Council of Trent 95 Theses Reconquista Counter- Reformation Peace of Augsburg

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1 Name The Renaissance & Reformation Study Guide Big Picture / Essential Understanding: By 1500 CE major states and empires had developed in various regions of the world. New intellectual and artistic ideas that developed during the Renaissance marked the beginning of the modern world. Regional trade patterns had developed that linked Africa, the Middle East, Asia and Europe which fostered the exchange of technological and scientific advancements among cultures of the world. For centuries, the Roman Catholic Church had little competition in religious thought and action; the resistance of the church to change led to the Protestant Reformation, which resulted in the birth of new political and economic institutions. The Reformation had its roots in theology, but it led to important economic and political changes. Religious differences and hatreds caused war and destruction. At first the Reformation divided the countries of Europe on religious principles, leading to religious intolerance. Power in most European states was concentrated in the monarch. Gradually religious toleration emerged, along with democratic thought. Terms Annul(ment) Individualism Perspective Renaissance Sect Theology Indulgences Predestination Secularism Usury Sacraments Simony Vernacular Humanism Patronage Theocracy Recant Patron People Gutenberg Sir Thomas More Raphael Henry VIII Elizabeth I Leonardo da Vinci Medici family Shakespeare John Calvin Martin Luther Michelangelo Ignatius de Loyola Jesuits Machiavelli John Wycliffe Jan Huss Concepts Act of Supremacy Diet of Worms Index of Prohibited Books Thirty Years War Edict of Nantes Council of Trent 95 Theses Reconquista Counter- Reformation Peace of Augsburg Renaissance Man Italian Renaissance vs. Northern Renaissance Inquisition Geography Be able to locate all major states and empires on a world map. Be able to locate the spread of Lutheranism and Calvinism in Europe. Page 1

2 VOCABULARY: Write the definition for each word AND draw an illustration of the word. The Renaissance Word Definition illustration Vernacular Perspective Humanism Secular Concerned with rather than spiritual matters. Patron Page 2

3 The Reformation Word Definition illustration Catholic Reformation Predestination Annul Protestant Christians who belonged to churches. Indulgence Reformation Religious movement that rejected the authority. Page 3

4 GEOGRAPHY: For this unit, you must know the location of the major civilizations in the world in On the map below, write the number which corresponds to the closest location of each civilization. 1. Ming China 2. Ottoman Empire 3. Saffavid Empire 4. Mughal Empire 5. Italy 6. England 7. France 8. Inca Empire 9. Aztec Empire 10. Songhai Empire DRAW the Silk Road DRAW the Trans-Sahara Trade Route Page 4

5 Timeline: Write the following DATES and EVENTS on the timeline. Medici family take control of Florence (1434 ce) Gutenberg prints bible in Mainz (1455 CE) Ottomans capture Constantinople ending the Byzantine Empire (1453 CE) Columbus reaches Americas (1492 CE) Act of Supremacy: King is head of England s church (1534 CE) Mughal Empire begins in India (1526 CE) Safavids conquer Persia (1501 CE) Martin Luther begins Reformation (1517 CE) Peace of Augsburg (1550 CE) Council of Trent ( CE) Columbus lands in the Americas (1492 CE) Magellan s CREW sails around the world (1522 CE) British settle in Jamestown (1607 CE) Page 5

6 Timeline: Write the following DATES and EVENTS above the timeline CE 1450 CE 1500 CE 1550 CE 1600 CE 1650 CE Which event listed above do you think is the MOST influential in history? Explain your choice. Page 6

7 VISUAL LITERACY: Identify and describe each image. 1. Statue of David sculpted by who was influenced by G and R sculpture. 2. Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel located in city of, painted by. 3. The built by Shah Jahan for his wife during the rule of the empire in India. 4. The printing press invented by. One effect of this new innovation was. Page 7

8 5. Mona Lisa by. This artist also filled notebooks with observations and sketches of new. 6. The School of Athens by depicts the greatest philosophers and shows the value of H in Renaissance art. 7. King of England, who passed the Act of which made him head of the Church. 8. Martin Luther who posted his as a protest to the Catholic Church. He believed in salvation by. Page 8

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