Use the 7 th Grade Reading Review packet provided by your teacher to complete pages 5-7 ½ of your survivor workbook.

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1 7 th Grade Review Use the 7 th Grade Reading Review packet provided by your teacher to complete pages 5-7 ½ of your survivor workbook. You decide how to get the information to ALL your tribe mates Remember you will have a CLOSED not quiz at the end of this challenge become an expert on your individual topics 1

2 Rome Describe the Roman Empire. Large, roads, one religion, one law, peaceful How did the Roman Empire eventually fall? Ottoman Turks What was the importance of Constaninople? Capital city How did the Roman republic affect future governments? Voting for representation = democracy What was the Byzantine Empire, how was it connected with the Roman Empire? Eastern portion of Roman Empire, connected through shared religion (Christianity) 2

3 Islam What role did Arabian merchants play in throughout the 8th century? Spread new technology, foods, customs Describe the location of the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East. southwest Asia, between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, What are the geographical attributes of the Arabian Peninsula? deserts dotted by oases, Coastal plains, Mountain ranges What role did Muhammad play in Islam? Muhammad taught the faith called Islam What are the five pillars? faith, prayer, charity, fasting, and making a pilgrimage Mohammed 3

4 China Why did China s leaders encourage Confucianism? Instructed people on how to behave, brought order to China What role did Emperor Shi Huangdi play in China? Unified china under 1 ruler How did the Mongols affect China? Conquered, took over Summarize the accomplishments of the Song Dynasty. Prosperity, good farming, cities List the major achievements of the Chinese. Engineering, math, science, medicine, compass, exploration and travel, industry, military technology, everyday objects, and disease prevention. How did Buddhism gain a foothold in China? Xuan Zang traveled to India. He brought back thousands of Buddhist scriptures How did China view foreign influences? rulers to try to limit the influence of foreigners. Ghengis Kahn 4

5 Japan What were typical characteristics of the Samurai class? Honest, loyal, brave, fearless Which neighboring country had the largest impact on Japan? China How did China influence Japanese culture? Buddhism and Confucianism brought by China, Describe the role of Shotoku. Encourage contact with China and Korea, learned about Chinese culture, Explain the changes made my Yoritomo and how he influenced future governments. Began era of rule by military leaders, Feudal Japan 5

6 Medieval Europe Explain the role of the nobles and the serfs in Medieval Europe. Lords = maintain order, serfs = tied to land, farm Why did feudalism develop in Medieval Europe? Food shortages, protection from invaders Explain feudalism Loyalty to a lord in exchange for protection Describe the role of the Church in Medieval Europe. Education, helped poor and sick, explain world events What was the lasting effect of the Crusades on Europe? New materials, spices, cultural exchange How did the Bubonic Plague spread across Europe? Traders, ships, rats, fleas, humans Feudal Estates 6

7 The Americas: Where did the Mayans live and during which time period did they live? 2000bc 1500ce / Mexico & Central America What do all three civilizations have in common in regards to their religion? complex, important to lives Where did the Aztecs live and during which time period did they live? / Central America Explain the Aztec legend of how their empire began. Hunter-gathers eagle on cactus holding a snake founded Tenochtltlan Where did the Incans live and during which time period did they live? - Andes of South America / 1400s CE 1532 CE What function did the chasquis play in the Incan empire? Relay messages Aztecs 7

8 Renaissance List the characteristics of typical Renaissance paintings. Scenes on earth, perspective, realistic What kind of things did Leonardo da Vinci do that made him a model Renaissance Man? painter, scientist, engineer, musician, and architect What is William Shakespeare most known for? Writing plays Where did the Renaissance begin? Northern Italy What were the beliefs of humanists? Faith and belief in human mind Why is Florence a model Renaissance city? Beautiful architecture, lots of wealth Exper/Innov 8

9 Reformation How did England become a Protestant kingdom? Its king named himself of the Church of England What was the Spanish Inquisition? Courts set up to test faith of heretics Why did the Protestant Reformation begin? People upset with Catholics church s corruption What attributes did the Protestant religions share? Bible is true authority, importance of faith How did the Counter-Reformation affect Catholicism? Worked to correct abuses, defined Catholic teachings Reformation 9

10 The Age of Exploration / The Scientific Revolution / The Enlightenment Why did so many explorations take place during this time period? Find sea routes to Asia and India During the Age of Exploration the transfer of goods between Europe, Africa, and the Americas is referred to as. Triangle Trade Thinkers of the Scientific Revolution were significant because they changed how people viewed nature because they made. Observations and experimentations Isaac Newton studied.. Gravitation and motion Scientific Review How did John Lock influence future governments? Citizens have right to govern themselves Import of Enlighten What three main ideas came out of the Enlightenment that affected future governments? Natural rights, separation of powers, equality How did these three time periods change how people felt about the role of human abilities? People could use reason/logic to solve problems 10

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