The Byzantine Empire

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Byzantine Empire"

Transcription

1 The Byzantine Empire

2 Preview This preview is designed to show students how the city of Constantinople thrived as a trading hub. This will help you understand why Constantinople became the capital of the Byzantine Empire

3 Preview You will participate in an activity to learn how an important trading site in the Mediterranean functioned during the Middle Ages. Each student will represent a trader from one of the 7 regions of the world and will have 7 tokens representing the goods from that region. You must exchange these for goods from other regions

4 Preview The object is to accumulate the greatest variety of goods- as many of the 7 colors of tokens as possible. The group with the greatest VARIETY (not quantity) will win.

5 Trading Rules All trading must take place in the hub Traders can only bring 1 token into the hub at a time. To reach the hub you must walk single file along the tape. Traders can trade for only one color of token while in the hub Once a trade is completed, a trader must return to his or her region to pick up another token before trading again Traders may not exchange tokens with members of their own group Traders may not travel to other regions

6 Time to Trade Trade with other regions You may work together to trade for as many different colors you want.

7 Activity Debrief Tally tokens and colors 1 person from each group report how many of each color they acquired. How did you feel during the activity? What did you like about trading? What was difficult about it? Was it easy to acquire different colors once you reached the trading hub? Explain. Where do you think one of the most important trading hubs was located during the Middle Ages?

8 Preview 6 Page 31 Classroom Experience Students were members of different groups Historical Connection Traders came from various regions of the world such as Africa, France and China

9 Preview 6 Page 31 Classroom Experience Students traded different colors of tokens Historical Connection Various goods were traded during the Middle Ages, such as ivory, wool and silk

10 Preview 6 Page 31 Classroom Experience Tokens had to be traded in the trading hub Historical Connection Many traders came to Constantinople to trade.

11 Preview 6 Page 31 Classroom Experience Students could only trade for one token at a time. Historical Connection Traders could carry only limited supplies of goods

12 Preview 6 Page 31 Classroom Experience Students walked along strips of tape to trade Historical Connection Traders traveled to Constantinople by land and water routes.

13 Preview 6 Page 31 Classroom Experience Groups finished the activity with a variety of token colors Historical Connection Traders brought new products to their homes after trading in Constantinople.

14 Introduction You will learn about the development of the Byzantine Empire and its political and religious traditions. Read 6.1on page 61 Look at the illustration on page 6.1 What do you see? What key place is indicated on the map? What might the buildings represent? What do you think the fence represents? You will use this map to learn about the development of the Byzantine Empire and its separate political and religious traditions.

15 Constantinople What do you see here? What types of physical features do you see? What buildings stand out? What do you think they are used for? What features protect this city from invaders? What allows people to reach this city easily? Why do you think this city was called a crossroad?

16 6.2 Constantinople 800 miles east of Rome Easy to defend surrounded by water on 3 sides Chain across the harbor for protection Crossroads of Europe and Asia Sea and overland routes connected the them More than 700 years Constantinople was the richest and most elegant city in the Mediterranean region Ivory, silk, furs and perfumes and other luxury goods were traded 1204 French Soldier said One could not believe there was so rich a city in all the world

17 6.2 Constantinople Home to around 1 million people Culture was Greek; traders and visitors spoke many languages Ships were in the harbor with good to trade Life was more advanced than in western Europe Sewer system Social services: hospitals, homes for elderly and orphanages Many people were impoverished Emperor gave bread to those who could not find work

18 6.2 Constantinople Almost everyone attended the chariot races at the stadium Hippodrome Blues and Greens fierce rivals chariot tams Sometimes caused deadly fighting 532 the 2 groups united in rebellion and destroyed much of Constantinople

19

20 6.3 Reign of Justinian I What do you see here? Who stands out in this image? Why does he stand out? This is Justinian, a famous Byzantine ruler. What do you notice about the figures standing next to him? What roles do you think they played in his court? What does this image say about Justinian s Power?

21 6.3 Justinian I Emperor and his wife Theodora were attending chariot races Both the Blues and Greens were upset over the arrest of some of their members Blues and Greens rioted against Justinian Justinian and Theodora hid in the palace City was on fire Justinian s advisors wanted him to flee the city Theodora told him to stay and fight Justinian put down the revolt 30,000 people were killed in the fighting

22 6.3 Justinian I Constantinople laid in ruins Justinian wanted to rebuild Public works bridges, baths, parks, road and hospitals Churches Hagia Sophia today one of most famous buildings in the world Tried to reclaim some lost territory North Africa, Italy and Southeastern Spain

23 6.3 Justinian I Most famous for creating a system of law Made improvements to laws around Roman Empire Extended Women s property rights Justinian s Code basis for many legal codes in the western world Distrust and divisions plagued the imperial court Justinian s court was no exception

24

25 6.4 Eastern Orthodox Church This structure was 1 st built during the reign of Justinian. What do you see? What is the mood like in this building? What types of activities might take place here? What aspects of the architecture are interesting? How high do you think the dome is? 180 feet 12 stories How does the size make you feel? What do you notice about the lighting? Why do you think light might be important in a church?

26 6.4 Eastern Orthodox Church Christianity was a foundation of their empire. Religious center as well as the seat of the government Constantinople Eastern Orthodox Church = Byzantine church orthodox = in agreement with right belief. Medieval Eastern Orthodox church was based on a set of beliefs that its leaders traced back to Jesus Christ and to the work of bishops.

27 6.4 Eastern Orthodox Church Role of the Church Emperor was a living representative of God and Jesus Church and state were combined into one Played a role in daily life Most people attended church regularly Religious sacraments were involved in stages of life Monasteries and convents cared for the poor and sick These institutions were supported by wealthy people and became quite powerful

28 6.4 Eastern Orthodox Church Church Hierarchy Rank in order of importance like Catholic clergy Emperor supreme authority Emperor chose the patriarch of Constantinople Patriarch did not claim authority over others like the pope does Orthodox priests serve under patriarch and other bishops Orthodox priests can marry Bishops could rise only from ranks of unmarried priests

29 6.4 Eastern Orthodox Church Liturgy and Prayers Orthodox church services were close to the Roman Catholic mass Sang and worship Conducted in Greek Prayed to saints Saint Basil promoted charity and reformed the liturgy Saint Cyril created Cyrillic alphabet which allowed scholars to translate the Bible for people in eastern Europe to read

30 6.4 Eastern Orthodox Church Architecture and Art Hagia Sophia model for many churches Base represents the earthly world and upon it rests the dome of heaven Rich decorations inside remind people what it would be like if we entered God s kingdom Art was used in services and prayers Icons usually painted on small wooden panels

31

32 Analyzing Images You will now analyze objects and people that would be found in an Eastern Orthodox Church such as Hagia Sophia during Justinian s reign. You will get handout now. With a partner examine a placard Use details from your notes and your book to answer the question on the placard. Repeat the process until you have examined all 8 images

33 6.5 Conflict between East and West What do you see here? Describe the 2 men who are seated. What positions do you think they hold in Byzantine society? What do the two men on the right appear to be doing? Why might their actions upset many Christians?

34 6.5 Conflict Between East and West Medieval Europe and Byzantine Empire were united n Christianity Cultural, Political and religious differences brought the two parts of the old Roman Empire into conflict Eastern half had many cities, trade and wealth Western half had rural and agriculture and not nearly as wealthy West was influenced by Frankish and Germanic tribes Constantinople people spoke Greek In the west people spoke Latin

35 6.5 Conflict Between East and West Churches had most important conflict Popes were powerful in Western Europe claimed supreme religious authority over all Christians Emperors and patriarchs of the east resisted such claims

36 6.5 Conflict Between East and West Iconoclasm: Christians in East believed people were worshiping icons instead of what was on the painting Leo III Byzantine emperor banned the use of religious images in all Christian churches and homes Iconoclasm (icon smashing) led to destruction of much religious art Roman popes were angry

37 6.5 Conflict Between East and West Holy Roman Emperor: Empress Irene was ruler of Byzantine Empire People Leo III did not see her as a true ruler Leo crowned Charlemagne the king of the Franks as holy roman emperor

38 6.5 Conflict Between East and West Final Break: 1054 Cerularius, patriarch of Constantinople wanted to reassert Byzantine control of the church Closed churches that worshiped the Western Rite Pope Leo IX was furious Cardinal Humbert marched up to the alter of Hagia Sophia and laid down a bull excommunicating Cerularius Cerularius excommunicated the cardinal Schism split between east and west

39

The Byzantine Empire CHAPTER. 6.1 Introduction. 4 A modern drawing re-creates the city of Constantine during the Byzantine Empire.

The Byzantine Empire CHAPTER. 6.1 Introduction. 4 A modern drawing re-creates the city of Constantine during the Byzantine Empire. 4 A modern drawing re-creates the city of Constantine during the Byzantine Empire. CHAPTER The Byzantine Empire 6.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you learned about the decline of feudalism in western

More information

The Byzantine Empire. Chap. 13 Lesson 1. - The City of Constantinople

The Byzantine Empire. Chap. 13 Lesson 1. - The City of Constantinople The Byzantine Empire Chap. 13 Lesson 1 - The City of Constantinople Objectives: Identify Roman ideas that shaped the Byzantine Empire s culture. Analyze how Justinian I and Theodora changed the empire.

More information

What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.?

What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? After the Pax Romana, the Roman Empire entered an era of decline The Roman Empire had a series of weak emperors The Fall of the Roman Empire Romans had a

More information

Introduction to the Byzantine Empire

Introduction to the Byzantine Empire Introduction to the Byzantine Empire Do Now: What are the advantages of building a major city here? MAP Peninsula Advantages Provided natural safe harbors for ships both merchant and military ships Provided

More information

BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D A.D.

BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D A.D. BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D. 1500 A.D. Roman Empire 27 B.C. 476 A.D. Roman Empire 27 B.C. 476 A.D. BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D. 1500 A.D. BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D. 1500 A.D. Roman Empire 27 B.C. 476 A.D. Also

More information

Chapter 13. The Commonwealth of Byzantium. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.

Chapter 13. The Commonwealth of Byzantium. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display. Chapter 13 The Commonwealth of Byzantium 1 The Early Byzantine Empire n Capital: Byzantium n On the Bosporus n Commercial, strategic value of location n Constantine names capital after himself (Constantinople),

More information

Bellwork. Turn in your foldable if you did not on Friday

Bellwork. Turn in your foldable if you did not on Friday Bellwork Turn in your foldable if you did not on Friday The Byzantine Empire Constantinople THE TWO ROMAN EMPIRES Constantinople The Byzantine Empire Eastern Roman Empire The Byzantine Empire Eastern

More information

THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE. The Empire in the East survived for another thousand years

THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE. The Empire in the East survived for another thousand years Constantine, the Roman Emperor who recognized Christianity as the legal religion, moved the capital to the Eastern Mediterranean (330 A.D.), rebuilt the city of Byzantium & later renamed it after himself.

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Black Sea. Constantinople ASIA MINOR GREECE Tarsus Sicily. Antioch Aegean Sea. Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem. Alexandria JUDAEA EGYPT

NAME DATE CLASS. Black Sea. Constantinople ASIA MINOR GREECE Tarsus Sicily. Antioch Aegean Sea. Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem. Alexandria JUDAEA EGYPT Lesson 1 Early Christianity ESSENTIAL QUESTION What are the characteristics of a leader? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did the Jews respond to Roman rule? 2. Why were the life and death of Jesus of Nazareth

More information

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian Byzantine Empire Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Byzantium, a Greek city in the eastern part of the empire. Ruled over the Balkan Peninsula, the Middle East and parts of

More information

Unit VI - Byzantine, Mongol & Russian Empires

Unit VI - Byzantine, Mongol & Russian Empires Name: Unit VI - Byzantine, Mongol & Russian Empires Remember - Reading Guides will now be collected with study guides at the end of the unit. They will count as two grades, like a quiz. Answer all the

More information

The Byzantine Empire ( ) One God, One Empire, One Religion

The Byzantine Empire ( ) One God, One Empire, One Religion The Byzantine Empire (330-1453) One God, One Empire, One Religion The Eastern Empire As Western Europe succumbed to the Germanic invasions, imperial power shifted to the Byzantine Empire (the eastern part

More information

Vikings, Slavs, Byzantines and the Development of Russia. Who are the Vikings? Who are the Slavs? NOTES ON RUSSIA. Kiev. Who are the Byzantines?

Vikings, Slavs, Byzantines and the Development of Russia. Who are the Vikings? Who are the Slavs? NOTES ON RUSSIA. Kiev. Who are the Byzantines? Who are the Vikings? Vikings, Slavs, Byzantines and the Development of Russia Who are the Slavs? VIKINGS NOTES ON RUSSIA SLAVS Kiev BYZANTINE EMPIRE Who are the Byzantines? THE SLAVS Who are the Slavs?

More information

AP World History Notes Chapter 10

AP World History Notes Chapter 10 AP World History Notes Chapter 10 395 CE = final division of Roman Empire into eastern and western halves 476 = end of the western Roman Empire Eastern half remained intact = the Byzantine Empire (aka

More information

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Constantinople was at the center of the Eastern Roman Empire for more than a thousand years.

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Constantinople was at the center of the Eastern Roman Empire for more than a thousand years. Vocabulary Builder Section 1 DIRECTIONS Read each sentence and choose the correct term from the word bank to replace the underlined definition. Theodora Belisarius Byzantine Empire 1. Constantinople was

More information

Byzantine Empire ( )

Byzantine Empire ( ) Byzantine Empire (330-1453) Definition Byzantine: this term is a modern invention. The Byzantines called themselves either Romans or Greeks. It was used for the medieval Greekspeaking, Christian empire

More information

Society, Religion and Arts

Society, Religion and Arts Society, Religion and Arts Despite the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the Eastern Empire continued to thrive in Constantinople. It would endure for nearly 1,000 years after the Fall of Rome, largely

More information

SSWH 4 Presentation. Classical World

SSWH 4 Presentation. Classical World SSWH 4 Presentation Classical World SSWH 4 Analyze the impact of the Byzantine and Mongol empires. Vocabulary Byzantine Empire - This empire began as the eastern half of the Roman Empire, with its capital

More information

A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes.

A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes. Timeline I. Medieval Europe A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes. B. By the 4 th century, the Catholic Church became more powerful. The church was (is) organized

More information

Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors

Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Constantinople Survived because it was far away from the Germanic tribe invasions It was the

More information

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Chapter 10 Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Section 1 The Byzantine Empire Capital of Byzantine Empire Constantinople Protected by Greek Fire Constantinople Controlled by: Roman Empire Christians Byzantines

More information

Unit 9: Early Middle Ages

Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.9 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Western Europe during the Middle Ages from about 500 to 1000 AD in terms of its impact on Western Civilization

More information

The Byzantine Empire and Russia ( )

The Byzantine Empire and Russia ( ) Chapter 10, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 10 The Byzantine Empire and Russia (330 1613) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River,

More information

The Byzantines

The Byzantines The Byzantines 330-1453 Development of the Byzantine Empire Strengths of the Empire Split between East and West Preserving Roman Law Decline of the Empire Strengths of the Empire The Byzantine Empire

More information

The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins

The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins 1. What happened to Rome in 410 AD? 2. Why would this sack of Rome be physiologically crushing to the Romans? 3. Who is Alaric? 4. What are Alaric and his Visigoths

More information

Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews

Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews Question 1. How do you think the division of the Christian church into clergy and laity in response to Roman persecution helped them spread their beliefs? 2. Use your notes to

More information

Turning Points The Great Schism. Week 6: March 8, 2015

Turning Points The Great Schism. Week 6: March 8, 2015 Turning Points The Great Schism Week 6: March 8, 2015 Creed by Rich Mullins I Believe what I Believe Is what Makes Me what I Am I did not Make It, No It is Making Me. It is the Very Truth of God and Not

More information

A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by:

A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: www.cainaweb.org Early Church Growth & Threats Patristic Period & Great Councils Rise of Christendom High Medieval Church Renaissance to Reformation

More information

The Holy Roman Empire ( ) By: Aubrey Feyrer Amanda Peng Ian Scribner

The Holy Roman Empire ( ) By: Aubrey Feyrer Amanda Peng Ian Scribner The Holy Roman Empire (946-1437) By: Aubrey Feyrer Amanda Peng Ian Scribner Growth of the Holy Roman Empire Intellectual and Cultural History Included present-day Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg,

More information

Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe

Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe Chapter 14 Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe OUTLINE I. Introduction Two civilizations survived in postclassical Europe: the Byzantine Empire and its culturally related cultures

More information

Part I: The Byzantine Empire - A Quick Overview

Part I: The Byzantine Empire - A Quick Overview Part I: The Byzantine Empire - A Quick Overview The Roman Empire Divided Constantine s City-- Constantinople The Byzantine Empire I. Origins of the Empire A. Started as eastern part of Roman Empire 1.

More information

Chapter 11. The Roman Empire and the Rise of Christianity in the West, 31 B.C.E. 800 C.E.

Chapter 11. The Roman Empire and the Rise of Christianity in the West, 31 B.C.E. 800 C.E. Chapter 11 The Roman Empire and the Rise of Christianity in the West, 31 B.C.E. 800 C.E. p142 Roman Decline Rome s power to rule began to decline after Marcus Aurelius (161-180 CE) Germanic tribes invaded

More information

Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017

Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017 Announcements: 1: Bell Ringer worksheets FOR A GRADE! You need: Bell Ringer (Fall of Rome), blank sheet of paper, one-pager template Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017 1. Pick up a copy of the Bell Ringer:

More information

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge

Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Dark Ages - the Age of Feudalism Medieval Europe began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD. With the destruction of Roman civilization,

More information

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9 The Worlds of European Christendom Chapter 9 After the Roman Empire By the 4 th Century the Roman Empire gets divided Christian Europe is two parts: 1. Eastern half = The Byzantine Empire 2. Western half

More information

UNIT 2 NEW EMPIRES EMERGE

UNIT 2 NEW EMPIRES EMERGE UNIT 2 NEW EMPIRES EMERGE SSWH4 The student will analyze the importance of the Byzantine and Mongol empires between 450 AD and 1500 AD. a. Analyze the importance of Justinian, include the influence of

More information

Chapter 13 Notes. Western Europe in the Middle Ages

Chapter 13 Notes. Western Europe in the Middle Ages Chapter 13 Notes Western Europe in the Middle Ages Middle Ages 500-1500 The Middle Ages are also called the Medieval Period. The foundations of early medieval society were: Classical heritage of Rome Christian

More information

The Legacy of Justinian

The Legacy of Justinian Name Date Class Period Quaestio: Nunc Agenda: Working with your partner, answer the following question about the Byzantine Empire using your prior knowledge. Try to answer them without looking, but if

More information

World History Grade: 8

World History Grade: 8 World History Grade: 8 SOC 220 World History I No graduation credit 5 days per week; 1 school year Taught in English This is a required course for 8th grade students in the Mexican/U.S. Programs. This

More information

Early Middle Ages = C.E. High Middle Ages = C.E. Late Middle Ages = C.E.

Early Middle Ages = C.E. High Middle Ages = C.E. Late Middle Ages = C.E. Middle Ages = European history between the fall of the Roman Empire (476) and the Modern Era (1450) Also called the Medieval Period ( Medium is Latin for Middle; aevum is Latin for age) Early Middle Ages

More information

SSWH 7. Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics.

SSWH 7. Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. SSWH 7 Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. SSWH 7 A Explain the manorial system and feudal relationships, include: the status of peasants and feudal

More information

EARLY MIDDLE AGES TIMELINE - NOTES HANDOUTS - TEMPLATES GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS

EARLY MIDDLE AGES TIMELINE - NOTES HANDOUTS - TEMPLATES GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS EARLY MIDDLE AGES TIMELINE - NOTES HANDOUTS - TEMPLATES GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS FUN AND CREATIVE LESSONS ON THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES This package provides students with everything they need to complete an in-

More information

4. THE HAN EMPIRE 200 BC-200 AD

4. THE HAN EMPIRE 200 BC-200 AD 4. THE HAN EMPIRE 200 BC-200 AD CHINA S SYMBOL: THE DRAGON A. Govt & Military 1. Emperor with complete control 2. Military: a. Used the Great Wall to keep invaders out B. Economy 1. Empire linked through

More information

GOOD MORNING!!! Middle Ages Medieval Times Dark Ages

GOOD MORNING!!! Middle Ages Medieval Times Dark Ages GOOD MORNING!!! Tomorrow we will take an Islam Quiz. Be sure to study! Study your questions on your objectives as well as vocabulary. Today we are talking about the Middle Ages in Europe. You may know

More information

Chapter. The Byzantine Empire and Russia (A.D. 330 A.D. 1613)

Chapter. The Byzantine Empire and Russia (A.D. 330 A.D. 1613) Chapter 9 The Byzantine Empire and Russia (A.D. 330 A.D. 1613) In small groups, find evidence to support the following thesis statements. 1. Justinian was an autocrat. 2. Women could attain positions of

More information

Below are some excerpts from the code of Justinian. After each excerpt answer the questions. I. Justice and Law

Below are some excerpts from the code of Justinian. After each excerpt answer the questions. I. Justice and Law Name Justinian s Code Primary Source Analysis Justinian was the greatest Emperor of the Byzantine Empire. The achievements of his reign are numerous. He rebuilt parts of the city. He built the church of

More information

World History S. Anderson

World History S. Anderson World History S. Anderson you ll learn about Europe after the fall of Rome. In the East, the Roman Empire continued as the Byzantine Empire. In the West, Europe experienced centuries of turmoil as different

More information

Section Quiz Chapter 9. Name ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo Date ooooooooooooooooooooooooo Class ooooooooooooooo

Section Quiz Chapter 9. Name ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo Date ooooooooooooooooooooooooo Class ooooooooooooooo Section Quiz 9-1 DIRECTIONS: Matching Match each item in with an item in. 1. lived in convents 2. fine paid by a wrongdoer 3. religious pratice of monks 4. bishop of Rome 5. Charles the Great A. wergild

More information

Western Europe Ch

Western Europe Ch Western Europe Ch 11 600-1450 Western Europe: After the Fall of Rome Middle Ages or medieval times Between the fall of Roman Empire and the European Renaissance Dark Ages? Divide into the Early Middle

More information

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe Section 1: The Early Middle Age I. Geography of Western Europe A. Location 1. Second smallest land area of the seven continent 2. Lies on the western end of Eurasia (Portugal

More information

Middle Ages: The Reign of Religion. The Dark Ages-truly anything but dark!!

Middle Ages: The Reign of Religion. The Dark Ages-truly anything but dark!! Middle Ages: The Reign of Religion The Dark Ages-truly anything but dark!! What do we know about? Egypt, Greece, Rome Emperors Empires Religious practices People s focus Purpose of art Background of Roman

More information

Section 2: Feudalism and the Manor Economy

Section 2: Feudalism and the Manor Economy Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: The Early Middle Ages The Roman empire was replaced by smaller Germanic kingdoms. When Charlemagne aided Pope Leo III in 799, he was crowned Emperor of the Romans

More information

Medieval Europe. 1. Kingdoms and Christianity The Early Middle Ages The High Middle Ages Mr.

Medieval Europe. 1. Kingdoms and Christianity The Early Middle Ages The High Middle Ages Mr. Medieval Europe 1. Kingdoms and Christianity 300 1250 2. The Early Middle Ages 800 1215 3. The High Middle Ages 1000 1500 Mr. Schenk Kingdoms and Christianity 1. The Byzantine Empire 2. The Rise of Russia

More information

Dark Ages High Middle Ages

Dark Ages High Middle Ages Medieval Europe 500-1350 Dark Ages 500 800 High Middle Ages 800 1350 The German Kingdoms Romans loyal to Rome vs. Germans loyal to local war chiefs Romans speak Latin Germans speak German. German law based

More information

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Name CHAPTER 13 Section 1 (pages 353 357) Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about Southeast Asian kingdoms and Korean dynasties. In this section, you will

More information

The Middle Ages: Continued

The Middle Ages: Continued The Middle Ages: Continued Christianity in Western Europe The Barbarians desired the farmlands, roads and wealth of the Western Roman Empire. The unintended consequence of conquest was that the tribes

More information

Section 1 Standards-Based Instruction

Section 1 Standards-Based Instruction Section 1 Standards-Based Instruction Standards at a Glance In the last chapter, students read about the rise of Charlemagne and the spread of Christianity in Europe. Here, students will focus on the relationship

More information

Performance Tasks Causation: Cities and the Rise and Fall of States

Performance Tasks Causation: Cities and the Rise and Fall of States s Causation: Cities and the Rise and Fall of States Setting the Stage Building Block A concept: Students will analyze how the process of state-formation, expansion, and dissolution influenced and was influenced

More information

BYZANTINE EMPIRE. Pg

BYZANTINE EMPIRE. Pg BYZANTINE EMPIRE Pg.289-294 BYZANTINE EMPIRE IN 5 MINUTES OR LESS Bulgaria Turkey (Constantinople) Constantine I built a "new Rome" where the ancient Greek colony of Byzantium used to be. (combination

More information

Church History 11 th Bible. Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD )

Church History 11 th Bible. Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD ) Church History 11 th Bible Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD 496 1291) I. The Wobbling West (the Middle Ages arrive in the West) A. Middle Ages (Medieval times) 1. Former Western Empire B.

More information

High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I. (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades)

High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I. (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) Christianity During the Middle Ages Because of the renewal of Christian faith around 1000 CE, the Middle Ages gains a new

More information

History Alive - Chapter 37: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World -

History Alive - Chapter 37: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World - History Alive - Chapter 37: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World - VOCABULARY - a contribution of one culture to another - the art of designing buildings - human creations intended to express beauty

More information

Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages )

Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages ) Due Date: Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages 285-290) I. THE NEW GERMANIC KINGDOMS Name: 1. What did the Germanic Ostrogoths and Visigoths retain from the

More information

Section Summary. Review Questions 1. What governing body in the republic had the greatest power? CHAPTER SECTION 1.

Section Summary. Review Questions 1. What governing body in the republic had the greatest power? CHAPTER SECTION 1. SECTION 1 THE ROMAN WORLD TAKES SHAPE Rome s location on the Italian peninsula, centrally located in the Mediterranean Sea, benefited the Romans as they expanded. In addition, Italy had wide, fertile plains,

More information

Byzantine Empire & Kievan Russia AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

Byzantine Empire & Kievan Russia AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) Byzantine Empire & Kievan Russia AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) While the remnants of the Roman Empire in the West were experiencing the Dark Ages the Byzantine Empire (really the old Roman

More information

Reading Essentials and Study Guide

Reading Essentials and Study Guide The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe, a.d. 50 800 Lesson 4 The Age of Charlemagne ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How can religion impact a culture? What factors lead to the rise and fall of empires? Reading HELPDESK

More information

Medieval Europe, About 1300

Medieval Europe, About 1300 G e o g r a p h y c h a l l e n g e Medieval Europe, About 1300 60 20 W N 10 W 0 10 E N W 20 E NORWAY E S tic North N TEUTONIC ORDER al 50 SWEDEN DENMARK B LITHUANIA London ATLANTIC OCEAN POLAND Paris

More information

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR

AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR CENTRAL GOV T OF ROME FALLS APART FAIRLY QUICKLY NORMAL LIFE DISAPPEARS: LOSS OF SAFETY, SERVICES, LAWS,

More information

European Middle Ages,

European Middle Ages, European Middle Ages, 500 1200 Charlemagne unites the Germanic kingdoms, the feudal system emerges, and the Church strongly influences the lives of people in Europe. King Charlemagne, in style of Albrecht

More information

EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD

EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD The slaw decline of the Roman Empire marked the beginning of a new era in European history. This period is called the Middle Ages. It lasted from around 500 to 1500.

More information

CHRISTIANITY. text in purple for notes. Voorhees

CHRISTIANITY. text in purple for notes. Voorhees CHRISTIANITY text in purple for notes Voorhees The student will apply social science skills to understand the development of Christianity by a) describing the origins, beliefs, traditions, customs, and

More information

BYZANTINES, RUSSIANS & TURKS INTERACT, Chapter 11, Honors World Civilizations

BYZANTINES, RUSSIANS & TURKS INTERACT, Chapter 11, Honors World Civilizations BYZANTINES, RUSSIANS & TURKS INTERACT, 500-1500 Chapter 11, Honors World Civilizations WHAT THEMES TO LOOK FOR (ESSAY QUESTIONS ON TESTS) RELIGIOUS & ETHICAL SYSTEMS: In this chapter, they are most definitely

More information

The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c ) Charlemagne (768-8l4)

The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c ) Charlemagne (768-8l4) The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c.500-840) Much of Europe's destiny would be tied in with a new Germanic power, the Franks. This tribe had played a minor role in the breakup of the Roman Empire.

More information

Reasons for the Decline of the Roman Empire

Reasons for the Decline of the Roman Empire Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire After 200 years of Pax Romana, Rome fell into a long slow period of decline. Invaders were able to enter Rome, and cause great destruction. These included: Visigoths,

More information

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe ( )

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe ( ) Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe (500-1300) 1 The Early Middle Ages Why was Western Europe a frontier land during the early Middle Ages? How did Germanic kingdoms gain power in the early Middle Ages? How

More information

DBQ SzBYZANTINE EMPIRE UNDER IUSTINIAN Historical Context

DBQ SzBYZANTINE EMPIRE UNDER IUSTINIAN Historical Context DBQ SzBYZANTINE EMPIRE UNDER IUSTINIAN Historical Context \Atrhen Justinian became emperor in527, he was determined to revive the ancient Roman Empire, to build a new Rome. He established Constantinople

More information

Name: Date: Period: Chapter 9 Reading Guide. D. What major area has been lost by 1000 CE, other than Italy?

Name: Date: Period: Chapter 9 Reading Guide. D. What major area has been lost by 1000 CE, other than Italy? Name: Date: Period: UNIT SUMMARY Chapter 9 Reading Guide Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe, p.204-218 In addition to the great civilizations of Asia and North Africa forming

More information

Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World

Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World Name Date Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Why was the Roman Empire hard to defend? A. It had a very long border. B.

More information

Middle Ages: Feudalism

Middle Ages: Feudalism Middle Ages: Feudalism - Study Guide - -Franks and Charlemagne - 1. List all names for the Middle Ages. 2. What did Charles The Hammer Martel do? 3. Explain Charlemagne s accomplishments. 4. Explain the

More information

B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories in Northern Europe& gained great wealth

B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories in Northern Europe& gained great wealth I. Roman Republic Expands A. Punic Wars - A series of battles where Rome defeated Carthage (North Africa) & became the dominant power in the Mediterranean B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories

More information

Kievan Russ and The Huns. Clementine & Michelle

Kievan Russ and The Huns. Clementine & Michelle Kievan Russ and The Huns Clementine & Michelle Essential Question: How did the Huns impact Europe? How did the Huns affect the Roman Empire and the Dark ages? Why did the decline of Constantinople present

More information

CRISIS AND REFORMS CRISIS AND REFORMS DIOCLETIAN ( )

CRISIS AND REFORMS CRISIS AND REFORMS DIOCLETIAN ( ) CRISIS AND REFORMS After death of Marcus Aurelius (the end of the Pax Romana) the empire was rocked by political and economic turmoil for 100 years Emperors were overthrown regularly by political intrigue

More information

Charlemagne. Describe Charlemagne's Army: The Pope and Lombards: Charlemagne and the Saxons: Charlemagne and Spain: Made by Liesl at homeschoolden.

Charlemagne. Describe Charlemagne's Army: The Pope and Lombards: Charlemagne and the Saxons: Charlemagne and Spain: Made by Liesl at homeschoolden. Charlemagne Describe Charlemagne's Army: The Pope and Lombards: Charlemagne and the Saxons: Charlemagne and Spain: What happened on Christmas day, 800? Charlemagne and Education: Abul-Abbas: What happened

More information

Label the following: Adriatic Sea Alps Corsica Ionian Sea Italian Peninsula Mediterranean Sea Po River Rome Sardinia Sicily Tiber River Carthage

Label the following: Adriatic Sea Alps Corsica Ionian Sea Italian Peninsula Mediterranean Sea Po River Rome Sardinia Sicily Tiber River Carthage Label the following: Adriatic Sea Alps Corsica Ionian Sea Italian Peninsula Mediterranean Sea Po River Rome Sardinia Sicily Tiber River Carthage There are 7 hills rising up above the Tiber River. Why do

More information

Information for Emperor Cards

Information for Emperor Cards Information for Emperor Cards AUGUSTUS CAESAR (27 B.C. - 14 A.D.) has been called the greatest emperor in all of Roman history. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, war broke out among the many groups

More information

The Reformation Begins

The Reformation Begins 4 Corruption in the church led to questions about the morals of church officials. CHAPTER The Reformation Begins 31.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you met 10 leading figures of the Renaissance. At

More information

1) The Role and the Structure of the Church

1) The Role and the Structure of the Church The Church Objectives: To describe the Church s structure, influence and power. To explain the relationship between the Church and the German Empire. To list events in the power struggle between the popes

More information

Study Guide: The Middle Ages

Study Guide: The Middle Ages Name Study Guide: The Middle Ages ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: The European Middle Ages occur chronologically between the Roman Empire and the modern age that we live in. The Middle Ages are divided into three

More information

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 9 GERMANIC KINGDOMS

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 9 GERMANIC KINGDOMS WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 9 GERMANIC KINGDOMS BOARD QUESTIONS 1) WHAT GERMANIC TRIBE RULED SPAIN? 2) WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ROMAN LAW AND GERMANIC LAW? 3) WHY DID CLOVIS BECOME CHRISTIAN? 4) WHERE

More information

Early Christian Art. Sarcophagus = Tomb Junius Bassus = Roman Prefect. From the period soon after Christianity becomes legal

Early Christian Art. Sarcophagus = Tomb Junius Bassus = Roman Prefect. From the period soon after Christianity becomes legal Medieval Art Early Christian Art Sarcophagus = Tomb Junius Bassus = Roman Prefect Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, 359 C.E. (Vatican, Grottoes of St. Peter) From the period soon after Christianity becomes

More information

The Worlds of Christendom: Contraction, Expansion, and Division

The Worlds of Christendom: Contraction, Expansion, and Division CHAPTER 10 The Worlds of Christendom: Contraction, Expansion, and Division 500 1300 CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES To examine European society after the breakup of the Roman Empire To compare the diverse

More information

EGYPTIAN AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL Elementary Social Studies Department TERM: 2 GRADE: 6 Final Exam Review Packet

EGYPTIAN AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL Elementary Social Studies Department TERM: 2 GRADE: 6 Final Exam Review Packet EGYPTIAN AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL Elementary Social Studies Department TERM: 2 GRADE: 6 Final Exam Review Packet Name: Class: Date: Part 1: Vocabulary Match the vocabulary words from the below word

More information

Unit 24: The Ottoman Turks and the Fall of the Eastern Empire

Unit 24: The Ottoman Turks and the Fall of the Eastern Empire T h e A r t i o s H o m e C o m p a n i o n S e r i e s Unit 24: The Ottoman Turks and the Fall of the Eastern Empire T e a c h e r O v e r v i e w MUSLIM TURKS conquered Constantinople in the same year

More information

7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and

7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and 7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and Emperor Henry IV. (H, P) Term Hint Definition Excommunicate

More information

Europe in the Middle Ages. Unit 6

Europe in the Middle Ages. Unit 6 Europe in the Middle Ages Unit 6 Unit Standards Part 1 Europe in the Middle Ages 7.32 Identify the physical location and features of Europe including the Alps, the Ural Mountains, the North European Plain

More information

Use a test generator to construct multiple versions of an exam.

Use a test generator to construct multiple versions of an exam. (1) Record Keeping: Teachers have a professional responsibility to monitor, record and communicate student progress. Many schools and districts have adopted networked grading systems, and some publish

More information

AP European History Summer Assignment

AP European History Summer Assignment AP European History Summer Assignment Due: First day of class To complete this assignment you will need your textbook, The Western Heritage, which can be picked up from the school library on the following

More information

THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire and what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world? Warm-Up Question:

More information