Kingdoms and Crusades

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1 Chapter 15, Section 3 Kingdoms and Crusades (Pages ) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: What types of governments did European kingdoms create? Why did European Christians launch the Crusades? As you read pages in your textbook, complete this diagram to show the causes and effects of the Crusades. Cause: Effect: Cause: Effect: 288 Chapter 15, Section 3

2 England in the Middle Ages (pages ) As you read, answer the questions below about the Magna Carta. Review your answers to ensure you understand the document and its importance. 1. Why did the nobles force King John to sign the Magna Carta? 2. What rights were guaranteed by the Magna Carta? 3. Why is the Magna Carta important? grand jury trial jury Define or describe the following terms from this lesson. Chapter 15, Section 3 289

3 Define these academic vocabulary words from this lesson. region guarantee How did the Magna Carta affect the king s power? The Kingdom of France (page 538) As you read, take notes on the actions of Philip IV. Then, based on your notes, write a short paragraph evaluating his leadership. Did he deserve the name Philip the Fair? Why or why not? Use specific examples from your notes to support your opinion. Evaluation 290 Chapter 15, Section 3

4 Define or describe the following term from this lesson. clergy How did King Philip II bring power back to French kings? Eastern Europe and Russia (pages ) Who do you think was the most important leader in Russia based on your reading? After you read, write a brief paragraph supporting your answer. recover version Define these academic vocabulary words from this lesson. Chapter 15, Section 3 291

5 Use this term, that you studied earlier, in a sentence that reflects the term s meaning. missionary (Chapter 10, Section 3) Why was Alexander Nevsky important? The Crusades (pages ) As you read, number the following events in the correct order. 1. Emperor Frederick, King Richard I, and King Philip II join to fight Saladin. 2. The Crusaders create four states. 3. Muslims conquer all the territory lost in the First Crusade. 4. Crusaders burn and loot the Byzantine capital. 5. The Muslims capture Edessa. 6. The Crusaders capture Antioch and Jerusalem. 7. Saladin unites the Muslims and declares war against the Christian states. 8. King Richard I agrees to a truce with Saladin. 9. Saladin captures Jerusalem. 292 Chapter 15, Section 3

6 Define these academic vocabulary words from this lesson. aid achieve What did the First Crusade accomplish? What did the Third Crusade accomplish? Now that you have read the section, write the answers to the questions that were included in Setting a Purpose for Reading at the beginning of the lesson. What types of governments did European kingdoms create? Why did European Christians launch the Crusades? Chapter 15, Section 3 293

7 Name Date Class VOCABULARY ACTIVITY 15-3 Kingdoms and Crusades: Words to Know Directions: True or False Print T or F on the line in front of each definition. If the statement is false, print on the blank line at the end of the statement the word that correctly replaces the boldfaced term. clergy grand jury King John Philip II Saladin trial jury William the Conqueror 1. A trial jury decides whether people should be accused of a crime. 2. Saladin was a ruler of Egypt who defeated the Christians and captured Jerusalem. 3. William the Conqueror was the king of France from 1180 to People who have been ordained as priests are called the clergy. 5. King John was the king of England who took a census called the Domesday Book. 6. A grand jury decides whether an accused person is innocent or guilty. SECTION William the Conqueror signed the Magna Carta. Building Academic Vocabulary guarantee, verb and noun Example: Many nobles refused to obey King John unless he agreed to guarantee certain rights. Directions: Answer the following questions to learn more about the word guarantee. You may use a dictionary or Internet resources to help you. 8. What is a guarantee? 9. How is a guarantee different from a promise? 118

8 Name Date Class GUIDED READING ACTIVITY 15-3 Kingdoms and Crusades Directions: Answering Questions Reading the section and completing the questions below will help you learn about the kingdoms and crusades of medieval Europe. Refer to your textbook to answer the questions. 1. What king of Normandy took over England? 2. How did he control his own soldiers and keep them loyal to him? 3. What language did his officials and nobles in England speak? 4. What king developed the use of courts and juries? 5. What is the difference between a grand jury and a trial jury? 6. Why was the Magna Carta important? 7. What king established the Parliament in England? 8. What estates did Philip IV include in the first French Parliament? 9. Why was Moscow an important city to the Slavs? 10. What is a crusade? 11. Which crusade was a success in the campaign to free the Holy Land? SECTION In what two ways did the Crusades affect Europe? 123

9 Name Date Class PEOPLE TO MEET ACTIVITY 15 Hildegard of Bingen Hildegard of Bingen was born in A.D in Germany. She was the tenth child in a noble family. At that time, most families dedicated their tenth child to the Church because they could not afford to take care of 10 children. So Hildegard was dedicated by her parents. Dedicated children became priests, monks, and nuns. A Well-Educated Woman Hildegard became the abbess of several convents, or religious communities of women. An abbess is the nun in charge of everyone and everything that is in a convent. At that time, many women were not well educated. Hildegard, however, composed religious music and wrote about art, medicine, natural history, and theology, which is the study of God and religion. Bishops, popes, and kings asked for her advice. Visions When she was three, Hildegard had started seeing visions. She saw flashing stars of light and glowing objects. She soon realized that other people did not see such things, so she kept it a secret. Directions: Answer the questions below in the spaces provided. 1. What is an abbess? 2. What did Hildegard write about? 3. Writing How do you think Hildegard felt when she started seeing visions? On another sheet of paper, write a paragraph about this. Hildegard of Bingen When Hildegard was about 42 years old, someone told Pope Eugenius about her visions. He encouraged her to write about them. Hildegard wrote her first book, Scivias ( Know the Ways of the Lord ). Her fame spread through the world. She died in Since then, Hildegard has been beatified, or declared blessed, by the Catholic Church. Beatification is a major step toward becoming a saint. CHAPTER

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