Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017

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1 Announcements: 1: Bell Ringer worksheets FOR A GRADE! You need: Bell Ringer (Fall of Rome), blank sheet of paper, one-pager template Bell Ringer: October 9(10), Pick up a copy of the Bell Ringer: Fall of Rome 2. In the summary space, describe the reasons for the fall of Rome Economic disruption, movement from city to country, division of the empire, invasion by Germanic tribes

2 Housekeeping Pass back papers Monday/Tuesday: TOP TEN GRADES FOR EACH CLASS- CANDY Monday/Tuesday: Failingto-not failing: CANDY Take this time to set up your Cornell notes, turn in homework, and grab your clickers

3 Announcements/Materials Announcements Bell Ringer worksheets FOR A GRADE! Materials Spiral/paper One-pager template

4 Lesson Objective Explain the development of Christianity as a unifying social and political factor in medieval Europe and the Byzantine Empire. 1. What are we learning? Rewrite the LO into a question. How would How will How might Why would Why will Why might

5 Word Wall Vocabulary: Age of Faith: time period characterized by widespread faith in Christianity and the Church as a source of political power Middle Ages: time period after the fall of Rome Secular: non-religious Canon Law: laws made by the church Byzantium: capital of the Byzantine Empire Excommunication: removal from the church

6

7 Christianity in Europe

8 The Spread of Christianity In the west, no single empire arose in Rome. Germanic groups established many small kingdoms. In the late 500s, a group of monks led by Augustine of Canterbury arrived in an area called Kent Many people were converted and Christianity spread throughout England

9 The Spread of Christianity The Franks were a powerful Germanic kingdom (present day France) Their leader, Clovis, promised to become Christian if his troops won a particular battle Franks became a major power in Western Europe

10 The Power of the Church The church and state had a very close connection Authority was based on the Church For example, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne (a Frank) as emperor The church used excommunication and interdict to control the kings They also created a system called canon law to regulate people s conduct

11 Why Christianity? During the Middle Ages, life was very difficult The church provided stability and security in times of frequent wars Shared belief in the church bonds the people of Medieval Europe together The Middle Ages are seen as the Age of Faith

12 Turn and Talk Why might the church remain a powerful institution even though Western Rome fell? ANS: The church held power over kings with the threat of excommunication and provided a bond for the people of medieval England due to shared beliefs.

13 Christianity in The Byzantine Empire

14 Christianity in the Byzantine Empire Constantine, a Roman emperor, moved the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire to Byzantium and created a new center for Christian authority

15 Christianity in the Byzantine Empire The political division of Rome, along with cultural and language differences leads to a split in the church The result of the split is two separate branches of Christianity: Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.

16

17 Christianity in the Byzantine Empire Justinian, a Byzantine emperor, constructed the Hagia Sophia to show the close relationship between the church and state. Cyril and Methodius create a new alphabet, called the Cyrillic language, to promote religion the Slavs (a group of people living in the Byzantine Empire).

18 Turn and Talk How might the church have power in the Byzantine Empire? Similar to Western Rome, Christianity spread through the Byzantine Empire and the church had a close relationship with the state, as evidenced by the construction of the Hagia Sophia.

19 Independent Practice: One-Pager WORK SHEET Complete the one-pager Topic: Christianity as a Unifying Factor

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