Bell Ringer: September 18(19), 2017

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1 Announcements: 1: Vocabulary due Sept 29 2: 9/22 CAMO DAY! 3: Check your grades! You need: 1: Spiral/blank sheet of paper 2: World Religions Chart 3: World Religions Project template Bell Ringer: September 18(19), Get out your notes from last class. 2. Re-read your notes and in the summary space of your notes, describe the characteristics of Ancient China. Include a description of the ruling dynasties, their most important technological advances, and the three philosophical systems. Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han Zhou: roads and canals Qin: Great Wall of China Han: paper and collared harness Three philosophies: Daoism, Confucianism, Legalism

2 Housekeeping Pass back papers Monday/Tuesday: TOP TEN GRADES FOR EACH CLASS- CANDY Monday/Tuesday: Failingto-not failing: CANDY Take this time to set up your Cornell notes, turn in homework, and grab your clickers

3 Announcements/Materials Announcements Vocabulary due September 29 Friday is CAMO DAY Check your grades Materials Spiral/paper World Religions Chart World Religions Project template

4 Lesson Objective Describe the historical origins, central ideas, and spread of major religious and philosophical traditions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism 1. What are we learning? Rewrite the LO into a question. How would How will How might Why would Why will Why might

5 Lesson Objective 2. Why is it important/making a connection? Turn to your partner and read your Lesson Objective question to them. Correct any mistakes you find. Ex:

6 Word Wall Vocabulary: Abraham: founder of Judaism Allah: name for God in Islam Analects: collection of Confucius s writing Bible: holy book of Christians Brahman: name of Hindu god Buddha: founder of Buddhism Confucius: founder of Confucianism Eightfold Path: beliefs of Buddhism; steps to end suffering Five Pillars of Islam: beliefs of Islam; rules by which to live Jesus: founder of Christianity Karma: belief that good deeds and bad deeds add up to determine a person s social position in the next life Muslim: follower of Islam Nirvana: enlightenment or end to suffering Qu ran: holy book of Islam Reincarnation: rebirth of a soul Torah: holy book of Judaism

7

8 Cause/Effect of the Development of Religion Causes Religions and belief systems emerged as humanity began to explore the questions of Where did humanity come from?, What is the purpose of life?, and What happens after death? Effects Spread of various religious/philosophical traditions Religion was often used to support or justify a ruler s authority, such as the Mandate of Heaven Cultural diffusion as missionaries used trade routes to spread religious teachings Reinforcement of patriarchal social structure

9 Buddhism Buddhism Name of Deity Founder Holy Book Leadership No god The Buddha/Siddhartha Gautama Many sacred texts Buddhist monks and nuns Basic Beliefs Persons achieve peace (nirvana) by eliminating desire/attachment to worldly things Nirvana is reached by following the Eightfold Path: Right views: understand things as they are Right action: do not steal or hurt others Right speech: do not tell lies, do not gossip Right conduct: be kind Right livelihood: don t keep a job that gets money for hurting others Right effort: prevent evil states of mind Right mindfulness: be aware of your body; meditate Right concentration: maintain happiness Similar to Hinduism but does not allow use of caste system

10 Turn and Talk SHOW ME! Which of the following correctly identifies the beliefs and rules of Buddhism? a. The Torah and the Ten Commandments b. The Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path c. The Bible and the Ten Commandments d. The Qu ran and the Five Pillars

11 Christianity Christianity Name of Deity Founder Holy Book Leadership God Jesus Bible Pope leads the Catholic section of the Christian church; other leaders include priests, ministers, and nuns Basic Beliefs There is only one God, who watches over and cares for his people Jesus Christ is the son of God. He died to save humanity from sin. His death and resurrection made eternal life possible for others.

12 Turn and Talk Founder Holy Book Laws Abraham Torah Ten Commandments Jesus Christ Bible Ten Commandments Muhammad Qur'an Five Pillars Which of the following can be inferred from the chart? a. Christianity is polytheistic b. Islam was developed in the same geographical region as Judaism c. Christianity and Judaism are similar in their beliefs d. Jesus Christ founded Islam SHOW ME!

13 Hinduism Hinduism Name of Deity Founder Holy Book Leadership Brahman Unknown Many sacred texts Brahmin priests, monks, and gurus Basic Beliefs The soul never dies, but is continually reborn Persons achieve happiness and enlightenment after they free themselves from earthly desire Freedom from earthly desires come from a lifetime of worship, knowledge, and good acts Supports use of the caste system

14 Turn and Talk SHOW ME! Which of the following religions originated in India, believes in the caste system, believes in reincarnation, and has a god named Brahmin? a. Hinduism b. Buddhism c. Sikhism d. Christianity

15 Islam Islam Name of Deity Founder Holy Book Leadership Allah No founder, but spread by Muhammad Qur'an Scholar class called ulama and imams who lead prayers Basic Beliefs Persons achieve salvation by following the Five Pillars of Islam Pillars are faith, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage to Mecca

16 Turn and Talk SHOW ME! Which of the following describes the holy book of Islam? a. Bible b. Torah c. Qur an d. Analects

17 Judaism Judaism Name of Deity Founder Holy Book Leadership God Abraham Torah Rabbis Basic Beliefs There is only one God God loves and protects his people but holds them accountable for their misdeeds Persons serve God by studying Torah and its teachings

18 Turn and Talk SHOW ME! Which of the following explains the holy book of Judaism? a. The Analects, a collection of thoughts from Confucius b. The Torah, the first five books of the Bible c. The Qur an, a legend of a fierce warrior d. The Bible, a collection of stories about Jesus

19 Confucianism Confucianism Name of Deity Founder Holy Book Leadership No god Confucius The Analects No clergy Basic Beliefs Social order, harmony, and good government should be based on strong family relationships Respect for parents and elders is important to a well-ordered society Education is important

20 Examples of Religious Art Throughout Classical Civilizations

21 Independent Practice: REGULAR: Get out your copy of the World Religions Project Template Choose a religion and complete the template on the back PREAP: Get out your copy of the World Religions Poster Project Choose a religion and begin your research. Your poster will be due in two weeks (October 3)

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