Modern Europe- Cooke January, 2015 Modern Europe Midterm Study Guide

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1 Modern Europe- Cooke Name: January, 2015 Modern Europe Midterm Study Guide The exam is on Thursday, January 22 nd at 8:00 am (arrive by 7:50 am). Location: B435, B436 and B437 (exact room assignments for each student will be on the doors of the classrooms on the morning of the midterm exam) Please bring 2 pencils/2 pens to the exam. You can write the essay in pen. You may bring in a one-page outline for the exam essay. This outline must be: The outline I give you on the last page of this study guide (tear it out of the packet- it is one page double-sided) Be handwritten (not typed!) You may write out your thesis and topic sentences in full, but that is the only place you can use full sentences. The remainder should be notes or bullet points with your ideas. If you fail to meet the requirements of the outline, your essay will automatically lose 20 points. The midterm exam is worth 14% of your Semester 1 grade What you can do between now and the end of classes: We will spend 3 days in class reviewing for the exam. The more you have studied at that point, the more effective the review session/time will be to you. You should be sure that you are not missing any notes, handouts, study sheets, etc. If you are missing anything, check the website or ask a classmate whether you can copy their notes. At a minimum, between now and the end of classes, I would suggest that you at least read over the essay question and begin thinking about how you might outline it (and even begin to!). If you are so inclined, I would also suggest pulling together definitions for the terms on this review sheet from test/quiz review sheets. Extra Help: I will be available for extra help as always during blocks 4, 5 and 7 or before/after school by appointment. I will also be available during exam week to review as well. The mid-term exam will cover and consist of the following: Units Covered: Renaissance & Reformation English Civil War Industrialization & Imperialism Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment French Revolution Napoleon & Congress of Vienna Exam Format: 40 Matching (1 point each=50 points total) (Part I-no outline allowed) 10 Who am I? (1 point each=10 points total) (Part I-no outline allowed) 50 Multiple Choice (1 point each=50 points total) (Part I-no outline allowed) 1 Essay (100 points) (Part II-outline allowed) Total= 200 points 1

2 Key Terms While I would not focus exclusively on terms, you should be familiar with all of the following terms: Renaissance Renaissance Humanism da Vinci Secular Medicis Michelangelo Reformation Martin Luther Indulgences John Calvin Anabaptists Ignatius of Loyola Henry VIII Council of Trent Predestination Justification by Faith English Civil War Magna Carta Divine Right of Kings Charles I Petition of Right Ship Money Absolute Monarchy 19 Propositions William Laud Charles II James II Oliver Cromwell Constitutional Monarchy Industrialization: Enclosure Acts Capitalism Imperialism: Protectorate Sphere of Influence Adam Smith Communism Colony Social Darwinism Tories/ Whigs Laissez-faire Berlin Conference The Scientific Revolution Nicolas Copernicus Rene Descartes Johannes Kepler Galileo Galilei Isaac Newton William Harvey Enlightenment Voltaire Jean-Jacques Rousseau Mary Wollstonecraft Baron de Montesquieu John Locke Thomas Hobbes Salons French Revolution Louis XVI Old Regime Estates General Tennis Court Oath Declaration of the Rights of Bastille Great Fear Maximilien Robespierre Girondists/ Jacobins Reign of Terror Directory Napoleon Napoleon Bonaparte Battle of Trafalgar The Napoleonic Code Battle of Waterloo Continental System The Burning of Moscow Congress of Vienna Metternich/Austria Talleyrand/France Tsar Alexander/Russia Castlereagh/Great Britain balance of power legitimacy 2

3 Key Questions and Concepts Look through your notes and handouts from all of the units. You should familiarize yourself with the following concepts and ideas: (Note: The following questions are drawn from the many review sheets you have been given this year they are not new questions.) Renaissance 1. What was the Renaissance? 2. How was the Renaissance different than the medieval world? 3. What were the causes and effects of the Renaissance? 4. What were the major art innovations during the Renaissance? Reformation 1. What were the causes and effects of the Reformation? 2. Why were followers unhappy with the Catholic Church before the Reformation? 3. How was Martin Luther involved in starting the Reformation? 4. What are differences and similarities between the Catholic Church and the various Protestant Churches (Lutheranism, Calvinism, etc.) 5. What were the goals of the Counter-Reformation? English Civil War 1. What divisions existed in London/England in 1500? 2. What events led to the English Civil War? (focus on the political, economic and religious events and causes) 3. What was the significance of the English people picking sides during the English Civil War? Who joined each side? 4. What kind of government existed in England after the Civil War? Through what chain of events did England go back to a monarchy? 5. How was the Bill of Rights a reflection of England s past problems? Industrialization: 1. What was the Industrial Revolution? When did it happen? 2. Why did England experience the Industrial Revolution first? 3. What are the differences between the domestic system and the factory system? 4. What effects did the Industrial Revolution have on life in England? 5. What were conditions like for workers in factories? 6. What did England do to solve the problems that laissez-faire capitalism caused? 7. How did England change as a result of the Industrial Revolution? Imperialism: 1. How did Industrialization lead to Imperialism? 2. What is imperialism? When did European imperialism take place? 3. What were the reasons for European imperialism? How did Europeans justify their actions? 4. What did Rudyard Kipling say was the white man s burden? What does this tell you about the people and the times of the 19 th century? 5. What was the impact of imperialism on the colonized? 3

4 Scientific Revolution 1. What caused the Scientific Revolution and when did it begin? 2. Who was threatened by the Scientific Revolution and why? 3. What is the Scientific Method? Enlightenment 1. What was the Enlightenment and when and why did it begin? 2. What were the core beliefs of the Enlightenment? 3. How did the Enlightenment spread? 4. What were the beliefs and contributions of the following Enlightenment thinkers? Voltaire, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Hobbes, Locke, Wollstonecraft. French Revolution 1. What was life like in France in the late 18 th Century? 2. What were the causes of the French Revolution? 3. What was the estates system? Who made up each estate and what power did they have (if any)? Who was taxed? 4. Did the Directory fix all of the problems facing France? Napoleon 1. How did Napoleon rise to power? 2. How were the revolutionary reforms changed under Napoleon? 3. How did Napoleon build and defend his empire? 4. What events led to Napoleon s downfall? Congress of Vienna 1. What were the goals of the Congress of Vienna? 2. What were the results of the Congress of Vienna? 3. What were lasting impacts of the Congress of Vienna? 4

5 Essay On the midterm exam, you will be asked to write a five-paragraph essay to answer this question: Essay Question: At the start of year (way back in September!), we started off by examining different types of power (political, religious, economic, artistic, social, education and scientific/technological). As we have studied England and France and their roles in European history from , we examined changes to all of these categories of power within both countries. For your midterm essay, you will need to pick one of the countries we have studied this term (either England or France) and three types of power (political, religious, economic, artistic, social, education or scientific/technological) to answer the following question: Between 1450 and 1900, how did power shift within England or France? What was the overall impact of all these changes on that country? You will write a five-paragraph essay answering this question. In each body paragraph, you will identify the main players (individual leader, institutions, groups of people) who secured that specific power and who lost that specific power. I have included a bit about the format below, my grading criteria and an outline for you to lay out your argument. Essay Format 1: Introduction: 1) Introduce the country you are writing about (England or France) and give a summary of the changes it underwent. 2) Thesis (not a three-part thesis) (it will answer in what ways did the power structures of France/England change? Who were the winners and losers in the country?) s 2-4: 3 Body Paragraphs -Each should address a specific type of power Each paragraph will: -include: the main players (individual leader, institutions, groups of people) - who got the specific power - who lost the specific power -the impact of the change in power on the country 5: Conclusion-Restate Thesis and answer: What was the overall impact of all these changes on the country? 5

6 Midterm Essay Grading I will be grading your essay on the following components: 1. The essay is carefully organized in terms of topic and sequence and is easy to follow. 2. The essay has an introduction with a clear thesis statement, 3 body paragraphs, which include information on at least 3 different units we covered this semester, AND a conclusion. 3. The essay has a clearly established theme and idea that is then supported with specific examples/historical evidence (quotes, statistics, etc.) that you use to back up your main ideas (e.g., people, places, laws, references to readings, etc. etc.). Country: RUBRIC for Midterm Essay Introduction: Do you: Give an overview of your country s history? Intro: of 5 Include a thesis? Thesis: of 10 Three Body Paragraphs: BP #1: of 25 In each paragraph do you have: BP #2: of 25 A topic Sentence? BP #3: of 25 2 Pieces of Specific Evidence? Analysis of Evidence? The main players (individual leader, institutions, groups of people)? Who got the specific power? Who lost the specific power? The impact of the change in power on the country? Conclusion: of 5 Do you: Restate your thesis? Address how the country changed as a whole? Other requirements: of 5 In the essay, do you: Include three different units? Include three different types of power? Total: of 100 6

7 Name: Outline for Midterm Essay- you bring in this one page outline to the midterm exam. Make sure to follow the requirements for the outline! You will need to turn this in with your exam. Introduction: Thesis: Body Paragraph 1: Country (will be the same in each body paragraph): Type of power: Topic sentence (what are you arguing in this paragraph?): EVIDENCE (include at least 2 SPECIFIC, DETAILED examples to support your argument): The main players (individual leader, institutions, groups of people): Who got the specific power, why & when: Who lost the specific power: Overall impact of this change in power: Body Paragraph 2: Country (will be the same in each body paragraph): Type of power: Topic sentence (what are you arguing in this paragraph?): EVIDENCE (include at least 2 SPECIFIC, DETAILED examples to support your argument): The main players (individual leader, institutions, groups of people): 7

8 Who got the specific power, why & when: Who lost the specific power: Overall impact of this change in power: Body Paragraph 3: Country (will be the same in each body paragraph): Type of power: Topic sentence (what are you arguing in this paragraph?): EVIDENCE (include at least 2 SPECIFIC, DETAILED examples to support your argument): The main players (people, institutions, groups of people): Who got the specific power, why & when: Who lost the specific power: Overall impact of this change in power: Conclusion: 8

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