EARLY MIDDLE AGES TIMELINE - NOTES HANDOUTS - TEMPLATES GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS

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1 EARLY MIDDLE AGES TIMELINE - NOTES HANDOUTS - TEMPLATES GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS

2 FUN AND CREATIVE LESSONS ON THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES This package provides students with everything they need to complete an in- depth Social Studies unit on the Early Middle Ages!! A complete unit just print and teach!!! All activities are classroom tested and include creative handouts, information sheets, detailed instructions, templates, and more! All handouts are formatted to be cut and glued into a keytab or notebook. At the end of the unit, students will have created a detailed study guide to help them review the material! Of course, if you choose not to do this, all handouts can be used as is as well. This package includes the following:

3 Early Middle Ages Timeline - A fill in the blank timeline table is included. An answer key is also included. Students use answer key to fill in the blanks on their chart. Completed timeline note sheet can then be referred back to throughout the unit. An excellent document to begin the unit with! Early Middle Ages Title Page Template- This template includes a bold title for students to color, and a series of different blank boxes for students to fill in with information about the Early Middle Ages. Students can use this as a pre-reading reading activity, where they fill the blanks in with images they think the unit will be about. Alternately, students can fill in the boxes as they work through the unit, drawing images of things they learn. A great alternative to the typical title page! Mediterranean Civilization Graphic Organizer Notes An answer key template and blank student template are included. Students fill in their templates with notes by looking at the answer key, helping them answer the question What conditions led to civilization in the Mediterranean?.. An excellent and detailed graphic organizer, that really helps to make the topic clear to students.

4 Fall of Rome Graphic Organizer Notes - An answer key template and blank student template are included. Students fill in their templates with notes by looking at the answer key, helping them answer the question Why Did Rome Fall? Fall of Rome: : Cornell Notes - A blank Cornell Note template for students to complete, asking questions about what happened after the fall l of the Roman Empire. Teachers can let students research the questions and come up with their own notes, or can provide students with the detailed included answer key to copy down the notes. The Franks and Pepin the Short: : Cornell Notes - A blank Cornell l Note template for students to complete, asking questions about the lives the Franks and Pepin the Short. Teachers can let students research the questions and come up with their own notes, or can provide students with the detailed included answer key to copy down the notes. Charlemagne: Cornell Notes - A blank Cornell Note template for students to complete, asking questions about Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire. Teachers can let students research the questions and come up with their own notes, or can provide students with the detailed included answer key to copy down the notes.

5 The Anglo Saxons: : Cornell Notes - A blank Cornell Note template for students to complete, asking questions about the Anglo Saxons. Teachers can let students research the questions and come up with their own notes, or can provide students with the detailed included answer key to copy down the notes. The Vikings: Cornell Notes - A blank Cornell Note template for students to complete, asking questions about the Vikings. Teachers can let students research the questions and come up with their own notes, or can provide students with the detailed included answer key to copy down the notes. Vikings, Anglo Saxons, and Franks Mini Book Project Templates. Students used the included mini book page templates to create a small book about the Vikings, Franks, and Anglo Saxons. The first page has a title, and boxes for students to illustrate each culture. The additional pages have titles, and specific spaces for students to write about and illustrate each culture. When complete, students can staple the pages together into a small book. Students can research information for each page, or can use information from the previous notes to help them fill out their books.

6 Early Middle Ages Pretest - This Pretest covers information from the included notes on the Fall of Rome, The Franks and Pepin the Short, Charlemagne, The Anglo Saxons, and The Vikings. All of the questions come directly from the notes, so it is easy to have students mark their own Pretests by having them refer back to their class notes.

7 EUROPE S EARLY MIDDLE AGES TIMELINE DATE EVENT 70 CE Jerusalem is destroyed by Rome 313 CE Christianity is legalized by Roman emperor Constantine 410 CE Rome is sacked by the Goths; Germanic people begin to invade England 481 CE Clovis I becomes ruler of the Franks 793 CE England experiences first Viking raids 800 CE Charlemagne is crowned by Pope Leo III 1070 CE Viking Age ends

8 EUROPE S EARLY MIDDLE AGES TIMELINE DATE 70 CE EVENT 313 CE 410 CE 481 CE 793 CE 800 CE 1070 CE

9

10 What conditions led to a civilization in the Mediterranean?

11 THE RIGHT CLIMATE -The Mediterranean climate had everything necessary for survival: fertile soil, long growing season, not too hot or cold, sunshine and rain. GOOD TRANSPORTATION What conditions led to a civilization in the Mediterranean? -Transportation networks made military conquest, trade, and exchange of ideas possible. -Mediterranean Sea was the highway of the Mediterranean world. -Military built large network of roads POWERFUL MILITARY -Military strength allowed Romans to increase trade networks. -Thriving trade economy made Rome wealthy. -As Romans became rich, so did government, through taxation. A wealthy empire can run a strong, stable government.

12 WHY DID ROME FALL?

13 Germanic Repeated Many people The extensive people moved attacks by embraced new size of the in to Rome. Germanic religions, and empire made it They took land forces caused lost their will to impossible to from Roman the empire to defend Roman defend citizens and become weak. religion and refused to pay Rome itself taxes Political upheaval occurred, because Rome had no clear system for deciding who would be emperor. WHY DID ROME FALL? When Roman soldiers returned home, they brought lots of infectious diseases with them. These diseases killed thousands Weak emperors did not have an interest in governing or defending the empire Roman people spent too much money on entertainment and luxuries When Romans began using slaves to supply goods and services, small businesses suffered.

14 EARLY MIDDLE AGES FALL OF ROME: CORNELL NOTES What happened after the fall of Rome? There was no one left to keep the peace or repair roads when the government officials and Roman legions withdrew. No government means no taxation, which means services that were once paid for with tax money also disappear Tax money no longer paid for citizens to be protected from violence or crime Roads in disrepair, travel dangerous, communities deserted Major drop in population People had little money No jobs that required writing or reading, so people were not educated few people could read or write No military protection, so hundreds of rulers fought over control of peasants and land, wanting to be in charge of empire

15 EARLY MIDDLE AGES What happened after the fall of Rome? FALL OF ROME: CORNELL NOTES

16 EARLY MIDDLE AGES THE FRANKS AND PEPIN THE SHORT: CORNELL NOTES Who were the Franks? The Germanic people were called the Franks Farmers who loved to make war Who was Clovis I? Ruler of the Franks, from CE When he died, the kingdom was divided among his children who were bad rulers Who was Pepin the Short? Pepin the Short was a court official who had more real power than the king He threw out the last of the terrible rulers, descendants of Clovis I Pepin the Short was Charlemagne s father

17 EARLY MIDDLE AGES THE FRANKS AND PEPIN THE SHORT: CORNELL NOTES Who were the Franks? Who was Clovis I? Who was Pepin the Short?

18 EARLY MIDDLE AGES CHARLEMAGNE: CORNELL NOTES How was the Carolingian Empire different from the Roman Empire? Smaller Romans lived in large cities, Carolingians lived in small villages and towns Trade improved, but nothing like it was in Roman times What happened to the Carolingian Empire after the death of Charlemagne? Died after ruling for 47 years Security and Peace he had achieved in the empire fell apart - there were feuds among his descendants, and they displayed weakness in the face of Viking invaders.

19 Who was Charlemagne and how did he gain power? Came to power in 768 CE Restored power by using military force The one person most responsible for rebuilding Europe his rule gave Europe a rest from the civil wars that had torn it apart since the fall of Rome. Crowned Roman emperor by Pope Leo III His empire was called the Carolingian Empire What improvements did Charlemagne bring to the lives of the people? Improved education throughout the empire Revived practice of architecture - he had many stone churches and palaces built Brought about a rebirth of learning and the arts

20 EARLY MIDDLE AGES Who was Charlemagne and how did he gain power? CHARLEMAGNE: CORNELL NOTES How was the Carolingian Empire different from the Roman Empire?

21 What improvements did Charlemagne bring to the lives of the people? What happened to the Carolingian Empire after the death of Charlemagne?

22 EARLY MIDDLE AGES THE ANGLO-SAXONS: CORNELL NOTES Who were the Anglo- Saxons? What was daily life like for the Anglo- Saxons? When the Romans left Britain, warriors moved in The warriors who came were called the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes They drove out the Celts, and became known as the Anglo-Saxons, or English Farmers, who thought of themselves as warriors Lived in small villages Skilled metalworkers and sculptors Great storytellers Wrote Beowulf, the first major work of English literature. Trade was difficult made what they could, bartered for the rest People did not travel Constantly fighting among themselves increased wealth by attacking neighbours

23 EARLY MIDDLE AGES THE ANGLO-SAXONS: CORNELL NOTES Who were the Anglo- Saxons? What was daily life like for the Anglo- Saxons?

24 EARLY MIDDLE AGES THE VIKINGS: CORNELL NOTES Who were the Vikings? Vikings were fierce warriors who often attacked the Anglo-Saxons Anglo-Saxons dealt with Viking raids for more than 200 years Came from the area we now call Scandinavia Would kill, steal, and burn down villages Destroyed any peace brought by Charlemagne s rule What was daily life like for the Vikings? Why did the Viking Age end? Most were farmers and fishers Lived in small villages Owned slaves Rich culture art, music, etc Ended in the 11 century English monarchs gave half of England, the Danelaw, to Viking lords, who protected it from other Vikings Eventually many Vikings became Christians

25 EARLY MIDDLE AGES Who were the Vikings? THE VIKINGS: CORNELL NOTES What was daily life like for the Vikings? Why did the Viking Age end?

26 THE FRANKS, ANGLO-SAXONS, AND VIKINGS: MINI BOOK PROJECT

27 THE FRANKS

28 ANGLO-SAXONS

29 THE VIKINGS

30 EARLY MIDDLE AGES: PRETEST 1) List three conditions that led to a civilization in the Mediterranean. 2) List 9 reasons for the fall of Rome. 3) Who were the Franks? Who was their ruler, and what happened after his death? 4) Who was Charlemagne, and how did he gain power? 5) List three improvements that Charlemagne brought to the lives of his people? 6) How was the Carolingian Empire different from the Roman Empire? 7) What happened to the Carolingian Empire after the death of Charlemagne? 8) Who were the Anglosaxons? 9) What were Vikings like at home? 10) What were Vikings like on Raids?

31 Thank you so much for downloading this package of activities. I hope you are able to make good use of it in your classroom! If you get a chance, please provide some feedback on it at Teachers Pay Teachers. Visit my Teachers Pay Teachers store for numerous ready to use units and lessons for English, Social Studies, and Art! I also frequently post free items! ore/middleschoolteacher Polka Dot Border can be found here: roduct/polka-dot Dot-Frames Frames-Clip Clip-Art Art-for for- Multi-Purposes Fonts can be found here: s/

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