7th grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester 3

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1 7th grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester 3 humanism Renaissance perspective human anatomy indulgences Protestant Inquisition Jesuit Great Schism missionary Terms to Know TERMS PEOPLE scientific rationalism Marco Polo Baron de Scientific Revolution Johann Gutenberg Montesquieu Scientific method Martin Luther Thomas Jefferson circumnavigate John Calvin Olmec Enlightenment Leonardo da Vinci Maya Bill of Rights Copernicus Aztec Magna Carta Magellan Cortes Declaration of John Locke Inca Independence 1. What role did the plague and the Hundred Years War play in the decline of feudalism? 2. How did Marco Polo contribute to the growth of European trade? 3. How did the ideas of humanism differ from the beliefs of the Middle Ages? 4. What made Florence an early center of the Renaissance? 7 TH Grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester III 1

2 5. In what ways did Renaissance artwork differ from the artwork of earlier periods? 6. What does the term Renaissance mean? 7. Who invented the printing press and why was this invention significant? 8. What was the Great Schism and how did it weaken the Church? 9. Why did people begin to question Church practices? 10. Who is credited with beginning the Reformation? 11. What were important ideas from the Reformation? 7 TH Grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester III 2

3 12. Where in Europe did Lutheranism spread? 13. What were some of the different Protestant movements that developed throughout Europe? 14. What tools did the Catholic Church use against the spread of Protestantism? 15. Compare and contrast the Protestant and Catholic beliefs using the Venn diagram: Protestant Both Catholic 7 TH Grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester III 3

4 16. Which faith s missionary efforts met with more success? Why? 17. Compare the causes and effects of the Reformation using the chart on p. 483: SOCIAL POLITICAL ECONOMIC RELIGIOUS CAUSE EFFECT 7 TH Grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester III 4

5 18. What was the Scientific Revolution? 19. How did Copernicus view of the universe differ from Ptolemy s? 20. How did Scientific Rationalism weaken the power of the church? 21. What are the four steps involved in the scientific method? 7 TH Grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester III 5

6 22. List the accomplishments of the following explorers from the Age of Exploration: PRINCE HENRY THE NAVIGATOR BARTOLOMEU DIAS VASCO DA GAMA CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS FERDINAND MAGELLAN HERNANDO DE SOTO FRANCISCO CORONADO JOHN CABOT GIOVANNI DE VERRAZZANO JACQUES CARTIER 23. What was the Enlightenment, and what were its roots? 7 TH Grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester III 6

7 24. List the major ideas of the following people from the Age of Enlightenment: JOHN LOCKE VOLTAIRE BARON DE MONTESQUIEU JACQUES ROUSSEAU 25. Whose philosophy influenced Thomas Jefferson and his writing of the Declaration of Independence? 7 TH Grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester III 7

8 26. Complete the following chart on p. 537: 27. How did the Magna Carta influence the American Bill of Rights? 28. Complete the chart found on p. 555: ENGLIGHTENMENT IDEAS IN THE U.S. CONSTITUTION LOCKE A government s power comes from the consent of the people. MONTESQUIEU Separation of powers ROUSSEAU Direct democracy VOLTAIRE Free speech, religious toleration 29. Where was Meso-America? 7 TH Grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester III 8

9 30. Why is Olmec civilization considered a mother culture? 31. What cultural developments did the Maya achieve during the Classical period of their civilization? 32. How did the Aztecs adapt to the Valley of Mexico? 33. How did the Aztecs build a powerful empire? 34. Why did the Aztec empire fall? 7 TH Grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester III 9

10 35. Complete the following chart: MAYANS AZTECS INCAS GEOGRAPHY RELIGION SOCIAL STRUCTURE ECONOMY ACCOMPLISHMENTS 7 TH Grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester III 10

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