2 In 730, the Byzantine Emperor banned the use of icons. The Pope was outraged to hear that the Byzantine Emperor painted over a painting of Jesus. The Byzantine Emperor and the Pope continued to disagree for 300 years. In 1054, the Great Schism resulted in two churches: the Roman Catholic Church in western Europe and the Eastern Orthodox Church in eastern Europe.
4 In 1095, Pope Urban II launched the Crusades against the Muslims. The mission: to reclaim Jerusalem. Although the Muslims controlled Jerusalem at the end of the Crusades, medieval Europe became interested in trade once again as Christian crusaders brought back cloth and spices.
6 To end the threat of the Muslims in Europe, Christian armies drove Muslim armies out of the Iberian Peninsula (Portugal and Spain) and back into Africa. As a result, many mosques in the Iberian Peninsula were converted into churches.
8 In the Spanish Inquisition, the Catholic Church created a religious court to find and punish heretics. Most often, Jews and Muslims who had converted to Christianity were tortured so that priests could determine if they had reverted to their old faith.
10 During the fourteenth century, the bubonic plague, also known as the Black Death, wiped out about half of Europe s population.
12 The Renaissance is considered the rebirth of Europe. Classical culture from the Greeks and the Romans becomes valued once again.
13 What book am I reading? 13
14 Petrarch would have read many Greek and Roman books. (Thank you, monks, for copying all of those books!)
16 At the beginning of the Renaissance, Donatello sculpted a statue of David. This nude statue, which resembles Greek and Roman nude statues, shows an interest in humanism. Renaissance thinkers began to explore and celebrate the human body.
18 The Medici were wealthy bankers (note the coins on the Medici coat of arms) who controlled the government and economy of Florence, the cradle of the Renaissance.
20 Since Christians consider money-lending to be a sin, the Medici were afraid of going to hell. To save themselves, they became patrons of artists like Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci, and Michelangelo.
22 Designed by Filippo Brunelleschi, the Santa Maria del Flore has many elements of Roman architecture, including its famous dome.
24 Leonardo da Vinci was a true Renaissance Man. He did everything from art to anatomy to engineering.
26 Michelangelo, though he first became famous as a sculptor (see his statue of David), eventually became most famous for his incredible frescos on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
28 Johann Gutenberg s printing press changed the world. Later on, books like Copernicus On the Revolution of the Celestial Spheres and Galileo s Concerning the Two Chief World Systems would challenge the church and weaken its power.
31 The Catholic Church sold indulgences in order to pay for the construction of St. Peter s Basilica. These indulgences allowed people to buy their way into heaven.
33 To show his disapproval of indulgences, Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to a church door in Germany. He argued that if the Pope could grant forgiveness for sins, why not just do it for free?
35 Martin Luther s bold action in 1517 was the beginning of the Protestant Reformation. The church split once again! Now there would be three major branches of Christianity: Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestant.
37 Martin Luther believed that salvation was a free gift for those who had faith in God. He believed that salvation could not be earned.
39 John Calvin started another Protestant church called the Calvinist Church. Calvin believed that all of history has already been predestined by God. Like Luther, Calvin believed that salvation could not be earned, but only because it has already been decided.
41 King Henry VIII started another Protestant church called the Anglican Church (also known as the Church of England) after the Pope would not grant him a divorce.
43 Since the Protestant Reformation began in Germany, Germany and other northern European countries became Protestant. Since the Pope lives in Rome, Italy and other southern European countries remained Roman Catholic.
45 Explorers from England brought Protestant ideas to the United States.
47 Explorers from Spain brought Roman Catholic ideas to Mexico.
49 The Catholic Church fought back with the Counter-Reformation. One key event from the Counter-Reformation was the Council of Trent. Here, Catholic Church leaders clarified teachings and corrected corrupt practices so that the Catholic Church would gain members back.
50 Geocentric Heliocentric 50
51 Before the Scientific Revolution, most people believed in the geocentric theory, which states that the sun revolves around the Earth. Copernicus proposed a new idea called the heliocentric theory, which states that the Earth revolves around the sun.
53 Copernicus struggled to predict the movement of the planets, in part because he still believed that the planets moved in a circular orbit. Kepler built on Copernicus theory by proposing that the planets moved in an elliptical orbit. Now astronomers could accurately predict the movement of the planets!
55 Galileo refined the invention of the telescope to discover sunspots, the moon s rough and rocky surface, the phases of Venus, and moons around Jupiter.
57 The Catholic Church forced Galileo to appear before the Roman Inquisition because Galileo supported the heliocentric theory in his book Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems.
59 Sir Isaac Newton used gravity to explain why the moon keeps traveling around Earth, and why the planets keep traveling around the sun.
61 After the Scientific Revolution, traditional sources of knowledge such as classical philosophers (especially Aristotle) and church authorities became less trusted. Now, people used observation and experimentation to come up with their own conclusions.
63 Galileo used the scientific method to test Aristotle s ideas about falling objects. Galileo hypothesized that two cannonballs of different masses will fall at the same speed. His hypothesis was confirmed.
65 Some scientists kept some traditional beliefs, suggesting that science was simply a way to investigate the world God had created. In particular, Sir Isaac Newton was a man of religion and science.
67 The Spanish and the Portuguese loved Asia s silk and spices, but the Italians the Muslims controlled all known trade routes to Asia. Therefore, the Spanish and the Portuguese wanted to find a new route to Asia.
69 The Portuguese found the first new path to Asia. They sailed around the southern tip of Africa.
71 Christopher Columbus tried to find yet another path to Asia, but he found something different: a land mass known as the Americas.
73 Named after Christopher Columbus, the Columbian Exchange described the exchange of plants, animals, technology, culture, and ideas between Europe and the Americas. I give you disease, you give me pumpkins, OK? To say the least, it was not a fair exchange.
75 Henry Hudson tried to find yet another path to Asia. Spain controlled the route around the southern tip of South America to Asia, so England needed its own route from Europe to Asia. Hudson looked for a northwest passage: a water route through North America that would connect the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans. Hudson never found this passage.
77 The Enlightenment thinkers provided a foundation for the government of the United States, which is a democracy.
79 John Locke valued natural rights. Locke argued that if a government failed to protect people s natural rights, then it could be overthrown. This idea inspired the American colonists to sign the Declaration of Independence and then overthrow the British government in the American Revolution.
81 Baron de Montesquieu valued separation of powers, which is evident in the three branches of government in the United States.
83 Voltaire valued freedom of speech. I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.
85 Cesare Beccarria valued the rights of the accused. He opposed torture and the death penalty.
Q31 Mayans, Aztecs, & Incas Mayan & Aztec Social Structure Who was considered a god? Who interpreted the calendar? Who was not a part of the Inca social structure? Q32 Mayans, Aztecs, & Incas The Mayans,
W N S E Name Class Date Outline Map Europe About 1600 Directions: Locate and label the following cities and countries that were important during the Reformation: Scotland, England, Spain, France, Norway,
and Reformation Review Study online at quizlet.com/_2wjjkb 1. 95 Thesis attacked the abuse of indulgeses, beginning the protestant reformation 2. 1350 The Italian Begins 3. 1434 The Medici family Takes
Renaissance The Rebirth of Europe The Rebirth of Knowledge The Renaissance was the rebirth and revolution of art, science, religion, and humanity in Western Europe. Areas of Study o The Rebirth o The Italian
World History Exam Study Guide Byzantine and Mongol Empires Multiple Choice 1) What is the famous church in Constantinople - the name means holy wisdom Hagia Sophia 2) Rome had fallen on hard times - internal
1. Base your answer to the question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which period began as a result of the actions shown in this cartoon? A) Italian Renaissance B) Protestant
The Renaissance and Reformation Renaissance The Renaissance was a period of rebirth in Europe after the Middle Ages Renaissance After years of war and the plague, many city-states in Italy began exploring
Name Period Date Honors World History Midterm Review Your midterm will be given in two sections: DBQ (there will be 3 short documents and 1 essential question to answer) and multiple choice (45 items total,
What did we just learn? Let s Review Key Features of the Renaissance rise of humanism ( focus on ancient Greek and Roman civilization and the dignity and worth of the individual). independence and individualism
The Renaissance and Reformation 1300-1650 Chapter 13 13-1 The Renaissance in Italy (pg 224) What was the Renaissance? (pg 225-226)! A New Worldview Renaissance it was a rebirth of political, social, economic,
Name The Renaissance & Reformation Study Guide Big Picture / Essential Understanding: By 1500 CE major states and empires had developed in various regions of the world. New intellectual and artistic ideas
The Renaissance The Rebirth of European Progress The Collapse of Rome and the Middle Ages When the western portion of the Roman Empire collapsed, much of the European continent entered a period of disunity
Chapter 4: The Exchange of Ideas (Pg. 78) Inquiry question: How did the Renaissance spark the growth and exchange of ideas across Europe???? Chapter Overview You will learn the influence that the exchange
Teacher Overview Objectives: European Culture and Politics ca. 1750 Objective 1. Examine events from the Middle Ages to the mid-1700s from multiple perspectives. Guiding Question and Activity Description
European Culture and Politics ca. 1750 Objective: Examine events from the Middle Ages to the mid-1700s from multiple perspectives. What s wrong with this picture??? What s wrong with this picture??? The
The Crusades, The Black Plague, The Renaissance & The Reformation Mr. O The Crusades 1095 Pope Urban II calls for retaking of Holy Land (HL) from Muslims Sins will be forgiven to all Crusaders 1096-1099
The Renaissance Begins AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) During the Medieval times the Latin West had fallen backward and was far behind the Islamic world in intellectual achievements. In the
Renaissance Humanism Medici Family Perspective A new age that began in the 1300s and reached its peak around 1500. Marked a transition from medieval times to the early modern world. Literally meaning rebirth,
The Rise of Democracy Unit 1: World History I. The Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome A. Limited Democracy in Athens, Greece 1. Wealth determined class 2. All free adult males were citizens and could participate
World History (Survey) Chapter 17: European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300 1600 Section 1: Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance The years 1300 to 1600 saw a rebirth of learning and culture in Europe.
Unit 1 Study Guide The Renaissance, Reformation and Scientific Revolution Study Guide 1a. What was the Renaissance? Description and Meaning: Critical rebirth of Greek and roman ideals era of creativity
Name: World History II Date: SOL Review Day 1 Directions label the following empires in 1500 on the map below England France Spain Russia Ottoman Empire Persia China Mughal India Songhai Empire Incan Aztec
Starting in the 12 th Century, Europe began to change The Crusades brought new goods from the East to Europe stimulating trade The Crusades also weakened the Byzantine Empire and led to its eventual collapse
Name: Document Packet Week 15 Reformation & Renaissance Date: In this packet you will have all the documents for the week. This document packet must be in class with you every day. We will work with these
Frederick Douglass Academy Global Studies 1. One impact Gutenberg's printing press had on western Europe was A) the spread of Martin Luther's ideas B) a decrease in the number of universities C) a decline
The Crusades, the Black Plague, the Renaissance & the Reformation The Crusades 1096 to 1291 The Crusades 1096 to 1291 1095 Pope Urban II calls for retaking of Holy Land (HL) from Muslims Sins will be forgiven
AP World History Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West Chapter Notes The Italian Renaissance: Starts Italy due to independence of Italian City-states, there was a Northern Renaissance as well (based
RENAISSANCE: A CHANGING SOCIETY SOCIETY AND THE ARTS The ARTS LITERATURE TOO!! REVIEW: - In the early Renaissance, writers focused on translating the works of Romans and Greeks and copying their styles.
Lesson 1 The Scientific Revolution ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do new ideas change the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How were the scientific ideas of early thinkers passed on to later generations? 2.
7 th Grade Review Use the 7 th Grade Reading Review packet provided by your teacher to complete pages 5-7 ½ of your survivor workbook. You decide how to get the information to ALL your tribe mates Remember
1 9 Weeks Roman Empire 7.1.1 Study the early All-In-One Tet Book Chapter Islam strengths and lasting contributions of Rome (e.g., Teaching Resource Interactive Reader Safari Montage significance of Roman
Name: Due Date: Chapter 16 Reading Guide The Transformation of the West, 1450-1750 PART IV THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD, 1450-1750: THE WORLD SHRINKS (PG. 354-361) 1. The title for this unit is The World Shrinks
Social Studies Assessments (WHG) page 1 of 9 World History and Geography (History - Era 5 - Renaissance - Europe) Academic Standard: TLW analyze major global political, religious, cultural, and economic
RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION S. Anderson World History The Waning of the Middle Ages Starting in the 12 th Century, life in Europe began to change. The Crusades brought new goods from the East to Europe,
Effects of the Renaissance Objectives for Reformation: Led to advancements in Science (Copernicus, Galileo) Led to world exploration (1492 Columbus sailed to the new world Art and literature is forever
Renaissance and Reformation (1350-1600) Chapter 5 Renaissance Means rebirth Revival of Antiquity (Ancient Greece & Rome) Begins in Italy Coliseum Acropolis Italy Characteristics Urban society = city states
#8-16 in the Review Packet #17-25 in the Review Packet #26-37 in the Review Packet #38-44 in the Review Packet An increase in trade and a demand for goods from Persia and China help the Italian citystates
Renaissance and Reformation Italian Renaissance Humanism Humanism is the interest and adoption of classical work along with Greek and Roman ideas and thought. The Humanist way of thinking was different
The Renaissance 1.The term Renaissance is from what language and means what? French and means rebirth 2.During the Middle Ages, what could few ordinary people do? 1 Read 3.What did people discover in the
The Renaissance Chapter 15 How did Petrarch influence the Renaissance? He encouraged people to study the philosophy and literature of the past and to speak and write thoughtfully. What practices of the
World Civilizations The Global Experience AP* Sixth Edition Chapter 17 The Transformation of the West, 1450-1750 The Transformation of the West The Transformation of the West I. The Renaissance II. The
Chapter 22: Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections Chapter 23: The Transformation of Europe 1. Why didn't powerful countries like China, India, and Japan take a concerted interest in exploring?
Ganado Unified School District (Social Studies/6 th Grade) PACING Guide SY 2015-2016 Timeline & 4th Quarter Middle Ages 2 3 Weeks S2 C3 PO6 Describe the trade routes that established the exchange of goods
Make a new triangle Renaissance 1300-1650 Renaissance a widespread change in culture that took place in Europe beginning with the 1300 s Humanism an interest in the classics AIM Name four famous artists/sculptors
The Renaissance 1 What had life been like for Europeans during the Medieval period? 2 Renaissance Defined! The Renaissance took place in Europe between 1350 and 1550.! The Renaissance was a time of renewed
Name Class Period Ch. 17 Study Guide Define all vocabulary terms: Renaissance- ( rebirth ) period of renewed interest in art and learning in Europe. Secular- Interested in worldly rather than religious
World History Era 6: The Great Global Convergence about 1400-1770 con-verge [kuh n-vurj] v. To tend to a common result or conclusion; to come together Change accelerated when people, resources, and ideas
Name Block Notes: Chapter 11 - Renaissance and Reformation Introduction In this chapter, you will learn about important changes that led to the end of and the dawn of the modern age. The were major developments
Protestant Reformation WHII.3 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Reformation in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) explaining the effects of the theological, political, and economic
Chapter 12 Old Ch. 14 The Renaissance and Reformation Spirit of the Renaissance *great achievements in arts *concerned with religion and other important issues A. Italian City States have students look
Student ID: 123 - MAKE SURE YOU BUBBLE THE STUDENT ID ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET Unit 1: Europe Quiz Directions: Read each of the following questions. Based on your knowledge, determine which answer choice best
Textbook: Early Modern Britain 1509-1760 (Collins Knowing History, Unit 2: Age of Encounters BOOK 2, UNIT 2, THE AGE OF ENCOUNTERS Writing focus: Historical explanations Three paragraph balanced argument
Reformation, Renaissance, and Exploration Read the questions below and select the best choice. Unit Test WRITE YOUR ANSWERS IN THE SPACES PROVDED ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET. DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST!! 1. Which
Reformation, Renaissance, and Exploration Read the questions below and select the best choice. Unit Test WRITE YOUR ANSWERS IN THE SPACES PROVDED ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET. DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST!! 1. The
Reformation and Counter Reformation The Reformation was a time of great discovery and learning that affected the way individuals viewed themselves and the world. The Beginning of the Reformation The Catholic
Renaissance and Reformation Chapter 15 Why did the Renaissance Begin in Europe? Black Death, starvation, and warfare- Europe 1300s Farmers specialize= increased trade City-states developed Increased trade
The Rise of Democracy Unit 1: World History I. Types of Government A. Types of Government 1. Monarchy king or queen rules the government 2. Theocracy the religious leader also rules the government 3. Dictatorship
MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. 1. A highly talented painter who was also a writer, inventor, architect, engineer,
Philippe Aries Wrote Centuries in Childhood Argued that pre-modern Western children were treated differently then modern children Art begin portraying children as active participants in the family Francesco
hristian Beliefs and Modern History Let s Break It Down Scriptures Beliefs Denominations Practices Old Testament v. New Testament Old Testament Basically the TaNaKh or Hebrew Bible New Testament The Four
SSWH9: Analyze change and continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation. SSWH 9 A Explain the social, economic, and political changes that contributed to the rise of Florence. What was the Renaissance?
HW Finish the 5 panel Storyboard on The Growth of Roman Catholic Spain and The Spanish Inquisition using p. 334-335. One panel per paragraph. Each panel needs four things written down: a title, summary
Name: Hour: RenaLssance 4 11 / F L 4 ]R(e1flhI LtSSaIlnI(ce 1L(ea11r1fl ng T(1]rg(etS 1. Explain the effects of re-opening the Silk Road between Europe and Asia. 2. Locate the influential city-states on
The Exchange of Ideas How did the Renaissance spark the growth and exchange of ideas across Europe???? Chapter Overview You will learn the influence that the exchange of ideas had on worldview by asking
Early U.S. History Chapter 1 The Three Worlds Meet 3 Worlds Meet Three-Worlds-Meet Asia Native-Americans Americas Africa Slaves Europe Exploring Paleo-Indians Earliest Americans Migrated from Asia during
Chapter 13; Section 1 Main Ideas Main Idea #1: The Renaissance or Rebirth was a time of political, economic, social, and cultural change Main Idea #2: Renaissance Art focused on realism, using perspective,
You got a problem with me? Would you like to go to heaven? Buy an. indulgence Muahahaha My beautiful church will soon be complete Come kiss this vial filled with the blood of a saint! I feel so close to
Ch 13 THE RESURGENCE OF EUROPE: RENAISSANCE & REFORMATION --from handout I. The Commercial Revolution A. Towns & the Middle Class 1. Growing population 2. Increase in trade = more power to middle class
Timeline to the Renaissance Height of Roman Empire 130 AD Fall of Roman Empire 500 AD 1350 AD Renaissance 1100 AD Crusades 100 BC Dark Ages 800 AD Medieval Period The Renaissance was a R.E.B.I.R.T.H The
The Protestant Reformation and its Effects 1517-1618 Context How had the Christian faith grown since its inception? What role did the Church play in Europe during the Middle Ages? How had the Church changed
!e Quest of # Europeans (3$-1460AD) Middle Ages & Middle East After the Roman Empire fell in 300 AD, Western Europe went from being the home of the world s largest and most advanced empire to being a disparaged
Reformation, Renaissance, and Exploration Read the questions below and select the best choice. Unit Test WRITE YOUR ANSWERS IN THE SPACES PROVDED ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET. DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST!! 1. The
Name Date CHAPTER 17 CHAPTER TEST European Renaissance and Reformation Form C Part 1: Main Ideas Write the letter of the best answer. (4 points each) 1. What kind of person represented the ideal of the
Test Review The Reformation Which statement was NOT a result of the Protestant Reformation? A. The many years of conflict between Protestants and Catholics B. The rise of capitalism C. Northern Germany
WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 12 PACKET: RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION (1350 CE - 1600 CE) Take-Home Homework Packet 100 Points Honor Code I understand that this is an independent assignment and that I can not receive
WHII SOL Review Packet 1 The Renaissance The Renaissance marked the rebirth of classical knowledge and the birth of the modern world The Renaissance started in the Italian City- states and spread to Northern
An Introduction to the Protestant Reformation Wittenberg, 1725, engraving, 18 x 15 cm (State and University Library, Dresden) The Protestant Reformation Today there are many types of Protestant Churches.
Chapter 14 Scientific Revolution During the 16th and 17th centuries, a few European thinkers questioned classical and medieval beliefs about nature, and developed a scientific method based on reason and
1. Which statement best describes the world of Christianity in 1500 C.E.? a. b) It was on the defensive against an expanding Islamic worl a) It was rapidly expanding into Africa and Asia. c) It was for
The Renaissance and Reformation Quiz Review Questions What economic conditions were brought about by a surplus in food? What economic conditions were brought about by a surplus in food? Food prices declined
Western Europe: The Edge of the Old World SOCIETY Hierarchy and Authority Kings and nobles in European society had control over the average families. In turn, these families- unlike in the previously explored