Unit One: The Renaissance & Reformation. AP European History

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1 Unit One: The Renaissance & Reformation AP European History 1

2 Unit One: The Renaissance & Reformation in Europe Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday August 22 August 23 August 24 August 25 August Fire Final Quiz 2. Fire Discussion 3. Meet Your Text! 4. On-line access & Reading Guides HW: McKay #1: Wealth & Power in Ren. Italy 1. Unit Overview: The Big Picture 2. Why Italy? HW: McKay #2: Intellectual Change August 29 August 30 August 31 September 1 September 2 1. Charting Humanism Fedele on Humanism 1. Reading Discussion 2. Your spy dossier Castiglione or Machiavelli 1. Sharing your dossier 2. Holbein: Painting & Humanist ideals 3. Artist of the Century! 1. Reading Quiz 2. Artist Research No School: Teacher In- Service Day We work You Play! HW: Petrarch Letter & 12.3 in Text HW: Finish your dossier HW: McKay #3: Art & the Artist HW: Complete Artist Presentation September 5 September 6 September 7 September 8 September 9 Labor Day Holiday No School 1. Presenting your Artist 2. Masters of Illusion 1. Charting social change 2. Women & the Renaissance 1. Reading Quiz 2. Contrasting the Rise of Kings 3. Reformation Intro 4. You re a reformer! 1. Reformer Meeting 2. Luther PBS HW: McKay #4: Social Hierarchies HW: McKay #5: Politics & State in W. Europe HW: McKay #6: The Early Reformation HW: Reformer Page 2

3 September 12 September 13 September 14 September 15 September Presenting Reformers 2. Luther PBS 1. Art & the Reformation 2. Anna Jansz s execution 3. Luther PBS 1. Finish Luther 2. Review 3. Reading Intro 1. Debate Prep Your Pamphlet 2. Debate 1. DBQ Intro 2. Peasant Revolts DBQ HW: McKay #7: The Reformation & Germany HW: McKay #8: The Catholic Reformation HW: Review for test HW: McKay #9: Religious (& Other) Violence September 14 September 15 September 16 September 17 September Contrasting Religious Violence 2. Review HW: Review for test 1. Unit Test Map Objectives: Renaissance Europe in 1500 (Map at our class website) Portugal Spain France Holy Roman Empire Austria Hungary Poland Renaissance Cities Venice Rome Florence England Ireland Scotland Wales Ottoman Empire Kingdom of The Two Sicilies Papal States Sweden Norway Denmark Lithuania Muscovy Reformation (13.2 Text) Identify the approximate location of the Lutheran, Calvinist, Church of England, Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Muslim Faiths in Reformation Cities Geneva Wittenberg Nantes Worms Trent Augsburg 3

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5 Unit Objectives: Renaissance Objectives Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy? Explain three factors. How were the ideas of Humanism a break from the medieval mind? Use the ideas of three writers to support your response. How did changes in art reflect the new ideals of the Renaissance? Use the work of three artists to support your response. How and why is the social structure changing in Europe? Give two examples to support your response. How (Give two ways) and why (Give two reasons) is political structure changing in Europe? Identify: Francesco Petrarch Thomas More Erasmus Machiavelli Castiglione Medici Family 5

6 Reformation Objectives What were two major issues that brought on the Reformation? How did two different Protestant denominations (or reformers) respond to each issue? Why did the ideas of Protestantism spread in some parts of Europe but not others? Give two specific examples. What were three changes the Catholic Church made to reform itself? Explain whether each was fundamental. Why did people of the Reformation turn to violence to solve conflicting beliefs? Give two examples to justify your response. Compare and contrast the Peasant Revolts in the HRE with the French wars of religion. Explain two similarities as well as two differences. Identify: Martin Luther Charles V Diet of Worms Pope Leo X Johan Tetzel Henry VIII Edward VI Elizabeth John Calvin Pope Paul III 6

7 Chapter 12: European Society in the Age of the Renaissance ( ) Reading #1: Wealth and Power in Renaissance Italy (pp ) 1 Define Renaissance (what, where, when): How did each of the following contribute to the growth of the Renaissance in Italy? Economic Factors Political Factors Essential Question: Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy? Explain three factors. 9

8 Reading #2: Intellectual Change (pp ) 2 Define Humanism (what, where, when) - (Include Petrarch in your definition): What did humanists believe about the following? (Highlight the ideas of the key figures mentioned): Education Political Thought Christianity Castiglione Machiavelli Thomas More Erasmus What role did the printing press play in the era? Essential Question: How were the ideas of Humanism a break from the medieval mind? Use the ideas of three writers to support your response. 10

9 Reading #3: Art and the Artist (pp ) 3 1. What was the relationship between the growth of wealth in Italian City States and the rise of art during the 1400 and 1500s? 2. What were the contribution of the following individuals in the changing of the content and style of the art of the Renaissance? Italian Renaissance Artist Years Contribution(s) Brunelleschi (mentioned twice) Michelangelo Giotto Francesca & Mantegna Donatello Da Vinci (pg 368) Titian Northern Renaissance Van Eyck Durer 3. Contrast the image of the male artist with that of the female. Point out two differences. Essential Question on the following page... 11

10 Essential Question: How did changes in art reflect the new ideals of the Renaissance? Use the work of three artists to support your response. 12

11 Reading #4: Social Hierarchies (pp ) 4 1. Diagram and briefly explain the social hierarchy in Europe during the 1500s. 2. How was the role of women different from those of men? Give two examples. Essential Question: How and why is the social structure changing in Europe? Give two examples to support your response. 13

12 Reading #5: Politics and the State in Western Europe (pp ) 5 1. What war, disaster, or hardship helped pave the way for the rise of kings in the following countries? How? France England Spain 2. How did monarchs (mention names) in France, England, & Spain use religion and the military to centralize power? Looking Back / Looking Ahead: 3. In what way was the Renaissance a break from the past? In what way was it a continuation of the medieval era? Essential Question: How did monarchs (mention names) in France, England, & Spain use religion and the military to centralize power? 14

13 Chapter 13: Reformations and Religious Wars ( ) Reading #6: the Early Reformation (pp ) 6 1. Give two examples of calls to reform the church prior to the Reformation of the 1500s. 2. Categorize the problems of the Catholic church of the 1400s. Give a heading and an example of each. 3. Write a sentence or two pointing out the relationship among the following men: Pope Leo X, Albrecht of Mainz and Johan Tetzel. 4. How and why did Martin Luther rise to prominence in the early 1500s in the Holy Roman Empire? 5. Point out the views of the Catholic and one of the Protestant Churches on the following topics. Topic Catholics Protestants Denomination(s) Salvation Authority Source of Religious Truth 15

14 Transubstantiation Celibacy Marriage Clergy 6. Why did so many find Lutheranism (or other Protestant denominations) so appealing? 7. Who were the radical Protestants and give two examples of their beliefs. Essential Question: What were two major issues that brought on the Reformation? How did two different Protestant denominations (or reformers) respond to each issue? 16

15 Reading #7: The Reformation and German Politics (pp ) 7 1. What were three factors that allowed for the spread of Protestantism (Lutheranism) in the Holy Roman Empire? Try to place each factor into a broad category heading. 2. How did the following individuals help spread Protestant denominations or weaken the power of the Catholic Europe? England Switzerland Eastern Europe Henry VIII John Calvin Edward VI Elizabeth Essential Question: Why did the ideas of Protestantism spread in some parts of Europe but not others? Give two specific examples. 17

16 Reading #8: The Catholic Reformation (pp ) 8 Explain changes brought by each of the following to the Catholic Church. Pope Paul III (r ) General Council (Trent) Religious Orders Essential Question: What were three changes the Catholic Church made to reform itself? Explain whether each was fundamental. 18

17 Reading #9: Religious violence (and other violence) 9 Explain the origins of violence in the countries below: France Netherlands Witchcraft Causes Results Reason for decline? Essential Question: Why did people of the Reformation turn to violence to solve conflicting beliefs? Give two examples to justify your response. 19

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