RENAISSANCE rebirth of Greek and Roman culture Art Literature Language Philosophy

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "RENAISSANCE rebirth of Greek and Roman culture Art Literature Language Philosophy"

Transcription

1 RENAISSANCE

2 RENAISSANCE rebirth of Greek and Roman culture Art Literature Language Philosophy

3 RENAISSANCE V. MIDDLE AGES RENAISSANCE Art for individual glory, fame Portraits, Autobiographies Rome/Greek learning Homer, Plato, Aristotle, Humanist-learning everyone should know Worldly Learning Exotic food, fabric Love life not offensive to God MIDDLE AGES Art for God Learning was not important Everything done to show respect for God Live poorly Wear rough clothing Eat simply

4 HUMANISM Humanism intellectual movement focused on human achievements Studied classical texts, history, literature, philosophy No limit to man s potential Religion does not have to agree with science and art Renaissance society was secular, worldly Wealthy enjoyed fine food, homes, clothes

5 CITY STATES Florence Venice Milan Genoa Exchange in ideas Most of Italy was still rural

6 MERCHANTS AND PATRONS Merchants (businesspeople) who were the wealthiest and most powerful class in each city-state. Earned money from industries like banking Used money to support and encourage the arts Patrons- individuals, families, or organizations that financially support the arts. De Medici Family Roman Catholic Church Wealthy individuals Because they pay, they have control over what is created

7 DE MEDICI FAMILY Most famous merchants and patrons Allowed for artists to focus on art without worrying about money Supported art, architecture, and science Famous artists they supported include Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci, and Galileo Galilei

8 Artistic Styles Change ART Artists use realistic style copied from classical art, often to portray religious subjects Painters use perspective, a way to show three dimensions on a canvas Realistic Painting and Sculpture The biblical David is a favorite subject among sculptors

9 CHARACTERISTICS OF ART Paintings Vivid Color Dramatic Appearance of 3-dimensions Realistic Both Secular and Religious subject matter, however this is the first time secular even is an option Sculpture VERY detailed Lifelike usually fully or partially nude to show details of the human body Dramatic

10 MICHAELANGELO The Pieta- Jesus after crucifixion laying in his mother, Mary s, lap David- 13 feet tall, considered to be virtually perfect Sistine Chapel- Took 4 years. 141 x scenes from the Bible containing 300 people. Includes the Creation of Adam.

11 LEONARDO DA VINCI The Last Supper Mona Lisa

12 RAPHAEL School of Athens- includes depictions of Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, Pythagoras. In the library at the Vatican Sistine Madonna- Depicts various moods. Most famous are the angels at the bottom Pope Julius II- Became model for Pope portraits in the future The Transfiguration- Largest canvas painting, one of the last before his death

13 MACHIAVELLI The Prince How one ought to rule Better to be feared than loved Considered a masterpiece Political Philosophy Written in Italian vernacular opposed to Latin

14 NORTHERN RENAISSANCE Refers to Renaissance outside of Italy France- Many Italians moved to France including da Vinci. French architecture changed as well from gothic castles to beautiful chateaus Dutch- painting style and philosophy of humanism German- printing press created by Johannes Gutenberg, later the Reformation (spoiler). Printing press allows for quick and cheap book production= spread of books, ideas, learning spreads quickly

15 NORTHERN RENAISSANCE England- one of the last to have a renaissance- After Hundred Years War ends, cities begin to grow rapidly Elizabethan Era , the Golden Age Peace and prosperity Shakespeare- wrote many sonnets and plays about nobility as well as common people. Famous works include Hamlet, Othello, Romeo & Juliet, Macbeth, Taming of the Shrew, and A Midsummer Night s Dream. He is one of the greatest writers of the English language and is credited with adding over 3,000 words to the language.

16 RENAISSANCE LEGACY CHANGES IN SOCIETY Printing press makes information easily and widely available People become literate Maps and charts= new discoveries Rights and laws are written downknown to everyone Governing bodies (including the Church) come into question CHANGES IN ART Influenced by classical Greece and Rome Realistic portrayals of individuals and nature Art is both secular and religious Writers use vernacular Art praises individual achievement

17 REFORMATION

18 EARLY REFORMERS John Wycliffe ( ) Was against Papal authority and the Catholic Church being institutionalized Felt ministers should be humble, not have authority Followers called Lollards (derogatory term) Translated the Bible to English- few people could read, he felt everyone should be able to read the Bible In 1415 he was declared a heretic His views were precursors to the Reformation

19 EARLY REFORMERS Jan Huss ( ) Supporter of Wycliffe Also against the authority of the Catholic Church Excommunicated and later burned at the stake

20 CAUSES OF THE REFORMATION Church Authority Challenged Secularism, individualism of Renaissance challenge Church authority Rulers challenge Church s power Printing press spreads secular ideas Northern merchants resent paying church taxes Criticisms of the Catholic Church Corrupt leaders, extravagant popes Poorly educated priests

21 Luther s Teachings MARTIN LUTHER People can win salvation by faith in God Christian teachings must be based on the Bible, not the pope and Church traditions All people with faith are equal, can interpret Bible without priests

22 MARTIN LUTHER The 95 Theses Martin Luther protests Friar Johann Tetzel s selling of indulgences Indulgence a pardon releasing a person from penalty for a sin In 1517 Luther posts his 95 Theses attacking pardonmerchants Luther s theses circulate throughout Germany Luther s posting of the 95 Theses launches the Reformation a movement for religious reform Reformation rejects pope s authority

23 POPES RESPONSE TO LUTHER Pope Leo X issues decree threatening to excommunicate Luther (1520) Luther s rights of Church membership are taken away Luther refuses to take back his statements and is excommunicated The Emperor s Opposition Charles V is Holy Roman Emperor Edict of Worms (1521), declaring Luther a heretic Luther and followers begin a separate religious group Lutherans

24 PEASANTS REVOLT Inspired by Reformation, German peasants seek end to the social, political, and economic conditions (1524) Revolted against the upper classes burned castles and monasteries Looked to Luther for support- he did not believe in violent social revolution This assertion increased political support for his religious movement In May 1525, the German princes put down the revolt in a bloody confrontation, about 100,000 people die Germany at War Some princes side with Luther, become known as Protestants Charles V fails to return rebellious princes to Catholic Church Peace of Augsburg (1555) each prince can decide religion of his state

25 JOHN CALVIN John Calvin writes Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536): we are sinful by nature and cannot earn salvation God chooses who will be saved predestination Calvinism religion based on Calvin s teachings Calvin Leads the Reformation in Switzerland Calvin says ideal government is theocracy rule by religious leaders Geneva becomes a strict Protestant theocracy led by Calvin Example- only art form allowed it music- vocal only- no instruments

26 CALVINISM Calvinism Spreads John Knox brings Calvinism to Scotland, followers are Presbyterians Church governed by laymen called presbyters, or elders Calvin s followers in France called Huguenots Catholics massacre Huguenots in Paris (1572) King of France swayed by his mother- convinced him there would be an uprising Once the killing began it was virtually impossible to stop Paris killing= 3,000 France killing total= 70,000

27 REFORMATION IN ENGLAND

28 HENRY VIII Henry VIII - Tudor family dynasty- Catholic Henry VIII married Catherine of Aragon- Catholic- gave him a daughter- Mary Needs a son to carry on the family name (heir) Wants to annul marriage to Catherine in order to marry Anne Boleyn Protestant Henry asked Pope to end first marriage, Pope refuses Divorce was against the Catholic Church

29 HENRY VIII Act of Supremacy- Removes power of Pope over England Creates his own church- Church of England- Anglican Church- with Henry VIII as the leader All tithes payed to the crown Monasteries closed, all money and land returned to the crown Thomas Moore, one of his advisors, is beheaded for siding with the Pope over the King

30 Catherine of Aragon- Mother of Mary. Divorced Anne Boleyn- Mother of Elizabeth. Beheaded- Tower of London, false charges. Jane Seymour- Mother of Edward. Dies days after child birth. Edward always sick, dies at a young age. Anne of Cleaves- Divorced Catherine Howard- Executed Catherine Parr- Widowed (outlived Henry VIII) HENRY VIII WIVES

31 Edward VI- Protestant Dies at 9 years old Mary- Catholic HENRY VIII CHILDREN Orders persecution of Protestants who refuse to become Catholic again Earns her title of Bloody Mary Dies Elizabeth I- Protestant Parliament approves Church of England Golden Age

32 CATHOLIC REFORMATION Catholic Church decides to meet to make changes to regain strength within their church Council of Trent Things that remained the same: Only Church could explain the Bible Faith and good works= salvation Pope highest authority Church ritual to remain in Catholic faith Pope could not marry Things that would change: Indulgences would no longer be sold More disciplined clergymen Seminaries to train clergy Jesuits to serve and spread the Church s teachings

33 Religious and Social Effects of the Reformation LEGACY OF REFORMATION End of religious unity throughout Europe- Catholic Church is unified; Protestant denominations grow Catholics and Protestants create schools throughout Europe= literacy important, more people want to learn to read the Bible themselves Status of women does not improve Political Effects of the Reformation Catholic Church s power lessens, power of monarchs and states grow- decline of Theocracy Theocracy- government controlled by religious leaders Reformation s questioning of beliefs brings intellectual ferment Late 18th century sees a new intellectual movement the Enlightenment

Christian humanism-goal to reform the Catholic Church Clergy was uneducated Busy with worldly affairs not doing spiritual work Scientific Advances

Christian humanism-goal to reform the Catholic Church Clergy was uneducated Busy with worldly affairs not doing spiritual work Scientific Advances Christian humanism-goal to reform the Catholic Church Clergy was uneducated Busy with worldly affairs not doing spiritual work Scientific Advances which contradicted the Catholic Church Indulgences paying

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction

World History: Patterns of Interaction European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600 Two movements, the Renaissance and the Reformation, usher in dramatic social and cultural changes in Europe. European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600

More information

The Protestant Reformation CHAPTER 1 SECTION 3

The Protestant Reformation CHAPTER 1 SECTION 3 The Protestant Reformation CHAPTER 1 SECTION 3 From Renaissance to Reformation 1500s, Renaissance ideas spark a religious upheaval The Protestant Reformation = People start to question the Church! Why

More information

Luther Leads the Reformation

Luther Leads the Reformation Name Date CHAPTER 17 Section 3 RETEACHING ACTIVITY Luther Leads the Reformation Determining Main Ideas Choose the word that most accurately completes each sentence below. Write that word in the blank provided.

More information

Protestant Reformation

Protestant Reformation Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation Objectives: Students will learn about the criticisms of the Roman Catholic Church, and how this led to a religious movement called the Protestant Reformation.

More information

The Protestant Reformation and its Effects

The Protestant Reformation and its Effects The Protestant Reformation and its Effects 1517-1618 Context How had the Christian faith grown since its inception? What role did the Church play in Europe during the Middle Ages? How had the Church changed

More information

Outline Map. Europe About Name Class Date

Outline Map. Europe About Name Class Date W N S E Name Class Date Outline Map Europe About 1600 Directions: Locate and label the following cities and countries that were important during the Reformation: Scotland, England, Spain, France, Norway,

More information

Make a new triangle

Make a new triangle Make a new triangle Renaissance 1300-1650 Renaissance a widespread change in culture that took place in Europe beginning with the 1300 s Humanism an interest in the classics AIM Name four famous artists/sculptors

More information

SSWH9: Analyze change and continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation.

SSWH9: Analyze change and continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation. SSWH9: Analyze change and continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation. SSWH 9 A Explain the social, economic, and political changes that contributed to the rise of Florence. What was the Renaissance?

More information

Lecture - The Protestant Reformation

Lecture - The Protestant Reformation Lecture - The Protestant Reformation A. Causes of the Protestant Reformation Basis - not a single event but a combination of events 1. Relationship with the Renaissance * people began to question the authority

More information

The Protestant Reformation

The Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation 1517-1648 The Protestant Reformation Caused by a questioning (protest) of the Church in Northern Europe i. The selling of indulgences a. $$$ for pardoning of sins Purgatory during

More information

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 12 PACKET: RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION (1350 CE CE)

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 12 PACKET: RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION (1350 CE CE) WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 12 PACKET: RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION (1350 CE - 1600 CE) Take-Home Homework Packet 100 Points Honor Code I understand that this is an independent assignment and that I can not receive

More information

The Protestant Reformation

The Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation Gutenberg s Printing Press The Gutenberg Printing Press led to a rise in literacy throughout Europe and the mass printing of the Bible More European Christians could then read

More information

Renaissance and Reformation Review

Renaissance and Reformation Review and Reformation Review Study online at quizlet.com/_2wjjkb 1. 95 Thesis attacked the abuse of indulgeses, beginning the protestant reformation 2. 1350 The Italian Begins 3. 1434 The Medici family Takes

More information

The Renaissance

The Renaissance The Renaissance 1485 1660 Renaissance Timeline 1517: Martin Luther begins Protestant Reformation 1558: Elizabeth I crowned 1588: English navy defeats Spanish Armada 1649: Charles I executed; English monarchy

More information

MARTIN LUTHER AND THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION

MARTIN LUTHER AND THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION MARTIN LUTHER AND THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION I. The Protestant Reformation A. Abuses in the Roman Catholic Church 1. Popes constantly fighting powerful kings 2. Popes live a life of luxury a. Become patrons

More information

EUROPEAN HISTORY. 2. The Reformation. Form 3

EUROPEAN HISTORY. 2. The Reformation. Form 3 EUROPEAN HISTORY 2. The Reformation Form 3 1 Unit 2.1 - The Catholic Church in the Late Middle Ages 1. John Wycliffe 2. John Huss 5. The Pope with Cardinals and Kings in about 1360. 3. Savanarola 4. Martin

More information

Unit III: Reformation, Counter Reformation, and Religious Wars

Unit III: Reformation, Counter Reformation, and Religious Wars Unit III: Reformation, Counter Reformation, and Religious Wars I. The Protestant Reformation A. Causes of the Reformation 1. Crises of the 14 th and 15 th centuries hurt the prestige of the clergy a. Babylonian

More information

Date Event Significance

Date Event Significance Review 15 th, 16 th, and 17 th Centuries (to mid 17 th century science) Date Event Significance 1450 Gutenberg s Printing Press 1453 Hundred Years War Ends 1455- War of the Roses 1485 1465 Ferdinand and

More information

Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation. Mr. Booth s World History CE

Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation. Mr. Booth s World History CE Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation Mr. Booth s World History 1300 1500 CE 2 OBJECTIVES TODAY 1. We will learn about Catholic Church Hierarchy. People were I.M.A.D! 2. Martin Luther s Protestant

More information

Unit One: The Renaissance & Reformation. AP European History

Unit One: The Renaissance & Reformation. AP European History Unit One: The Renaissance & Reformation AP European History www.chshistory.net 1 Unit One: The Renaissance & Reformation in Europe Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday August 22 August 23 August 24

More information

The Crusades, The Black Plague, The Renaissance & The Reformation. Mr. O

The Crusades, The Black Plague, The Renaissance & The Reformation. Mr. O The Crusades, The Black Plague, The Renaissance & The Reformation Mr. O The Crusades 1095 Pope Urban II calls for retaking of Holy Land (HL) from Muslims Sins will be forgiven to all Crusaders 1096-1099

More information

Rebirth of European learning and science Rediscovery of Greco-Roman ideas Starts in the northern Italian city states because of the money from the

Rebirth of European learning and science Rediscovery of Greco-Roman ideas Starts in the northern Italian city states because of the money from the Rebirth of European learning and science Rediscovery of Greco-Roman ideas Starts in the northern Italian city states because of the money from the spice trade Mostly an artistic movement in southern Europe

More information

TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The Protestant Reformation Begins

TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The Protestant Reformation Begins The Protestant Reformation Begins Objectives Summarize the factors that encouraged the Protestant Reformation. Analyze Martin Luther s role in shaping the Protestant Reformation. Explain the teachings

More information

The Reformation pious

The Reformation pious The Reformation As the intellectual freedoms of the Renaissance grew, many Christians lost confidence in the Catholic Church's ability to provide religious leadership. 1. The Babylonian captivity 2. The

More information

Renaissance and Reformation Chapter 5

Renaissance and Reformation Chapter 5 Renaissance and Reformation 1350-1600 Chapter 5 Key Events Look for the following key events: Between 1350 and 1550 Italian intellectuals began to reexamine the culture of the Greeks and Romans. (Renaissance)

More information

AP European History Mr. Mercado Chapter 14B (pp ) Reform and Renewal in the Christian Church

AP European History Mr. Mercado Chapter 14B (pp ) Reform and Renewal in the Christian Church AP European History Mr. Mercado Name Chapter 14B (pp. 470-484) Reform and Renewal in the Christian Church A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it

More information

The Renaissance. Chapter 15

The Renaissance. Chapter 15 The Renaissance Chapter 15 How did Petrarch influence the Renaissance? He encouraged people to study the philosophy and literature of the past and to speak and write thoughtfully. What practices of the

More information

Jan Hus From Bohemia, Jan Hus preached against immorality and worldliness of Catholic Church. John Wycliffe. St. Peter s Basilica

Jan Hus From Bohemia, Jan Hus preached against immorality and worldliness of Catholic Church. John Wycliffe. St. Peter s Basilica Chapter 15 Section 3 - The Protestant Reformation Main Idea Criticism of the Roman Catholic Church led to a religious movement called the Protestant Reformation and brought changes in religion and politics

More information

The Reformation. The Reformation. Forerunners 11/12/2013

The Reformation. The Reformation. Forerunners 11/12/2013 The Reformation Began during the early sixteenth century Protest against the corruption in the Roman Catholic Church Equal authority of tradition and Scripture Papal infallibility Indulgences (the sale

More information

The Reformation in Europe. Chapter 16

The Reformation in Europe. Chapter 16 The Reformation in Europe Chapter 16 16-1 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION What Caused the Reformation? In Northern Europe Christian humanism begins People want to change the Catholic Church Desiderius Erasmus

More information

The Reformation Begins

The Reformation Begins 4 Corruption in the church led to questions about the morals of church officials. CHAPTER The Reformation Begins 31.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you met 10 leading figures of the Renaissance. At

More information

Self Quiz. Ponder---- What were the main causes of the Reformation? What were a few critical events? What were some of the lasting consequences?

Self Quiz. Ponder---- What were the main causes of the Reformation? What were a few critical events? What were some of the lasting consequences? The Reformation Self Quiz Ponder---- What were the main causes of the Reformation? What were a few critical events? What were some of the lasting consequences? Key Concept 1.3 Religious pluralism challenged

More information

The Reformation. The Reformation. Forerunners 11/26/2012

The Reformation. The Reformation. Forerunners 11/26/2012 The Reformation Began during the early sixteenth century Protest against the corruption in the Roman Catholic Church Equal authority of tradition and Scripture Papal infallibility Indulgences (the sale

More information

100 Years War and Black Death Scientific Advances which contradicted the Church The Corruption within the Catholic Church

100 Years War and Black Death Scientific Advances which contradicted the Church The Corruption within the Catholic Church 100 Years War and Black Death Scientific Advances which contradicted the Church The Corruption within the Catholic Church Prior to the Reformation all Christians were Roman Catholic The [REFORM]ation was

More information

The Protestant Reformation

The Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation By History.com on 01.31.17 Word Count 791 This painting shows Martin Luther posting his 95 theses in 1517. Luther was challenging the Catholic Church with his opinions on Christianity.

More information

The Protestant Reformation Of the 16 th Century

The Protestant Reformation Of the 16 th Century The Protestant Reformation Of the 16 th Century Background Before the Protestant Reformation there was considered to only be one Church, the Catholic Church 1515 Pope Leo X gave indulgence for those who

More information

Shakespeare s Globe Theatre

Shakespeare s Globe Theatre Shakespeare s Globe Theatre In his play As You Like It, William Shakespeare wrote that all the world s a stage. When it came to showcasing his own work, however, the playwright chose the Globe Theatre.

More information

Name Class Date. Unit Test

Name Class Date. Unit Test MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. 1. A highly talented painter who was also a writer, inventor, architect, engineer,

More information

Chapter 13. Reformation and Religious Warfare in the Sixteenth Century

Chapter 13. Reformation and Religious Warfare in the Sixteenth Century Chapter 13 Reformation and Religious Warfare in the Sixteenth Century Chapter Timeline Prelude to Reformation Christian or Northern Renaissance Humanism Theme: reform of church and society Focus on early

More information

Chapter Summary. Section 1: The Renaissance in Italy. Section 2: The Renaissance in the North

Chapter Summary. Section 1: The Renaissance in Italy. Section 2: The Renaissance in the North Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: The Renaissance in Italy The Renaissance, or rebirth, began in the rich trading cities of northern Italy. The Renaissance was a humanist movement that focused

More information

The Counter-Reformation

The Counter-Reformation Preview The Counter-Reformation Main Idea / Reading Focus Reforming the Catholic Church Map: Religions in Europe Religious and Social Effects Religious Wars and Unrest Preview, continued The Counter-Reformation

More information

The Renaissance. The Rebirth of European Progress

The Renaissance. The Rebirth of European Progress The Renaissance The Rebirth of European Progress The Collapse of Rome and the Middle Ages When the western portion of the Roman Empire collapsed, much of the European continent entered a period of disunity

More information

Early Reformers. Jan Hus

Early Reformers. Jan Hus Chapter 3 Chur.Reform Page 1 Early Reformers Wednesday, September 07, 2005 12:06 Erasmus of Rotterdam was a Dutch scholar who expressed many of his humanist views in his writing. Towards the end of his

More information

Timeline to the Renaissance

Timeline to the Renaissance Timeline to the Renaissance Height of Roman Empire 130 AD Fall of Roman Empire 500 AD 1350 AD Renaissance 1100 AD Crusades 100 BC Dark Ages 800 AD Medieval Period The Renaissance was a R.E.B.I.R.T.H The

More information

Section 4. Objectives

Section 4. Objectives Objectives Describe the new ideas that Protestant sects embraced. Understand why England formed a new church. Analyze how the Catholic Church reformed itself. Explain why many groups faced persecution

More information

The Renaissance Begins AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

The Renaissance Begins AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) The Renaissance Begins AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) During the Medieval times the Latin West had fallen backward and was far behind the Islamic world in intellectual achievements. In the

More information

History of The Catholic Church Part II

History of The Catholic Church Part II History of The Catholic Church Part II The Era of the Crusades 1095-1272 Why Be a Crusader? Take control of Jerusalem away from Muslims The desire to defend the Byzantine empire from the Turks. The possibility

More information

The Transformation of Europe: Period One ( ) AP European History

The Transformation of Europe: Period One ( ) AP European History The Transformation of Europe: Period One (1450-1648) AP European History Learning Objectives 1.1 The worldview of European intellectuals shifted from one based on ecclesiastical and classical authority

More information

Lutheranism Beliefs About Sin and Salvation Ultimate Source of Authority

Lutheranism Beliefs About Sin and Salvation Ultimate Source of Authority Lutheranism The first major Protestant sect was Lutheranism. Lutheranism began in Germany after Martin Luther was excommunicated by the Catholic Church in 1521. Luther was a Catholic priest and scholar.

More information

1. What religious question did Martin Luther seek to answer? (What did he mean by saved?)

1. What religious question did Martin Luther seek to answer? (What did he mean by saved?) World History I Mr. Horas The Protestant Reformation (RED BOOK) Reading #1 (435 440) The Protestant Reformation Guiding Questions: 1. What religious question did Martin Luther seek to answer? (What did

More information

Intermediate World History B. Unit 3: The Spread of New Ideas. Lesson 1: Politics of the Renaissance Pg

Intermediate World History B. Unit 3: The Spread of New Ideas. Lesson 1: Politics of the Renaissance Pg Intermediate World History B Unit 3: The Spread of New Ideas Lesson 1: Politics of the Renaissance Pg. 81-94 Lesson 2: The Renaissance Beyond Italy Pg. 95-106 Lesson 3: The Reformation Splits Christendom

More information

Frederick Douglass Academy AP European History Mr. Murphy The Reformation

Frederick Douglass Academy AP European History Mr. Murphy The Reformation Frederick Douglass Academy Mr. Murphy 1. All of the following are differences between Lutheranism and Catholicism in the sixteenth century A) Catholicism had a pope and bishops, while Lutheranism had only

More information

Reformation, Renaissance, and Exploration. Unit Test

Reformation, Renaissance, and Exploration. Unit Test Reformation, Renaissance, and Exploration Read the questions below and select the best choice. Unit Test WRITE YOUR ANSWERS IN THE SPACES PROVDED ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET. DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST!! 1. Which

More information

World Civilizations. The Transformation of the West. The Transformation of the West. The Global Experience AP* Sixth Edition

World Civilizations. The Transformation of the West. The Transformation of the West. The Global Experience AP* Sixth Edition World Civilizations The Global Experience AP* Sixth Edition Chapter 17 The Transformation of the West, 1450-1750 The Transformation of the West The Transformation of the West I. The Renaissance II. The

More information

A SURVEY OF CHRISTIAN HISTORY Thursday Morning Bible Study Week Five: From (The Reformation) May 4, 2017

A SURVEY OF CHRISTIAN HISTORY Thursday Morning Bible Study Week Five: From (The Reformation) May 4, 2017 A SURVEY OF CHRISTIAN HISTORY Thursday Morning Bible Study Week Five: From 1517-1609 (The Reformation) May 4, 2017 Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside

More information

The Spread and Impact of the Reformation

The Spread and Impact of the Reformation Catholic leaders worked to strengthen the church in response to the Reformation. CHAPTER The Spread and Impact of the Reformation 32.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you learned how the Reformation

More information

As Europe emerges from the Middle Ages, exploration and overseas trade help spur large economic, political, and religious changes.

As Europe emerges from the Middle Ages, exploration and overseas trade help spur large economic, political, and religious changes. Unit 2 The Growth of New Ideas As Europe emerges from the Middle Ages, exploration and overseas trade help spur large economic, political, and religious changes. Crusaders prepare to travel to the Holy

More information

1519 election of Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor War in Italy between Hapsburg Charles V. and French King Francis I

1519 election of Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor War in Italy between Hapsburg Charles V. and French King Francis I End of the Renaissance in Italy Italian Wars 1494 1530 1494 French invasion again in 1499 and 1515 1519 election of Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor 1520-1530 War in Italy between Hapsburg Charles V and

More information

Medieval Europe: Heir to the Greco-Roman World. Out of the Ashes of Ancient Rome emerged Medieval Europe

Medieval Europe: Heir to the Greco-Roman World. Out of the Ashes of Ancient Rome emerged Medieval Europe Medieval Europe: Heir to the Greco-Roman World Out of the Ashes of Ancient Rome emerged Medieval Europe Rome Most impressive ancient empire Large empire, covering the entire Mediterranean region Effective

More information

Essential Question: What was the Renaissance? What factors led to the rise of the Renaissance?

Essential Question: What was the Renaissance? What factors led to the rise of the Renaissance? Essential Question: What was the Renaissance? What factors led to the rise of the Renaissance? Western Europe The emerged Renaissance from the Middle Ages during an era known as the Renaissance From 1300

More information

ANSWERS ON ANSWER SHEET

ANSWERS ON ANSWER SHEET Ch. 17 RDNG STUDY GDE. Renaissance and Reformation. SECTION 1 Italy s Advantages--Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy? The years 1300 to 1600 saw a rebirth of learning and culture in Europe called the

More information

Revolution, Rebellion, Reformation: 500 Years after Martin Luther

Revolution, Rebellion, Reformation: 500 Years after Martin Luther Revolution, Rebellion, Reformation: 500 Years after Martin Luther Quayle Bible Collection Open Saturdays & Sundays September 9, 2017 ~ May 20, 2018 The Protestant Reformation In Wittenburg, Germany on

More information

The Renaissance. Humanism and the Italian Renaissance

The Renaissance. Humanism and the Italian Renaissance The Renaissance Humanism and the Italian Renaissance Bell Ringer Laura, who was distinguished by her own virtues, and widely celebrated by my songs, first appeared to my eyes in my early manhood, in the

More information

Religion, Reformation & Counter- Reformation

Religion, Reformation & Counter- Reformation Religion, Reformation & Counter- Reformation Martin Luther Fecha Religion? What do I know about religion? Why is so important? Why is historically a fountain of conflict? Why is religion so important for

More information

Scottish and English Reformations: John Knox & the English Royals

Scottish and English Reformations: John Knox & the English Royals Scottish and English Reformations: John Knox & the English Royals From the Reformation to the Constitution Bill Petro your friendly neighborhood historian billpetro.com/v7pc 04/18/2010 1 Objectives By

More information

Chapter 14: Reformation

Chapter 14: Reformation Chapter 14: Reformation 1. The condition of the church (ca. 1400-1517) a. The declining prestige of the church i. The Babylonian Captivity and the Great Schism damaged the church's prestige. ii. Secular

More information

Hard to top last week

Hard to top last week The German Reformation Theological Spark and Secular Timber Hard to top last week Martin Luther. Not all that interesting at least in a soap opera kind of a way Prior to 1517 he was, by all reports, a

More information

Ganado Unified School District (Social Studies/6 th Grade)

Ganado Unified School District (Social Studies/6 th Grade) Ganado Unified School District (Social Studies/6 th Grade) PACING Guide SY 2015-2016 Timeline & 4th Quarter Middle Ages 2 3 Weeks S2 C3 PO6 Describe the trade routes that established the exchange of goods

More information

CHRISTIANITY. text in purple for notes. Voorhees

CHRISTIANITY. text in purple for notes. Voorhees CHRISTIANITY text in purple for notes Voorhees The student will apply social science skills to understand the development of Christianity by a) describing the origins, beliefs, traditions, customs, and

More information

Advanced Placement European History Summer Project R. Graff

Advanced Placement European History Summer Project R. Graff Advanced Placement European History Summer Project 2017-2018 European Map Assignment: R. Graff Using the given map or one drawn by you label the following (by hand). Abbreviations are allowed. 1. United

More information

WHII SOL Review Packet 1

WHII SOL Review Packet 1 WHII SOL Review Packet 1 The Renaissance The Renaissance marked the rebirth of classical knowledge and the birth of the modern world The Renaissance started in the Italian City- states and spread to Northern

More information

FROM THE RENAISSANCE TO THE PURITAN AGE

FROM THE RENAISSANCE TO THE PURITAN AGE FROM THE RENAISSANCE TO THE PURITAN AGE 1485-1660 HISTORICAL CONTEXT ENGLISH RENAISSANCE: even if filtered by the Reformation, it s a time of expansion of Knowledge, Philosophy, Science and Literature

More information

Sermon Queen Elizabeth I and the English Reformation

Sermon Queen Elizabeth I and the English Reformation 17.08.20 Sermon Queen Elizabeth I and the English Reformation Here at St Peters we have been embarking on a series looking at key characters in the Protestant Reformation. Today we will be looking at Queen

More information

Study Guide for the Renaissance and Reformation

Study Guide for the Renaissance and Reformation Government Type Democratic Principals Rights and Responsibilities compared to US Study Guide for the Renaissance and Reformation How to study for your Assessments: START EARLY NOT THE NIGHT BEFORE THE

More information

Section 2. Objectives

Section 2. Objectives Objectives Understand why Holy Roman emperors failed to build a unified nation-state in Germany. Describe the conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV and summarize the struggle to control

More information

Church Society. Leader's notes. Contents. Series overview 2. Background notes. Martin Luther 3 4. William Tyndale 5.

Church Society. Leader's notes. Contents. Series overview 2. Background notes. Martin Luther 3 4. William Tyndale 5. Leader's notes Contents Series overview 2 Background notes Martin Luther 3 4 William Tyndale 5 Thomas Cranmer 6 1 Series overview Luther Tyndale Cranmer This series has been written to celebrate the th

More information

WH-2-13-S1-FINAL REVIEW

WH-2-13-S1-FINAL REVIEW WH-2-13-S1-FINAL REVIEW Matching Complete each sentence with the correct term from the choices listed below. Write the letter of the correct answer in the blank provided. a. serf c. papal supremacy b.

More information

HIS 510: AP European History

HIS 510: AP European History 2017 Summer Assignment HIS 510: AP European History Summer Reading Assignment HIS 510: AP European History 1450 Newfield Avenue Stamford, CT 06905 (203) 322-3496 www.kingschoolct.org Required Readings:

More information

Chapter 14 Section 4. Chapter 14 Section 4

Chapter 14 Section 4. Chapter 14 Section 4 Chapter 14 Section 4 The Church Divided The Bubonic Plague The Hundred Years War Chapter 14 Section 4 Innocent III 1198-1216 Height of Church Power Weakens Power shifting of Kings and Strong government

More information

The Holy Roman Empire ( ) By: Aubrey Feyrer Amanda Peng Ian Scribner

The Holy Roman Empire ( ) By: Aubrey Feyrer Amanda Peng Ian Scribner The Holy Roman Empire (946-1437) By: Aubrey Feyrer Amanda Peng Ian Scribner Growth of the Holy Roman Empire Intellectual and Cultural History Included present-day Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg,

More information

The Renaissance. A demystification of the world Max Weber

The Renaissance. A demystification of the world Max Weber The Renaissance A demystification of the world Max Weber Renaissance Defined A Cultural Renewal from the 14 th - 17 th Century in which values of the Greek and Roman world were rediscovered and harmonized

More information

Social Studies High School TEKS at School Days Texas Renaissance Festival

Social Studies High School TEKS at School Days Texas Renaissance Festival World History 1.d Identify major causes and describe the major effects of the following important turning points in world history from 1450 to 1750: the rise of the Ottoman Empire, the influence of the

More information

Wars of Religion. Subheading goes here

Wars of Religion. Subheading goes here Wars of Religion Subheading goes here France Henry II & Philip II (Spain) end their long war (Hapsburg-Valois Wars) Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis (1559) French control of Calais Spanish control of Italy Nobility

More information

! CNI. Martin Luther - passionate reformer

! CNI. Martin Luther - passionate reformer ! CNI Martin Luther - passionate reformer At last meditating day and night, by the mercy of God, I began to understand that the righteousness of God is that through which the righteous live by a gift of

More information

Bishop McNamara High School Advanced Placement European History Summer Reading Project 2016

Bishop McNamara High School Advanced Placement European History Summer Reading Project 2016 Bishop McNamara High School Advanced Placement European History Summer Reading Project 2016 Purpose: The course in Advanced Placement European History is subdivided into four (4) major chronological time

More information

World History since Wayne E. Sirmon HI 104 World History

World History since Wayne E. Sirmon HI 104 World History World History since 1500 Wayne E. Sirmon HI 104 World History History 104 World History since 1500 Jan. 25 Article One (Ch. 15-17) Approval Deadline TONIGHT Jan. 29 Feb. 1 Online Quiz Ch 15b Article Review

More information

12.0 IDEAS AND THE HUMAN EXPERIENCE 01/11/2017. In this outcome we will:

12.0 IDEAS AND THE HUMAN EXPERIENCE 01/11/2017. In this outcome we will: Unit 1 Social Studies 2211 October 2017 12.0 IDEAS AND THE HUMAN EXPERIENCE In this outcome we will: 12.1 describe the worldview of Western Europeans during the mid-to-late Middle Ages 12.2 explain the

More information

Europe s Cultures Teacher: Mrs. Moody

Europe s Cultures Teacher: Mrs. Moody Europe s Cultures Teacher: Mrs. Moody ACTIVATE YOUR BRAIN Greece Germany Poland Belgium Learning Target: I CAN describe the cultural characteristics of Europe. Cultural expressions are ways to show culture

More information

The Renaissance and Reformation

The Renaissance and Reformation R19 CHAPTER 1270 1650 The Renaissance and Reformation Essential Question What political and economic changes led to the Renaissance? What You Will Learn... In this chapter, you will learn how the Renaissance

More information

CHAPTER 17 The Transformation of the West

CHAPTER 17 The Transformation of the West CHAPTER 17 The Transformation of the West 1450-1750 CHAPTER SUMMARY This chapter is about big changes in western Europe during the early modern period. The core areas of Western civilization changed dramatically

More information

Chapter 13 Test. Part 1: Multiple Choice. Choose the letter of the best answer. (4 points each) CHAPTER 13. CHAPTER 13 The Renaissance Form B

Chapter 13 Test. Part 1: Multiple Choice. Choose the letter of the best answer. (4 points each) CHAPTER 13. CHAPTER 13 The Renaissance Form B The Renaissance Form B Chapter 13 Test Part 1: Multiple Choice Choose the letter of the best answer. (4 points each) 1. Which Renaissance-era invention had the greatest impact? a. the long-bow b. the plow

More information

Chapter 12 Transformations in Europe

Chapter 12 Transformations in Europe 1. Introduction Chapter 12 Transformations in Europe In 1455, the German metalworker Johannes Gutenberg launched a revolution in ideas. Using a printing press, he published Europe s first printed book

More information

Actions. - Taught that salvation is not earned by doing good things but instead is given freely by God.

Actions. - Taught that salvation is not earned by doing good things but instead is given freely by God. Name: Martin Luther Born: 1483, Holy Roman Empire Education: BS and MA from Oxford Occupation: Catholic Priest, Professor - Taught that salvation is not earned by doing good things but instead is given

More information

Q31. Mayan & Aztec Social Structure. Mayans, Aztecs, & Incas

Q31. Mayan & Aztec Social Structure. Mayans, Aztecs, & Incas Q31 Mayans, Aztecs, & Incas Mayan & Aztec Social Structure Who was considered a god? Who interpreted the calendar? Who was not a part of the Inca social structure? Q32 Mayans, Aztecs, & Incas The Mayans,

More information

Worldview Inquiry: In what ways can changing social structures affect a society's worldview?

Worldview Inquiry: In what ways can changing social structures affect a society's worldview? UNIT 1: The Renaissance Literally means rebirth- coined by French historian Jules Michelet although it began in Italy Does not refer to a specific time period, but took place at the same time as the Middle

More information

The Renaissance: Five Big Ideas

The Renaissance: Five Big Ideas The Renaissance: Five Big Ideas Renaissance means rebirth and that refers to the culture, history and poli>cal beliefs of the Ancient Romans and Greeks being rediscovered Transi>on from a Catholic Church

More information

A New Role for Man and the Church

A New Role for Man and the Church A New Role for Man and the Church AD:1350-1600 Group 6: Arriola, Cruz, Dy, Dizon, Francisco, Ngsuy, Villanueva Renaissance AD. 1350-1600 The term 'renaissance' is derived from the French word meaning 'rebirth'.

More information

The Reformation. AP European History

The Reformation. AP European History The Reformation AP European History Trouble in the Church Babylonian Captivity 1309-78 Great Schism 1378-1417 Clement VII Leo X w/ Giulio Seven Sacraments Baptism takes away Original Sin Confirmation receive

More information

Western Europe Ch

Western Europe Ch Western Europe Ch 11 600-1450 Western Europe: After the Fall of Rome Middle Ages or medieval times Between the fall of Roman Empire and the European Renaissance Dark Ages? Divide into the Early Middle

More information