WH-2-13-S1-FINAL REVIEW

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1 WH-2-13-S1-FINAL REVIEW Matching Complete each sentence with the correct term from the choices listed below. Write the letter of the correct answer in the blank provided. a. serf c. papal supremacy b. tenant farmers 1. A peasant bound to the land was called a _. 2. Medieval popes claimed _, or authority over all rulers. 3. A peasant who either was paid to work on the land or rented the land to farm was called a _. a. Affonso I d. Dutch East India Company b. Qing e. Prince Henry c. Ferdinand Magellan 4. led an expedition that became the first to circumnavigate Earth 5. the new dynasty that ruled China after the decline of the Ming dynasty 6. formed by a group of wealthy merchants, it had full sovereign powers Match the terms to the descriptions a. Hippocrates c. Homer b. Parthenon d. Herodotus 7. the Greek physician who set ethical standards for doctors 8. the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey 9. a Greek temple dedicated to the goddess Athena 10. the Greek historian often called the Father of History a. Donald Johanson c. polytheistic b. anthropology 11. describes people who believe in many gods 12. the study of the origins and development of humans and human society 13. first to discover enough of a skeleton to provide a good look at an early hominid a. encomiendas d. entrepreneurs b. Jacques Cartier e. mercantilism c. Middle Passage 14. claimed much of present-day eastern Canada for France 15. people who take financial risk to make profits 16. a system used to force Native Americans to labor under brutal conditions

2 17. an economic policy based a nation exporting more goods than it imports 18. the trade route that transported African slaves to the Americas a. common law c. epidemic b. King John 19. an outbreak of rapid-spreading disease 20. the English king who signed the Magna Carta 21. is based on customs and court rulings Complete each sentence with the correct term from the choices listed below. Write the letter of the correct answer in the blank provided. a. imperialism b. republic 22. Rome s policy of establishing control over foreign lands and peoples is called _. 23. The first Roman state was a _ which allowed the people to choose some of the officials. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 24. Alexander the Great extended his empire as far east as a. Mongolia. c. India. b. China. 25. What was an effect of the Greek victory in the Persian Wars? a. Persia never again had the strength to invade Greece. b. Sparta became the most powerful city-state in Greece. c. Greeks became more convinced of their own uniqueness. 26. Which of the following is a key belief, or duty, of Islam? a. Sins should be washed away through baptism. b. A priest should mediate between the people and God. c. Each Muslim should make a pilgrimage to Mecca. 27. The Mongols successfully attacked China s walled cities with a. hot oil dropped from balloons. c. machine guns. b. cannons. 28. What Greek philosopher believed good conduct meant pursuing the golden mean? a. Plato c. Sophocles b. Aristotle 29. A bitter debate took place between Henry II of England and the Church because Henry a. divorced and remarried without consulting the Church. b. would not persecute John Wycliffe for his heresies. c. claimed the right to try clergy in royal courts. 30. One reason why most conquered people remained loyal to Rome was that Rome a. allowed some of them to become citizens. b. did not require them to pay taxes. c. allowed their leaders to be senators.

3 31. The system of common law established by English King Henry II a. applied to all of England, unlike local feudal laws. b. could vary greatly, depending on the location of the trial. c. was administered by members of the nobility and the Church. 32. Knights lived by a code of honor that called for loyality, honesty, and fighting fair. This was known as. a. Medieval Ethics c. Knight Law b. chivalry 33. How did Europeans usually acquire African captives for the slave trade? a. They relied on Dutch traders to bring captives to African ports. b. They most often enslaved only people they defeated in battle. c. They relied on African traders to bring captives to African ports. 34. How did William the Conqueror strengthen his power after becoming king of England in 1066? a. He required every vassal to swear first allegiance to him. b. He took away feifs from the Church and gave them to his Norman lords. c. He discarded the oppressive tax system imposed by King Edward. 35. Knights lived by a code of honor that called for loyality, honesty, and fighting fair. This was known as. a. Knight Law c. Medieval Ethics b. chivalry 36. What helped to bring about the decline of the Byzantine empire? a. Mongols captured and plundered Constantinople. b. Venetian merchants gained control of Byzantine trade. c. Rebels overthrew the Byzantine emperor. 37. What is one way in which nomadic cultures differed from civilizations? a. Nomads had no government. c. Nomads did not raise animals. b. Nomads did not build cities. 38. The islands that Christopher Columbus explored in his voyage in 1492 later became known as a. the West Indies. c. the Philippines. b. the East Indies. 39. When some men joined the Christian Church they became monks and some women became nuns. Where did they usually live? a. monasteries and convents c. tee-pees and huts b. rectory and nunnery 40. The Last Supper and the Mona Lisa were the work of the great artist a. Sandro Botticelli. c. Leonardo da Vinci. b. Michelangelo Buonarroti. 41. St. Francis of Assisi was responsible for the following: a. created the Friar order of monks c. lead crusades for Rome b. the start of the Dominican order 42. Feudalism was a system of living in which a Lord divided his land into smaller plots and these were controlled by. a. knights c. vassels b. peasants

4 43. Which of the following statements is true about Jesus of Nazareth? a. He asked Paul to spread his teachings to gentiles. b. Precticed the Jewish tradition. c. He questioned the teachings of the Jewish prophets. 44. During the First Crusade in 1099, Christian knights succeeded in capturing a. Jerusalem. c. Tangier. b. Constantinople. 45. The New Stone Age began when early people learned to a. use tools. c. farm. b. make weapons out of stone. 46. Akbar the Great helped to unite the Mughal empire by a. blending Islamic and Hindu beliefs into a new religion. b. partnering with Hindu princes in ruling the empire. c. signing treaties with a number of Hindu states. 47. The age of great change marked by renewed interest in classical learning and the arts is called the a. Renaissance. c. Reformation. b. Middle Ages. 48. A bitter debate took place between Henry II of England and the Church because Henry a. feuded over the practice of lay investiture. b. would not persecute John Wycliffe for his heresies. c. claimed the right to try clergy in royal courts. 49. The city of Constantinople a. cut all cultural ties with the heritage of Rome. b. commanded key trade routes linking Europe and Asia. c. was able to prosper despite having no harbor. 50. The only hominids still on Earth today are a. australopithecines. c. Homo erectus. b. Homo sapiens. 51. Under his feudal contract, a vassal was required to a. conquer neighboring kingdoms. b. provide military service. c. be true to his word. 52. In a Greek city-state, the acropolis was a. the legislative building where citizens voted on laws. b. the location of temples dedicated to different gods and goddesses. c. the marketplace where citizens debated issues of the day. 53. Which of the following was a result of the Hundred Years War? a. A schism developed in the Roman Catholic Church. b. French kings were able to expand their power. c. The English monarchy became dominant over Parliament. 54. What was a result of the Peloponnesian War? a. It resulted in an alliance between Athens and Persia. b. It ended the Athenian domination of the Greek world. c. It started the golden age of Athens under Pericles.

5 55. Athens differed from Sparta in that it a. forbade citizens to travel and discouraged trade. b. placed emphasis on the individual. c. was primarily a military state. 56. Large numbers of Germanic peoples crossed into the lands of the Roman empire in the late 300s to escape a. religious persecution. b. the invading Huns. c. the black death. 57. When Muslims conquered a new land, they often a. forced the conquered people to convert to Islam. b. imposed a special tax on non-muslims. c. adopted the beliefs of the conquered people. 58. Which of the following was a result of the Hundred Years War? a. A schism developed in the Roman Catholic Church. b. French kings were able to expand their power. c. Monarchs sought more feudal vassals to fight their wars. 59. Why did King John sign the Magna Carta in England in 1215? a. to avoid being excommunicated by Pope Innocent III. b. to appease rebellious nobles angered over his abuse of power. c. to secure the return of English lands lost to French King Philip II. 60. To try to restore order to the empire, Roman emperor Diocletian a. divided the empire into two parts. b. overhauled the Roman legal system. c. granted toleration to Christians. 61. Partnerships were agreements between that allowed for expansion without individual risk. a. merchants c. peasants b. artisans 62. Humanist scholars differed from medieval thinkers in that humanists a. tended to focus more on spirituality. b. used Latin as their language for scholarship. c. tended to focus more on worldly subjects. 63. Under the Roman empire, the senate a. was divided into two bodies, called the centuriate and the tribal. b. held much less power than it had under the republic. c. held much more power than it had under the republic. 64. One way that Renaissance artists reflected the new ideas of humanism was by painting a. stylized rather than realistic people. b. well-known people of the day. c. scenes that appeared two-dimensional. 65. The chipped stones that Mary and Louis Leakey found in the Olduvai Gorge revealed that early hominids had learned how to a. use technology. c. hunt. b. domesticate animals.

6 Short Answer: Choose and answer three (3) questions from the list below. Each questions is worth 15 points! 66. Draw Inferences How did young people benefit from becoming an apprentice? How did guild masters benefit from taking on an apprentice? 67. Synthesize Information What are some of the problems the Christian Church faced during the first three centuries A.D.? 68. Make Comparisons Explain the differences between a serf and a tenant farmer. How were they viewed by society and which one may have threatened the Upper Class? 69. Synthesize Information Define papal supremacy. What event during the Middle Ages could be seen as the beginning of the corruption of the Church and government? 70. Make Generalizations How did Alexander the Great help to spread Greek culture? 71. Make Comparisons: Describe the philosophical method of Socrates and Aristole. How did they differ?

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