The Renaissance. 1.The term Renaissance is from what language and means what? French and means rebirth

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1 The Renaissance 1.The term Renaissance is from what language and means what? French and means rebirth 2.During the Middle Ages, what could few ordinary people do? 1

2 Read 3.What did people discover in the Renaissance? The marvels of old Greek and Latin classic books 4.With the renewal of the human spirit came what other renewal? 2

3 A renewal of curiosity and creativity 5. New energy seemed available for what? Creating beautiful things and thinking new, even daring thoughts. 6.Where and when did the Renaissance begin and how long did it last there? 3

4 Italy, fourteenth century sixteenth century 7.What helped make Italy the starting place of the Renaissance? The considerable wealth generated from banking and trade with the East 8.Who are the extraordinary people the textbook mentions who flourished in this period and what were they famous for? 4

5 Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo artists Christopher Columbus explorer Galileo scientist 9.Why was the Church very rich and powerful in those days? 5

6 At the time almost everyone in Europe and Britain were Catholic 10.Because of the church s power and wealth, what did many of the popes become for artists, architects, and scholars? Pope Julius II Patrons 11.What did Pope Julius II commission Michelangelo to create? 6

7 Paintings of gigantic biblical scenes on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel Man Paints Sistine Chapel on Living Room Ceiling 12. What do Michelangelo s bright, heroic figures show? 7

8 Individual human beings who are noble and capable of perfection 13. As well as Michelangelo, what did other Renaissance painters and writers express? optimistic view of humanity 14.What intellectual movement were the new writers and artists a part of and what brought it about? 8

9 Humanism, refreshed by the classics 15.What questions did the humanists seek new answers to in the old Latin and Greek classics? What is a human being; what is a good life; How do I lead a good life 16. What did Renaissance humanists find no essential conflicts between? 9

10 Teachings of the Church and ancient Roman moralists 17.What was their aim regarding the classics and Christianity? To use the classics to strengthen not discredit Christianity 18.What was the humanists first task and where did they search? 10

11 To recover accurate copies of ancient writings, Italian monasteries 19.What was their next task and what did it cause them to become? To share findings; teachers 20.What did the teachers learn from the Greek writer Plutarch? 11

12 The aim of life is to attain virtue and that is the only source of true happiness, not success or money or fame 21.What is Johannes Gutenberg famous for? Jupiter, Mercury and Virtue Dossi The invention of printing with movable type 22. What was the first complete book he printed and when? 12

13 An immense Latin Bible, around By 1500, what were available throughout western Europe? Relatively inexpensive books 24.What regarding printing happened in 1476 and how was William Caxton involved? 13

14 It reached England; Caxton set up a press in Westminster and issued about 100 different titles 25. Who is perhaps the best known of all the Renaissance humanists? Desiderus Erasmus (1466?-1536) 26. Even though he was born in the Netherlands, why is it said that he belonged to all of Europe? 14

15 He loved to travel and visited many countries in Europe and England 27.How could he address his many writings to all the educated people of Western Europe? Rotterdam, Netherlands He wrote in Latin 28.What important person did he become friends with in England? 15

16 Thomas More, a young lawyer 29.Besides having much in common, what were they both dedicated to? The Church 30. What were they impatient with? 16

17 12/7/2015 Church s corrupt practices at the time 31.What is the title of More s famous treatise on human society? Utopia 32. Utopia has given us a useful adjective for describing what? 17

18 Impractical social schemes 33.What one feature was common to all Reformers during the Reformation? They rejected authority of the pope and the Italian churchmen 34.In England, by the 1530s, what could no longer be avoided? Cranmer, Luther, Tyndale, Calvin 18

19 An open break with the Roman Catholic Church 35.What lead the English people resenting the financial burdens imposed on them by the Vatican? Strong feelings of patriotism and national identity 36.What is the German monk Martin Luther ( ) famous for? (explain fully) 19

20 Founding a new kind of Christianity that was not based on what the pope said but on personal understanding of the Bible 37.Reforms like Luther s were right at home in England where humanists were doing what? Ridiculing old superstitions and the ignorance and idleness of monks and the loose living and personal wealth of priests and bishops. 38.Describe the events that lead to England s break from the pope and the Catholic Church. 20

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