Name Class Date. Unit Test

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1 MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. 1. A highly talented painter who was also a writer, inventor, architect, engineer, mathematician, musician, and philosopher 2. Credited with inventing movable type 3. Wrote theses that criticized the church, particularly the sale of indulgences 4. Established a church in Switzerland based on theocracy 5. Protestant reformer who preached the doctrine of predestination 6. Led an expedition to Mexico that ended with the conquest of the Aztec Empire 7. Priest who sought to protect Native Americans by replacing them as laborers with African slaves 8. Adventurer whose men were the first to circumnavigate the world a. John Calvin b. Hernán Cortés c. Ulrich Zwingli d. Leonardo da Vinci e. Ferdinand Magellan f. Sir Francis Drake g. Lorenzo de Medici h. Bartolomé de Las Casas i. Johannes Gutenberg j. Martin Luther k. Mehmed II l. Suleyman I m. Johann Tetzel 9. Ottoman leader who seized Constantinople and renamed it Istanbul 10. Emperor who ruled the Ottoman Empire at its height FILL IN THE BLANK For each of the following statements, fill in the blank with the appropriate word, phrase, or name. 11. Oil paints suited Northern Renaissance painters love of. 12. emphasized individual accomplishment and believed that the human mind was almost limitless. 13. Pope Paul III convened the to examine the criticisms made by Protestants about Catholic teachings. 14. In the system, a colonist was given a certain amount of land and a number of Native Americans to work the land for him. Full Survey Unit Progress Assessment

2 15. The first English colony in North America was at. 16. The transfer of plants, animals, and disease that resulted from large-scale contact between the societies of Europe and the Americas is called the. 17. Because overseas business ventures were costly, investors began to pool their money together into companies to fund larger businesses. 18. The trading network in which European goods, captured Africans, and American products traveled across the Atlantic is called. 19. In Japan, samurai were expected to follow a strict code of ethics known as. 20. The Empire was India s first Muslim empire. TRUE/FALSE Indicate whether each statement below is true or false by writing T or F in the space provided. 21. The pope would not agree to an annulment for Henry VIII because Catherine and her nephew, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, opposed it. 22. Martin Luther contradicted basic Catholic beliefs when he insisted that God s grace cannot be won by good works. 23. All African rulers were opposed to the slave trade. 24. The African Diaspora resulted from the slave trade. 25. The only goal of European exploration in the 1400s and 1500s was to find new, faster routes to Asia. 26. Unlike the Spanish and the Portuguese, the French did not enslave Native Americans. 27. The Safavid Empire never included Persia. 28. The Great Wall of China was built to honor the voyages of Zheng He. 29. When Hongwu did away with high-level positions to strengthen his own authority, the result was more powerful Ming emperors. 30. In the Japanese feudal system, all samurai received land from lords. Full Survey Unit Progress Assessment

3 MULTIPLE CHOICE For each of the following, write the letter of the best choice in the space provided. 31. The three influential city-states in northern Italy were Venice, Milan, and a. Medici. b. Naples. c. Florence. d. Rome. 32. One cause of the Renaissance a. was the desire to end poverty. b. was the printing press. c. increased trade due to the Crusades. d. mild weather that increased crop yields. 33. Something that is secular focuses on what is a. worldly. b. ancient. c. glorifying to God. d. important to the king. 34. Concern that the church had drifted too far from its spiritual roots led to a. Christian humanism. b. the theocracy movement. c. the closing of monasteries. d. the Protestant Reformation. 35. The Roman Inquisition was established to a. spread humanism. b. fight Protestantism. c. take over the government. d. clarify Church teachings. 36. What was the Edict of Worms? a. a decree declaring Luther an outlaw b. Luther s public declaration of his faith c. Luther s public denial of the Catholic Church d. Germany s request for religious freedom 37. The Jesuits formed to a. unite the Catholic and Protestant faiths. b. protest the church s growing influence on society. c. monitor the churches sale of gold to help the poor. d. use education to combat the Protestant Reformation. 38. Exploration was fueled by a desire for money and a. fame. b. culture. c. open space. d. new technology. 39. The invention of the caravel was an advance in a. mining technology. b. farming. c. shipbuilding. d. industrial production. 40. Which country was the first to launch large-scale voyages of exploration? a. Spain b. Portugal c. England d. France Full Survey Unit Progress Assessment

4 41. European diseases were deadly to Native Americans because a. the diseases destroyed crops. b. they had no natural resistance. c. they did not understand instructions to prevent disease. d. they depended on Europeans for food. 42. One way a country can achieve a favorable trade balance is to a. sell more goods than it buys. b. demand payment in gold. c. place taxes on exports. d. grant independence to colonies. 43. The key to the Ottomans success was their a. ability to speak Persian and Arabic. b. royal marriages. c. trade agreements. d. military force. 44. In the Ottoman Empire, non- Muslims a. faced restrictions. b. had to convert to Islam. c. had to serve in the military. d. had the same rights and privileges as Muslims. 45. The Mughal Empire began to decline during the reign of a. Jahangir. b. Shah Jahan. c. Aurangzeb. d. Akbar. 46. Although most people in the Safavid Empire were Sunni a. the rulers closed the mosques. b. the first shah converted to Buddhism. c. the Shia paid the most in taxes. d. the first shah made Shiism the official religion. 47. During the 1500s, the Ming dynasty became increasingly a. agricultural. b. militaristic. c. isolated. d. mercantilist. 48. Which of the following Europeans gained influence in Ming China? a. Sir Francis Drake b. Henry the Navigator c. Lord George Macartney d. Matteo Ricci 49. The people that started the Qing dynasty were the a. Ming. b. Manchu. c. Mughals. d. Persians. Full Survey Unit Progress Assessment

5 Name Class Date PRACTICING SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS Study the visual below and answer the Return of the Hunters by Pieter Brueghel the Elder/ Bridgeman Art Linbrary, London SuperStock question that follows. 50. This painting is an example of a. Italian Renaissance art. b. religious art of the Middle Ages. c. Leonardo da Vinci s work. d. Northern Renaissance art. Full Survey Unit Progress Assessment

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