Medieval Times: Rise of Kings

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Medieval Times: Rise of Kings"

Transcription

1 Medieval Times: Rise of Kings Date Rise of English Monarchs - During the Early Middle Ages, with no powerful government in place, the people and powers of the West faced constant challenges from invasion, wars, civil wars, food shortages, and disease. -Nation-States- - Nation- States is a country where people live under the same government and usually speak the same language. - The development of national governments did not take place everywhere in Europe in this period. Indeed, only a few states saw such a change. - During the High Middle Ages, Europe witnessed the development of strong nation- states with powerful, ruling kings. - Many circumstances allowed for this development. New prosperity and peace of this period encouraged the rise of such rulers - Early Feudal Kings had limited power, because they had to compete with feudal lords and the Christian Church. - During the High Middle Ages we see crafty, ambitious Kings, who were finding ways to regain power back. -Niccolo Machiavelli - - Niccolo Machiavelli wrote the book, The Prince. It is better to be feared then loved if you re a ruler, because being merciful makes you weak. Keep your friends close, and Keep your enemies closer - This book examines how a ruler can gain power and keep it in spite of your enemies -became a must read for future kings. - Europeans wanted to see strong national governments to help protect them. Three major ones were England, France and Spain. -England- - England is an old English name that means Land of the Angles. - Alfred The Great (849, ruled ) - He united the (Barbarians) Anglos, Saxons and Celtics. - He defended Anglo-Saxon England from Viking raids - Formulated a code of laws, and fostered a rebirth of religious and scholarly activity - had books translated from Latin to Anglo-Saxon. - King Edward the Confessor, ruled England,

2 William The Conqueror William The Conqueror ( ) - William was a Cousin of King Edward the Confessor, was from Normandy, France. - He was promised the English Throne, an English Council of Lords decided against it. So William invaded and conquered England. - A star with a flaming tale, Haley s Comet was believed to be a omen foretelling great changes were coming, a battle for the Crown of England. - After his victory at the battle of Hastings, William is crowned King of England on Christmas day 1066A.D. - He does give Fiefs{Manors}to his Lords, but monitors them closely. -Doomsday Book , William ordered a survey. - Commissioners visited 13,000 villages. - Interviewed priest, steward & 6 elderly villagers. - Soldiers threatened to kill liars. - Second visit to recheck. - To watch his Kingdom, he creates a Census book called, The Doomsday Book. It listed everything from castles to how many chickens you own. - Used local officials{sheriffs} to collect taxes and Created a Great Council to advise him. - He died aged 60 in A.D1087 from abdominal injuries received when he fell off a horse at the Siege of Mantes.

3 Date England after William -King HenryII Ruled A.D.1154 A.D He established Royal Courts and their decision became England s, Common Law {laws are same for all people}. - Common law in England eventually became a great symbol of English nationalism. - American law is based on Common law. - Developed a Jury System - Jury in French means, To Speak the Truth. - King Henry was almost Excommunicated by Thomas Becket, because of a power struggle with the Pope. - Thomas a Becket, the archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered in his own cathedral by four knights because he too often sided with the pope instead of the King Henry who had appointed him to the position. - Becket s murder enraged the common people who deemed him a martyr and they lashed out against King Henry which weakened the kings power in his struggle with Pope Alexander III -Eleanor of Aquitaine- first married to France s King Louis VII She joined Second Crusade She wore armor and rode horse with other Crusaders she ended marriage to Louis VII married England s King Henry II 8 children Richard ( the Lion-Hearted ) John I ( Lackland ) spurred several sons to overthrow Henry II - Revolts failed and She spent 15 years in prison. -Richard I - Ruled from 1189 to He was often referred to as Richard the Lionheart - Henry s third son, took the throne from his father in a revolt. - Spent only ten months of his reign in England always off to war. - Was known for his cleverness, bravery and military attacks. - Fought and in the Third (the Kings) Crusades. - Richard died on 6 April 1199 from the after-effects of an arrow wound received during the siege of Chalus in France.

4 Changes to the Throne -King John Ruled A.D.1199-A.D The Son of HenryII and brother of Richard the Lionheart. - He was clever, greedy, cruel and untrustworthy. - Known as John Softsword for being a failed military leader. - Lost English land (Normandy) in France to French King Philip Augustus - Excommunicated and England was placed on Interdict {no church services in entire kingdom} by Pope InnocentsIII. - Forced by nobles to sign the Magna Carta or lose his throne. -Magna Carta- - It placed limits on the king s power and a new representative type Gov t emerges. People are assured, trial by jury. - Habeas Corpus, Bring me the body King could not have a man arrested, throw him in the dungeon, and never bring him to trial - King is accountable to all laws and he can t collect taxes without the consent of Parliament. - Could not interfere with or limit the freedom of the church. -Parliament- - Only Parliament can make law and raises taxes. - Started as the Great Council(Nobles only). - A.D.1400 Parliament will be divided into two Chambers a) House of Lords: nobles and clergy b) House of Commons: knights and burgesses -War of the Roses- - A English Civil war between Royal families a) Dukes of York{White roses} b) Dukes of Lancaster{Red roses} - It disrupts the Reign{Rule} of three Kings, HenryVI, EdwardIV and Richard III. - Richard III is often considered England s last Medieval King. - Henry Tudor IV - Related to both families Crowned king in Ends Feudal Lords power in England.

5 Why the 100years War Started - {REWIND to about 1154 to 1189}, King Henry(Great Grandson of William the Conquer) battles King Louis of France for land. - King Louis s son, King PhilipII{1199 to 1216} takes back the land from King John{Lackland}- he believes it belongs to France. - {Forward to 1337} England tries to reclaim French lands again -But- Who should rule France: King Charles of France Dies 1337 Edward and Isabella (King of England) (Daughter of Charles) Edward III (Charles Grandson) Prince Philip of Valois (Charles s Nephew) to 1360 King Edward invades France to 1396 France Re-conquers lost land to 1420 Henry V of England Conquers northern France and makes King Charles VI signs a treaty to Joan of Arc rallies France and drives the English out of France * Charles VII ( The Dauphin = Prince with crown) will rule France, but with no true power do the earlier treaty. Joan s victories will give him power to rule France.

6 Date The 100years War -The Hundred Years War- - It started because of feudal disputes over land in France. a) English Edward III, the Grandson of the dead French King Charles IV, wanted to rule the land. b) French Prince Philip, the Nephew of King Charles IV, wanted to rule France. - England won most of the early battles, because of their unity, superior military tactics and financial status. -Joan of Arc- - A French teen girl{17} received a message from God, telling her to drive the English out of France. - Victoriously commanded troops to victory at the battle of Orleans - She helped push the English out of Central France. - A.D.1430, she was captured by the Burgundians{also French} and sold to the English. - The English put her on trial for Heresy, and after a dishonest trial was found guilty and burnt at the stake at age19. - Joan s courage inspired the French people, and with the help of their new allies Burgundians, the English were defeated. -The Effects of the War- - It created unity and patriotism in both countries of France and England. - England developed a Representative Monarchy{Magna Carta}. - France strengthen their Royal Monarchy. - New Weaponry: a) Longbow, eliminates the advantage of armor and need for Knights. b) Cannons and the use of gunpowder - Kings built up huge armies with tax money, which reduced the power of the feudal lords thus Ending the Feudalism in England and France.

7 Date Isabella and Ferdinand - Inquisitions - By the 1400 s in Spain, only the tiny kingdom of Granada, remained Muslim. - The Muslim Moors from North Africa had been in Spain for nearly 700 years. - In 1469 Isabella of Castille and Ferdinand of Aragon will join forces and conquer Granada. - Ferdinand and Isabella will marry and unite Spain into a Christian Nation-State. - This will be disastrous for all non-christians (Convert or Get out!) -Spanish Inquisition- - The King and Queen had little tolerance for other religions, so they set up a Inquisition{religious trials} to weed out non-christians. - Most Heretics{Jews and Muslims} who did not leave were tortured or put to death , about 2,000 people were executed and about 150 Jews exiled. * In 1492 they will finance Columbus voyage to the New World. Why the Why Medieval the Medieval Period Period Ends: Ends 1. New Technology: New weapons used in warfare replaced knights. 2. Strong Monarchs: Kings built strong Nation-State governments. Replacing the local governments of feudalism. 3. The King s Allies - Made alliances with the new towns against the nobility. 4. Trade & Towns: New Towns will emerge replacing Manors, now that the lords lack power. After the crusades people desired the new items that were brought home. Renaissance is a Rebirth and cultural awaking

World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe,

World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe, World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe, 800 1500 Section 1: Church Reform and the Crusades Beginning in the 1000s, a new sense of spiritual feeling arose in Europe, which led

More information

Chapter 10, Lesson 3 Kingdoms & Crusades. It Matters Because: The development of law & government during the Middle Ages still affects us today.

Chapter 10, Lesson 3 Kingdoms & Crusades. It Matters Because: The development of law & government during the Middle Ages still affects us today. Chapter 10, Lesson 3 Kingdoms & Crusades It Matters Because: The development of law & government during the Middle Ages still affects us today. I. Royal Power in England A. Late 800s, Viking raids nearly

More information

Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together.

Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. A crown from the Holy Roman Empire. Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. Priests and other religious officials

More information

Key Terms and People. Section Summary. The Later Middle Ages Section 1

Key Terms and People. Section Summary. The Later Middle Ages Section 1 The Later Middle Ages Section 1 MAIN IDEAS 1. Popes and kings ruled Europe as spiritual and political leaders. 2. Popes fought for power, leading to a permanent split within the church. 3. Kings and popes

More information

Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages )

Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages ) Due Date: Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages 285-290) I. THE NEW GERMANIC KINGDOMS Name: 1. What did the Germanic Ostrogoths and Visigoths retain from the

More information

Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe. Church Hierarchy. Authority of the Church. The Holy Roman Empire. Lesson 1: The Power of the Church

Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe. Church Hierarchy. Authority of the Church. The Holy Roman Empire. Lesson 1: The Power of the Church Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe Lesson 1: The Power of the Church Church Hierarchy Pope, Archbishops, & Bishops Lords & Knights Authority of the Church All people are Only way to avoid hell

More information

Chapter 14 Section 4. Chapter 14 Section 4

Chapter 14 Section 4. Chapter 14 Section 4 Chapter 14 Section 4 The Church Divided The Bubonic Plague The Hundred Years War Chapter 14 Section 4 Innocent III 1198-1216 Height of Church Power Weakens Power shifting of Kings and Strong government

More information

The Power of the Church

The Power of the Church Questions 1. How powerful was the Roman Catholic Church? 2. What were the Crusades? 3. What caused the Crusades? 4. Why was the First Crusade unsuccessful? 5. Which Muslim leader took over Jerusalem during

More information

William the Conqueror

William the Conqueror William the Conqueror 1027 1087 WHY HE MADE HISTORY William the Conqueror became one of the greatest kings of England. His conquests greatly affected the history of both England and Western Europe. how

More information

Western Civilization Chapter 13

Western Civilization Chapter 13 Western Civilization Chapter 13 Middle Ages Time period from 400 1500. New lifestyle for most of Europe Franks Franks group of people that shaped the culture of Europe (German Invaders) Clovis King of

More information

CHAPTER 8 TEST LATE MIDDLE AGES. c. leading the Normans to victory in the Battle of Hastings.

CHAPTER 8 TEST LATE MIDDLE AGES. c. leading the Normans to victory in the Battle of Hastings. CHAPTER 8 TEST LATE MIDDLE AGES 1. William the Conqueror earned his title by a. repelling the Danish invaders from England. b. defeating the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld. c. leading the Normans to

More information

World History Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism

World History Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism 1. After the fall of Rome, the migrations of Germanic peoples created several Germanic kingdoms in Europe. 2. The Franks had the strongest of these kingdoms, and

More information

New Religious Orders

New Religious Orders New Religious Orders A Christian movement called monasticism, which had begun in the third century, became more popular in the fifth century. Concern about the growing worldliness of the church led to

More information

Plantagenets. Rulers of England WALLA Fall 2017 Mark & Sarita Levinthal

Plantagenets. Rulers of England WALLA Fall 2017 Mark & Sarita Levinthal Plantagenets Rulers of England 1154-1485 WALLA Fall 2017 Mark & Sarita Levinthal Pre-history of England Roman rule Saxon rule Dane and other Viking rule 2 Norman Conquest Who were the Normans? William

More information

England and France in the Middle Ages

England and France in the Middle Ages England and France in the Middle Ages Who ruled the Frankish Empire in this map of 814? What was the Treaty of Verdun? What problems resulted from this Treaty? Look at these maps of Europe after Charlemagne's

More information

Feudalism. click here to go to the courses home. page. Culture Course. Нажав на. Kate Yakovleva

Feudalism. click here to go to the courses home. page. Culture Course. Нажав на. Kate Yakovleva click here to go to the courses home Нажав на page Feudalism Kate Yakovleva Culture Course Although William was now crowned king, his conquest had only just begun, and the fighting lasted for another five

More information

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR CENTRAL GOV T OF ROME FALLS APART FAIRLY QUICKLY NORMAL LIFE DISAPPEARS: LOSS OF SAFETY, SERVICES, LAWS,

More information

Name Class Date. MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used.

Name Class Date. MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. 1. Co-ruler with Theodora 2. Byzantine general who reconquered territory in

More information

Tim Jenner Dan Townsend WORKBOOK 1 AQA GCSE HISTORY SKILLS FOR KEY STAGE 3

Tim Jenner Dan Townsend WORKBOOK 1 AQA GCSE HISTORY SKILLS FOR KEY STAGE 3 Tim Jenner Dan Townsend 1066 1700 WORKBOOK 1 AQA GCSE HISTORY SKILLS FOR KEY STAGE 3 9781510432178.indd 1 2/21/18 3:41 PM Contents What this workbook is for... 3 How this book will prepare you for GCSE

More information

The Normans Viking Settlers Rollo and Normandy Norsemen become Normans William of Normandy

The Normans Viking Settlers Rollo and Normandy Norsemen become Normans William of Normandy The Normans Viking Settlers The Viking Age spanned the late 8 th to the late 11 th century During this time, Vikings from Scandinavia explored Europe by its oceans and rivers for trade and plunder By the

More information

Study Guide: The Middle Ages

Study Guide: The Middle Ages Name Study Guide: The Middle Ages ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: The European Middle Ages occur chronologically between the Roman Empire and the modern age that we live in. The Middle Ages are divided into three

More information

The Formation of Western Europe, The Formation of Western Europe, Church Reform and the Crusades.

The Formation of Western Europe, The Formation of Western Europe, Church Reform and the Crusades. The Formation of Western Europe, 800 500 The Formation of Western Europe, 800 500 Europeans embark on the Crusades, develop new commercial and political systems, and suffer through bubonic plague and the

More information

Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid.

Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid. Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: Royal Power Grows Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid. Section 2: The

More information

HISTORY DEPARTMENT. Year 7 History Exam July Time allowed: 50 minutes. Instructions:

HISTORY DEPARTMENT. Year 7 History Exam July Time allowed: 50 minutes. Instructions: HISTORY DEPARTMENT Year 7 History Exam July 2017 NAME FORM For this paper you must have: A pen Time allowed: 50 minutes Instructions: Use black or blue ink or ball-point pen Fill in the box at the top

More information

Western Europe Ch

Western Europe Ch Western Europe Ch 11 600-1450 Western Europe: After the Fall of Rome Middle Ages or medieval times Between the fall of Roman Empire and the European Renaissance Dark Ages? Divide into the Early Middle

More information

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, HUNDRED YEARS WAR, AND THE PLAGUE

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, HUNDRED YEARS WAR, AND THE PLAGUE AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, HUNDRED YEARS WAR, AND THE PLAGUE CENTRAL GOV T OF ROME FALLS APART FAIRLY QUICKLY NORMAL LIFE DISAPPEARS: LOSS OF SAFETY, SERVICES, LAWS,

More information

Reading Essentials and Study Guide

Reading Essentials and Study Guide Lesson 3 The Growth of European Kingdoms ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How can changes to political systems impact economic activities? How is society influenced by changes in political and economic systems? Reading

More information

Nation States: England and France

Nation States: England and France Name: Date: Block: Nation States: England and France The Development of Nation-States in Europe During the Middle Ages invasions by the Angles, Saxons, Magyars, Vikings, and Mongols disrupted social, economic

More information

England By: Bruce, Deon, Anthony, and Zach

England By: Bruce, Deon, Anthony, and Zach England 1066-1485 By: Bruce, Deon, Anthony, and Zach Social Structure Social and Economic Factors 12th and 13th centuries saw growth 1.5 to about 5 million people Primarily agricultural, later mining Serfs

More information

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 9 GERMANIC KINGDOMS

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 9 GERMANIC KINGDOMS WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 9 GERMANIC KINGDOMS BOARD QUESTIONS 1) WHAT GERMANIC TRIBE RULED SPAIN? 2) WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ROMAN LAW AND GERMANIC LAW? 3) WHY DID CLOVIS BECOME CHRISTIAN? 4) WHERE

More information

The High Middle Ages

The High Middle Ages Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 9, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 9 The High Middle Ages

More information

AP European History - Chapter 11 Crisis of the Later Middle Ages Class Notes & Critical Thinking

AP European History - Chapter 11 Crisis of the Later Middle Ages Class Notes & Critical Thinking Focus Question: What impact did the Black Death have on the society and economy of Europe? Opposing Viewpoints: Causes of the Black Death: Contemporary Views pg 302 1. What were the different explanations

More information

Chapter 7: Medieval- middle age

Chapter 7: Medieval- middle age Chapter 7: Medieval- middle age While the Byzantines prospered, the old Western empire fell into the Dark Ages. Germanic tribes snatched up what was the Roman Empire between 400-700 AD They include Vandals,

More information

You are. King John. Will you make wise decisions to keep your crown and remain the King of Britain?

You are. King John. Will you make wise decisions to keep your crown and remain the King of Britain? You are King John Will you make wise decisions to keep your crown and remain the King of Britain? In your group you need to consider how King John should react to various situations. Record your decisions

More information

The High Middle Ages ( )

The High Middle Ages ( ) Chapter 9, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 9 The High Middle Ages (1050 1450) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights

More information

Name: Period: Date: Chapter 18 The Later Middle Ages Study Guide

Name: Period: Date: Chapter 18 The Later Middle Ages Study Guide Name: Period: Date: Chapter 18 The Later Middle Ages Study Guide Popes and Kings Rule Europe Section 1 Popes and Kings After Feudalism in Europe two types of leaders came to power, who were they and what

More information

Middle Ages: Feudalism

Middle Ages: Feudalism Middle Ages: Feudalism - Study Guide - -Franks and Charlemagne - 1. List all names for the Middle Ages. 2. What did Charles The Hammer Martel do? 3. Explain Charlemagne s accomplishments. 4. Explain the

More information

What We Need to Know:

What We Need to Know: What We Need to Know: Political Changes in Europe Causes of the Decline of Feudalism The Bubonic Plague The 100 Year s War The Crusades 3 English kings make Political Changes Causes of the Decline of Feudalism

More information

Middle Ages. World History

Middle Ages. World History Middle Ages World History Era of relative peace and stability Population growth Cultural developments in education and art Kings, nobles, and the Church shared power Developed tax systems and government

More information

The Renaissance Begins AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

The Renaissance Begins AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) The Renaissance Begins AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) During the Medieval times the Latin West had fallen backward and was far behind the Islamic world in intellectual achievements. In the

More information

Medieval Europe. Timeline Cards

Medieval Europe. Timeline Cards Medieval Europe Timeline Cards ISBN: 978-1-68380-006-4 Subject Matter Expert Bradley Mollmann Illustration and Photo Credits Title Martin Hargreaves Chapter 1 Martin Jung/imageBROKER / imagebroker Chapter

More information

Lesson 3: The Growth of European Kingdoms

Lesson 3: The Growth of European Kingdoms Chapter 10: Medieval Kingdoms in Europe, 800 1300 Lesson 3: The Growth of European Kingdoms World History Bell Ringer #45 1-12-18 1. How did craft guilds improve economic conditions in cities? A. Encouraged

More information

UNIT 6 VOCABULARY. 1. Bubonic Plague. 10. Inquisition. 19. Serf. 11. Knight. 2. Chivalry. 20. Vassal. 12. Lay Investiture. 3. Clergy. 4.

UNIT 6 VOCABULARY. 1. Bubonic Plague. 10. Inquisition. 19. Serf. 11. Knight. 2. Chivalry. 20. Vassal. 12. Lay Investiture. 3. Clergy. 4. UNIT 6 VOCABULARY 1. Bubonic Plague 2. Chivalry 3. Clergy 4. Crusade 5. Fief 6. Gothic 7. Guild 8. Holy Roman Empire 9. Hundred-Years War 10. Inquisition 11. Knight 12. Lay Investiture 13. Lord 14. Magna

More information

Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages

Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages 500-1200 Section 1: Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms (P. 353) 1. What were the Middle Ages? Name: Hour Invasions of Western Europe 2. Germanic invaders

More information

Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages

Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages 500-1200 Name Hour Section 1: Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms (P. 353) 1. What were the Middle Ages? Invasions of Western Europe 2. Germanic invaders

More information

Edexcel History Paper 2 The Reigns of King Richard I and King John, Minutes

Edexcel History Paper 2 The Reigns of King Richard I and King John, Minutes Edexcel History Paper 2 The Reigns of King Richard I and King John, 1189 1216 50 Minutes Revision Guide and Student Activity Book Student Name - Key Topic 1: Life and government in England, 1189 1216

More information

New Monarchs Spain Reconquista

New Monarchs Spain Reconquista 1 New Monarchs Spain - Ferdinand and Isabella o 1469 marriage United Kingdoms of Aragon and Castile o 1492 Reconquista complete Removal of Moors from Iberian Peninsula o Religion Devout Catholics Inquisition

More information

Frederick Douglass Academy Global Studies

Frederick Douglass Academy Global Studies Frederick Douglass Academy Global Studies 1. One impact Gutenberg's printing press had on western Europe was A) the spread of Martin Luther's ideas B) a decrease in the number of universities C) a decline

More information

2. This very often was not the case, but it established a trend, causing many Englishmen to think they had rights, which was a new term.

2. This very often was not the case, but it established a trend, causing many Englishmen to think they had rights, which was a new term. The Magna Carta 1. English kings often began their reign by issuing a declaration explaining that their predecessor had been unjust and tyrannical, and that the new king would uphold the rights of Englishmen

More information

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Dark Ages - the Age of Feudalism Medieval Europe began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD. With the destruction of Roman civilization,

More information

Medieval Italy After the fall of Rome, Italy and France became a series of kingdoms ruled by different German tribes mixed with the native Italian and

Medieval Italy After the fall of Rome, Italy and France became a series of kingdoms ruled by different German tribes mixed with the native Italian and Medieval Europe AD 476 is the accepted date for the transition for the Classical, or Ancient, World to the Medieval World. The fall of Rome resulted in three main cultural groups: The Byzantine Empire,

More information

Church Reform and the Crusades THE AGE OF FAITH--What changes did the Church undergo? Starting in the 1000s, a new age

Church Reform and the Crusades THE AGE OF FAITH--What changes did the Church undergo? Starting in the 1000s, a new age Church Reform and the Crusades THE AGE OF FAITH--What changes did the Church undergo? Starting in the 1000s, a new age of spiritual feeling arose in Europe. This era was called The Age of Faith. It led

More information

Table of Contents Part One: Social Studies Curriculum Chapter I: Social Studies Essay Questions and Prewriting Activities

Table of Contents Part One: Social Studies Curriculum Chapter I: Social Studies Essay Questions and Prewriting Activities Table of Contents A. Teacher s Introduction to Take a Stand! v B. How to Use Take a Stand! vi C. Survival Skills in Grading Essays ix D. Student Sample Essays and Grades xii Part One: Social Studies Curriculum

More information

Medieval Matters: The Middle Age

Medieval Matters: The Middle Age Medieval Matters: The Middle Age 400-1500 The Roman Empire Falls (376) and Western World Ignites DYK - Son of a Gun - Comes from the Medieval Knights view that firearms were evil Byzantine Empire Eastern

More information

Unit 1 MEDIEVAL WEALTH

Unit 1 MEDIEVAL WEALTH By the Numbers MEDIEVAL WEALTH The household goods of a wealthy thirteenth-century butcher in the English town of Colchester included the following: one trestle table (with boards stored in a corner except

More information

World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date:

World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date: World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. World Book Student Database Name: Date: History of the United Kingdom: To 1707 The civilization of the United Kingdom developed over

More information

Dark Ages High Middle Ages

Dark Ages High Middle Ages Medieval Europe 500-1350 Dark Ages 500 800 High Middle Ages 800 1350 The German Kingdoms Romans loyal to Rome vs. Germans loyal to local war chiefs Romans speak Latin Germans speak German. German law based

More information

Review: Early Middle Ages

Review: Early Middle Ages Review: Early Middle Ages 500-1000 Catholic Church pope Monasticism Charlemagne Feudalism or Manorialism Lords (nobles) Knights (vassals) Serfs/peasants code of chivalry Emperor Justinian Eastern (Greek)

More information

Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages

Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages Section 1: Medieval Christianity Papal Monarchy Catholic Church reached its height of its political power in the 13 th century under Pope Innocent III

More information

World Civilizations Grade 3

World Civilizations Grade 3 World Civilizations Grade 3 Trimester I: Unit I: European Feudalism () Unit II: Islam () Unit III: China and Japan () Unit IV: High Middle Ages () Trimester II: Unit V: Renaissance & Reformation () Unit

More information

NORMANS AND PLANTAGENETS

NORMANS AND PLANTAGENETS NORMANS AND PLANTAGENETS 3 candidates for the English throne Edward the Confessor dies in January 1066 Earl Harold Godwinson Harold Hardrada of Norway Duke William of Normandy Why did William of Normandy

More information

Year 7 History Scheme of Work (Overview)

Year 7 History Scheme of Work (Overview) Year 7 History Scheme of Work (Overview) Students in Year 7 begin their studies in History with an examination of life in Britain before 1066. This begins with a study of the Neolithic Revolution and its

More information

World History Outline Part II The Medieval World

World History Outline Part II The Medieval World World History Outline Part II The Medieval World B. Medieval Civilization (Latin: Middle Ages Era of transition between ancient and modern times; from about A.D. 500 to 1500; broken into Early Middle Ages

More information

Section 3. Objectives

Section 3. Objectives Objectives Identify the advanced civilizations that were flourishing in 1050. Explain the causes and effects of the Crusades. Summarize how Christians in Spain carried out the Reconquista. Terms and People

More information

STUDY GUIDE # 16 : EUROPEAN LATE MIDDLE AGES

STUDY GUIDE # 16 : EUROPEAN LATE MIDDLE AGES SOUTHWESTERN CHRISTIAN SCHOOL WORLD HISTORY STUDY GUIDE # 16 : EUROPEAN LATE MIDDLE AGES 1200 AD 1400 AD LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR SEAS, RIVERS, STRAITS, AND ISLANDS

More information

World History Mid-term Exam Review Social Studies Team

World History Mid-term Exam Review Social Studies Team World History Mid-term Exam Review Social Studies Team Scholars that study and write about the historical past are Objects made by humans such as clothing, coins, artwork, and tombstones are called The

More information

GLOBAL HISTORY 9 HOMEWORK SHEET #2

GLOBAL HISTORY 9 HOMEWORK SHEET #2 GLOBAL HISTORY 9 HOMEWORK SHEET #2 Textbook: World History H.W. #43 Read pgs. 387-391 - Japanese Geography 1. How is Japan s geography similar to the geography of ancient Greece? 2. Which of the ideas

More information

Compiled by D. A. Sharpe

Compiled by D. A. Sharpe Compiled by D. A. Sharpe Richard the Lionhearted was born September 8, 1157. He is my 10th cousin, 23 times removed, being related through the Abney family line of my Mother. Richard led the third one

More information

HISTORY DEPARTMENT. Year 8 History Exam July Time allowed: 50 minutes. Instructions:

HISTORY DEPARTMENT. Year 8 History Exam July Time allowed: 50 minutes. Instructions: HISTORY DEPARTMENT Year 8 History Exam July 2017 NAME FORM For this paper you must have: A pen Time allowed: 50 minutes Instructions: Use black or blue ink or ball-point pen Fill in the box at the top

More information

Kingdoms and Crusades

Kingdoms and Crusades Chapter 15, Section 3 Kingdoms and Crusades (Pages 534 543) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: What types of governments did European kingdoms create? Why did European

More information

Q4a (4 marks) Q4b (12 marks) Q4c (16 marks)

Q4a (4 marks) Q4b (12 marks) Q4c (16 marks) Anglo-Saxon and Norman England, c1060-88 (GCSE Edexcel Unit 2 British Depth Study) Exam Questions Q4a (4 marks) Q4b (12 marks) Q4c (16 marks) Anglo- Saxon England and the Norman Conquest, 1060-66 Describe

More information

World History (Survey) Chapter 17: European Renaissance and Reformation,

World History (Survey) Chapter 17: European Renaissance and Reformation, World History (Survey) Chapter 17: European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300 1600 Section 1: Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance The years 1300 to 1600 saw a rebirth of learning and culture in Europe.

More information

The European Middle Ages

The European Middle Ages The European Middle Ages What happened to the Roman Empire? By the end of the 5 th century, Germanic invaders had destroyed the Roman Empire This led to Disruption of trade Downfall of cities Population

More information

English Literature Chapter 7 Middle Ages Who s on First? More Powerful than a Locomotive Catholic Church

English Literature Chapter 7 Middle Ages Who s on First? More Powerful than a Locomotive Catholic Church English Literature Chapter 7 Middle Ages Who s on Fiirst? Knights, ladies, swashbuckling adventure--who could ask for more? The Middle Ages were a time of conquest, division, and invention. But it also

More information

Further Reading The Trials of Joan of Arc (HA)

Further Reading The Trials of Joan of Arc (HA) Further Reading The Trials of Joan of Arc (HA) Artists all over the world have depicted Joan of Arc. This stained-glass window from a church in New Zealand shows Joan dressed in armor. In 1429, a teenage

More information

Medieval Europe & the Western Church AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

Medieval Europe & the Western Church AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) Medieval Europe & the Western Church AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) The order of the old Roman Empire in the west had fallen to Germanic barbarians (things in the east continued on through

More information

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Name CHAPTER 13 Section 1 (pages 353 357) Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about Southeast Asian kingdoms and Korean dynasties. In this section, you will

More information

Joan of Arc: Maid, Martyr, Legend. The End of the 100 Years War

Joan of Arc: Maid, Martyr, Legend. The End of the 100 Years War Joan of Arc: Maid, Martyr, Legend The End of the 100 Years War Who Was Joan of Arc? Joan has always been a popular but mysterious figure People have called her all kinds of things over the centuries: Saint?

More information

EDEXCEL GCSE HISTORY (9-1) Anglo-Saxon and Norman England c

EDEXCEL GCSE HISTORY (9-1) Anglo-Saxon and Norman England c EDEXCEL GCSE HISTORY (9-1) Anglo-Saxon and Norman England c. 1066 88 Question 4(a) Anglo Saxon England and Norman Conquest (1060 66) 4 marks (12 Describe two features of the Church in Anglo-Saxon England

More information

Feudal Europe Chapter 10

Feudal Europe Chapter 10 Finals Review_7th Feudal Europe Chapter 10 Lesson 1 pg. 256 Europe After Rome 1. Barbarian invasions & fall of Rome 2. Germanic kingdoms & Charlemagne 4. Rise of Feudalism 3. Disunity & invasion Germanic

More information

The Early. Middle Ages. The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings

The Early. Middle Ages. The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings The Early Middle Ages The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings Section Focus After Rome fell the world entered into chaos. Time of warfare, violence, and religion. Time period known as

More information

AKA the Medieval Period with knights, castles and the Black Plague. 8/12/2012 1

AKA the Medieval Period with knights, castles and the Black Plague. 8/12/2012 1 AKA the Medieval Period with knights, castles and the Black Plague. 8/12/2012 1 Begins in 5 th century AD (400s), after the fall of the Western Roman Empire Ends at the beginning of the Renaissance, or

More information

Europe in the Middle Ages. Unit 6

Europe in the Middle Ages. Unit 6 Europe in the Middle Ages Unit 6 Unit Standards Part 1 Europe in the Middle Ages 7.32 Identify the physical location and features of Europe including the Alps, the Ural Mountains, the North European Plain

More information

Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet. Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished

Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet. Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished Primary Source Analysis Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished Tonight s reading Pgs 149-151 and

More information

1. Base your answer to the question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

1. Base your answer to the question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies. 1. Base your answer to the question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which period began as a result of the actions shown in this cartoon? A) Italian Renaissance B) Protestant

More information

The Medieval Ages The Dark Ages

The Medieval Ages The Dark Ages The Medieval Ages The Dark Ages 1066 Begins in 1066 when Edward the Confessor died. He left no heirs to the throne three-way battle for the throne. William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy) won. The last

More information

The Middle Ages. The Middle Ages The Basics. - Between , small kingdoms replaced provinces - Germans? How did that happen?

The Middle Ages. The Middle Ages The Basics. - Between , small kingdoms replaced provinces - Germans? How did that happen? The Middle Ages The Basics When? What? (fall of Roman Empire) - Between 400-600, small kingdoms replaced provinces - Germans? How did that happen? Impact of Germanic Invasions Concept of Government Changes

More information

Conquest When a country is taken over by another: for example the Norman Conquest after 1066

Conquest When a country is taken over by another: for example the Norman Conquest after 1066 Anglo-Saxons A tribe of people from Germany who settled in Britain before the Norman Conquest Conquest When a country is taken over by another: for example the Norman Conquest after 1066 Crusade A Holy

More information

High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I. (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades)

High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I. (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) Christianity During the Middle Ages Because of the renewal of Christian faith around 1000 CE, the Middle Ages gains a new

More information

TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package

TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package A J T L Grades 5 and up TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package A Journey Through Learning Please check our website at: While there, sign up for our email newsletters and receive

More information

No notebook heading: Date: 12/10/2013 Topic: Unit 3 summary & loose ends

No notebook heading: Date: 12/10/2013 Topic: Unit 3 summary & loose ends Islamic court decision, seventeenth century whenever cotton yarn comes the aforementioned arrives, pays an extra price, and takes it from its owner, and the other weavers remain deprived of yarn. As of

More information

Unit 9: Early Middle Ages

Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.9 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Western Europe during the Middle Ages from about 500 to 1000 AD in terms of its impact on Western Civilization

More information

The European Middle Ages CE

The European Middle Ages CE The European Middle Ages 500-1500 CE World History- Wednesday 11/15 2nd 6 Weeks grades have now been finalized. If you have any questions, please see me in person. Warm-Up Discuss with your neighbors-

More information

UNIT 3: EMPIRES OF FAITH Medieval Europe Notes

UNIT 3: EMPIRES OF FAITH Medieval Europe Notes UNIT 3: EMPIRES OF FAITH Medieval Europe Notes I. Post-Roman Western Europe A. people began moving into Roman territory in the third century AD. a. By 500 AD the Western Roman Empire had fallen. b. Germans

More information

3. Which institution served as the main unifying force of medieval Western Europe?

3. Which institution served as the main unifying force of medieval Western Europe? World History Midterm Review Unit 3A Middle Ages in Europe 1. In Feudal times, how did the Roman Catholic Church and much of society view women? A. They believed women should have the right to vote. B.

More information

The Renaissance and Reformation

The Renaissance and Reformation The Renaissance and Reformation What was the Renaissance? Renaissance = Rebirth 1350-1550 in European history was a rebirth in art and learning Subjects the Greeks and Romans studied Why Italy? Center

More information

English Literature. The Medieval Period. (Old English to Middle English)

English Literature. The Medieval Period. (Old English to Middle English) English Literature The Medieval Period (Old English to Middle English) England before the English When the Romans arrived, they found the land inhabited by Britons. known as the Celts Stonehenge no written

More information

TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package

TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package A J T L Grades 5 and up TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package A Journey Through Learning www.ajourneythroughlearning.com Copyright 2011 A Journey Through Learning 1 Please check

More information

Warm up. Title Assignment in spiral Decline of Feudalism in Europe Page

Warm up. Title Assignment in spiral Decline of Feudalism in Europe Page Warm up Historians divide time into different eras or periods. Each era has specific political, economic, geographic and social characteristics. Some time periods start with one major event, like World

More information

Do Not Write on This Paper!!!

Do Not Write on This Paper!!! Post Classical Era Test 1. How did Classical Civilizations (Rome, Greece China, & India) help to increase global trade? A. The classical period provided stability and safety for merchants and trade B.

More information