Advanced Placement European History Summer Project R. Graff

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1 Advanced Placement European History Summer Project European Map Assignment: R. Graff Using the given map or one drawn by you label the following (by hand). Abbreviations are allowed. 1. United Kingdom 2. Ireland 3. France 4. Spain 5. Portugal 6. Luxemburg 7. Belgium 8. Hercegovina 9. Netherlands 10. Germany 11. Denmark 12. Bosnia 13. Croatia 14. Macedonia 15. Albania 16. Greece 17. Turkey 18. Bulgaria 19. Romania 20. Poland 21. Czech republic 22. Slovakia 23. Hungary 24. Ukraine 25. Belarus 26. Russia 27. Moldova 28. Lithuania 29. Latvia 30. Estonia

2 31. Finland 32. Italy 33. Sweden 34. Norway 35. Iceland 36. Austria 37. Switzerland Add to your maps the following topography points. Your may use ^^^^ symbol for mountains. 38. Atlantic 39. Black Sea 40. Mediterranean 41. Adriatic Sea 42. English Channel 43. Straits of Gibraltar 44. Bosporus Sea 45. Dardanelles 46. North Sea 47. Baltic Sea 48. Arctic Ocean 49. Danube River 50. Seine River 51. Rhine River 52. Ural Mountains 53. Alp Mountains 54. Pyrenees Mountains The completed map and the outline/essays for the Events are due Monday July 5 Events: For each of the following create either a detailed outline or essay (standard outline form or standard five paragraph essay) explaining the event,

3 dates, countries involved, individuals and historical significance. (minimum 2 pages, 12 font standard margins) Years War a. 4 stages b. Gustav Adolphus 2. Industrial Revolution: a. Factors why the Industrial Revolution began in England b. Discuss the development of the Agricultural Revolution (both Dutch and England) c. Discuss the effect of the Industrial revolution on the family structure d. Discuss the effect of the Industrial Revolution on the development of cities in Europe 3. St. Bartholomew Day Massacre a. Where did it occur? b. What were the causes? c. Who was involved? d. What were the important results? 4. Congress of Vienna a. Role of Metternich b. Changes to the map of Europe c. Primary motivations d. Results, both short term and long term 5. Causes of the French Revolution a. Economic causes b. Political causes c. Social causes d. Intellectual causes 6. Briefly discuss the political actions of the major leaders on the USSR during the Cold War a. Khrushchev b. Brezhnev c. Gorbachev d. Yeltsin

4 Second Half of the Summer Assignment For each of the following individual discuss their major works, actions and contributions to European History. Include the country of origin, their dates and any other significant information and famous quotes. You may use the A.P. textbook or historical website. You may not use Wikipedia. All answers are to be in your own words. Plagiarism of any kind will result in a No Credit. (Minimum of 1 page each typed double space, normal margins). Due first day of class 1. Christine de Pisan her importance in the Renaissance and her writings 2. Machiavelli What was his political theory? What did he write? When and where did he live? What was his goal for Italy? Why is he so important in both the subjects of political science and European History? 3. Leonardo de Vinci when, where, his work, his importance in history 4. Francesco Petrarch Why is he considered the Father of Renaissance writing? What did he write? 5. Thomas Hobbes When, where, and motivations.what did he write? What are his theories of government and man? 6. John Locke When, where and motivations.what did he write? What are his theories of government and man? 7. Martin Luther When, where????? What was his role in the Protestant Reformation? What did he write. How did he change the history of Europe? 8. John Calvin When, where, motivations???? What was his role in the Protestant Reformation? What did he write? How is this theology different from Luther s? 9. Erasmus Why is he considered the Prince of the Humanists? Where, when what did he write? 10. Nicolaus Copernicus Where, when major discoveries significance. 11. Johannes Kepler Where, when.major discoveries significance 12. Galileo Galilei Where, when major discoveries significance 13. Isaac Newton Where, when major discoveries significance 14. Henry IV of Navarre a. Where was he from? Who was he b. How did he come to the throne? c. What was the importance of his statement.. Paris is worth a mass?

5 d. Edict of Nantes 15. Cardinal Richelieu a. Who was he, what was his position? b. How did he succeed at creating the absolute monarchy in France? c. How did he succeed at making France the most powerful country in Europe? 16. Charles I of England and his role in the English Civil War 17. Louis XIV of France a. Why is he considered the best example of an absolute monarch? b. Include his wars 18. Peter the Great Discuss his reforms in Russia 19. Catherine the Great Explain how she was an Enlightened monarch 20. Henry VIII Discuss his break with the Catholic Church and the development of his new church 21. Elizabeth I a. Religious reforms and defeat of the Armada 22. Phillip of Spain 23. Oliver Cromwell 24. Jean Jacques Rousseau a. What are the main points of his political and social philosophy? b. What did he write? 25. Adam Smitha. Discuss his economic theory b. What did he write? 26. Montesquieu a. What did he write? b. What are the main points of his political theory 27. Mary Wollstonecraft 28. Olympe de Gourge/ Pauline Leon (women of the French Revolution) a. What did they write? b. What were their demands c. What happened to each 29. Edmund Burke 30. Robespierre 31. Napoleon Bonaparte a. Military and domestic policies b. How did he rise to power?

6 c. Why was he defeated? 32. Karl Marx and the theory of Communism a. What are the main beliefs of communism? b. What did Marx write and when did he write them? 33. Bismarck a. How did he unify Germany? 34. Cavour/ Garibaldi/ Mazzini Italian unification 35. Lenin and his role in the Russian Revolution of 1917 Finally you are to do the Guided Reading for chapter 9 of the textbook, Western Heritage. Last parts of the assignment are due the first day of class. Within a week of the resumption of school there will be an exam on the maps, individuals and Chapter 9. If you have any questions please contact me at Guided Reading for Chapter 9 1. What were the pre conditions that lead up to the bubonic plague? Why was Europe so vulnerable? 2. What were some of the remedies that were attempted my Europeans to fight this disease?

7 3. List and explain the consequences of the Black Death on the political, social and economic life of Europe. 4. What were the traditional containers of monarchy in 14 th century Europe? How did the plague change this? 5. List and explain the causes of the 100 Years War.

8 6. What was the Jacquerie? 7. What were the political and social consequences of the 100 Years War? 8. Briefly explain the Papacy of the 13 th century. Include in your discussion the doctrine of plenitude of power and benefices. What was the Rota Romana? What were the major criticisms of the church? 9. Discuss the struggle between Boniface and Philip the Fair. What were the issues that caused the struggle? What was the Unum Sanctum? What is the important result fo this struggle?

9 10. What was the Avignon Papacy? Who were the major popes? How did this impact the power and the prestige of the Church?

10 11. Discuss the two reformers, John Wycliff and John Huss. What were their main criticisms of the Church? 12. What was the Great Schism? 13. What was the conciliar movement? Include in your answer the Council of Pisa, Council of Constance and the Council of Basil.

11 14. What were the consequences of the Great Schism and the conciliar movement?

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