Medieval Europe. 1. Kingdoms and Christianity The Early Middle Ages The High Middle Ages Mr.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Medieval Europe. 1. Kingdoms and Christianity The Early Middle Ages The High Middle Ages Mr."

Transcription

1 Medieval Europe 1. Kingdoms and Christianity The Early Middle Ages The High Middle Ages Mr. Schenk

2 Kingdoms and Christianity 1. The Byzantine Empire 2. The Rise of Russia 3. Christianity in Western Europe After the fall of Rome, large and small kingdoms appeared in Europe In most of these kingdoms, Christianity had a powerful influence on people s lives

3 1. The Byzantine Empire The Roman Empire Divided in 294 The Byzantine Empire Constantinople Greek for the city of Constantine capital of the Roman Empire under Constantine I Constantinople was the seat of the Eastern Roman Empire became know as the Byzantine Empire

4 Constantine s City--Constantinopolis obecame a much larger, richer city than Rome othe city s location on the Bosporus not only put it in a position to control trade, but it also helped guard it from attack othe sea on two sides, and huge fortified walls on the other

5 Barbarian Invasions of the Roman Empire After the fall of Rome, the Byzantine Empire did not give up their claim to western part of the empire First task was to retake all the land that a Germanic tribe called the Vandals had taken

6 Emperor Justinian [r ] obyzantine Emperor Justinian omain goal restore the Roman Empire oin 533, sent General Belisarius to Northern Africa to expel the Vandals oit took only a year to re-capture Africa

7 Justinian s Code ocorpus Juris Civilis: o 1. Digest o 2. Code o 3. Institutes Justinian initiatives to reform Roman law He set up a system that systematically arranged the empire s laws and legal documents into a clear system Corpus Juris Civilis four parts contains existing constitutions from previous emperor and laws created by Justinian himself Justinian Code

8 Justinian s Empire at its Peak By 565, his empire had spread through northern Africa and most of southeastern Europe, including Italy When he died in 565, he left the government nearly bankrupt His government could not effectively administer the empire As a result, the western provinces fell to migrating tribes

9 Empress Theodora Wife of Justinian and coruler of the empire Nika Revolt rebellion against the Justinian empire; resented his reforms Belisarius and his troops captured them and assembled them in a stadium called the Hippodrome They were slaughtered by the thousands The Revolution that destroyed the city gave the emperor the chance to rebuild the city with grand new monuments

10 Church of Hagia Sophia [Holy Wisdom] Two institutions were central to their culture: The Emperor A Priest-King deputy of Jesus Christ Emperor Justinian tried to restore Roman traditions Emperor Heraclius eventually replaced old Roman traditions with Greek ones (leads to split Orthodox and Roman Catholic) And Christianity Mosaics pictures created with tiny colored tiles of glass, stone, or clay fitted together and cemented in place

11 Interior of the Church of Hagia Sophia Religion was the force behind architecture Hagia Sophia churches that have round dome over a square foundation Mosaic of Christ glitters with gold

12 Reliquary cross of Justinian Religious Conflicts 700 s the use of are in the churches deeply divided the society Controversy over icons paintings or sculptures of sacred figures Iconoclasts Christians who objected to worship of idols Mother of God Hodegetria

13 The Church Splits 1054 final split between the churches The church in the east became the Orthodox Church The church in the west remained the Roman Catholic Church Major differences Orthodox roots in Greek tradition Roman Catholicism roots in Roman Law Orthodox recognize the pope authority over bishops Roman Catholics recognize pope as ultimate authority over doctrine

14 Byzantine & Sassanid Empires, 6 c The Byzantine Empire not only had troubles in the west, but the empire also had troubles in the east the Sassanid Empire (Persia) Emperor Heraclius, who took over after the death of Justinian, had finally defeated the Persians

15 The Empire Declines Islam Muslims had been threatening the empire as far back as the reign of Heraclius Over time, Islam, pressure from migrating tribes, such as the Slavs from Russia, and internal conflict brought an end to the Byzantine Empire Later Emperors did have some successes in stopping advancing Muslim forces

16 Istanbul? However, a new enemy- the Seljuk Turks defeated the Byzantine Empire in eastern Asia Minor Constantinople later fell to the Ottoman Turks who renamed it Istanbul Served as a buffer zone between Christian West and the Muslim East

17 Sunset on the Golden Horn

18 2. The Rise of Russia Starting as a blend of Slavs, and northern Europeans, the Russians organized as a state, became Christian, and fought invaders For thousands of years, hunters-gathers managed to live in the sometimes harsh climate in the lands of what is now the Ukraine and Russia Among the peoples who occupied the plains was the Slavs did not enter historical record until AD 800 s Slavs after the fall of the Byzantine Empire

19 The Rus and Kiev The history of the Slavs The Russian Chronicle 1100 s Started along the Dnieper River and were fighting among themselves Asked for northern European help called the Rus perhaps the Vikings Our land is great and rich, but there is no order. Come to rule and reign over us. The Russian Primary Chronicle

20 A Saint and Three Brothers They thus selected three brothers, with their kinsfolk, who took with them all the Rus, and migrated. Saint Andrew blessed a cluster of hills, predicting that a great city would rise Three brothers, Kiy, Shchek, and Khoriv, leader of the Rolyane tribe, arrived in the area and created a settlement called Kiev Kiev is now know as the Ukraine and played an important role in Russian history the Mother of Cities This statue in Kiev, Ukraine, commemorates as the city s founding by three brothers

21 Yaroslav the Wise Late 900 s Russ had extended their control beyond Kiev Conquered Byzantine Empire and established trade Also, defeated the Khazars and freed several Slavs Yaroslav the Wise ruler during the height of the Kievan Rus empire Many religious doctrines translated from Greek to Slavic language

22 Christianity in Russia Contact with the Byzantine Empire affected Russia and led to the spread of Christianity Early Slavs practiced a belief system based on nature and had many gods 863 churchman in Constantinople sent two Greek monks to Moravia to convert the Slavs to Christianity Monks Cyril and Methodius brothers who spoke Slavian language and used it to celebrate mass Cyrillic alphabet based mainly on the characters of the Greek alphabet-slavonic language written alphabet

23 Christian Russia Within 100 years, Christianity was established and claimed an important convert Grand Duke Vladimir I of Kiev was baptized Christian 988 Christianity the official religion of Kievan Russia Baptism of Vladimir I

24 Russia Under Attack During mid 1000s, Kievan- Russia reached the height of its empire However, in the 1200s, the empire was in attack internally and by invaders Internal division among the Rus princes within the state s border trying to get more power and land The Mongols led by Genghis Khan conquered the empire of Kiev Alexander Nevsky, Prince of Novgorod, - prevented the Mongols and the Swedes from conquering Novgorod Halo indicates status of Saint in Russian Orthodox Church Soldier s uniform emphasizes Alexander s importance as a miliary leader

25 Saint Alexander Nevsky Teutonic Knights wanted to convert Russians from Greek Orthodox to Roman Catholicism 1242-Alexander trapped the Knights onto thinning ice The ice cracked and men and horses fell through the ice into the freezing water For more than 200 years, Russia will main under control of Asian nomadic peoples Within Russia, Muscovy, east of Kiev, grew in importance and eventually became the capital of Russia

26 3. Christianity in Western Europe The spread of Christianity, largely through the work of missionaries and monks, helped unify western Europe after the collapse of the Roman Empire The Medieval Catholic Church filled the power vacuum left from the collapse of the classical world

27 New Kingdoms in Europe The fall of Rome had different Results in eastern and western Europe East Byzantine Empire West no single empire arose from Rome s ashes

28 Anglo Saxon England Among Germanic people who established kingdoms in Europe were Angles and Saxons Lived in what is now Germany and migrated to Britain in the 400 s Established the seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms Late 500 s, a group of monks led by Augustine of Canterbury arrived in Kent and spread Christianity across England The Archbishop of Canterbury is still considered the highest religious leader in England

29 Alfred the Great The Danes who invaded northern England began to march south The kingdoms, under Alfred the Great, united and pushed the Danes back north Alfred the Great was later recognized as the ruler off all England As king, he organized an army, issued a code of laws, and perhaps his greatest achievement, a system of schools In English folk tale, King Alfred was scolded severely for letting a peasant woman s cakes burn.

30 The Franks Another Germanic tribe was established in the former Roman province of Gaul now France Established by the Franks under Clovis Clovis and 3,000 were baptized in 496 and all became Christians Under Clovis and his successors, the Franks became one of the major powers in Western Europe Height in 800 s under King Charlemagne

31 Christian European Society By 600, Christianity had spread northward into other parts of the continent Western Europe becomes a largely Christian society Medieval the period in western European history known as the Middle ages

32 Spread Christianity Missionaries people who traveled to spread Christianity Patrick traveled from Britain to Ireland in 400 s spreading Christianity Christendom with the help of missionaries Western Europe became known as Christendom

33 Strengthening the Papacy Throughout the Middle Ages, popes had little authority Gregory the Great changed the papacy and won respect for the papacy and made the pope one of the most influential figures in Europe Monasticism voluntary separation from society to dedicate one s life to God

34 Sharing Beliefs As Christianity spread throughout the diverse population of Europe, people interpreted the faith in different ways As a result, scholars who studied religion wrote explanations that set forth the church s official positions Augustine of Hippo writer who helped shaped Christian doctrine for centuries The City of God people should pay less attention to the material world than they do to God s plan for the world

35 Monks and Monasteries During the Middle Ages, a new form of Monasticism developed, characterized by monks living in a monastery and abiding by strict codes of rule Two main forms of monastic life became common in Europe: Benedictine Rule and Celtic Rule Romanesque Architectural Style Rounded Arches. Barrel vaults. Thick walls. Darker, simplistic interiors. Small windows, usually at the top of the wall.

36 Benedictines Benedictine Monasteries most common from in Europe during the Middle Ages Benedict of Nursia Italy in the 500 s created Benedictine Rule collection of guidelines for monks The first abbot 529 other hermits like Benedict persuaded him to build a monastery at Monte Casino in central Italy Marked the beginning of Benedictine Rule Made several contributions to European society St. Benedict Benedictine Rule of poverty, chastity, and obedience. provided schools for the children of the upper class. inns, hospitals, refuge in times of war. libraries & scriptoria to copy books and illuminate manuscripts.

37 Celtic Monasteries Illuminated Manuscripts A second major branch of monasticism developed in Ireland One distinct difference - Celtic monks were fully separate from the rest of society One of the more famous Celtic monasteries Lindisfarne, a narrow peninsula that becomes an island at high tide, on the coast of England Lindisfarne Gospels beautifully illustrated manuscript of the Gospels produced between 715 and 720 among greatest artistic achievements in Middle Ages Spread through France and Germany

38 Monk s Daily Life Monks spent most of the time in church service, meditation and reading, and at work

39 Medieval Church Powers bishops and abbots played a large part in the feudal system. the church controlled about 1/3 of the land in Western Europe. tried to curb feudal warfare only 40 days a year for combat. curb heresies crusades; Inquisition tithe 1/10 tax on your assets given to the church. Peter s Pence 1 penny per person [paid by the peasants].

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Constantinople was at the center of the Eastern Roman Empire for more than a thousand years.

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Constantinople was at the center of the Eastern Roman Empire for more than a thousand years. Vocabulary Builder Section 1 DIRECTIONS Read each sentence and choose the correct term from the word bank to replace the underlined definition. Theodora Belisarius Byzantine Empire 1. Constantinople was

More information

Part I: The Byzantine Empire - A Quick Overview

Part I: The Byzantine Empire - A Quick Overview Part I: The Byzantine Empire - A Quick Overview The Roman Empire Divided Constantine s City-- Constantinople The Byzantine Empire I. Origins of the Empire A. Started as eastern part of Roman Empire 1.

More information

THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE. The Empire in the East survived for another thousand years

THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE. The Empire in the East survived for another thousand years Constantine, the Roman Emperor who recognized Christianity as the legal religion, moved the capital to the Eastern Mediterranean (330 A.D.), rebuilt the city of Byzantium & later renamed it after himself.

More information

Unit VI - Byzantine, Mongol & Russian Empires

Unit VI - Byzantine, Mongol & Russian Empires Name: Unit VI - Byzantine, Mongol & Russian Empires Remember - Reading Guides will now be collected with study guides at the end of the unit. They will count as two grades, like a quiz. Answer all the

More information

Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe

Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe Chapter 14 Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe OUTLINE I. Introduction Two civilizations survived in postclassical Europe: the Byzantine Empire and its culturally related cultures

More information

BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D A.D.

BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D A.D. BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D. 1500 A.D. Roman Empire 27 B.C. 476 A.D. Roman Empire 27 B.C. 476 A.D. BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D. 1500 A.D. BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D. 1500 A.D. Roman Empire 27 B.C. 476 A.D. Also

More information

Section Quiz Chapter 9. Name ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo Date ooooooooooooooooooooooooo Class ooooooooooooooo

Section Quiz Chapter 9. Name ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo Date ooooooooooooooooooooooooo Class ooooooooooooooo Section Quiz 9-1 DIRECTIONS: Matching Match each item in with an item in. 1. lived in convents 2. fine paid by a wrongdoer 3. religious pratice of monks 4. bishop of Rome 5. Charles the Great A. wergild

More information

Early Middle Ages = C.E. High Middle Ages = C.E. Late Middle Ages = C.E.

Early Middle Ages = C.E. High Middle Ages = C.E. Late Middle Ages = C.E. Middle Ages = European history between the fall of the Roman Empire (476) and the Modern Era (1450) Also called the Medieval Period ( Medium is Latin for Middle; aevum is Latin for age) Early Middle Ages

More information

The Byzantine Empire and Russia ( )

The Byzantine Empire and Russia ( ) Chapter 10, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 10 The Byzantine Empire and Russia (330 1613) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River,

More information

Name: Date: Period: Chapter 9 Reading Guide. D. What major area has been lost by 1000 CE, other than Italy?

Name: Date: Period: Chapter 9 Reading Guide. D. What major area has been lost by 1000 CE, other than Italy? Name: Date: Period: UNIT SUMMARY Chapter 9 Reading Guide Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe, p.204-218 In addition to the great civilizations of Asia and North Africa forming

More information

Chapter 13. The Commonwealth of Byzantium. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.

Chapter 13. The Commonwealth of Byzantium. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display. Chapter 13 The Commonwealth of Byzantium 1 The Early Byzantine Empire n Capital: Byzantium n On the Bosporus n Commercial, strategic value of location n Constantine names capital after himself (Constantinople),

More information

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Chapter 10 Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Section 1 The Byzantine Empire Capital of Byzantine Empire Constantinople Protected by Greek Fire Constantinople Controlled by: Roman Empire Christians Byzantines

More information

UNIT 2 NEW EMPIRES EMERGE

UNIT 2 NEW EMPIRES EMERGE UNIT 2 NEW EMPIRES EMERGE SSWH4 The student will analyze the importance of the Byzantine and Mongol empires between 450 AD and 1500 AD. a. Analyze the importance of Justinian, include the influence of

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Black Sea. Constantinople ASIA MINOR GREECE Tarsus Sicily. Antioch Aegean Sea. Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem. Alexandria JUDAEA EGYPT

NAME DATE CLASS. Black Sea. Constantinople ASIA MINOR GREECE Tarsus Sicily. Antioch Aegean Sea. Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem. Alexandria JUDAEA EGYPT Lesson 1 Early Christianity ESSENTIAL QUESTION What are the characteristics of a leader? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did the Jews respond to Roman rule? 2. Why were the life and death of Jesus of Nazareth

More information

The Byzantine Empire ( ) One God, One Empire, One Religion

The Byzantine Empire ( ) One God, One Empire, One Religion The Byzantine Empire (330-1453) One God, One Empire, One Religion The Eastern Empire As Western Europe succumbed to the Germanic invasions, imperial power shifted to the Byzantine Empire (the eastern part

More information

Middle Ages: Feudalism

Middle Ages: Feudalism Middle Ages: Feudalism - Study Guide - -Franks and Charlemagne - 1. List all names for the Middle Ages. 2. What did Charles The Hammer Martel do? 3. Explain Charlemagne s accomplishments. 4. Explain the

More information

Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017

Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017 Announcements: 1: Bell Ringer worksheets FOR A GRADE! You need: Bell Ringer (Fall of Rome), blank sheet of paper, one-pager template Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017 1. Pick up a copy of the Bell Ringer:

More information

Section 2. Objectives

Section 2. Objectives Objectives Understand how geography influenced the rise of Russia. Describe the growth of Kiev. Explain how Mongol rule affected Russia. Describe how Moscow took the lead in Russia and how its rulers developed

More information

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian Byzantine Empire Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Byzantium, a Greek city in the eastern part of the empire. Ruled over the Balkan Peninsula, the Middle East and parts of

More information

Vikings, Slavs, Byzantines and the Development of Russia. Who are the Vikings? Who are the Slavs? NOTES ON RUSSIA. Kiev. Who are the Byzantines?

Vikings, Slavs, Byzantines and the Development of Russia. Who are the Vikings? Who are the Slavs? NOTES ON RUSSIA. Kiev. Who are the Byzantines? Who are the Vikings? Vikings, Slavs, Byzantines and the Development of Russia Who are the Slavs? VIKINGS NOTES ON RUSSIA SLAVS Kiev BYZANTINE EMPIRE Who are the Byzantines? THE SLAVS Who are the Slavs?

More information

The Early. Middle Ages. The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings

The Early. Middle Ages. The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings The Early Middle Ages The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings Section Focus After Rome fell the world entered into chaos. Time of warfare, violence, and religion. Time period known as

More information

Society, Religion and Arts

Society, Religion and Arts Society, Religion and Arts Despite the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the Eastern Empire continued to thrive in Constantinople. It would endure for nearly 1,000 years after the Fall of Rome, largely

More information

Byzantine Empire ( )

Byzantine Empire ( ) Byzantine Empire (330-1453) Definition Byzantine: this term is a modern invention. The Byzantines called themselves either Romans or Greeks. It was used for the medieval Greekspeaking, Christian empire

More information

Kievan Russ and The Huns. Clementine & Michelle

Kievan Russ and The Huns. Clementine & Michelle Kievan Russ and The Huns Clementine & Michelle Essential Question: How did the Huns impact Europe? How did the Huns affect the Roman Empire and the Dark ages? Why did the decline of Constantinople present

More information

Dark Ages High Middle Ages

Dark Ages High Middle Ages Medieval Europe 500-1350 Dark Ages 500 800 High Middle Ages 800 1350 The German Kingdoms Romans loyal to Rome vs. Germans loyal to local war chiefs Romans speak Latin Germans speak German. German law based

More information

Unit 9: Early Middle Ages

Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.9 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Western Europe during the Middle Ages from about 500 to 1000 AD in terms of its impact on Western Civilization

More information

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9 The Worlds of European Christendom Chapter 9 After the Roman Empire By the 4 th Century the Roman Empire gets divided Christian Europe is two parts: 1. Eastern half = The Byzantine Empire 2. Western half

More information

EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD

EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD The slaw decline of the Roman Empire marked the beginning of a new era in European history. This period is called the Middle Ages. It lasted from around 500 to 1500.

More information

Chapter 13 Notes. Western Europe in the Middle Ages

Chapter 13 Notes. Western Europe in the Middle Ages Chapter 13 Notes Western Europe in the Middle Ages Middle Ages 500-1500 The Middle Ages are also called the Medieval Period. The foundations of early medieval society were: Classical heritage of Rome Christian

More information

The Byzantines

The Byzantines The Byzantines 330-1453 Development of the Byzantine Empire Strengths of the Empire Split between East and West Preserving Roman Law Decline of the Empire Strengths of the Empire The Byzantine Empire

More information

The Byzantine Empire. Chap. 13 Lesson 1. - The City of Constantinople

The Byzantine Empire. Chap. 13 Lesson 1. - The City of Constantinople The Byzantine Empire Chap. 13 Lesson 1 - The City of Constantinople Objectives: Identify Roman ideas that shaped the Byzantine Empire s culture. Analyze how Justinian I and Theodora changed the empire.

More information

Medieval Italy After the fall of Rome, Italy and France became a series of kingdoms ruled by different German tribes mixed with the native Italian and

Medieval Italy After the fall of Rome, Italy and France became a series of kingdoms ruled by different German tribes mixed with the native Italian and Medieval Europe AD 476 is the accepted date for the transition for the Classical, or Ancient, World to the Medieval World. The fall of Rome resulted in three main cultural groups: The Byzantine Empire,

More information

Student Handouts, Inc.

Student Handouts, Inc. Slide 1 The Barbarian Invasions: The Migration Period in Europe, 300-700 C.E. Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com Slide 2 End of the Roman Empire 476 C.E. Traditional date for the end of the

More information

Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews

Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews Question 1. How do you think the division of the Christian church into clergy and laity in response to Roman persecution helped them spread their beliefs? 2. Use your notes to

More information

Chapter. The Byzantine Empire and Russia (A.D. 330 A.D. 1613)

Chapter. The Byzantine Empire and Russia (A.D. 330 A.D. 1613) Chapter 9 The Byzantine Empire and Russia (A.D. 330 A.D. 1613) In small groups, find evidence to support the following thesis statements. 1. Justinian was an autocrat. 2. Women could attain positions of

More information

Study Guide: The Middle Ages

Study Guide: The Middle Ages Name Study Guide: The Middle Ages ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: The European Middle Ages occur chronologically between the Roman Empire and the modern age that we live in. The Middle Ages are divided into three

More information

World History S. Anderson

World History S. Anderson World History S. Anderson you ll learn about Europe after the fall of Rome. In the East, the Roman Empire continued as the Byzantine Empire. In the West, Europe experienced centuries of turmoil as different

More information

Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors

Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Constantinople Survived because it was far away from the Germanic tribe invasions It was the

More information

The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins

The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins 1. What happened to Rome in 410 AD? 2. Why would this sack of Rome be physiologically crushing to the Romans? 3. Who is Alaric? 4. What are Alaric and his Visigoths

More information

4. THE HAN EMPIRE 200 BC-200 AD

4. THE HAN EMPIRE 200 BC-200 AD 4. THE HAN EMPIRE 200 BC-200 AD CHINA S SYMBOL: THE DRAGON A. Govt & Military 1. Emperor with complete control 2. Military: a. Used the Great Wall to keep invaders out B. Economy 1. Empire linked through

More information

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe ( )

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe ( ) Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe (500-1300) 1 The Early Middle Ages Why was Western Europe a frontier land during the early Middle Ages? How did Germanic kingdoms gain power in the early Middle Ages? How

More information

GOOD MORNING!!! Middle Ages Medieval Times Dark Ages

GOOD MORNING!!! Middle Ages Medieval Times Dark Ages GOOD MORNING!!! Tomorrow we will take an Islam Quiz. Be sure to study! Study your questions on your objectives as well as vocabulary. Today we are talking about the Middle Ages in Europe. You may know

More information

Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Late Antiquity Period from AD 300- AD 700 Used to be referred to as the Dark Ages Filled with poverty, famine, disease, warfare, and universal illiteracy in the West

More information

CHRISTIANITY. text in purple for notes. Voorhees

CHRISTIANITY. text in purple for notes. Voorhees CHRISTIANITY text in purple for notes Voorhees The student will apply social science skills to understand the development of Christianity by a) describing the origins, beliefs, traditions, customs, and

More information

Church History, Middle Ages Part I: Monks. How monks saved and shaped European Culture

Church History, Middle Ages Part I: Monks. How monks saved and shaped European Culture Church History, Middle Ages Part I: Monks How monks saved and shaped European Culture Middle Ages A. Barbarian Invasions and the Fall of Rome AD https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/file:invasions_of_the_roman_empire_1.png

More information

CHAPTER 9: Christian Societies Emerge in Europe, Following the Sasanids, the Muslim Arabs took the wealthy provinces of Syria,

CHAPTER 9: Christian Societies Emerge in Europe, Following the Sasanids, the Muslim Arabs took the wealthy provinces of Syria, I. The Byzantine Empire, 600-1200 A. An Empire Beleaguered 1. Following the Sasanids, the Muslim Arabs took the wealthy provinces of Syria, Egypt, and Tunisia from the Byzantine Empire and converted their

More information

World History: Connection to Today. Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( )

World History: Connection to Today. Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( ) Chapter 8, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 8 The Rise of Europe (500 1300) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights

More information

Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together.

Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. A crown from the Holy Roman Empire. Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. Priests and other religious officials

More information

Middle Ages: The Reign of Religion. The Dark Ages-truly anything but dark!!

Middle Ages: The Reign of Religion. The Dark Ages-truly anything but dark!! Middle Ages: The Reign of Religion The Dark Ages-truly anything but dark!! What do we know about? Egypt, Greece, Rome Emperors Empires Religious practices People s focus Purpose of art Background of Roman

More information

Medieval / Early Renaissance Lesson Plans AD

Medieval / Early Renaissance Lesson Plans AD 1 Ch 1: The Glory That Was Rome Wandering Through the Roman Empire The Fall of Rome 2 Ch 2: The Early Days of Britain The Celts of Britain Barbarians Come to Britain Beowulf the Hero 3 Ch 3: Christianity

More information

The Anglo-Saxon Period and The Middle Ages Theme: The Heroic and the Humble

The Anglo-Saxon Period and The Middle Ages Theme: The Heroic and the Humble The Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066 and The Middle Ages 1066-1485 Theme: The Heroic and the Humble Before the Anglo-Saxons Roman emperor Claudius ordered conquest of Britain in AD 43 Britain considered a province

More information

Western Civilizations Their History & Their Culture

Western Civilizations Their History & Their Culture Norton Media Library Western Civilizations Their History & Their Culture Sixteenth Edition Volume 1 by Judith G. Coffin Robert C. Stacey I. Introduction A. B. C. D. E. Rome after 180 Transitions ancient

More information

The World in Transition

The World in Transition 3 The World in Transition 216 395 1589 CHAPTER 10 The Byzantine Empire and Russia 395 1589 CHAPTER 11 The Islamic World 570 1250 CHAPTER 12 The Civilizations of East Asia 552 1573 CHAPTER 13 The Rise of

More information

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Dark Ages - the Age of Feudalism Medieval Europe began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD. With the destruction of Roman civilization,

More information

Section 2: Feudalism and the Manor Economy

Section 2: Feudalism and the Manor Economy Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: The Early Middle Ages The Roman empire was replaced by smaller Germanic kingdoms. When Charlemagne aided Pope Leo III in 799, he was crowned Emperor of the Romans

More information

Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World

Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World Name Date Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Why was the Roman Empire hard to defend? A. It had a very long border. B.

More information

The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c ) Charlemagne (768-8l4)

The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c ) Charlemagne (768-8l4) The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c.500-840) Much of Europe's destiny would be tied in with a new Germanic power, the Franks. This tribe had played a minor role in the breakup of the Roman Empire.

More information

Lectures on Russian History Kievan Rus' Dr. Bruce Holl Trinity University

Lectures on Russian History Kievan Rus' Dr. Bruce Holl Trinity University Lectures on Russian History Kievan Rus' Dr. Bruce Holl Trinity University The term "Kievan Rus " The first historical period under discussion is "Kievan Rus." It is also called "Pre-Petrine Russia," "Old

More information

Europe s Cultures Teacher: Mrs. Moody

Europe s Cultures Teacher: Mrs. Moody Europe s Cultures Teacher: Mrs. Moody ACTIVATE YOUR BRAIN Greece Germany Poland Belgium Learning Target: I CAN describe the cultural characteristics of Europe. Cultural expressions are ways to show culture

More information

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Name CHAPTER 13 Section 1 (pages 353 357) Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about Southeast Asian kingdoms and Korean dynasties. In this section, you will

More information

Medieval Europe & Crusades. Snapshots of two representative periods: Charlemagne And The Crusades

Medieval Europe & Crusades. Snapshots of two representative periods: Charlemagne And The Crusades Medieval Europe & Crusades Snapshots of two representative periods: Charlemagne And The Crusades The Big Picture 4th-5th centuries Roman Empire Allies with Barbarians To watch over regions In name of

More information

World History Grade: 8

World History Grade: 8 World History Grade: 8 SOC 220 World History I No graduation credit 5 days per week; 1 school year Taught in English This is a required course for 8th grade students in the Mexican/U.S. Programs. This

More information

Great. Kris Bordessa. Illustrated by Shawn Braley

Great. Kris Bordessa. Illustrated by Shawn Braley Great You Can Build Yourself Kris Bordessa Illustrated by Shawn Braley Nomad Press is committed to preserving ancient forests and natural resources. We elected to print Great Medieval Projects on 4,315

More information

EGYPTIAN AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL Elementary Social Studies Department TERM: 2 GRADE: 6 Final Exam Review Packet

EGYPTIAN AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL Elementary Social Studies Department TERM: 2 GRADE: 6 Final Exam Review Packet EGYPTIAN AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL Elementary Social Studies Department TERM: 2 GRADE: 6 Final Exam Review Packet Name: Class: Date: Part 1: Vocabulary Match the vocabulary words from the below word

More information

Section 2. Objectives

Section 2. Objectives Objectives Explain how Muslims were able to conquer many lands. Identify the divisions that emerged within Islam. Describe the rise of the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties. Explain why the Abbasid empire

More information

Information for Emperor Cards

Information for Emperor Cards Information for Emperor Cards AUGUSTUS CAESAR (27 B.C. - 14 A.D.) has been called the greatest emperor in all of Roman history. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, war broke out among the many groups

More information

Chapter 7: Medieval- middle age

Chapter 7: Medieval- middle age Chapter 7: Medieval- middle age While the Byzantines prospered, the old Western empire fell into the Dark Ages. Germanic tribes snatched up what was the Roman Empire between 400-700 AD They include Vandals,

More information

b. a) Turkey Incorrect. The answer is c. Christianity was the majority religion in Egypt by the time of the conquest.

b. a) Turkey Incorrect. The answer is c. Christianity was the majority religion in Egypt by the time of the conquest. 1. This Muslim holy building was constructed on the site of the Jewish Temple. a. b) Dome of the Rock Correct. The answer is b. The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem was built on the site of the Jewish Temple

More information

BYZANTINE EMPIRE. Pg

BYZANTINE EMPIRE. Pg BYZANTINE EMPIRE Pg.289-294 BYZANTINE EMPIRE IN 5 MINUTES OR LESS Bulgaria Turkey (Constantinople) Constantine I built a "new Rome" where the ancient Greek colony of Byzantium used to be. (combination

More information

Western Europe Ch

Western Europe Ch Western Europe Ch 11 600-1450 Western Europe: After the Fall of Rome Middle Ages or medieval times Between the fall of Roman Empire and the European Renaissance Dark Ages? Divide into the Early Middle

More information

Reasons for the Decline of the Roman Empire

Reasons for the Decline of the Roman Empire Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire After 200 years of Pax Romana, Rome fell into a long slow period of decline. Invaders were able to enter Rome, and cause great destruction. These included: Visigoths,

More information

CHAPTER 12 - THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES IN THE WEST TO 1000: THE BIRTH OF EUROPE

CHAPTER 12 - THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES IN THE WEST TO 1000: THE BIRTH OF EUROPE CHAPTER 12 - THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES IN THE WEST TO 1000: THE BIRTH OF EUROPE CHAPTER SUMMARY This chapter begins the account of the western Middle Ages, the period in which a distinctive European culture

More information

!!! Gr. 6-8 Old World and America: Early Church and the Middle Ages. Primary Texts: Old World and America, Fr. Furlong

!!! Gr. 6-8 Old World and America: Early Church and the Middle Ages. Primary Texts: Old World and America, Fr. Furlong Primary Texts: Old World and America, Fr. Furlong Heroes of God s Church (HGC), Fr. Matimore Famous Men of the Middle Ages (FMM), J. Haaren History Worth Remembering Timeline Figures Vol. 5 (from Emmanuel

More information

Assessment: The Roman Catholic Church in Medieval Europe

Assessment: The Roman Catholic Church in Medieval Europe Name Date Assessment: The Roman Catholic Church in Medieval Europe Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Historians sometimes call the Middle Ages in western Europe the A.

More information

TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package

TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package A J T L Grades 5 and up TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package A Journey Through Learning Please check our website at: While there, sign up for our email newsletters and receive

More information

CHAPTER 9. The Formation of Christian Europe C.E. YOU SHOULD HAVE A BASIC UNDERSTANDING OF:

CHAPTER 9. The Formation of Christian Europe C.E. YOU SHOULD HAVE A BASIC UNDERSTANDING OF: CHAPTER 9 The Formation of Christian Europe 476 1300 C.E. The decline and fall of the western half of the Roman Empire in the fifth century created a vacuum in Europe that was filled largely by the Roman

More information

The Legacy of Justinian

The Legacy of Justinian Name Date Class Period Quaestio: Nunc Agenda: Working with your partner, answer the following question about the Byzantine Empire using your prior knowledge. Try to answer them without looking, but if

More information

SSWH 7. Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics.

SSWH 7. Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. SSWH 7 Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. SSWH 7 A Explain the manorial system and feudal relationships, include: the status of peasants and feudal

More information

AP European History Summer Assignment

AP European History Summer Assignment AP European History Summer Assignment Due: First day of class To complete this assignment you will need your textbook, The Western Heritage, which can be picked up from the school library on the following

More information

Muslim Empires Chapter 19

Muslim Empires Chapter 19 Muslim Empires 1450-1800 Chapter 19 AGE OF GUNPOWDER EMPIRES 1450 1800 CHANGED THE BALANCE OF POWER This term applies to a number of states, all of which rapidly expanded during the late 15th and over

More information

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Rome became so big that it was difficult for Rome to handle all of the issues of Rome There was a split in the Empire: East and West Late Emperors Over the 3 rd

More information

+ To Jesus Through Mary. Name: Per. Date: Eighth Grade Religion ID s

+ To Jesus Through Mary. Name: Per. Date: Eighth Grade Religion ID s + To Jesus Through Mary Name: Per. Date: Eighth Grade Religion ID s Chapter Five: A Remarkable Age of Renewal (1046 1305) 1. Emperor Henry III He was the Holy Roman Emperor who in the early 1000 s (1046)

More information

The Early Middle Ages (500C1050 CE)

The Early Middle Ages (500C1050 CE) Session 2 MONKS AND POPES The Early Middle Ages (500C1050 CE) I. INTRODUCTION A) Ours is not a monastic age. It is, however, impossible to understand medieval Christianity without dealing in a central

More information

Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact,

Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, CHAPTER 11 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500-1500 Essential Question What characterized the rise and interaction of Byzantine, Russian, and Turkish civilizations in Eastern Europe and Central

More information

1) The Role and the Structure of the Church

1) The Role and the Structure of the Church The Church Objectives: To describe the Church s structure, influence and power. To explain the relationship between the Church and the German Empire. To list events in the power struggle between the popes

More information

THE MEDIEVAL WORLD: Divergent - differing or moving or extending in different directions.

THE MEDIEVAL WORLD: Divergent - differing or moving or extending in different directions. THE MEDIEVAL WORLD: Divergent - differing or moving or extending in different directions. A.D. 500-1500 The Mediterranean World 1. The Byzantine Empire: the surviving Roman Empire centered in Constantinople.

More information

Fall of the Roman Empire

Fall of the Roman Empire Fall of the Roman Empire Fall of the Roman Empire The fall of the Roman Empire has been romanticized in history for the last 1500 years In our imagination it was a single event: The barbarians sacked Rome

More information

Fall of the Roman Empire

Fall of the Roman Empire Fall of the Roman Empire Fall of the Roman Empire The fall of the Roman Empire has been romanticized in history for the last 1500 years In our imagination it was a single event: The barbarians sacked Rome

More information

The Church: Our Story Directed Reading Worksheet Unit 4 The Church Is Teacher 4.2 The Good News Proclaimed

The Church: Our Story Directed Reading Worksheet Unit 4 The Church Is Teacher 4.2 The Good News Proclaimed Name Date The Church: Our Story Directed Reading Worksheet Unit 4 The Church Is Teacher 4.2 The Good News Proclaimed Directions: Read the assigned pages for each section and fill in the missing information.

More information

World History Unit 3 Contd. Post Classical Asia and Beyond

World History Unit 3 Contd. Post Classical Asia and Beyond World History Unit 3 Contd. Post Classical Asia and Beyond Essential Questions What were the major civilizations of Asia in the post-classical era? What were the effects of the Mongol invasions? What were

More information

11/24/2015. Islam. Outcome: Islamic Empires

11/24/2015. Islam. Outcome: Islamic Empires Islam Outcome: Islamic Empires 1 Constructive Response Question 3.Generalize who were the Ottomans, Mughals, and Safavids? 2 What will we learn? 1.Islamic culture 2.The Ottoman Empire 3.The Mughals 4.The

More information

Below are some excerpts from the code of Justinian. After each excerpt answer the questions. I. Justice and Law

Below are some excerpts from the code of Justinian. After each excerpt answer the questions. I. Justice and Law Name Justinian s Code Primary Source Analysis Justinian was the greatest Emperor of the Byzantine Empire. The achievements of his reign are numerous. He rebuilt parts of the city. He built the church of

More information

Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid.

Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid. Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: Royal Power Grows Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid. Section 2: The

More information

Section Summary. Review Questions 1. What governing body in the republic had the greatest power? CHAPTER SECTION 1.

Section Summary. Review Questions 1. What governing body in the republic had the greatest power? CHAPTER SECTION 1. SECTION 1 THE ROMAN WORLD TAKES SHAPE Rome s location on the Italian peninsula, centrally located in the Mediterranean Sea, benefited the Romans as they expanded. In addition, Italy had wide, fertile plains,

More information

Turning Points The Great Schism. Week 6: March 8, 2015

Turning Points The Great Schism. Week 6: March 8, 2015 Turning Points The Great Schism Week 6: March 8, 2015 Creed by Rich Mullins I Believe what I Believe Is what Makes Me what I Am I did not Make It, No It is Making Me. It is the Very Truth of God and Not

More information

From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires

From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 4 Christians, Muslims, and Jews fought for control over the sacred city of Jerusalem. CHAPTER From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 11.1 Introduction In Chapter 10, you learned about Muslim contributions

More information

Nomads of the Asian Steppe

Nomads of the Asian Steppe THE MONGOLS Nomads of the Asian Steppe Steppe = a vast belt of dry grassland across Eurasia Provided a land trade route Home to nomads who swept into cities to plunder, loot & conquer Pastoralists = herded

More information

Europe in the Middle Ages. Unit 6

Europe in the Middle Ages. Unit 6 Europe in the Middle Ages Unit 6 Unit Standards Part 1 Europe in the Middle Ages 7.32 Identify the physical location and features of Europe including the Alps, the Ural Mountains, the North European Plain

More information