Honors World History Midterm Review

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1 Name Period Date Honors World History Midterm Review Your midterm will be given in two sections: DBQ (there will be 3 short documents and 1 essential question to answer) and multiple choice (45 items total, which includes a reading comprehension section and map skills). Your exam will be given over 2 class periods. The exam will include content on the Renaissance, Protestant Reformation, Exploration, Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment, and Absolutism. In addition to this review sheet, you should study all of your notes, handouts, worksheets, readings, material on Brain Honey etc. to prepare for this exam. Multiple Choice Practice 1. In what practice did Calvin differ from Luther? A. belief in the Bible B. predestination C. community of believers D. dismissal of Catholic Church 2. During the reign of what English king did the Protestant Reformation sweep over England? A. Mary I B. William III C. Henry VIII D. Edward VI 3. Which work is a fresco painting? A. Raphael s The School of Athens B. Leonardo s The Last Supper C. Michelangelo s The Creation of Adam D. All of the above 4. The Renaissance was A. a resurrection of French manners. B. a revival of interest in ancient Greek and Roman ideals. C. an integration of Christian and Egyptian cultures. D. a rejection of all past artistic styles. 5. Which of the following scientists presented a theory of universal gravitation? A. Kepler B. Galileo C. Newton D. Descartes

2 6. What actions did the Catholic Church pursue concerning Galileo and his ideas? A. authorities reluctantly agreed to his theories B. allowed Galileo to change his mind concerning his theories C. gave him permission to publish his ideas as long as he admitted God inspired him D. forced him to recant his ideas before sentencing him to house arrest 7. Unlike the Renaissance, the Enlightenment was A. past-oriented. B. future-oriented. C. organized by the Catholic Church. D. revolutionary. 8. The impact of the Enlightenment was A. felt at all levels of society. B. short-lived. C. limited to the French. D. only applied to intellectuals at universities. 9. Which of the following figures rejected absolutism? A. John Locke B. Ivan the Terrible C. Louis XIV D. Thomas Hobbes 10. Which event occurred first? A. James II ascended the throne. B. William and Mary were invited to rule England. C. William and Mary accepted the English Bill of Rights. D. Parliamentarians won the English Civil War.

3 Renaissance Rebirth Hostility to Dark Ages Fascination with ancient world Individualism Italian city-states Art techniques o Perspective o Geometry o Fresco o Anatomical Artists and artwork o Donatello o da Vinci o Rafael o Michelangelo Patrons o Medici family Machiavelli and Castiglione Humanism Secular Protestant Reformation Martin Luther o 95 Theses o Diet of Worms o Indulgences John Calvin o Predestination Henry VIII and Elizabeth I o Annulment v. divorce o Anglican Church/Church of England o Act of Supremacy Influence of the printing press

4 Exploration New technology o Astrolabe o Sextant o Magnetic compass o Caravel European geography o Locate and identify major countries exploring the world o Label 7 continents o Label major bodies of water Motivations to explore (God, gold and glory) Major explorers and supporting countries (Columbus, Magellan, da Gama, etc.) Triangle trade o Atlantic slave trade o Middle passage o Columbian Exchange

5 Scientific Revolution Scientific method Geocentric and heliocentric theories Major scientists o Copernicus o Galileo o Newton o Descartes o Bacon Important discoveries o Calculus o Gravity o Light v. color o Astronomy o Alchemy Enlightenment Characteristics of Enlightenment thought Major philosophers o Hobbes o Locke o Montesquieu o Voltaire o Rousseau Revolutionary concepts o Freedom of speech o Self-government o Democracy o Checks and balances o Deism (rational religion) Influence on United States of America

6 Absolutism Divine right o Despots Constitutional monarchy Military dictatorship Basic chronology by country Tudors and Stuarts English Civil War o Parliament o Oliver Cromwell Restoration and Glorious Revolution o English Bill of Rights o Magna Carta Czars/Tsars of Russia o Ivan IV (Terrible) o Peter I (Great) and St. Petersburg o Catherine II (Great)

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