The Renaissance and Reformation Quiz Review Questions

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1 The Renaissance and Reformation Quiz Review Questions

2 What economic conditions were brought about by a surplus in food?

3 What economic conditions were brought about by a surplus in food? Food prices declined People could spend money on other things Various areas began to specialize in products best suited for their environment

4 What did Venice base its trade on?

5 What did Venice base its trade Trade on?

6 What did Florence base its trade on?

7 What did Florence base its trade on? Agriculture Silk Weapons

8 What did Milan base its trade on?

9 What did Milan base its trade on? Banking Cloth

10 What were the causes of the Renaissance?

11 What were the causes of the Renaissance? Increased trade with Asia Crusades Growth of large wealthy city states Renewed interest in classical learning Rise of rich powerful merchants patronage Increased desire for scientific knowledge Desire to beautify cities

12 Why did the Renaissance arise in Italy?

13 Why did the Renaissance arise in Italy? Thriving cities Increased trade A wealthy merchant class

14 How does the church view Renaissance science?

15 How does the church view Renaissance science? The church did not agree with the new scientific theories They tried to silence scientists who challenged church teachings

16 How did art change during the Renaissance? Renaissance artists depicted things they saw in nature as opposed to the symbolic representation of religious themes

17 How did art change during the Renaissance? Renaissance artists depicted things they saw in nature as opposed to the symbolic representation of religious themes

18 What things helped Renaissance ideas spread northwards?

19 What things helped Renaissance ideas spread northwards? Trade The movement of artists and scholars The development of printing

20 What was the most significant longterm effect of the printing press?

21 What was the most significant longterm effect of the printing press? A growth in literacy

22 How did the work of northern artists differ from that of the Italian Renaissance artists? How did they try to depict their characters?

23 How did the work of northern artists differ from that of the Italian Renaissance artists? How did they try to depict their characters? Their works reflected a more realistic view of humanity They tried to depict their characters as they were

24 What were the causes of the Protestant Reformation?

25 What were the causes of the Protestant Reformation? Humanist values led people to question church authority Some clergy were corrupt and un-educated Martin Luther posted his Ninety Five Thesis The printing press helped spread Renaissance ideas

26 What date marks the beginning of the Protestant Reformation?

27 What date marks the beginning of the Protestant Reformation? 1517

28 What was the Act of Supremacy?

29 What was the Act of Supremacy? English subjects were to take an oath declaring Henry VIII the supreme head of the Church of England

30 What did Humanism emphasize?

31 What did Humanism emphasize? It emphasized the achievements, interests, and capabilities of human beings It placed a great importance on the individual and individualism It placed a heavy emphasis on education and opened schools and academies throughout Italy

32 What strong central monarchies emerge at the end of the Renaissance?

33 What strong central monarchies emerge at the end of the Renaissance? England France Spain

34 What are the effects of the printing press?

35 What are the effects of the printing press? Spread of new ideas Increased urban literacy Development of primary schools More universities A market for printed goods grows

36 What are the principles of Mercantilism?

37 What are the principles of Mercantilism? A nation's strength is equal to its wealth in gold and silver Nations must compete for their share of the wealth A favorable balance of trade ensures that wealth Limit imports and maximize exports Colonies exist to only make a profit A nation's colonies should not trade with other nations

38 Why are colonies necessary?

39 Why are colonies necessary? A source of raw materials and agricultural goods A market for finished goods A source of profit for the mother country

40 What abuses did the Council of Trent Address?

41 What abuses did the Council of Trent Address? Corruption of clergy Regulated the training of priests The worldly excesses of the church Banned the sale of indulgences The appointing of Bishops

42 How might religious differences lead to the formation of modern Europe?

43 How might religious differences lead to the formation of modern Europe? National boundaries formed around specific religious groups People of certain areas could present opposition to rulers and seek independence Religious conflict and independence movements occupy the post Reformation period

44 In what ways are members of the Jewish population persecuted throughout this time period?

45 In what ways are members of the Jewish population persecuted throughout this time period? Restrictions on occupations, housing, land ownership, and identifying clothing or symbols Expulsion from many European countries Accusations of misconduct; blood libel, poisoning wells - black plague, assassination of Alexander II Pogroms - massacres and destruction of property in Jewish communities

46 What were the effects of the Protestant Reformation?

47 What were the effects of the Protestant Reformation? Many Protestant sects developed Church leaders reformed the Catholic church Religious intolerance and anti-semitism increased Religious conflicts spread across Europe

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