Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Constantinople was at the center of the Eastern Roman Empire for more than a thousand years.

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1 Vocabulary Builder Section 1 DIRECTIONS Read each sentence and choose the correct term from the word bank to replace the underlined definition. Theodora Belisarius Byzantine Empire 1. Constantinople was at the center of the Eastern Roman Empire for more than a thousand years. 2. After the Nika Revolt, Justinian I and his wife rebuilt Constantinople with grand new monuments. 3. Justinian I s top general led fleets of ships to recapture the regions of northern Africa and Italy. DIRECTIONS For each term below, write a word that had the same meaning. 4. clergy 5. icon 6. mosaics DIRECTIONS Read each sentence. Fill in the blank with the word from the word pair that best completes the sentence. 7. In 1054, the church in the east became the, and the church in the west remained the Roman Catholic Church. (Orthodox Church/clergy) 8. For some Christians, the use of was too close to the non-christian worship of idols. (icons/mosaics) 9. set up a commission that codified the empire s existing laws and legal opinions into a clear system. (Belisarius/Justinian I)

2 Section Quiz Section 1 MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the term, person, or place that matches each description. 1. The capital of the Byzantine Empire 2. Eastern emperor who set up a commission to codify Roman law 3. Name for the church in the east after Justinian s top general 5. A church built during the reign of Justinian, known for its domes and arches 6. A rebellion by the Blues and Greens, groups named for colors worn by chariot teams 7. Co-ruler with Justinian 8. Tiny colored tiles fitted together and cemented in place a. Orthodox Church b. Theodora c. Hagia Sophia d. iconoclasts e. Greek f. Belisarius g. mosaics h. Nika Revolt i. Constantinople j. Justinian I 9. People who believed that paintings and sculptures could lead to the worship of idols 10. Language that replaced Latin in the eastern empire

3 Vocabulary Builder Section 2 DIRECTIONS Look up the vocabulary terms in the word bank in a dictionary. For each term, write the dictionary definition that is closest to the definition used in your textbook. Preliminary Cyrillic alphabet Rus Alexander Nevsky DIRECTIONS Read each set of four vocabulary terms following each number. On the line provided, write the letter of the term that is not part of each set. 1. a. Cyrillic alphabet b. Slavonic language c. paganism d. Cyril and Methodius 2. a. made Christianity the state religion b. baptized a Christian c. Vladimir I d. Genghis Khan 4. a. Yaroslav the Wise b. Prince Andrew Bogolyubsky c. mixed military record d. Kievan Rus 5. a. native religion b. Alexander Nevsky c. calmed the Mongol threat d. massacre on the ice 3. a. Rus b. yurts c. northern Europeans d. three brothers

4 Section Quiz Section 2 TRUE/FALSE Read each FALSE statement below. On the line provided, replace the underlined words with a term from the word bank to make the sentence TRUE. brilliant Byzantine southern Yaroslav the Wise Cyril and Methodius 1. Under Vladimir I, Kievan Rus reached the height of its power and prestige. 2. Christianity spread to Russia from the Roman Empire. 3. Yaroslav the Wise developed a written alphabet in order to translate religious texts into the Slavonic language. 4. In 1241 Mongols from Asia established a Mongol state in northern Russia. 5. Alexander Nevsky was a very poor military leader.

5 Vocabulary Builder Section 3 DIRECTIONS Choose four of the vocabulary terms from the word bank. Use these terms to write a summary of what you learned in the section. Abbot Alfred the Great Benedictine Rule Medieval Clovis Christendom DIRECTIONS Answer each question by writing a sentence that contains at least one word from the word bank. Gregory the Great medieval Alfred the Great 1. Identify and describe the man who was recognized as the ruler of all England. 2. Who made the pope one of the most influential figures in Europe, and how did he do this?

6 Vocabulary Builder Section 3 3. What were people s lives like in the Middle Ages?

7 Section Quiz Section 3 FILL IN THE BLANK Read each sentence. Fill in the blank with the word from the word pair that best completes the sentence. 1. The Angles and Saxons once lived in Germany, but had migrated to in the 400s. (England/France) 2. Anglo-Saxons were forced to unite in order to fight the. (Celts/Danes) 3. One of Alfred the Great s greatest achievements was to establish a system of schools that educated as well as children. (kings/adults) 4. The period known as the Middle Ages is also called times. (medieval/monasticism) 5. As pope, promoted reforms that strengthened the papacy and made the pope one of the most influential figures in Europe. (Gregory the Great/Clovis) 6. The City of God was written by after the sack of Rome. (Alfred the Great/Augustine of Hippo) 7. Two forms of monasticism developed in Europe in the early Middle Ages Celtic and. (Benedictine/Christendom) 8. Many became centers of wealth and power because kings and nobles donated money or gifts in exchange for prayers said on their behalf. (castles/monasteries) 9. Ireland did not have large cities, so instead of turning to bishops for spiritual guidance, people looked to the of local monasteries. (abbots/kings)

8 Section Quiz Section Many Celtic monks were scholars who ran schools. Others were who worked to spread Christianity to the people of the British Isles. (missionaries/abbots)

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