Unit VI - Byzantine, Mongol & Russian Empires

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1 Name: Unit VI - Byzantine, Mongol & Russian Empires Remember - Reading Guides will now be collected with study guides at the end of the unit. They will count as two grades, like a quiz. Answer all the questions and don t lose it!! Case Study 1: Byzantium Becomes the New Rome (pp ) GEOGRAPHY: Label the following geographic terms on the map. Use page 267. Constantinople Black Sea Mediterranean Sea Baltic Sea Aegean Sea Shade (in different colors): Byzantine Empire c. 565 CE Kievan Russia c CE TERMS & NAMES: Justinian Code: Hagia Sophia: Patriarch: Icon: Iconoclast: Excommunication:

2 Schism: Cyrillic alphabet: READING QUESTIONS: 1. What were 2 reasons Constantine rebuilt Byzantium? 2. How was Justinian described in The Secret History? 3. Why did Justinian want Belisarius to recover North Africa and Rome? 4. What sort of power did the Byzantine emperors have over the Church? 5. What was the fate of the Byzantine emperors? 6. How were the citizens in the Byzantine Empire different from the West? 7. What was the purpose of Justinian s panel of legal experts? 8. What impact did the Hagia Sophia have on Russian nobles? 9. What are some examples of foreign goods available at Constantinople s markets? 10. What would citizens enjoy at the Hippodrome? 11. How did Justinian put down the Nika Rebellion? Who encouraged him to stay in the city? 12. What did Justinian stop doing after Theodora s death? 13. What did Byzantine students study? 14. How did the plague arrive in Constantinople? How long did it continue? 15. List 8 groups who invaded Constantinople/Byzantine Empire. 16. What strategies did the Byzantines use to keep out the invaders? 17. What group finally brought Constantinople to defeat in 1453? 18. What two reasons caused Western and Eastern Christianity to diverge?

3 19. What controversy, started by Emperor Leo III, tested the emperor s authority over the Church? 20. What happened in 1054? 21. Differences Between Two Christian Traditions Roman Catholic Eastern Orthodox 22. Why did Cyril and Methodius want to invent an alphabet for the Slavic languages? Case Study 2: The Mongol Conquests (pp ) TERMS & NAMES: Pastoralist: Clan: Genghis Khan: READING QUESTIONS: 1. What did the Mongols pride themselves on? 2. What is the steppe? 3. What groups originated in the eastern steppe? 4. How did nomads move? What was a problem they faced?

4 5. What would tempt nomads to invade settlements? 6. What characteristics lay behind Genghis Khan s success as a conqueror? 7. How did Genghis Khan make his army look bigger than it was? 8. What would Genghis Khan do if a city refused to open its gates to him? 9. What would a Mongol soldier do if food was scarce? 10. What were some benefits of the stirrup? 11. What stopped the westward campaign? 12. Why did many of the areas invaded by the Mongols never recover? 13. What caused the eventual split of the Mongol Empire? 14. What invention reached Europe because of the Mongol Peace? 15. What is one bad thing that spread along the Mongol trade routes? GEOGRAPHY: Using the map on page 298, lightly color and label the four khanates of the Mongol Empire.

5 Case Study 3: Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture ( pp ) TERMS & NAMES: Slavs: Boyars: Olga: Vladimir: Yaroslav the Wise: Alexander Nevsky: Czar: READING QUESTIONS: 1. What did Russian culture grow out of? 2. What was unique about rivers in the north? 3. What goods did the Vikings bring to Constantinople? 4. Where does the word slave come from? 5. What religions did Vladimir send teams to study? 6. Which religion did Vladimir choose? How did it impact his subjects? 7. What was the first important unified territory of Russia? 8. What was the benefit to Yaroslav the Wise of marrying off his daughters? 9. What was Yaroslav s crucial error? 10. Who was the original leader of the Mongols?

6 11. What does Khanate of the Golden Horde mean? 12. How did the Mongols treat the Russians? 13. How did Russian church leaders find meaning in the Mongol occupation? 14. What two things did the Mongols demand from the Russians? 15. Why was Moscow a strategic location for a city? 16. How did Ivan I gain power? 17. When Ivan III started calling himself czar, what was he claiming? 18. Describe the battle between Russian and Mongol armies on the Ugra River:

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