Name Review Questions. WHII Voorhees

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1 WHII Voorhees Name Review Questions WHII.2 Review #1 Name 2 empires of the Eastern hemisphere. Name 3 nations of Western Europe. What empire was located in Africa in 1500? What empire was located in India in 1500? Name the 3 empires of the western hemisphere. What does Renaissance mean? What marks the beginning of the modern world? WHII.2 Review #2 What knowledge was reborn during the Renaissance? The Renaissance spread from Italy to where? Who were the main painters of the Renaissance? What is the philosophy which emphasized classical knowledge and a worldly life? Who wrote sonnets and plays during the Renaissance? What poetry form was used during the Renaissance? What Dutch humanist helped to spread the idea of humanism? WHII.2 Review #3 Where did the Renaissance begin? What are the 5 major world religions? In what hemisphere did they begin? Where was Judaism concentrated in 1500? Where was Christianity concentrated in 1500? Where was Islam concentrated in 1500? Where was Hinduism concentrated in 1500? Where was Buddhism concentrated in 1500? WHII.2 Review #4 By 1500, trade linked what continents? What was the trade route between Asia and the Mediterranean Basin? What was the trade route across North Africa?

2 What kind of trade routes crossed the Indian Ocean? What area was linked by trade to the Black Sea? Why were these trade routes important? Name 4 products from China. Name 2 advancements from India and the Middle East. What scientific advancements were transferred along the trade routes? WHII.3 Review #5 What was the main Christian church in Europe in 1500? Which Christian church refused to change bringing on the Reformation? The practice of lending money at a high rate of interest is called what? What group protested and challenged the Church s view of business? The nobles of what 2 countries disliked Italian domination of the Church? The Church had not only religious power, but also _?_ power. What was the Reformation? WHII.3 Review #6 Name 2 problems in the Catholic Church which helped to cause the Reformation. What was sold by the Catholic Church to release a soul from Purgatory? Who began the Lutheran Church? Name 3 beliefs of the Lutheran church. Whose actions began the Reformation? These were posted on the door of the church at Wittenberg. Who posted them? WHII.3 Review #7 Name 1 belief of John Calvin. This is the belief that God knows who will be saved and who will not. Who expanded the Protestant Movement? Who began the Anglican Church in England? Who broke with the Catholic Church because he wanted a divorce? Name 3 actions of Henry VIII against the Catholic Church. (True)(False) The Reformation led to political and economic changes in Europe. WHII.3 Review #8 What caused war and destruction in Europe?

3 In what area of Germany did the princes support the Reformation? Why did they do this? What is a Protestant? What was the ruling dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire? What church did they support? The conflict in Germany between the Catholics and Protestants became what war? WHII.3 Review #9 What became the national church of England? Under whose reign did this occur? The Reformation contributed to the rise of what economic system? What religion were the French kings? A French Protestant is called what? The Edict of Nantes granted what? What happened with the Edict of Nantes? WHII.3 Review #10 Who changed the focus of the Thirty Years War from religious to political? The series of reforms in the Catholic Church was known as what? The Society of Jesus is also known as what? What was the purpose of the Society of Jesus? What was established to reinforce Catholic doctrine? Was there always religious toleration in Europe? What grew as religious toleration emerged? Who had the power in most European states? WHII.3 Review #11 T/F The Reformation only changed religious beliefs in Europe. The movement to enjoy life on earth and its rewards is called what? The movement which believes every person is important is called what? This invention spread the ideas of the Renaissance and Reformation. What did Johannes Gutenberg invent? Literacy was stimulated by what invention? The Bible was first printed in what 3 languages? WHII.4 Review #12

4 The loss of what city in 1453 encouraged the search for new trade routes? What goods were in high demand in Europe in the mid 15th century? What contributed to the European discovery of lands in the western hemisphere? (True/False) New navigational inventions helped fuel the Age of Exploration. The center of trade shifted from the Mediterranean basin to what nations? Where did the compass and astrolabe come from? What was the role of Prince Henry the Navigator? WHII.4 Review #13 What Portuguese explorer was the first to reach India by way of Africa? Name 2 Spanish explorers. Who was the first European to discover the Western Hemisphere? What Spanish explorer conquered the Aztecs? What Spanish explorer conquered the Incas? Whose expedition was the first to circumnavigate the world? Who was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world? WHII.4 Review #14 What explorer explored the St. Lawrence River and claimed Canada for France? Name 3 nations which established empires in the Western Hemisphere. What were the 3 motives for exploration? What religion was spread to Latin America and Canada? What was the first religion brought to the Americas from Europe? Native Americans of the Western Hemisphere are often called _?_ people. A major motive for exploration was to spread _?_. WHII.4 Review #15 What religion did the English and Dutch bring to the Americas? What did colonists bring with them to the Americas? Who were the European missionaries trying to convert? How did Europeans diffuse Christianity? Name 3 empires destroyed by the Spanish. Name 2 legacies of Spanish rule in Latin America. T/F European nations created colonial empires in North and South America. WHII.4 Review #16

5 T/F Most colonies took on the social and cultural patterns of their parent country. What racial group was forced into slavery? Europeans set up what on the coast of Africa? What did Europeans want from Africa? Throughout the world, what did Europeans want from their colonies? What was one of the first groups to colonize an area? Where did this occur? The Portuguese, Dutch and British all set up what to gain wealth from their colonies? WHII.4 Review #17 What was the exchange of products and resources between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres? What agricultural products did the Western Hemisphere give to Europe? What was the result of these products? What European animals changed the lives of American Indians? What is another name for American Indians? What killed many American Indians? What was the result of a labor shortage in the Western Hemisphere? What is a cash crop? WHII.4 Review #18 Why were large numbers of laborers needed in the Americas? Western Hemisphere slavery was based on what? Where was the plantation system strongest? What were 2 results of the plantation system? Who was the triangular trade between? What products were involved? Where did the gold and silver of the Americas go? What was the result of this trade? WHII.5 Review #19 What empire conquered Constantinople? What areas did they conquer? Where was the Ottoman Empire originally located? What was Constantinople renamed?

6 What was the unifying force in the Ottoman Empire? (True/False) The Ottoman Empire did not accept other monotheistic religions. What were 2 trade items of the Ottoman Empire? WHII.5 Review #20 Who were descendants of the the Mongols? Where was the Mughal Empire located? What religion did the Mughals spread to India? What is the architectural gem of Mughal India? The British textile industry was affected by what? What 3 European nations traded in India? How did they compete for the Indian Ocean trade? WHII.5 Review 21 During the Mughal Empire, who arrived and set up trading posts in India? Where did Europeans establish trading posts? What 2 nations tried to limit the influence of European merchants? What country established foreign enclaves to control trade? What Chinese goods were in high demand in Europe? What Chinese leader tried to limit foreign influences and trade? How much power did the Japanese emperor have? WHII.5 Review #22 The military leader of Japan was the? Who really had the power in Japan? What country used isolationism to limit foreign influences? What altered the traditional economic patterns in Africa? What were the main African exports in the 1600 s? What was the trade between Europe and the Americas called? What did Africa import from Europe? What were 2 new foods imported into Africa from America?

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