there are many types of Protestant Churches.

More information