Renaissance and Reformation Review

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1 and Reformation Review Study online at quizlet.com/_2wjjkb Thesis attacked the abuse of indulgeses, beginning the protestant reformation The Italian Begins The Medici family Takes control of Florence 4. According to many reformers, what was the ultimate source of religious authority? 5. According to the Catholic church, how does one achieve salvation? 6. After Luther, where did European leaders take a stand that divided the Christian church? 7. Baldassare Castiglione 8. The Book of the Courtier 9. Calvin agreed with Luther on most doctrines except: 10. The Canterbury Tales 11. Catholics and Protestants considered to be dangerous radicals The Bible belief in God, sacraments, and good works Augsburg the Book of the Courtier described the characteristics of a perfect noble predestination Chaucer used the English vernacular was important in making his dialect the chief ancestor of the modern English language Anabaptist 12. Chaucer wrote? The Canterbury Tales 13. Christine de Pizan works written in defense of women 14. The country known as Italy today was really made up of many, Florence being one, which helped kick start the city-states 15. define doctrine religious teaching 16. define heresy an opinion that contradicts church beliefs 17. define humanities Collectively, areas of study that focus on human life and culture, such as history, literature, and ethics 18. define inquisition A church court set up for people accused of heresy 19. define missionary a person who teaches his/her religious beliefs to others 20. Define predestination idea that God decided fate of peoples souls before birth 21. define republic A government in which citizens rule by electing representatives 22. define sect group within a religion that distinguishes itself by one or more unique beliefs 23. define secular non-religious 24. Desiderius Erasmus 25. Final decrees of the Council of Trent 26. French and Roman church leaders disagreement was called what? best known Christian Humanists reaffirms traditional catholic teaching in opposition to protestant beliefs The Great Schism 27. High Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo 28. How did European colonies in South America become Catholic? 29. How did Martin Luther say people achieved salvation? 30. Humanist movement 31. If a renaissance person were to #tbt, what would they throwback to? Greek Culture The Peace of Westphalia granted colonies the religion of their colonists father country. Spain and Portugal were Catholic. Through faith in Jesus had a profound effect on education classical culture

2 32. "If you want to build the Iron Man suit, you can do that..." is an example of what belief system? humanism 33. Ignatius of Loyola founded the Society of Jesus/ the Jesuits 34. Lutheranism 1st protestant faith 35. Nearby Santa Clara University is an example of which Catholic order? 43. What did architecture in Florence resemble? Greek and Roman architecture 36. Observation was the first step in what kind of discoveries? scientific Jesuits 37. Peace of Augsburg accepted the division of Christianity in Germany 38. Protesters of corruption in the church were called 39. The purchase of a ticket to heaven is called 40. Italian Parents 41. The western hemisphere was explored under which two European monarchs? 42. What did John Calvin think was a clear sign of God's favor? Protestants an indulgence often arranged marriages for security Queen Elizabeth I and Queen Isabella success in business 44. What did art resemble? 45. What events led to greater influence from the east in Europe? 46. What greatly improved literacy in Europe? 47. What is a money based economy? 48. What is a trademark of a democratic government? 49. What is theocracy? 50. What is the role of a patron? classical art The Crusades The printing press Goods and services are purchased with currency. elected leaders government run by religious leaders funding art

3 51. What kind of government did John Calvin support? 52. What makes your school day very similar to a education? theocracy You study many different subjects. study liberal arts as you do. 58. Which monarch did not want to share power with the Catholic church? 53. What role did trade play in the development of the? traders brought classical ideas to Europe 54. What special kind of business did Florence become known for? 59. Which reformer attacked church corruption in a book "The Praise of Folly" England's King Henry VIII banking 55. What was a main goal of the Reformation? 56. What was the Catholic church's practice that promised salvation to people who gave money to the church? To reform (or purify) the church The selling of indulgences 60. Which reformer said good works and money have nothing to do with salvation? Desiderius Erasmus 57. Which area of Europe was most suited to do a lot of trade and why? 61. Who defended the English reformation? Martin Luther Italy, because of its location near water; easy access for trade William Tyndale

4 62. Who discovered Jupiter's moons? Used the telescope 67. Who was a big fan of William Shakespeare's plays? Galileo Galilei 63. Who made maps from a bird's-eye view? 68. Who was the English king who split from the Catholic church and formed the Anglican church? Queen Elizabeth I Leonardo da Vinci 64. Who painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel? 65. Who participated in the Council of Trent? 66. Who sculpted "David"? Michaelangelo Catholic Church leaders who wanted to correct abuses in the church 69. Who were the "godfathers" of Europe? 70. Who wrote "The Divine Comedy"? The Medici family King Henry VIII Dante Alighieri Michaelangelo

5 71. Who wrote "The Prince"? Niccolo Machiavelli 72. Why were more people reading in the than in Medieval times? More books were available in people's own language (vernacular).

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