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1 Name: Hour: RenaLssance 4 11 / F L 4

2 ]R(e1flhI LtSSaIlnI(ce 1L(ea11r1fl ng T(1]rg(etS 1. Explain the effects of re-opening the Silk Road between Europe and Asia. 2. Locate the influential city-states on a map. 3. Why is the Renaissance considered a rebirth? 4. What do Humanists study? 5. Describe a Renaissance Man and give a historical example. 6. Create an argument to justify why the Renaissance began in Italy. 7. How did the Medici family become great patrons? 8. Why are each of the following historically significant? Desiderius Erasmus Johann Gutenberg Michelangelo Niccolo Machiavelli Raphael Thomas More Leonardo da Vinci Petrarch William Shakespeare Donatello 9. Compare and contrast Middle Ages art to Renaissance art. 10. How did Renaissance art depict a social, political, and economic paradigm shift?

3 11. What does it mean to be secular? 12. How did a change in the concept of wealth impact the social and political hierarchy? 13. How did the invention of movable type change Europe for the better? What role did vernacular play? 14. Explain how a new interest in humanism during the Renaissance created a balance between reason and faith. 12. How was the Northern Renaissance different from the Italian Renaissance?

4 of now 5!irtl'1Hlu.6t!OI( to tk ReI(at~.rQl(ee. tvote.r Renaissance:. New interest in. Reawakening, rebirth Why did it be!!in in Italv?.. Many cities were. Wealthy and powerful lavishly to support the arts Florence and the Medici's survived the Middle Ages promoted cultural rebirth - stressed education, individual achievement, spent. Medici family of Florence organized a successful, very rich. Cosimo gained control of Florentine in His grandson -. Lorenzo "The Magnificent" - great What. was the Renaissance'! Time of Characteristics - clever politician who held Florence together in the late 1400s in political, social, economic, and cultural areas 1. New world view- reawakened interest in of Greece and Rome. Medieval scholars focused on life after death, Renaissance thinkers focused on. Emphasis on individual 2. Spirit of A dvellture. Renaissance led to, curiosity (ex. Christopher Columbus)

5 done by ljj 3. Huma,. _n- heart ofitalian Renaissance. movement. Focused on rather than on religious issues like Middle Ages. Believed that education should stimulate the individual's powers. Returned to in schools - rhetoric, poetry, history. Francesco Petrarch - early Renaissance humanist, assembled library of Greek and Roman manuscripts The Arts. Reflected. Portrayed religious figures but with Greek/Roman. Painted well-known figures of the day. Studied/revived many Greek and Roman works - ex. since ancient times) New Techniques. Used paintings. Usedperspective(3 dimensional). Used. Portrayed human body more accurately than in Middle Ages Women Artists. Some women overcame limits on education and training to become artists. Sometimes. Some gained acceptance (ex. Sofonisba Angrissola) Architecture - made a life size statue of soldier on horseback (1st. Renaissance artists rejected. Adopted Filippo Brunelleschi - modeled from the Pantheon in Rome) of Middle Ages favored by Greeks/Romans (ex. Cathedral in Florence -

6 Black Death, Peasants revolt 100 yrs War Urbanization, Magna Carta... Status began to be determined 1. How did the Black Death create social mobility? 2. What precedent was set by the Magna Carta? 3. What were the effects of the One Hundred Years War?

7 Middle class Change in Italian cities... Crusades Medici family of Florence Impact of Islamic Culture.. 1. What role did the Medici family play in promoting the Renaissance? 2. What were the major Italian city-states? How did the city-states contribute to the rise of the new merchant class?

8 Name: Story Heading: Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance pp I. SETTING. II. MAIN CHARACTERS H H Why Italy? What role did the Medici s play? III. PLOT What advantages did Italy have? What are these new worldly values? IV.WHAT I LEARNED/SUMMARY

9 Name: Hour: Ccr Directions: Describe why each ofthe following characters are historically significant. 1. What does it mean to be historically signjficant? dck ici

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14 Learning Targets 1. Identify and describe the problems within the Roman Catholic Church that led some Europeans to question the Church. 2. Define Reformation. 3. Describe the role Desiderius Erasmus played in the Reformation by identifying his works and his actions and by discussing his ideas about religion. 4. Describe the role Martin Luther played in the Reformation by identifying his works and his actions and by discussing his ideas about religion. 5. Describe the role John Wycliffe played in the Reformation by identifying his works and his actions and by discussing his ideas about religion. 6. Describe the role William Tyndale played in the Reformation by identifying his works and his action and by discussing his ideas about religion. 7. Describe the role John Calvin played in the Reformation by identifying his works and his actions and by discussing his ideas about religion. 8. Describe how Protestants making important decisions about their churches and beliefs led to democratic forms of government in Europe and beyond. 9. I can identify on a Map of Europe the areas in Europe that became Protestant and the areas that remained Catholic. 10. I can explain why most people living in Central America and South America are Catholic. 11. I can define Counter (Catholic) Reformation. 12. I can explain how the Council at Trent dealt with the problem of people leaving the Catholic Church. 13. I can describe the role Ignatius of Loyola and the Jesuits played in the Counter Reformation. 14. I can explain how Catholic missionaries helped to spread Christianity outside of Europe.

15 points! Religion Readings - activity. This is to help you understand the beginning of the Reformation and the religions that developed during this time. You will be working with your table group to complete this You will need: Religions in correct order Lutheran ism Calvinism Time/me is neat, organized, accurate Markers/Colored Pencils above. You have handouts in the brown folder for each religion. information. Follow the guidelines listed below. for each religion to plot the religions in the order they appeared. Create a timeline on the large white paper using the religion the title the timeline Information is easily understood (don t get too wordy!) Include 5 bullet points for each religion on the timeline. When was the religion founded? Basic beliefs of the religion (sin, salvation, daily life) Source of authority Draw your timeline on the white paper. Use the years you have Clearly label the year and the religion on the timeline. Who founded the religion? Rituals Title of time/me should be Reformation with a definition below Include a heading such as Reformation Religions just above Divide the religions at your table to get the nforrnation needed. Find the following information for each of the religions listed Step 1: Step 2: Step 3: Large White Paper In formation tells the basis for the religion The Reformation This is due by the end of the b ock hour and is worth 30 Catholicism (Catholic Reformation) Anabaptistism Anglicanism

16 An excerpt from "An Introduction to St. Paul's Letter to the Romans," Luther's German Bible of 1522 by Martin Luther, Martin Luther's Definition of Faith: Faith is not what some people think it is. Their human dream is a delusion. Because they observe that faith is not followed by good works or a better life, they fall into error, even though they speak and hear much about faith. ``Faith is not enough,'' they say, ``You must do good works, you must be pious to be saved.'' They think that, when you hear the gospel, you start working, creating by your own strength a thankful heart which says, ``I believe.'' That is what they think true faith is. But, because this is a human idea, a dream, the heart never learns anything from it, so it does nothing and reform doesn't come from this`faith,' either. Instead, faith is God's work in us, that changes us and gives new birth from God. (John 1:13). It kills the Old Adam and makes us completely different people. It changes our hearts, our spirits, our thoughts and all our powers. It brings the Holy Spirit with it. Yes, it is a living, creative, active and powerful thing, this faith. Faith cannot help doing good works constantly. It doesn't stop to ask if good works ought to be done, but before anyone asks, it already has done them and continues to do them without ceasing. Anyone who does not do good works in this manner is an unbeliever. He stumbles around and looks for faith and good works, even though he does not know what faith or good works are.yet he gossips and chatters about faith and good works with many words. Faith is a living, bold trust in God's grace, so certain of God's favor that it would risk death a thousand times trusting in it. Such confidence and knowledge of God's grace makes you happy, joyful and bold in your relationship to God and all creatures. The Holy Spirit makes this happen through faith. Because of it, you freely, willingly and joyfully do good to everyone, serve everyone, suffer all kinds of things, love and praise the God who has shown you such grace. Thus, it is just as impossible to separate faith and works as it is to separate heat and light from fire! Therefore, watch out for your own false ideas and guard against goodfor-nothing gossips, who think they're smart enough to define faith and works, but really are the greatest of fools. Ask God to work faith in you, or you will remain forever without faith, no matter what you wish, say or can do.

17 What Faith is according to Luther: What Faith is not according to Luther:

18 Slide 3.2C: Martin Luther and the Beginning of the Reformation Why did Luther question Church practices and teachings? How did his criticisms expand into an effort to form a new church? Student Handout 1 What was his early life like? Why did his reforms create widespread revolt in Germany?

19 ut Europe Student Ho,à( Aiiabaptists (1525): Why did Protestantsm spread beyond Germany? Aaaglicasis (1534): CaIvinists (1546):

20 Slide 32E: The Catholic Church s Response to the Reformation Student Handout WA Reformed the Church from WiLhin How did the Catholic Church respond to the Reformation? Tried to Stop the Spread of Protestantism A silting of the Council of Trent

21 Name: Hour: Directions: answer the following questions based on the movie Luther. 1. Describe Martin Luther and the impact he had on World History. 2. Specifically describe the grievances Martin Luther had with the Catholic Church. 3. Analyze the 95 Theses? What did it cause? Was it good or bad? How did people respond? 4. Describe the time period during the Reformation. What were the living conditions? What was the source of authority? How did the authority exert its power?

22 5. Create an argument to justify how the Reformation impacted society negatively. (Answer must be at least one paragraph) 6. Create an argument to justify how the Reformation impacted society positively. (Answer must be at least one paragraph)

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