Medieval Italy After the fall of Rome, Italy and France became a series of kingdoms ruled by different German tribes mixed with the native Italian and

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Medieval Italy After the fall of Rome, Italy and France became a series of kingdoms ruled by different German tribes mixed with the native Italian and"

Transcription

1 Medieval Europe AD 476 is the accepted date for the transition for the Classical, or Ancient, World to the Medieval World. The fall of Rome resulted in three main cultural groups: The Byzantine Empire, Islamic Empires, and the Germanic West, or European Christianity.

2 Medieval Italy After the fall of Rome, Italy and France became a series of kingdoms ruled by different German tribes mixed with the native Italian and Gaulic peoples. In Rome itself, the ruler was the Pope and the region was called the Papal States. To the south were various other Italian kingdoms.

3 Medieval Italy To the North of the Rome, the Lombardy Kingdom covered most of Northern Italy through the Alps. To the Northwest of that was the Burgundian Kingdom, and to the North were the Ostrogoths, or Tuetons. Farther West, in France, were the Franks.

4

5 Medieval France France was inhabited by Gauls who had been Romans for centuries. Their culture reflected this, but then became mixed with the Germanic tribes like the Visigoths, the Lombards, and then the Franks, who come from the North and settled in the West. A Frankish king named Clovis, of the Merovingian dynasty, consolidated power, then converted to Christianity in the late 400s.

6 Medieval France The Merovingian dynasty was eventually taken over by the Carolingian dynasty under the rule of Charles Martel who sought to keep a close relationship with Rome and the Church. At the request of Duke Odo of Aquitaine, he defeated a Muslim army at the Battle of Tours in 733.

7

8 Medieval Scandinavia Scandinavia was made up of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. From these countries come the various tribes that we call Vikings The Vikings were not a single group of people, but rather different tribes that conquered different areas

9 Medieval Scandinavia The Danes, Germanic peoples from Denmark were conquerors mostly in Northeastern England. There were important to Western Society only insofar as they changed English culture by their incursions The Norsemen (from Norway) settled in Normandy France and eventually became kings of England.

10

11 Medieval England After the Legions left, England was inhabited by Celts and ruled by Celtic kings and left-over Roman governors. Some of the Romans invited Germanic tribes over to England to work as mercenaries. This is known as the Anglo-Saxon invasion, though it was not necessarily a hostile invasion. Several Germanic tribes From Northern Germany: Anglos and Saxons From Denmark: Jutes The culture in England became a mix of German, Roman, and Celtic

12

13

14 Christianity in England Had been Christian under the Romans, with Celtic Pagan influences Lost Christianity when the Germans arrived Was re-converted in the 500s by Augustine of Canterbury, a missionary sent my Roman church Became leaders in monasticism Christian men and women who vow to separate themselves from the world for the sake of prayer, purity Venerable Bede ( ) was an influential monk during this time Author of An Ecclesiastical History of the English People

15

16 England had been fairly unified under Roman rule Not unified under Anglo-Saxon rule Each little region had its own ruler, its own culture Germanic tribes were similar, but not identical all over Europe at the time Some of the Scandinavian tribes came to be called Vikings, which was their name for the raiding and trading journeys they took around Europe The Vikings were Germanic tribesmen, like the Anglo-Saxons, Franks, Vandals, Visigoths, etc. They were all warrior-based cultures that placed great importance on a man s ability to fight

17 Across North-Western Europe, the Germanic tribes were mostly separate, following individual warrior kings who were the chief executor of the law, but did not have unlimited power as king. Kings had to prove they were worthy of being followed by acts of courage, like Beowulf, as well as providing gifts for their warriors.

18 Mostly unified under the first man to be able to call himself King of England Alfred the Great (r ) Was able to lead much of England against the Danes Still did not control all of the island, but was still a King of England.

19

20 Alfred the Great October 899 In Old English, name means elf counsel which means wisdom or wise-cousel. King of Wessex (West Saxons) at first Defended Wessex against Vikings Led other regions to victory as well Became the most powerful king on the island First King of the West Saxons to style himself King of the Anglo-Saxons

21 Only English monarch to be called the Great Devout Christian Caused Christianity to be spread among the English during his reign Learned and merciful man Made sure learning and education was happening, and was careful to encourage written records of history during his time. Encouraged education, improved legal system, military structure and quality of life

22 Alfred fought against the Great Heathen Army under a Dane named Guthrum on the 12th of May, 878 at the Battle of Ethandune, now called Eddington. The Danes had been raiding for close to 50 years before this, but had only recently begun to conquer and settle in England. Many kings had lost battles to the Danes, including Alfred himself.

23 Alfred spent the winter before Ethandune hiding in the Somerset Marsh. The Danes favorite strategy was to occupy a fortified town and demand a payment to leave. This is called the Danegeld. Alfred finally refused to pay the Danegeld and called all of his men to meet at Egbert s Stone and prepare for battle.

24 Norman conquest of England January 1066 childless Anglo-Saxon King Edward the Confessor died, leaving several heirs fighting for power. Harold Godwinson had the best claim, and was an Anglo-Saxon noble. Harald Hardrada was a Danish and Norwegian king who also claimed the throne of England. William of Normandy was related to him, and thought he was going to become king when Edward died.

25 Edward s Brother-in-law Harold Godwinson came to the throne early in 1066 In September 1066 Norwegian King Harald Hardrada invaded Northern England September 25 Harold defeated and killed Harald Days later, William landed in Southern England Harold marched south, leaving over half his army in the north October 14 Battle of Hastings William defeated and killed Harold

26 Norman conquest of England William faced rebellions after his conquest from the old Anglo-Saxon lords He was not secure on his throne until after 1072 Lands of resisting English elite were confiscated Some fled into exile Others simply lived in England without their traditional wealth He gave the confiscated lands to his followers These people became a new elite class

27 William built castles commanding military strongpoints throughout the land Norman French became the language of the elites Enfeoffed lands were places and estates that were to be held directly from the king Little alteration in the structure of government, and only minor differences in the overall structure of the culture.

28 Bayeux Tapestry In order to record the events, the Normans created something called the Bayeux Tapestry, which is a large cloth with (essentially) needlepoint. It tells the story with pictures, and is still an important piece of history.

29

30

31

The Normans Viking Settlers Rollo and Normandy Norsemen become Normans William of Normandy

The Normans Viking Settlers Rollo and Normandy Norsemen become Normans William of Normandy The Normans Viking Settlers The Viking Age spanned the late 8 th to the late 11 th century During this time, Vikings from Scandinavia explored Europe by its oceans and rivers for trade and plunder By the

More information

The Anglo-Saxon Period and The Middle Ages Theme: The Heroic and the Humble

The Anglo-Saxon Period and The Middle Ages Theme: The Heroic and the Humble The Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066 and The Middle Ages 1066-1485 Theme: The Heroic and the Humble Before the Anglo-Saxons Roman emperor Claudius ordered conquest of Britain in AD 43 Britain considered a province

More information

The Early. Middle Ages. The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings

The Early. Middle Ages. The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings The Early Middle Ages The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings Section Focus After Rome fell the world entered into chaos. Time of warfare, violence, and religion. Time period known as

More information

William the Conqueror

William the Conqueror William the Conqueror 1027 1087 WHY HE MADE HISTORY William the Conqueror became one of the greatest kings of England. His conquests greatly affected the history of both England and Western Europe. how

More information

GOOD MORNING!!! Middle Ages Medieval Times Dark Ages

GOOD MORNING!!! Middle Ages Medieval Times Dark Ages GOOD MORNING!!! Tomorrow we will take an Islam Quiz. Be sure to study! Study your questions on your objectives as well as vocabulary. Today we are talking about the Middle Ages in Europe. You may know

More information

The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins

The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins 1. What happened to Rome in 410 AD? 2. Why would this sack of Rome be physiologically crushing to the Romans? 3. Who is Alaric? 4. What are Alaric and his Visigoths

More information

Chapter 13 Notes. Western Europe in the Middle Ages

Chapter 13 Notes. Western Europe in the Middle Ages Chapter 13 Notes Western Europe in the Middle Ages Middle Ages 500-1500 The Middle Ages are also called the Medieval Period. The foundations of early medieval society were: Classical heritage of Rome Christian

More information

The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c ) Charlemagne (768-8l4)

The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c ) Charlemagne (768-8l4) The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c.500-840) Much of Europe's destiny would be tied in with a new Germanic power, the Franks. This tribe had played a minor role in the breakup of the Roman Empire.

More information

England and France in the Middle Ages

England and France in the Middle Ages England and France in the Middle Ages Who ruled the Frankish Empire in this map of 814? What was the Treaty of Verdun? What problems resulted from this Treaty? Look at these maps of Europe after Charlemagne's

More information

Unit 9: Early Middle Ages

Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.9 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Western Europe during the Middle Ages from about 500 to 1000 AD in terms of its impact on Western Civilization

More information

Section Quiz Chapter 9. Name ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo Date ooooooooooooooooooooooooo Class ooooooooooooooo

Section Quiz Chapter 9. Name ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo Date ooooooooooooooooooooooooo Class ooooooooooooooo Section Quiz 9-1 DIRECTIONS: Matching Match each item in with an item in. 1. lived in convents 2. fine paid by a wrongdoer 3. religious pratice of monks 4. bishop of Rome 5. Charles the Great A. wergild

More information

Student Handouts, Inc.

Student Handouts, Inc. Slide 1 The Barbarian Invasions: The Migration Period in Europe, 300-700 C.E. Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com Slide 2 End of the Roman Empire 476 C.E. Traditional date for the end of the

More information

EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD

EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD The slaw decline of the Roman Empire marked the beginning of a new era in European history. This period is called the Middle Ages. It lasted from around 500 to 1500.

More information

Year 5 History May 2017 Exam Preparation

Year 5 History May 2017 Exam Preparation Year 5 History May 2017 Exam Preparation KEY CONTENT TO REVISE 1. Three claimants - Who should be the next King of England in 1066 after Edward the Confessor? Who were the three key claimants? What claims

More information

Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together.

Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. A crown from the Holy Roman Empire. Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. Priests and other religious officials

More information

Middle Ages: Feudalism

Middle Ages: Feudalism Middle Ages: Feudalism - Study Guide - -Franks and Charlemagne - 1. List all names for the Middle Ages. 2. What did Charles The Hammer Martel do? 3. Explain Charlemagne s accomplishments. 4. Explain the

More information

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms

Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Name CHAPTER 13 Section 1 (pages 353 357) Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about Southeast Asian kingdoms and Korean dynasties. In this section, you will

More information

Early Middle Ages = C.E. High Middle Ages = C.E. Late Middle Ages = C.E.

Early Middle Ages = C.E. High Middle Ages = C.E. Late Middle Ages = C.E. Middle Ages = European history between the fall of the Roman Empire (476) and the Modern Era (1450) Also called the Medieval Period ( Medium is Latin for Middle; aevum is Latin for age) Early Middle Ages

More information

Great. Kris Bordessa. Illustrated by Shawn Braley

Great. Kris Bordessa. Illustrated by Shawn Braley Great You Can Build Yourself Kris Bordessa Illustrated by Shawn Braley Nomad Press is committed to preserving ancient forests and natural resources. We elected to print Great Medieval Projects on 4,315

More information

Dark Ages High Middle Ages

Dark Ages High Middle Ages Medieval Europe 500-1350 Dark Ages 500 800 High Middle Ages 800 1350 The German Kingdoms Romans loyal to Rome vs. Germans loyal to local war chiefs Romans speak Latin Germans speak German. German law based

More information

Middle Ages. The Early A.D. 500 A.D

Middle Ages. The Early A.D. 500 A.D The Early Middle Ages What s the Connection? After the fall of came a period called the Middle Ages, or medieval times. It is a fitting name for the period that lies between ancient and modern times. Focusing

More information

2/21/2017. The Rise of Medieval Europe. The Fall of Rome in the West. Advent of the Dark Ages (Approx. 500 A.D.)

2/21/2017. The Rise of Medieval Europe. The Fall of Rome in the West. Advent of the Dark Ages (Approx. 500 A.D.) The Rise of Medieval Europe Church of All Saints - Brixworth Built prior to 675 A.D. Oldest Saxon Church in England 1 The Fall of Rome in the West Advent of the Dark Ages (Approx. 500 A.D.) Early Middle

More information

The Rise of the Franks,

The Rise of the Franks, Lectures in Medieval History The Rise of the Franks, 330-751 The Mediterranean World in 451 We have seen that the Roman empire did not "fall" to murderous hordes of savage barbarians. The invaders who

More information

Section 2: Feudalism and the Manor Economy

Section 2: Feudalism and the Manor Economy Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: The Early Middle Ages The Roman empire was replaced by smaller Germanic kingdoms. When Charlemagne aided Pope Leo III in 799, he was crowned Emperor of the Romans

More information

Medieval Europe & Crusades. Snapshots of two representative periods: Charlemagne And The Crusades

Medieval Europe & Crusades. Snapshots of two representative periods: Charlemagne And The Crusades Medieval Europe & Crusades Snapshots of two representative periods: Charlemagne And The Crusades The Big Picture 4th-5th centuries Roman Empire Allies with Barbarians To watch over regions In name of

More information

TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package

TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package A J T L Grades 5 and up TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package A Journey Through Learning Please check our website at: While there, sign up for our email newsletters and receive

More information

EARLY MIDDLE AGES TIMELINE - NOTES HANDOUTS - TEMPLATES GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS

EARLY MIDDLE AGES TIMELINE - NOTES HANDOUTS - TEMPLATES GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS EARLY MIDDLE AGES TIMELINE - NOTES HANDOUTS - TEMPLATES GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS FUN AND CREATIVE LESSONS ON THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES This package provides students with everything they need to complete an in-

More information

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Rome became so big that it was difficult for Rome to handle all of the issues of Rome There was a split in the Empire: East and West Late Emperors Over the 3 rd

More information

England By: Bruce, Deon, Anthony, and Zach

England By: Bruce, Deon, Anthony, and Zach England 1066-1485 By: Bruce, Deon, Anthony, and Zach Social Structure Social and Economic Factors 12th and 13th centuries saw growth 1.5 to about 5 million people Primarily agricultural, later mining Serfs

More information

UNIT Y101 ALFRED AND THE MAKING OF ENGLAND ALFRED THE GREAT

UNIT Y101 ALFRED AND THE MAKING OF ENGLAND ALFRED THE GREAT UNIT Y101 ALFRED AND THE MAKING OF ENGLAND 871-1016 ALFRED THE GREAT NOTE: BASED ON 3X 50 MINUTE LESSONS PER WEEK TERMS BASED ON 6 TERM YEAR. Key Topic Term Week Number Indicative Content Extended Content

More information

England in the Middle Ages

England in the Middle Ages England in the Middle Ages 5 Germanic Invasion In the early fifth century, the Romans had to give up their provinces on the British Isles. Here the Romans had influenced the original Celtic* population

More information

THE MEDIEVAL WORLD: Divergent - differing or moving or extending in different directions.

THE MEDIEVAL WORLD: Divergent - differing or moving or extending in different directions. THE MEDIEVAL WORLD: Divergent - differing or moving or extending in different directions. A.D. 500-1500 The Mediterranean World 1. The Byzantine Empire: the surviving Roman Empire centered in Constantinople.

More information

Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Late Antiquity Period from AD 300- AD 700 Used to be referred to as the Dark Ages Filled with poverty, famine, disease, warfare, and universal illiteracy in the West

More information

English Literature. The Medieval Period. (Old English to Middle English)

English Literature. The Medieval Period. (Old English to Middle English) English Literature The Medieval Period (Old English to Middle English) England before the English When the Romans arrived, they found the land inhabited by Britons. known as the Celts Stonehenge no written

More information

Church History, Middle Ages Part I: Monks. How monks saved and shaped European Culture

Church History, Middle Ages Part I: Monks. How monks saved and shaped European Culture Church History, Middle Ages Part I: Monks How monks saved and shaped European Culture Middle Ages A. Barbarian Invasions and the Fall of Rome AD https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/file:invasions_of_the_roman_empire_1.png

More information

UNIT 6 VOCABULARY. 1. Bubonic Plague. 10. Inquisition. 19. Serf. 11. Knight. 2. Chivalry. 20. Vassal. 12. Lay Investiture. 3. Clergy. 4.

UNIT 6 VOCABULARY. 1. Bubonic Plague. 10. Inquisition. 19. Serf. 11. Knight. 2. Chivalry. 20. Vassal. 12. Lay Investiture. 3. Clergy. 4. UNIT 6 VOCABULARY 1. Bubonic Plague 2. Chivalry 3. Clergy 4. Crusade 5. Fief 6. Gothic 7. Guild 8. Holy Roman Empire 9. Hundred-Years War 10. Inquisition 11. Knight 12. Lay Investiture 13. Lord 14. Magna

More information

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Constantinople was at the center of the Eastern Roman Empire for more than a thousand years.

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Constantinople was at the center of the Eastern Roman Empire for more than a thousand years. Vocabulary Builder Section 1 DIRECTIONS Read each sentence and choose the correct term from the word bank to replace the underlined definition. Theodora Belisarius Byzantine Empire 1. Constantinople was

More information

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9 The Worlds of European Christendom Chapter 9 After the Roman Empire By the 4 th Century the Roman Empire gets divided Christian Europe is two parts: 1. Eastern half = The Byzantine Empire 2. Western half

More information

Romans in Britain HOCPP 1092 Published: May, 2007 Original Copyright July, 2006

Romans in Britain HOCPP 1092 Published: May, 2007 Original Copyright July, 2006 1 Thank you for your purchase from In the Hands of a Child Your Premiere Lapbook Provider since 2002!! Romans in Britain HOCPP 1092 Published: May, 2007 Original Copyright July, 2006 Authors: Katie Kubesh

More information

Charlemagne. Describe Charlemagne's Army: The Pope and Lombards: Charlemagne and the Saxons: Charlemagne and Spain: Made by Liesl at homeschoolden.

Charlemagne. Describe Charlemagne's Army: The Pope and Lombards: Charlemagne and the Saxons: Charlemagne and Spain: Made by Liesl at homeschoolden. Charlemagne Describe Charlemagne's Army: The Pope and Lombards: Charlemagne and the Saxons: Charlemagne and Spain: What happened on Christmas day, 800? Charlemagne and Education: Abul-Abbas: What happened

More information

Emerging Europe and the Byzantine Empire,

Emerging Europe and the Byzantine Empire, 4 Chapter 9 Test, Form A Emerging Europe and the Byzantine Empire, 400 1300 DIRECTIONS: Matching Match each item in Column A with an item in Column B. Write the correct letters in the blanks. (3 points

More information

CHAPTER 12 - THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES IN THE WEST TO 1000: THE BIRTH OF EUROPE

CHAPTER 12 - THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES IN THE WEST TO 1000: THE BIRTH OF EUROPE CHAPTER 12 - THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES IN THE WEST TO 1000: THE BIRTH OF EUROPE CHAPTER SUMMARY This chapter begins the account of the western Middle Ages, the period in which a distinctive European culture

More information

Chapter 7: Medieval- middle age

Chapter 7: Medieval- middle age Chapter 7: Medieval- middle age While the Byzantines prospered, the old Western empire fell into the Dark Ages. Germanic tribes snatched up what was the Roman Empire between 400-700 AD They include Vandals,

More information

Vikings, Slavs, Byzantines and the Development of Russia. Who are the Vikings? Who are the Slavs? NOTES ON RUSSIA. Kiev. Who are the Byzantines?

Vikings, Slavs, Byzantines and the Development of Russia. Who are the Vikings? Who are the Slavs? NOTES ON RUSSIA. Kiev. Who are the Byzantines? Who are the Vikings? Vikings, Slavs, Byzantines and the Development of Russia Who are the Slavs? VIKINGS NOTES ON RUSSIA SLAVS Kiev BYZANTINE EMPIRE Who are the Byzantines? THE SLAVS Who are the Slavs?

More information

English Literature The Medieval Period (Old English and Middle English)

English Literature The Medieval Period (Old English and Middle English) English Literature The Medieval Period (Old English and Middle English) England before the English o When the Roman legions arrived, they found the land inhabited by Britons. o Today, the Britons are known

More information

The Decline of Rome. I. Marcus Aurelius, the last of the five good emperors, died in 180, and a series of civil wars followed.

The Decline of Rome. I. Marcus Aurelius, the last of the five good emperors, died in 180, and a series of civil wars followed. The Fall of Rome I. Marcus Aurelius, the last of the five good emperors, died in 180, and a series of civil wars followed. II. The Decline of Rome From 196 to 284, the throne was occupied by whoever had

More information

SSWH 7. Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics.

SSWH 7. Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. SSWH 7 Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. SSWH 7 A Explain the manorial system and feudal relationships, include: the status of peasants and feudal

More information

Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid.

Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid. Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: Royal Power Grows Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid. Section 2: The

More information

Western Europe Ch

Western Europe Ch Western Europe Ch 11 600-1450 Western Europe: After the Fall of Rome Middle Ages or medieval times Between the fall of Roman Empire and the European Renaissance Dark Ages? Divide into the Early Middle

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Black Sea. Constantinople ASIA MINOR GREECE Tarsus Sicily. Antioch Aegean Sea. Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem. Alexandria JUDAEA EGYPT

NAME DATE CLASS. Black Sea. Constantinople ASIA MINOR GREECE Tarsus Sicily. Antioch Aegean Sea. Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem. Alexandria JUDAEA EGYPT Lesson 1 Early Christianity ESSENTIAL QUESTION What are the characteristics of a leader? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did the Jews respond to Roman rule? 2. Why were the life and death of Jesus of Nazareth

More information

The High Middle Ages ( )

The High Middle Ages ( ) Chapter 9, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 9 The High Middle Ages (1050 1450) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights

More information

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe ( )

Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe ( ) Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe (500-1300) 1 The Early Middle Ages Why was Western Europe a frontier land during the early Middle Ages? How did Germanic kingdoms gain power in the early Middle Ages? How

More information

European Middle Ages A.K.A the DARK AGES

European Middle Ages A.K.A the DARK AGES European Middle Ages 500 1500 A.K.A the DARK AGES Introduction Germanic tribes destroyed the W. Roman Empire The 1 st three centuries (500 800) are chaotic too many Germanic tribes try to gain power When

More information

Study Guide: The Middle Ages

Study Guide: The Middle Ages Name Study Guide: The Middle Ages ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: The European Middle Ages occur chronologically between the Roman Empire and the modern age that we live in. The Middle Ages are divided into three

More information

Medieval / Early Renaissance Lesson Plans AD

Medieval / Early Renaissance Lesson Plans AD 1 Ch 1: The Glory That Was Rome Wandering Through the Roman Empire The Fall of Rome 2 Ch 2: The Early Days of Britain The Celts of Britain Barbarians Come to Britain Beowulf the Hero 3 Ch 3: Christianity

More information

World History: Connection to Today. Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( )

World History: Connection to Today. Chapter 8. The Rise of Europe ( ) Chapter 8, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 8 The Rise of Europe (500 1300) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights

More information

Elementary R A I N B O W S. The Anglo-Saxons. C. Aira - L. O Connor. A2 (Waystage)

Elementary R A I N B O W S. The Anglo-Saxons. C. Aira - L. O Connor. A2 (Waystage) Elementary A2 (Waystage) R A I N B O W S The Anglo-Saxons C. Aira - L. O Connor R A I N B O W S Carla Aira Liam O Connor The Anglo-Saxons Illustrations by Sergio Gerasi The Anglo-Saxons Project editor:

More information

Europe in the Middle Ages. Unit 6

Europe in the Middle Ages. Unit 6 Europe in the Middle Ages Unit 6 Unit Standards Part 1 Europe in the Middle Ages 7.32 Identify the physical location and features of Europe including the Alps, the Ural Mountains, the North European Plain

More information

2 Main Points: 1) Foreign invasions and political/social/economic problems led to the collapse of the western 1/2 of the Roman Empire.

2 Main Points: 1) Foreign invasions and political/social/economic problems led to the collapse of the western 1/2 of the Roman Empire. 2 Main Points: 1) Foreign invasions and political/social/economic problems led to the collapse of the western 1/2 of the Roman Empire. 2) As the Western Roman Empire began to fall apart, the Christian

More information

Section 2. Objectives

Section 2. Objectives Objectives Understand why Holy Roman emperors failed to build a unified nation-state in Germany. Describe the conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV and summarize the struggle to control

More information

The Thirty Years War

The Thirty Years War The Thirty Years War 1618-1648 The Thirty Years War is complex. But the main conflict was between the different states who had religious differences. It was a war over Catholic-Protestant Issues And it

More information

AP European History Summer Assignment

AP European History Summer Assignment AP European History Summer Assignment Due: First day of class To complete this assignment you will need your textbook, The Western Heritage, which can be picked up from the school library on the following

More information

World History S. Anderson

World History S. Anderson World History S. Anderson you ll learn about Europe after the fall of Rome. In the East, the Roman Empire continued as the Byzantine Empire. In the West, Europe experienced centuries of turmoil as different

More information

Emerging Europe and the Byzantine Empire

Emerging Europe and the Byzantine Empire Emerging Europe and the Byzantine Empire 400 1300 Section 1 Transforming the Roman World Section 2 Feudalism Section 3 The Growth of European Kingdoms Section 4 Byzantine Empire and Crusades MAKING CONNECTIONS

More information

Gr. 4-5 Early Church History and Middle Ages with Famous Men of Rome/Famous Men of the Middle Ages

Gr. 4-5 Early Church History and Middle Ages with Famous Men of Rome/Famous Men of the Middle Ages Core Texts: Famous Men of Rome, J. Haaren Famous Men of Rome Student Guide from Memoria Press Famous Men of the Middle Ages, J. Haaren Famous Men of the Middle Ages Student Guide from Memoria Press Optional

More information

Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews

Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews Question 1. How do you think the division of the Christian church into clergy and laity in response to Roman persecution helped them spread their beliefs? 2. Use your notes to

More information

Charlemagne s Empire: The Resurrection of Rome on the Ruins of Usurers and Frauds

Charlemagne s Empire: The Resurrection of Rome on the Ruins of Usurers and Frauds Charlemagne s Empire: The Resurrection of Rome on the Ruins of Usurers and Frauds Matthew Raphael Johnson Johnstown, PA This essay will examine the relations of Roman Catholicism and the New Rome created

More information

Byrchall School. History Department. Revision Notes Norman England

Byrchall School. History Department. Revision Notes Norman England Byrchall School History Department Revision Notes Norman England 1066-1100 Norman England (1066-1100) Section 1 Conquest and Control Claimants to the Throne 1. Edgar Aetheling King Edward s nearest blood

More information

The Electronic Passport to the Middle Ages

The Electronic Passport to the Middle Ages The Electronic Passport to the Middle Ages Between Ancient and Modern In AD 476, warriors attacked the city of Rome and ended more than 800 years of glory for the eternal city. Historians mark the fall

More information

!!! Gr. 6-8 Old World and America: Early Church and the Middle Ages. Primary Texts: Old World and America, Fr. Furlong

!!! Gr. 6-8 Old World and America: Early Church and the Middle Ages. Primary Texts: Old World and America, Fr. Furlong Primary Texts: Old World and America, Fr. Furlong Heroes of God s Church (HGC), Fr. Matimore Famous Men of the Middle Ages (FMM), J. Haaren History Worth Remembering Timeline Figures Vol. 5 (from Emmanuel

More information

BEOWULF & ANGLO- SAXON NOTES. Literary Terms, Epic Poems, and Epic Heros

BEOWULF & ANGLO- SAXON NOTES. Literary Terms, Epic Poems, and Epic Heros BEOWULF & ANGLO- SAXON NOTES Literary Terms, Epic Poems, and Epic Heros Literary Terms Alliteration- The repetition of the initial consonant sounds in neighboring words Examples: From a friendless foe,

More information

Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017

Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017 Announcements: 1: Bell Ringer worksheets FOR A GRADE! You need: Bell Ringer (Fall of Rome), blank sheet of paper, one-pager template Bell Ringer: October 9(10), 2017 1. Pick up a copy of the Bell Ringer:

More information

Emerging Europe and the Byzantine Empire

Emerging Europe and the Byzantine Empire Emerging Europe and the Byzantine Empire Key Events As you read, look for the key events in the history of early Europe and the Byzantine Empire. The new European civilization was formed by the coming

More information

The Early Middle Ages (500C1050 CE)

The Early Middle Ages (500C1050 CE) Session 2 MONKS AND POPES The Early Middle Ages (500C1050 CE) I. INTRODUCTION A) Ours is not a monastic age. It is, however, impossible to understand medieval Christianity without dealing in a central

More information

Wars of Religion. Subheading goes here

Wars of Religion. Subheading goes here Wars of Religion Subheading goes here France Henry II & Philip II (Spain) end their long war (Hapsburg-Valois Wars) Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis (1559) French control of Calais Spanish control of Italy Nobility

More information

The Holy Roman Empire ( ) By: Aubrey Feyrer Amanda Peng Ian Scribner

The Holy Roman Empire ( ) By: Aubrey Feyrer Amanda Peng Ian Scribner The Holy Roman Empire (946-1437) By: Aubrey Feyrer Amanda Peng Ian Scribner Growth of the Holy Roman Empire Intellectual and Cultural History Included present-day Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg,

More information

Kingdoms and Crusades

Kingdoms and Crusades Chapter 15, Section 3 Kingdoms and Crusades (Pages 534 543) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: What types of governments did European kingdoms create? Why did European

More information

b. a) Turkey Incorrect. The answer is c. Christianity was the majority religion in Egypt by the time of the conquest.

b. a) Turkey Incorrect. The answer is c. Christianity was the majority religion in Egypt by the time of the conquest. 1. This Muslim holy building was constructed on the site of the Jewish Temple. a. b) Dome of the Rock Correct. The answer is b. The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem was built on the site of the Jewish Temple

More information

2010, Ed Sherwood, Berachah Bible Institute. Church History II Survey Session #4 Bede and the Lindisfarne Gospels The Church in the Middle Ages

2010, Ed Sherwood, Berachah Bible Institute. Church History II Survey Session #4 Bede and the Lindisfarne Gospels The Church in the Middle Ages 2010, Ed Sherwood, Berachah Bible Institute Church History II Survey Session #4 Bede and the Lindisfarne Gospels The Church in the Middle Ages 1 2010, Ed Sherwood, Berachah Bible Institute Session 4 Bede

More information

The Dark Ages. November 13, Dark Ages.notebook. Oct 28 10:51 AM

The Dark Ages. November 13, Dark Ages.notebook. Oct 28 10:51 AM The Dark Ages Europe between the Franks, the Ostrogoths, and the Crusades Ostrogoths overtake Rome Kept the senate and tradtions of Rome Many other Germanic tribes sweep in Roman influence is gone by the

More information

The Birth of Britain

The Birth of Britain The Birth of Britain Map of modern England, Scotland, and Wales Ancient Britain First known inhabitants of Britain were a nameless people shrouded in mystery All that is known about them is pieced together

More information

MARCH OF THE TITANS - A HISTORY OF THE WHITE RACE CHAPTER 31 : THE FOURTH GREAT RACE WAR - BULGARS, AVARS, MAGYARS AND KHAZARS

MARCH OF THE TITANS - A HISTORY OF THE WHITE RACE CHAPTER 31 : THE FOURTH GREAT RACE WAR - BULGARS, AVARS, MAGYARS AND KHAZARS MARCH OF THE TITANS - A HISTORY OF THE WHITE RACE CHAPTER 31 : THE FOURTH GREAT RACE WAR - BULGARS, AVARS, MAGYARS AND KHAZARS The lands making up western and southern Russia, Asia Minor (Turkey) and the

More information

HISTORY 123: ENGLAND TO 1688 FALL SEMESTER, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday at 11-11:50, 1131 Humanities.

HISTORY 123: ENGLAND TO 1688 FALL SEMESTER, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday at 11-11:50, 1131 Humanities. HISTORY 123: ENGLAND TO 1688 FALL SEMESTER, 2005 Monday, Wednesday, and Friday at 11-11:50, 1131 Humanities. email: jsommerv@wisc.edu This course deals with more than sixteen hundred years of British history,

More information

REAL-LIFE ARTHUR 500 A.D.

REAL-LIFE ARTHUR 500 A.D. REAL-LIFE ARTHUR 500 A.D. When the Roman Empire fell in Britain, there was probably a British general who resisted the invading hordes of barbarians. Legends of this general evolved into tales of a king

More information

Medieval Europe. Timeline Cards

Medieval Europe. Timeline Cards Medieval Europe Timeline Cards ISBN: 978-1-68380-006-4 Subject Matter Expert Bradley Mollmann Illustration and Photo Credits Title Martin Hargreaves Chapter 1 Martin Jung/imageBROKER / imagebroker Chapter

More information

HISTORY END OF YEAR 7 TEST 2015

HISTORY END OF YEAR 7 TEST 2015 HISTORY END OF YEAR 7 TEST 2015 1. Complete the following sentences: a) The king who died in January 1066 was called b) The man who became the next king was called c) A Viking King who invaded England

More information

After wandering aimlessly for centuries, waves of Jewish Semites who had fled north from Palestine following the Roman-Jewish Wars and Diaspora of 70

After wandering aimlessly for centuries, waves of Jewish Semites who had fled north from Palestine following the Roman-Jewish Wars and Diaspora of 70 The Fourth Great Race War - Bulgars, Avars, Magyars and Khazars invade EuropeMARCH OF THE TITANS - A HISTORY OF THE WHITE RACE Chapter 31 : The Fourth Great Race War - Bulgars, Avars, Magyars and Khazars

More information

EASTERN ORTHODOXY AND THE ANGLICANS by the Rev. Fr. Frederick Watson Introduction

EASTERN ORTHODOXY AND THE ANGLICANS by the Rev. Fr. Frederick Watson Introduction EASTERN ORTHODOXY AND THE ANGLICANS by the Rev. Fr. Frederick Watson Introduction Eastern Orthodoxy is a worldwide faith confessed by close to three hundred million people from Ireland to India, from Sweden

More information

7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and

7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and 7.34 Demonstrate understanding of the conflict and cooperation between the Papacy and European monarchs, including Charlemagne, Gregory VII, and Emperor Henry IV. (H, P) Term Hint Definition Excommunicate

More information

E. The Early Roman Empire

E. The Early Roman Empire E. The Early Roman Empire 1. The Question of Succession and the Reign of Tiberius a) Since he had no son, Augustus chose his step-son Tiberius to be the next emperor. b) Tiberius was worried about his

More information

The Church in the Time of Constantine.

The Church in the Time of Constantine. The Medieval Church The Church in the Time of Constantine. I. Introduction The term medieval refers to the period of history commonly known as the Middle Ages, between ancient and modern times. Historians

More information

What freedoms would you give up for protection?

What freedoms would you give up for protection? 351 What freedoms would you give up for protection? You are living in the countryside of western Europe during the 1100s. Like about 90 percent of the population, you are a peasant working the land. Your

More information

CHAPTER 9. The Formation of Christian Europe C.E. YOU SHOULD HAVE A BASIC UNDERSTANDING OF:

CHAPTER 9. The Formation of Christian Europe C.E. YOU SHOULD HAVE A BASIC UNDERSTANDING OF: CHAPTER 9 The Formation of Christian Europe 476 1300 C.E. The decline and fall of the western half of the Roman Empire in the fifth century created a vacuum in Europe that was filled largely by the Roman

More information

THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE. The Empire in the East survived for another thousand years

THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE. The Empire in the East survived for another thousand years Constantine, the Roman Emperor who recognized Christianity as the legal religion, moved the capital to the Eastern Mediterranean (330 A.D.), rebuilt the city of Byzantium & later renamed it after himself.

More information

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian

Justinian. Byzantine Emperor Reconquered much of the old Roman Empire Code of Justinian Byzantine Empire Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Byzantium, a Greek city in the eastern part of the empire. Ruled over the Balkan Peninsula, the Middle East and parts of

More information

Learning Intentions. You will be able to: Describe how Henry II came to the throne.

Learning Intentions. You will be able to: Describe how Henry II came to the throne. The Angevins Learning Intentions You will be able to: Describe how Henry II came to the throne. Describe the lands of the Angevin Empire (including how they were gained). In the last section, you learned

More information

Chapter 14 Section 4. Chapter 14 Section 4

Chapter 14 Section 4. Chapter 14 Section 4 Chapter 14 Section 4 The Church Divided The Bubonic Plague The Hundred Years War Chapter 14 Section 4 Innocent III 1198-1216 Height of Church Power Weakens Power shifting of Kings and Strong government

More information

The Fall of Rome. Chapter 9, Section 2. Fall of the Roman Empire. (Pages ) 170 Chapter 9, Section 2

The Fall of Rome. Chapter 9, Section 2. Fall of the Roman Empire. (Pages ) 170 Chapter 9, Section 2 Chapter 9, Section 2 The Fall of Rome (Pages 317 326) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: Why was the Roman Empire weakened? How would our world be different today if

More information

Fall of the Roman Empire

Fall of the Roman Empire Fall of the Roman Empire Fall of the Roman Empire The fall of the Roman Empire has been romanticized in history for the last 1500 years In our imagination it was a single event: The barbarians sacked Rome

More information

A Brief History of the Church of England

A Brief History of the Church of England A Brief History of the Church of England Anglicans trace their Christian roots back to the early Church, and their specifically Anglican identity to the post-reformation expansion of the Church of England

More information