Name Class Date. MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used.

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1 MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. 1. Co-ruler with Theodora 2. Byzantine general who reconquered territory in northern Africa for the Roman Empire 3. Ruler at the height of Kievan Rus power 4. United the Anglo-Saxons to fight the Danes 5. Viking who led an expedition to North America 6. Forced to accept the Magna Carta 7. Pope who excommunicated Henry IV 8. Muslim leader who succeeded in taking back the Crusader states 9. Nun who was also a famous medieval poet 10. Influential scholar who taught at the University of Paris a. King John b. Nestor c. Hildegard of Bingen d. Alfred the Great e. Justinian f. Charles Martel g. Yaroslav the Wise h. Saladin i. Henry IV j. Thomas Aquinas k. Gregory VII l. Belisarius m. Leif Eriksson FILL IN THE BLANK For each of the following statements, fill in the blank with the appropriate word, phrase, or name. 11. In Europe, the period following the fall of Rome is known as the Middle Ages or times. 12. Religious themes were commonly found in art such as mosaics and icons. 13. Constantinople s location on the Bosporus put it in a position to control between Asia and Europe. 14. As the Vikings were terrorizing northern and western Europe, the were invading from the east. 15. Vikings often attacked because they were generally easy to plunder and held fine treasures. Full Survey Unit Progress Assessment

2 16. Artisans and craftsmen formed to protect their own interests. 17., king of England, fought Saladin for control of Jerusalem. 18. A group of Northern German cities and towns that worked together to promote and protect trade was called the. 19. A drew people from all over Europe to purchase a variety of goods. 20. The use of intellect and logic to bring together opposing ideas became known as. TRUE/FALSE Indicate whether each statement below is true or false by writing T or F in the space provided. 21. Constantinople s location made it a major agricultural center. 22. The Justinian Code systematically arranged existing laws, legal opinions, and new laws. 23. As a result of the long conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV, the pope became one of Europe s strongest figures. 24. Serfs were legally tied to the manor on which they worked. 25. Beginning in the 1100s the Holy Roman Emperor was elected by a group of dukes and archbishops. 26. Leo IX was the first of a series of popes dedicated to reforming the papacy. 27. Cistercian monks lived in villages among the people they helped. 28. One result of the Crusades was an increase in trade in Europe. 29. The teaching of friars was believed to be a great weapon against heresy. 30. The Black Death was a plague that caused the death of about one third of the population in Europe. Full Survey Unit Progress Assessment

3 MULTIPLE CHOICE For each of the following, write the letter of the best choice in the space provided. 31. Alexander, Prince of Novgorod, encouraged the Russians to respond to the Mongols by a. waging war against them. b. not rebelling against them. c. increasing trade with them. d. converting them to Christianity. 32. Gregory the Great saw the role of pope as being the successor to the apostle Peter and a. the Emperor of Rome. b. immune to canon law. c. supreme patriarch of the church. d. advisor to the Eastern Church. 33. When the pope named Charlemagne Emperor of the Roman People it suggested a. that Charlemagne should move the capital to Rome. b. that pope wanted Charlemagne to succeed him. c. that Charlemagne was also emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire. d. that Charlemagne had restored greatness and had the backing of the church. 34. Charlemagne opened schools because he wanted leaders in his empire to be able to a. lead an army. b. pay him tribute. c. read and write. d. compose music. 35. The Vikings were successful warriors because they a. were skilled riders with fast horses. b. built fast ships enabling surprise raids. c. had the largest trained army in Europe. d. were descended from the Magyar warriors. 36. In a feudal society, a knight s chief responsibility was to a. provide military service. b. protect the peasants. c. show allegiance to one noble. d. farm the land for his lord. 37. The economic system of the Middle Ages was the a. nobility system. b. feudal system. c. manorial system. d. tribute system. 38. The Magna Carta a. divided England. b. created taxes. c. declared war on France. d. limited the king s power. 39. The wars between two families over the English throne were called the a. Wars of Lancaster. b. York Wars. c. Wars of the English. d. Wars of the Roses. Full Survey Unit Progress Assessment

4 40. The Christian states campaign to retake the Iberian Peninsula is called the a. Reconquista. b. Crusades. c. Iberian Civil Wars. d. War of Castile. 41. The feudal system in Europe was a system a. of exchanging land for service. b. to rid the church of corrupt bishops. c. to free peasants and serfs. d. of providing charters for towns. 42. The goal of the Crusades was a. to take the Holy Land from Muslim control. b. to regain Constantinople. c. to force the Turks into Jerusalem. d. to show the pope s political power. 43. When Crusaders attacked the city of Zara, held by the Christian king of Hungary, the pope a. shifted his support to the Turks. b. organized the Council of Clermont. c. sent more troops to support the city. d. excommunicated the Crusaders. 44. The increased use of money and credit led to a. inflation. b. an equal, classless society. c. the creation of Europe s first banks. d. religious laws banning the use of currency. 45. New farming technology increased crops and decreased a. urban populations. b. the need for workers in trade and industry. c. unemployment. d. the number of people needed to work on farms. 46. Historians study Chaucer s Canterbury Tales to learn more about a. the French spoken in the Middle Ages. b. what life was like in the Middle Ages. c. Dante s view of the afterlife. d. military techniques. 47. Epics and romances were intended as entertainment, so they were usually written and performed a. in Greek. b. in Latin. c. in the vernacular. d. by monks. 48. A dispute over the throne of France in 1328, led to the a. Crusades. b. Inquisition. c. Wars of the Roses. d. Hundred Years War. Full Survey Unit Progress Assessment

5 PRACTICING SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS Study the map below and answer the questions that follow. 49. During the First Crusade, Crusaders established four states in the Holy Land named for the cities of a. Jerusalem, Edessa, Antioch, and Tripoli. b. Jerusalem, Acre, Antioch, and Tripoli. c. Acre, Edessa, Antioch, and Tripoli. d. Jerusalem, Edessa, Antioch, and Acre. 50. Most likely, the Muslims retook the city of Edessa first, because a. it contained the greatest supply of natural resources. b. a Crusader fortress was not located there. c. it was the region furthest from Constantinople. d. the Crusaders failed to establish a state there. Full Survey Unit Progress Assessment

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