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1 Bellwork Turn in your foldable if you did not on Friday

2 The Byzantine Empire

3 Constantinople

4

5 THE TWO ROMAN EMPIRES

6 Constantinople

7

8 The Byzantine Empire Eastern Roman Empire

9 The Byzantine Empire Eastern Roman Empire Constantinople = Byzantine Capital

10 Constantinople What are 2 geographic advantages of this city?

11 Constantinople Good Harbor

12 Constantinople Good Harbor Trade routes link Europe and Asia

13 Constantinople Good Harbor Trade routes link Europe and Asia Water on 3 sides

14 Justinian ( ) Byzantine Emperor

15 Byzantine Empire Under Justinian

16 Justinian ( ) Byzantine Emperor Conquered most of Western Roman Empire

17 Lasting Accomplishments The Codification of Roman Law Justinian s most lasting contribution Was the basis of imperial law in the east until 1453 Was the basis of the European legal system The Emperor s Building Program Rebuilt Constantinople after revolt of 532 City important as chief port of exchange of goods from East to West Public works, churches Royal palace, Hagia Sophia, Hippodrome

18 Accomplishments Hagia Sophia

19

20

21 Accomplishments Hagia Sophia Justinian Code

22 Accomplishments Hagia Sophia Justinian Code Absolute Power

23 Caesaropapism Power centralized in position of Emperor Christian leader cannot claim to be a god divine authority (divine right rule) Political rule and Religious Rule Absolute authority 23

24 After Justinian Slow Decline of the Empire Frequent Invasions Military Leaders/Central Government Struggle for Power Religious Conflicts

25 Religion in the Byzantine Empire Religious Divisions Byzantine Emperor ruled the Christians, not the Pope Patriarch = highest Byzantine church official

26 Religion in the Byzantine Empire Schism Split

27 Religion in the Byzantine Empire Schism Split Icons holy images Byzantine Christians prayed to

28

29

30

31

32 Religion in the Byzantine Empire Schism Split Icons holy images Byzantine Christians prayed to -- Iconoclasts Patriarch and Pope excommunicate each other

33 Religion in the Byzantine Empire Schism Split Icons holy images Byzantine Christians prayed to -- Iconoclasts Patriarch and Pope excommunicate each other Eastern (Greek) Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches emerge

34 The Byzantine empire and its neighbors about 1100 C.E. 34

35 The Fall of the Byzantine Empire Why? Power struggles within the Empire (succession) War/Invasions 4 th Crusade 1453 Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople

36

37 The Rise of Russia

38

39 Slavs and Vikings Vikings trade with and settle in Slavic Russia

40 Slavs and Vikings Vikings trade with and settle in Slavic Russia Rurik Viking Chief

41 Slavs and Vikings Vikings trade with and settle in Slavic Russia Rurik Viking Chief Becomes king of the Slavs

42 Slavs and Vikings Vikings trade with and settle in Slavic Russia Rurik Viking Chief Becomes king of the Slavs Established city of Novgorod

43 Kiev Kiev becomes a major trading post

44 Kiev Kiev becomes a major trading post From Kiev, Vikings could sail to Constantinople

45

46 Christianity Comes to Russia Russian Culture = mix of Slavic and Greek cultures Monks develop the Cyrillic alphabet

47

48 Christianity Comes to Russia Russian Culture = mix of Slavic and Greek cultures Monks develop the Cyrillic alphabet 957 Princess Olga converts to Christianity

49 Yaroslav the Wise ( ) Law code Made alliances with W. Europe marriages to European Rulers

50 Yaroslav the Wise ( ) Law code Made alliances with W. Europe marriages to European Rulers Divides kingdom among 4 sons

51 Yaroslav the Wise ( ) Law code Made alliances with W. Europe marriages to European Rulers Divides kingdom among 4 sons kingdom declines

52 Mongol Invasions 1200 s Genghis Khan begins invading neighbors

53

54 Mongol Invasions 1200 s Genghis Khan begins invading neighbors Golden Horde Mongol Empire in Russia (240 years)

55 Mongol Invasions 1200 s Genghis Khan begins invading neighbors Golden Horde Mongol Empire in Russia (240 years) Russians maintained rule must pay taxes

56 The Growth of Moscow Stop along trade route Area princes ally and revolt against Mongols

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