Finish The. Game or Recruitment Poster Project

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1 HW Finish The Crusades Board Game or Recruitment Poster Project

2 Where were the Crusades? 1. Imagine you are a knight on the Second Crusade 2. Turn to the map on p Approximately how far of a journey was it, in miles, from Paris to the Holy Land? 4. Use the maps on p. R32, R33,R34, and R35 to: a. Identify and write down physical features that were between Europe and the Holy Land 5. Write: In your opinion, would the journey to the Holy Land have been an easy or difficult one? Why? Please use evidence. *Note: There were no planes, trains, or automobiles back then.

3 THE CRUSADES A Quest for the Holy Land

4 A long series of Wars between Christians and Muslims They fought over control of Jerusalem which was called the Holy Land because it was the region where Jesus had lived, preached, and died Crusades

5

6 Causes of the Crusades Muslim Turks captured Jerusalem from the Byzantine Empire Muslims stopped Christians from Visiting Holy Land Christian pilgrims were attacked Byzantine Empire feared attack on Constantinople

7 Other Motivations for the Crusades Pope saw it as a way to fight against a common enemy and increase his power and influence A chance for adventure and heroism! A chance to gain land Religious duty; salvation! Merchants of Venice believed expeditions would increase trade

8 The Call to Arms Pope Urban II called for the defeat of the Turks, returning the Holy Land to the Christians

9 Who Answered the Call? Feudal Lords Knights Peasants

10 The First Crusade ( ) Peasant army Untrained Lacked military equipment Many killed by Muslim Turks Knights Succeeded in capturing Jerusalem

11 Second Crusade ( ) After victory many Christians went back home. The Turks eventually took back much of the territory. King of France and Emperor of Germany sent troops to stop the Turks.

12 Third Crusade ( ) Saladin leads the Muslim Turks to victory, defeating the Christians *Saladin was considered a very wise ruler. He was known for his sometimes kind treatment of fallen enemies. Many Christians saw him as a model of knightly chivalry.

13 Third Crusade ( ) King Richard of England convinces the Turks to allow Christians to visit the Holy Land

14 Crusades Continue Through 1200 s Several more crusades attempted with no victories for the Christians Children s crusade, - 30,000 soldiers - many of them under 12 years old Never made it to the Holy Land

15 Why did the Crusades fail? Had to travel large distances Crusaders not prepared, many dying along the way Crusaders were outnumbered Christian leaders fought among themselves

16 Results of the Crusades I.F. Turks Traveled they would Trade I = Improvements Ships, Maps, Explorers F = Feudalism declines because Feudal lords die or spend too much money on military. T = Turks still rule the Holy Land T = Travel Europeans want to travel more T = Trade Europeans want product from the East such as sugar, cotton, silk, spices, etc.

17 Assignment: Crusades Game or Recruitment Poster Use your notes and the textbook pages to create either a recruitment poster or a crusades board game. Your project should include: A definition of the crusades. A map of the crusades. The 3 causes of the crusades. Pope Urban II s call for defeat of the Turks to return the. holy land top the Christians. Who answered or needs to answer the call. A description of all four crusades. The results of the crusades. A well-executed game board or recruitment poster

18 Assignment: Game Board or Recruitment Poster The Game Requirements and Materials: 20 points You will be provided with one or two sheets of paper. Pretend that you have one dice to play with. You can design your game board however you want, but consequences and game advancement should be based on circumstances/events that would have actually happened Establish the rules on the back or on another sheet of paper. The game board should be neatly done The game board should be legible For full credit make sure that 1-7 above are included in your game The Recruitment Poster Requirements and Materials: 20 points You will be provided with a sheet of paper. You are trying to entice Christians to join the last crusade, so use language that is persuasive! You will need have a place on your recruitment poster that gives a history of the previous crusades The poster should be neatly done One clear drawing that represents an aspect of recruitment Be creative in your design For full credit make sure that 1-7 above are included in your game Rubric 1 point for each of required items described on page 1 = 15 points. 5 points for a neatly designed game board that has an explanation of rules and is legible. Rubric 1 point for each of required items described on page 1= 15 points. 5 points for a neatly designed poster that includes a clear drawing and a creative design.

19 Recruitment Poster

20 Game Board

One of the flags of the Knight s Templar. A Knight Templar

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