World History and Geography (History - Era 5 - Renaissance - Europe)

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1 Social Studies Assessments (WHG) page 1 of 9 World History and Geography (History - Era 5 - Renaissance - Europe) Academic Standard: TLW analyze major global political, religious, cultural, and economic effects on Europe in Era Five. A. TLW analyze the impact of individuals in Renaissance Europe. Directions: During this time in Europe, many different ideas emerged. These ideas were political, artistic, and social. The people that generated these new ideas were very influential in European society. Who are you? In order to better understand this time period, you will be given a list of individuals that made an impact on European society. On the back of this sheet is a list of individuals. You will be researching and discussing one of these people. Each person can only be done once per class. The requirements for your paper are as follows: /5 2-3 pages, double spaced, typed, Times New Roman, standard margins /2 This paper stapled to the front /5 History of the person (their background) /5 Contributions of the person (what inventions/ideas/art did they create?) /5 Impact of the person on European society- both short and long term /3 Conclusion with what we should remember about the person /5 Bibliography with 3-5 valid and credible sources /30 Total You can find out some of your information from the textbook. If you can not type it, you can write it neatly in pen, but your page requirement would become 3-5 pages. DO NOT PLAGIA- RIZE. If you use data from a book or online source you MUST do a parenthetical reference and include it in the bibliography. Be prepared to share the information on your person as if you are that person. Know about their past, personality and unique accomplishments and characteristics!! (see next page for people options) Criteria: Adherence to checklist Proficiency: 80%, with no zeroes

2 Social Studies Assessments (WHG) page 2 of 9 Artists Michelangelo Da Vinci Raphael Donatello Botticelli Bernini Explorers Marco Polo De Gama Pizarro Vespucci Cabot Magellan Politics and religion Medici family Martin Luther Machiavelli Ulrich Zwingli John Calvin Oliver Cromwell Hobbes Francis Bacon John Wesley Inventions/science Gutenberg Isaac Newton Galileo Copernicus Margaret Cavendish Rene Descartes Maria Winkelmann Writers/philosopher Christine de Pizan Petrarch Erasmus Chaucer Locke Diderot Mary Wollstonecract Adam Smith Voltaire Montesquieu Rousseau

3 Social Studies Assessments (WHG) page 3 of 9 B. TLW demonstrate an understanding of Renaissance Europe. Directions: Select the BEST answer for each of the following questions. 1. The decline of feudalism, revival of trade in Western Europe, renewed interest in learning and Church disputes helped bring about A the period known as the Renaissance. B European conversion to the Islamic faith. C a revival of feudalism. D the growth of manoralism. 2. The printing press had a direct impact on 16th century Europe because it encouraged the A beginnings of communism in Russia B establishment of democratic republics in Western Europe C advancement of industrialization in Italy and Spain D spread and acceptance of new ideas 3. Humanists believed that A people should fast, take pilgrimages and collect relics to get closer to God. B by studying biology, one could assure one s salvation and be assured of an everlasting place in heaven. C God did not intend man to know more than what was written in the bible. D People should study the history, philosophy and other subjects that show the value of human beings. 4. During the Renaissance period northern Italian cities, like Milan, Venice and Florence were often run by A powerful merchants (like the Medici family) who controlled things from behind the scenes. B monarchs who traced back their ancestry to Alexander the Great. C modern thinkers and philanthropists. D democratically elected officials 5. One main characteristic of the Renaissance period it that the A major language of Europe became Latin because of the revival of interest in the classics. B interest in the classical cultures (Greek and Roman) was renewed. C Feudal structure became the predominant way of life in all parts of Europe. D Catholic Church lost all of its influence in Europe. 6. Historians view the Renaissance as A a revolution. B a gradual but significant change in cultural and intellectual ideas and trends. C a radical shift from left wing to right wing politics. D the Dark Ages.

4 Social Studies Assessments (WHG) page 4 of 9 7. Which of the following best describes the general European feelings towards religion before the 1500s? A devout, unquestionable loyalty to the Catholic Church B People were turning to Calvinism C Most people didn t care about religion D Many doubted the Church s ability to provide spiritual leadership 8. Which of the following is not a part of Luther s beliefs? A Good works will get you into heaven B Clergy should get married C Rituals are less important than your relationship with God D Salvation is through God s grace only 9. was the first Protestant faith. A Calvinism B Catholicism C Zoroastrianism D Lutheranism 10. The Peace of Augsburg formally A made Martin Luther the patron saint of the Holy Roman Empire. B accepted the division of Christianity in Germany, letting the German prince choose between Catholicism and Lutheranism for their land and people. C established the doctrine of Lutheranism as the one true faith throughout the Holy Roman Empire. D ended the war between France and England, resulting in lasting peace for the next one hundred years. 11. Despite their importance in developing a new view of the family, Protestants A took a harsh stance on divorce and made it impossible to get. B were unable to agree on the role of children in the household. C had little impact on most other aspects of society. D did nothing to change women s subordinate (lesser) role in society. 12. The publication of Martin Luther s 95 Theses A was immediately seen as a threat by local businesses. B attacked the abuses in the sale of indulgences, beginning the Protestant Reformation. C was largely ignored until decades after Luther s death. D became the central idea behind the formation of the Church of England.

5 Social Studies Assessments (WHG) page 5 of Calvin agreed with Luther on most important religious matters EXCEPT A the corruption of the Catholic Church leadership. B the sale of indulgences. C the idea that salvation came through faith alone. D the concept of predestination. 14. Henry VIII of England did all of the following EXCEPT A get the blessing of the pope when Henry wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon. B founded the Church of England. C sold Church lands and kept profits for himself. D had daughters named Mary and Elizabeth. Since then Your Majesty and your lordships desire a simple reply, I will answer without horns and without teeth. Unless I am convicted by Scripture and plain reason I do not accept the authority of popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything, for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise. God help me. Amen. Here I Stand quoted in A Life of Martin Luther, Roland Bainton 15. According to the above passage, what does Martin Luther not accept? A the Scripture B the monarchy C the Word of God D the authority of popes and councils 16. Which of the following had the greatest effect on the Protestant Reformation? A the development of Mercator map projections B the invention of the magnetic compass C the wide-spread use of the triangular sail D the use of the movable-type printing press 17. Which of the following was a result of the Scientific Revolution? A triumph of geometric theory B promoted science of Aristotle C creation and following of the scientific method D destroyed the Catholic church

6 Social Studies Assessments (WHG) page 6 of 9 Altogether, his genius was so wonderfully inspired by the grace of God, his powers of expression were so powerfully fed by a willing memory and intellect, and his writing conveyed his ideas so precisely, that his arguments and reasonings confounded the most formidable critics. In addition, he used to make models and plans showing how to excavate and tunnel through mountains without difficulty, so as to pass from one level to another; and he demonstrated how to lift and draw great weights by means of levers and hoists and ways of cleaning up harbors and using pumps to suck up water from great depths. Giorgio Vasari, Lives of the Artists 18. According to the above passage, what did Leonardo da Vinci use to study engineering? A sculptures B books C models and plans D astrolabes 19. Copernicus and Kepler both contributed to the idea of A a sun-centered solar system. B the moveable-type printing press. C using Greek and Roman ideals in sculptures and paintings. D using frescoes to decorate the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. 20. Galileo and Descartes faced many challenges to their scientific theories because their ideas A relied only on teachings from non-christian cultures B were based solely on the Bible C went against traditional medieval European ideas and beliefs D were not supported by sound scientific investigations 21. Both the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment A were supported by the Catholic Church. B placed the most value on tradition. C supported the end of chivalry. D placed emphasis on the value of human reasoning. 22. The overall philosophy of the Enlightenment could best be summed up by the idea that A logic and reason could solve social and political problems. B women should be granted the right to vote. C there was growing support of established governments. D deep faith in religion principles must be maintained. 23. Who of the following is associated with Enlightenment philosophy? A Martin Luther B Voltaire C Shakespeare D Erasmus

7 Social Studies Assessments (WHG) page 7 of 9 Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded on upon the general good Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, Which Enlightenment philosophy is expressed in the above quote? A Only the fittest deserve to succeed and survive in this new era. B All individuals have natural rights. C The king is chosen by God (divine right) and is accountable only to Him. D The struggle between social classes has always dominated history. 25. John Locke, an Enlightenment philosopher, stresses which one of the following philosophies? A absolute monarchies should be encouraged B punishments should always fit the crime committed C individual rights should be denied based on the whim of the monarch D the consent of the people should determine governments 26. Why did an increasing number of countries in Europe function more like nation-states beginning in the 1600s? A feudalism became more widespread B politics began to decentralize C state institutions, such as banks and armies, began to strengthen D populations became more heterogeneous 27. Which of the following is true of 18th century European society? A All Europeans were merchants involved in global trade in some way B The aristocracy grew in numbers C The majority of Europeans were still peasants D The population began to shrink 28. From the 15th to the 18th centuries, absolute monarchs of Europe and Asia sought to A Increase the power of the Catholic Church B Centralize their political power C Redistribute land to the peasants D Strengthen feudalism 29. The Thirty Years War began as a conflict between Catholics and Protestants and went on to become all of the following EXCEPT A a war fought for political and territorial motives. B the unifying force for German states, resulting in a strong unified Germany. C a struggle for leadership in Europe. D the reason France begins to dominate Spain in Europe. (Continued on next page)

8 Social Studies Assessments (WHG) page 8 of James I of England believed in the divine right of kings or absolutism, which is A the belief that a king receives his authority thought the Parliament. B the concept that kings were equal to God, and therefore, did not have to live by the laws of the Church. C the theory that kings should share their authority with the clergy who do God s work on Earth. D the idea that kings receive their power from God and are responsible only to God. 31. Based on the beliefs of both Enlightenment leaders and Absolutist rulers, what do you predict will happen in Europe? A An era of peace B Religious expansion C Revolutions and war D Economic instability Criteria: Correct responses Proficiency: 80%

9 Social Studies Assessments (WHG) page 9 of 9 A. 1. A 2. D 3. D 4. A 5. B 6. B 7. A 8. A 9. D 10. B 11. D 12. B 13. D 14. A 15. D 16. D 17. C 18. C 19. A 20. C 21. D 22. A 23. B 24. B 25. D 26. C 27. C 28. B 29. B 30. D 31. C History - Era 5 - Renaissance - Europe (Answer Key)

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