Unit 4: Byzantine Empire, Islamic Empires, Ottoman Empire

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1 Name: Block: Unit 4: Byzantine Empire, Islamic Empires, Ottoman Empire A.) Byzantine Empire 1. Human and hysical Geography 2. Achievements (law-justinian Code, engineering, art, and commerce) 3. The Orthodox Christian Church 4. olitical Structure 5. Role in preserving Greco-Roman culture 6. Impact on Russia (geography, trade, Russian Orthodox Church, impact on culture) B.) Islamic Empires-Abbasid Caliphate 1. Review major beliefs of Islam 2. Expansion of Islam-structure, Islamic law & impact 3. Golden Age of Islam-Contributions (math, science, medicine, art) 4. Role in preserving Greco-Roman culture 5. Social Class: women and slavery in Muslim society 6. osition of people of the book -treatment of Jews & Christians C.) Ottoman Empire- The Gunpowder Empire 1. Human and hysical Geography 2. Major Contributions 3. Suleiman I ( the Magnificent, the Lawgiver ) 4. Disruption of established trade routes and European search for new ones 5. Limits of Ottoman Empire 1

2 Byzantine, Islamic, & Ottomans Kickoff Questions: 2

3 Byzantine Empire Vocabulary Define it! Draw it! Justinian Justinian Code Constantinople Hagia Sophia Schism Autocrat Icons Mosaics atriarch Excommunication Cyrillic Alphabet Eastern Orthodox 3

4 Islamic Empires, Ottoman Empire Vocab Define it! Draw it! Muhammed Mecca Muslim Mosque 5 illars Sunni Shi a Caliphs Abbasid Caliphate Ottomans Suleiman I Minarets 4

5 The Byzantine Empire Section Overview: The Empire had been divided since the 200 s. As the half declined, the half rose in importance. The emperor founded a capital on the site of. Justinian, the greatest of the Byzantine emperors, ruled a vast empire with a government and a codified set of. The orthodox Church became powerful as the official church of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire blended, Roman, and Christian influences and produced and architecture that have lived on through the centuries. The empire also left a legacy in. The Byzantines gave Russia a written, and influenced Russian religion,, art, and architecture. Big Ideas: 1.) Government: How did Justinian organize his government and code of laws? 2.) Belief Systems: What was the significance of the Orthodox Christian Church in the Byzantine Empire and Russia? 3.) Cultural & Intellectual Life: How was the Byzantine Empire able to preserve and spread Greek and Roman knowledge and culture? 4.) Movement of eople and Goods: What influence did the Byzantine Empire have on Russia and other areas of Eastern Europe? 5

6 Byzantine Empire Origins The Byzantine Empire developed from the area once known as. It s capital was located in and became a global center for due to its location between,, and. Golden Age Important eople Justinian: Theodora: Religion Eastern Orthodox Christianity: 6

7 ISLAM-Let s Get Back to Basics, Yo!!! Islam Review : Who was the founder? What were Muhammad's Revelations? (pg. 264) When did it begin? Sacred Texts? Name of followers? The Five illars Of Islam Fasting rayer Hajj Charity Worship Why is the Qur an considered the ultimate source of authority? (pg. 267) What is Sharia? (YOU REALLY NEED TO KNOW THIS!!!!) How has Islam become a part of life for Muslims? Draw a picture of how an aspect of your life would be different under the law of Sharia. How is Islam connected to Judaism and Christianity? (pg. 268) 7

8 Spread of Islamic Empires & Abbasid Caliphate Section Overview: In the years after the death of, Islam spread across parts of continents. Empires ruled over vast areas of land that included parts of Europe,, and Asia. The Muslim world was influenced by many, including those of ancient Greece,, and India. During the 700 s and 800 s, Islam experienced a Golden Age, a diverse society, an economy based on flourishing, and achievements in the arts and sciences characterized this era. The achievements of Islam s age reached Europe through Muslim and Italy as well as through the. Big Ideas: 1.) Diversity What lands and peoples came under Muslim rule? Economic Systems: What was the importance of trade in the Muslim Empires? 2.) Cultural & Intellectual Life: What achievements did Muslim society produce in the arts and sciences? 3.) 4.) Interdependence: How did Islamic civilization interact with Christian Europe? 8

9 Islamic Empires & Abbasid Caliphate Origins Upon the death of, Muslim leaders wanted to continue spreading his message. To do so, they began conquering territories to convert nonbelievers. They conquered most of the, including parts of, Africa, and even. Golden Age Division of Islam Sunni Shi a Similarities? 9

10 The Ottoman Empire Section Overview: In 1435, the captured Constantinople and overthrew the empire. Over the next 200 years, backed by advances, the Ottomans built a large and powerful empire in and the Middle East. During the reign of, the Ottomans strengthened their and military while spreading culture over a large area. Various religious beliefs, however, were within the empire. The empire created impressive works of architecture,, and literature. Ottoman into Eastern Europe and the Eastern disrupted European trade. As Europeans began to search for new routes in the 1400 s, Ottoman domination was gradually. This weakening, along with other factors, led to the of the empire after WWI in Big Ideas: 1.) laces and Regions: What lands came under control the Ottoman Empire? 2.) Belief Systems: How did the Ottoman empire extend Muslim influence and permit freedom of worship for the people of other regions? 3.) Culture: What contributions did the Ottomans make to the arts and literature? 4.) Change: Why did Europeans seek new trade routes to East Asia? 10

11 Ottoman Empire Origins The Ottoman Empire began when it overthrew the Empire in. They change the name of the capital from to. They fell at the end of in when they allied with Germany. Golden Age Important eople Suleiman the Magnificent: ***CROSSWORDS OF WORLD TRADE*** LET S KEE THE ARTY GOING!!!-DOCUMENT RACTICE 11

12 12

13 WESTERN EUROE EASTERN EUROE, MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA 476 C.E. - Fall of Rome Middle Ages 528 C. E. - Justinian & Byzantine Golden Age 1054 C.E.- Great Schism: 622 C. E.- Islam Spreads & Islamic Golden Age: 1095 C.E.- Crusades: 1453 C. E. - Constantinople falls to the Ottoman Empire: 1453 C.E.- Renaissance & Age of Exploration 1520 C. E. - Suleiman the Lawgiver & Ottoman Golden Age: Linking Key Ideas: Islamic & Ottoman Golden Age lead to the reservation of GRECO-Roman Culture!!!! Crucial to the rebirth of Europe later on in the RENAISSANCE!!!! 1700 s C. E. - Ottoman Empire weakens Sick Man of Europe 13

14 BYZANTINE, ISLAMIC, & OTTOMAN EMIRE VIDEO The Byzantine Empire (6:30) Rome and the Western Roman Empire fell in 476. But, the Empire did not disappear. In fact, the easter half, which became known as the Byzantine Empire, survived another 1,000 years! This segment explores how the Byzantine Empire preserved the heritage of Ancient Rome and mixed it with the cultures of Asia. Byzantine culture spread into Eastern Europe, where it still continues to exert an influence today. 1.) The Byzantine Empire preserved which culture? What did they do to show this? 2.) Who did the Byzantine Empire fall to? Why? The Moors and Mecca: (4:09) The Muslim culture, blended with that of Africa and ersia, formed the greatest civilization of the Middle Ages. Institutions of learning were established in southern Spain. Mathematics and the sciences known to earlier civilizations were rediscovered, and they flourished. Fundamentals of Islam, such as when and how to pray, and the direction toward Mecca, required advanced mathematical structures. 1.) What role did the Moors play in education? 2.) In what ways was Cordoba an advanced city? Suleiman the Magnificent: (5:50) Suleiman ruled the Ottoman Empire during its golden age, between 1520 and Under Suleiman, the Ottoman Empire reached the height of its power and prestige. This segment explores how Suleiman s achievements brought prosperity to the Ottoman Empire. Suleiman expanded the empire, improved the legal system, strengthened the military, supported the arts, promoted religious tolerance, and gave slaves the opportunity to gain social status. 1.) What did Suleiman base his laws on? 2.) What actions did Suleiman take to improve his empire? 14

15 15

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