The Byzantine Empire

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1 Chapter 9, Section 3 The Byzantine Empire (Pages ) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: What policies and reforms made the Byzantine Empire strong? What ideas and beliefs shaped Byzantine culture? As you read pages in your textbook, complete this chart to show the causes and effects of Justinian s new law code. Causes New Code of Laws Effects 176 Chapter 9, Section 3

2 The Rise of the Byzantines (pages ) Preview this section to get an idea of what is ahead. First, skim the section. Then write a sentence or two explaining what you think you will be learning. After you have finished reading, revise your statements as necessary. Briefly describe the following places. Black Sea Aegean Sea secure Define this academic vocabulary word from this lesson. Chapter 9, Section 3 177

3 Use this term that you studied earlier in a sentence that reflects the term s meaning. peninsula (Chapter 4, Section 1) Why did the Byzantine Empire have such a blending of cultures? Emperor Justinian (pages ) As you read, write the main idea of the passage. Review your statement when you have finished reading and revise as needed. 178 Chapter 9, Section 3

4 Explain why these people are important. Justinian Theodora Belisarius Tribonian Define these academic vocabulary words from this lesson. income rely What did Justinian accomplish during his reign? Chapter 9, Section 3 179

5 Byzantine Civilization (pages ) Complete this outline as you read. I. The Importance of Trade A. B. II. Byzantine Art and Architecture A. B. III. Byzantine Women A. B. IV. Byzantine Education A. B. Define or describe the following terms from this lesson. mosaic saint regent 180 Chapter 9, Section 3

6 Define this academic vocabulary word from this lesson. enormous Use this term that you studied earlier in a sentence that reflects the term s meaning. caravan (Chapter 1, Section 3) What church was the religious center of the Byzantine Empire? Chapter 9, Section 3 181

7 Now that you have read the section, write the answers to the questions that were included in Setting a Purpose for Reading at the beginning of the lesson. What policies and reforms made the Byzantine Empire strong? What ideas and beliefs shaped Byzantine culture? 182 Chapter 9, Section 3

8 SECTION 9-3 Name Date Class VOCABULARY ACTIVITY 9-3 The Byzantine Empire: Words to Know Directions: Fill in the term or person for each definition listed below, writing one letter in each square. Then use the letters in the shaded squares to complete the sentence that follows. Belisarius Justinian mosaic regent saint Tribonian Across 1. a picture made from many pieces of colored glass or stone 2. a general who reorganized the Byzantine army 3. the emperor of the Byzantine Empire from A.D a scholar who simplified the empire s legal code 5. a person who stands in for a ruler who is too young to rule A Christian holy person is often called a. Building Academic Vocabulary enormous, adjective Example: The enormous trade made the Byzantine Empire very rich. Directions: Study the linear array graphic organizer below. Then answer the question that follows. miniscule tiny small average large huge enormous 7. On the lines below, write a definition for the word enormous, based on the graphic organizer. 62

9 Name Date Class GUIDED READING ACTIVITY 9-3 The Byzantine Empire Directions: Reading for Accuracy Reading the section and completing the activity below will help you learn more about the Byzantine Empire. Use your textbook to decide if a statement is true or false. Write T or F in the blank, and if a statement is false, rewrite it correctly on the line. 1. In the A.D. 500s, the Byzantine Empire stretched from Spain in the west to India in the east. 2. Constantinople was a thriving city because of its location on the waterways between the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea. 3. After being built in the Greek style, Constantinople was known as the New Athens. 4. As time passed, the Byzantine Empire became less Roman and more Greek. 5. Emperor Justinian was a weak leader who was controlled by the army. 6. Because of the influence of the empress Theodora, laws were passed that allowed a Byzantine wife to own land. 7. The general Belisarius was unable to defeat the Persian army. 8. The Byzantine Empire was rich and influential but only existed for 200 years. 9. Invading Visigoths in A.D. 593 destroyed the Hagia Sophia. 10. In the Byzantine Empire, girls were required to attend public school. SECTION

10 Name Date Class TIME LINE ACTIVITY 9 The Decline and Fall of Rome (A.D ) Directions: Use the information in the time line to answer the questions in the spaces provided. A.D. 284 Diocletian becomes emperor of Roman Empire A.D. 378 The Germanic Visigoths defeat the Romans A.D. 455 The Germanic Vandals invade Rome A.D. 476 The last western emperor is overthrown A.D. 250 A.D. 300 A.D. 350 A.D. 400 A.D. 450 A.D. 500 A.D. 330 Constantine moves capital to Constantinople A.D. 395 The emperor Theodosius dies A.D. 395 The Roman Empire splits in two A.D. 410 Alaric and the Visigoths capture Rome Background During the A.D. 200s, Rome s government and economy began to weaken. Some emperors, like Diocletian and Constantine, tried to halt the empire s decline, but their reforms failed. The Roman Empire finally split into two separate empires. Less than a century later, Rome fell to outside invaders. 1. What year did the Roman Empire split? 2. Who was the last emperor to rule a united Roman Empire? 3. Name two Germanic groups that invaded Rome. 4. What year did the Western Roman Empire end? CHAPTER 9 47

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