UNIT 3: MIDDLE AGES STUDY GUIDE

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1 UNIT 3: MIDDLE AGES STUDY GUIDE I can explain how feudalism worked and why it emerged in the Middle Ages DIRECTIONS: Use the word bank below to fill in the Pyramid Pope/church, Kings, Nobles, Merchants/craftsmen, Serfs/peasants, Knights/vassals, Circle the word that best completes each sentence The (Knight, Noble, Pope/church) was the supreme ruler, at the top of the Social and Political pyramid. A (Serf, Knight, Merchant) was someone who farmed the land owned by the noble lord. A man who devoted his life to religion was a (nun, knight, monk) 4. A (peasant, merchant, knight) was a trained warrior who fought for someone in return for money or land. 5. The (King, farmer, knight) could give a land Fief in return for loyalty and defense. 6. A (noble, knight, serf) was an armed horse riding vassal that followed the rules of chivalry. 7. (Nobles, Merchants, Knights) made, bought, sold things and formed guilds.

2 I can explain how the geography of Europe shaped the development of cultures. A steep sided valley that is an inlet of the sea is called a Label the three mountain ranges that had the effect of separating Italy, Spain, and Russia from the rest of Europe. DIRECTIONS: Fill in the blanks with words from the word bank. word bank: trade protection separated transportation Europe s Oceans, Seas, and Rivers provided made it easier to some areas provided I can explain how cultural exchanges occurred in the Middle Ages. DIRECTIONS: Fill in the blanks with either increased or decreased Cultural exchange after the fall of Rome. with the Viking invasions. after the Crusades. after the Plague. True or False? Universities can trace their origins(beginnings) to the Middle Ages

3 I can identify the causes of the Black Death and explain the impact that it had on Europe DIRECTIONS: Use the sentence bank to fill in the crusades cause and effect table below. Trade slowed. Population decreased. Fleas carried bacteria or germs. Wages went up because there were fewer workers. Food prices fell because fewer people meant less demand. Rats carried fleas on ships and caravans. Serfs gained more rights. Feudalism weakened. Trade routes spread rats and fleas around the world. Cause of the Plague: Effects of the Plague: I can discuss the role that popes and monasteries played in the lives of people during the Middle Ages. DIRECTIONS: Use the words in the box to complete the sentences. hospitals preserved important schools powerful churches heresy books monasteries center missionaries crusades poor Inquisition anti Semitism The Roman Catholic Church became very during the Middle Ages. It was the of daily life. Monks became and spread Christianity. Monks and were important. They helped the and sick. They provided and. Monks taught carpentry skills and built. Monks also helped to or

4 save knowledge by copying important papers and. The Pope was the most person in Europe. He was powerful enough to call on Christians to fight holy wars called. In the late middle ages, the Catholic Church used its power to try to stop, or religious beliefs that did not agree with Church teachings. The pope created a special court to deal with heretics called the. Many church leaders and members also practiced, or hatred of Jews. I can identify the causes and effects of the Crusades. DIRECTIONS: Use the sentence bank to fill in the crusades cause and effect table below. Europeans gained skills, like how to build better ships, using magnetic compases and making better maps.. Feudalism broke down because nobles who joined gave their land and freed the serfs. Nobles had less power, so kings formed stronger governments. New ideas, culture and goods were brought back to Europe from the crusaders Muslim Turks would not allow Jews or Christians into Jerusalem Pope Urban the II called for volunteers to fight in the crusades, to have automatic pass to heaven. The Byzantine Emperor sent a letter to Pope Urban asking for help Europeans wanted to overtake the Holy land wealthy Europeans demanded Eastern goods so trade increased Economy of Europe grew Europe was changed Europeans gained knowledge and they knew more about the world Causes of the Crusades Effects of the Crusades

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