Review: The Old World vs. the Age of Exploration Mr. Meetze Global History 9 Kingdoms of West and Eastern Africa (500 AD AD)

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1 Kingdoms of West and Eastern Africa (500 AD AD) - Geography of NW & NE W.Africa Civilizations Capitol City of Was considered to be an Ghana, Mali, Songhai Mali was considered Irregular Coastline or Emperor Mansa Musa & his Hajj to Mecca over 4,800 miles (Review) What is Tribalism? Use of Griots & Animism - Creation of the Gold and Salt Trade Trade in Western Africa. Explain! NE African Civilizations Axum & Kush (No salt but traded ) Decline: AD Creation of Atlantic Slave Trade leads to 15 Million Abductees, Divide & Conquer Tactics, Use of Guns, and the Horror of the Middle Passage Rise of the Mongols (1200 AD 1500 AD)

2 -1206 unites 1225 AD The Pax Mongolia Controlled the Road the Mongol people. or the years of which led to. begins. (Think Golden Age) (Describe his birth, childhood, Rivalry with friend Jamuka) Mongol Military Tactics include Grandson Kublai Khan (Choose 3) would host a European visitor Marco Polo in 1271 which -Weak Central Governments of would be written in his China, India, & Russia famous journal. (Choose 4) The Mongol s would create the Largest Continuous Empire in the Mongols Finally World History surpassing both Conquer the Chinese capital Alexander the Great and the Turks. of Beijing. Over time the Mongols would impact the foundations of the Renaissance, Spread the Black Death to Europe, & haunt the creation of Modern Russia Rise of Japan - Slow development due to In 1590 the Tokowgowa Shoganate in Practice of Bushido or

3 Geographic Isolation formed in order to unify the country as of the well as increase food production. which emphasizes the following values -The Emperor is Considered to Under the Tokowgowa Shogunate a a & the system of Feudalism son of the. Practice of Zen Bud - Over time the Emperor would which emphasizes the become a figure head while the following values Shogun would maintain true power eventulally moving the Capitol to the fertile Yedo plain in Unfortunately, the Feudal Reforms would bind peasants to the land, force lords families to live in the capitol, and limit Nobel s Armies and Castles leading to By 1600 s the Shogun would begin a policy of Isolation or Seclusion in order to stop Maintained a Traditional Society until 1853 when Commodore Matthew Perry of the US Asks Japan to Open Up!! The Renaissance of Western Europe (1400 s) Rediscovered the lost Begins in, A Questioning Spirit begins knowledge of the leading to

4 & cultures. The Crusades allowed for Define the Old / New concept Changes in Art include of Humanism? Commercial Revolution allowed for Patron s or include the famous Medici Family who would. Renaissance Artists Leonardo Da Vinci Michelangelo Gutenberg creates Renaissance Writers Machiavelli The Prince End Justifies the Means Better to be Feared than Loved Raphael Shakespeare *In addition other Writers include Thomas More who of a perfect world in Utopia, Chaucer who offended the Catholic Church in the Canterbury Tales, Dante used Satire on a Journey through Purgatory in the Divine Comedy (Inferno), and Erasmus who questioned the absolute power of the Catholic Church especially their control of the Bible In Praise of Folly. * The Protestant Reformation (1500 s Schism of the Catholic Churches of Western Europe) - See Renaissance Causes 1517 Martin Luther writes the W. Europe is Split Religious by Sects by North & South - Describe the Indulgence 1521 Luther forced to Recant

5 his beliefs so Protestant sects include - Pope Leo the X wanted a. Lutheran, Calvinist, and the to build the Anglican Churches b. - Johan Tetzel assists the Pope c. by setting up a stand to sell The Pope begins the Catholic outside Wittenberg Counter-Reformation in Cathedral located in Germany 1523 John Calvin believes in 1540 to Predestination or using the Inquisition to 1534 King Henry VIII wants a The Schism of Faith leads to or Civil Wars, Persecution of English Parliament passes the Jews, Muslims, & Women, Act of Supremacy which and an Increase in Literacy The Age of Exploration (Western Europe Late 1400 s s) - The Results of the Crusades, 1492 Spain finances the Voyages New Invention s Include... Travels of Marco Polo, & of Columbus who - Astrolabe the ideas of the Renaissance. - Caravel Sail - Mercant Projector After the Fall of 1497 Vasco Da Gama is the 1 st - Sextant

6 the to - Cartography Schools Silk Road now in the hands of the 1522 Ferdinand Magellan is the Increase in Imperialism or 1 st to - European Explorer s are motivated by one of 3 reasons known as the 3 G s or Increase in Mercantilism or

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