Muslim Empires Chapter 19

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Muslim Empires Chapter 19"

Transcription

1 Muslim Empires Chapter 19

2 AGE OF GUNPOWDER EMPIRES CHANGED THE BALANCE OF POWER This term applies to a number of states, all of which rapidly expanded during the late 15th and over the entire 16th century. Most significant were Portugal, Spain, the Ottoman Empire, the Safavid Empire, and the Mughal Empire but also included England, France, Tokugawa (Japan), Romanov Russia, and Ming/Manchu (Qing) China

3

4 THE ISLAMIC EMPIRES Three Islamic Empires dominate from southern Europe to Northern India from Ottoman Empire (Balkans, Middle East, North Africa, & Eastern Europe) Safavid Empire (Persia); Shia Islam Mughal Empire (Northern India)-had lasting Islamic cultural impact

5 Common Characteristics Religion (of the rulers at least ) All three Islamic empires were military creations Governing Autocratic: emperors imposed their will on the state Ongoing problems with royal succession Ottoman rulers legally killed brothers after taking the throne Influence of Royal and Upper-Class Women Harem Harem politics: women often influenced policies, selections

6 OTTOMAN EMPIRE

7 RISE OF OTTOMAN EMPIRE Founded in 1289 by Osman Later Expand into outer regions of Byzantine Empire Successful because of gunpowder in early sieges Use of Janissary Corps Christian troops raised by Ottomans Were slaves, but paid well Provided for by Gov Loyal Gunpowder weapons 14 th -15 th centuries: Expand into South Eastern Europe 1453: Conquer Constantinople Under the leadership of Mehmed II (r ) Absolute monarchy; centralized state

8 Politics of the Ottoman Empire Sultans control politics and economy Promoted religious toleration to People of the Books Separate themselves from the masses Sultans will promote cultural heritage and development Architecture Coffeehouses

9 Ottoman SOCIAL STRUCTURE Four Main Social Groups: Men of the pen Men of the sword Men of negotiations Men of husbandry Social Mobility becomes more rigid over time Women had no rights aside from tradition, class, husbands wishes

10 THE Ottoman MILLET system Millet System: Different communities based on religion throughout the empire Each millet was headed by its own religious dignitary Advised sultan on affairs in the community Was punished by sultan for problems of the community In the millet system each community was responsible for Taxes Education Legal Matters: Marriage, Divorce, Inheritance

11 SULEYMAN THE MAGNIFICENT Empire at its height under Suleyman Reigned Conquered lands in Europe, Asia, Africa Syria, modern-day Israel, Egypt Hungary, Croatia, Rumania Siege of Vienna (Austria) in 1529 failed Built powerful navy to rule Mediterranean Encouraged development of arts Beautified Constantinople with mosques Empire began a slow decline after Suleyman

12 WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF OTTOMAN DECLINE IN THE 17 TH CENTURY? Reached limits of expansive power early on Too large to be maintained High taxes on peasants Corruption of govt. officials & weak rulers Declining position of women

13 Achievements of Muslim Empires Math and Astronomy Indian System (0-9) Algebra Maps Sunrise/sunset times Physics in Chemistry Optics Alchemy Biology and Medicine Opened body for study Hospitals (Free) Medicine Kept records Trained physicians Medical Encyclopedias TOOK GREEK KNOWLEDGE FORWARD RENAISSANCE

14 Safavid persia ( )

15 Origins of the Safavid Empire Founder: Shah Ismail (r ) Conquers much of modern-day Iran and Iraq Title Shah was originally used by ancient Persian dynasties Shi a Islam Religiously intolerant forced conversion Tries to convert Sunni Muslims in Ottoman Empire

16 Shah Abbas the Great (r ) Greatest of all Safavid leaders Went to war with Ottoman Empire to regain territories lost in earlier battles Safavids fail at this effort BUT, they sign a peace treaty with the Ottomans (1612) and regain some territory Modernized military Made Alliances with Europe Invited European merchants into country Created strong bureaucracy

17 Safavid Society and Economy/Culture SOCIETY Traditional Social Structure Women are forced to wear the veil and live in seclusion Young boys kidnapped and enslaved (like Janissaries) Strong emphasis on artisans, engineers and merchants ECONOMY/CULTURE Main Exports: Silk items and Persian rugs Government invests money in cultural achievements Isfahan (capital) Architecture (City planning; mosques) Literature, poetry and music

18 Decline of the Safavid Empire Leaders kept in seclusion from the people Inept leadership Invaded by nomadic tribes in 1722 Gets caught in the middle of many territorial and political battles

19 The Mughal Empire Zahir al-din Muhammad (Babur) invaded northern India in 1523 Descendant of Chinggis Khan Conquered Delhi in 1526 Controlled empire extending from Afghanistan to most of India

20

21 The Mughal Empire Mughal Empire expanded under Akbar the Great (r ) Established Mughal ( Mongol ) Dynasty Ruled with absolute power Established a centralized government Took personal power Expanded empire into southern India Tolerant of many religions Tried to reduce tensions between Hindus and Muslims Encouraged Divine Faith which focused on the emperor

22 The Mughal Empire Empire reached peak under Aurangzeb (r ) Expanded Mughal Empire to its greatest extent Almost all of India except southern tip Did not follow Akbar s policy of toleration Imposed Islam on empire Destroyed Hindu temples Taxed Hindus Caused further resentment among Hindus

23 Mughal Culture Akbar s tolerant policies helped unify the empire A conflict of cultures led to the end of this empire, but resulted in a culture unique to the Mughal Empire. Cultures that blended in the empire included Muslims Hindus Persians Indians

24 Failure of Mughal Dynasty After Akbar needed reforms were ignored Government bureaucracy corrupt Army behind in weaponry & tactics technology too many building projects Less religious tolerance Empire becomes too large internal rebellions Rulers extravagant & pleasure seeking

11/24/2015. Islam. Outcome: Islamic Empires

11/24/2015. Islam. Outcome: Islamic Empires Islam Outcome: Islamic Empires 1 Constructive Response Question 3.Generalize who were the Ottomans, Mughals, and Safavids? 2 What will we learn? 1.Islamic culture 2.The Ottoman Empire 3.The Mughals 4.The

More information

Chapter 17 Section 1 - The Ottoman and Safavid Empires. Section 1. New Asian Empire. Main Idea

Chapter 17 Section 1 - The Ottoman and Safavid Empires. Section 1. New Asian Empire. Main Idea New Asian Empire Section 1 Chapter 17 Section 1 - The Ottoman and Safavid Empires Main Idea The Ottoman and Safavid empires flourished under powerful rulers who expanded the territory and cultural influence

More information

Muslim Civilizations

Muslim Civilizations Muslim Civilizations Muhammad the Prophet Born ca. 570 in Mecca Trading center; home of the Kaaba Marries Khadija At 40 he goes into the hills to meditate; God sends Gabriel with a call Khadija becomes

More information

Chapter 28. The Islamic Empires

Chapter 28. The Islamic Empires Chapter 28 The Islamic Empires Things to take notice of Global commercialization/economy Syncretic religious practices (or lack thereof) Ways political power is used to legitimize rule Ways religious ideas

More information

TURN IN YOUR FINAL DRAFT OF YOUR ESSAY WITH YOUR ROUGH DRAFT AND THINKING MAP ATTACHED!

TURN IN YOUR FINAL DRAFT OF YOUR ESSAY WITH YOUR ROUGH DRAFT AND THINKING MAP ATTACHED! TURN IN YOUR FINAL DRAFT OF YOUR ESSAY WITH YOUR ROUGH DRAFT AND THINKING MAP ATTACHED! In your journals- How do you think the Muslims interaction with the Hindus in India will be similar/different than

More information

Chapter 19: The Muslim Empires

Chapter 19: The Muslim Empires Chapter 19: The Muslim Empires 1450-1800 19-1 THE RISE AND EXPANSION OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE Rise of the Ottoman Turks In the 13 th century a group of Turks under Osman start gaining power in the northwest

More information

Chapter 10: Section 1 Main Ideas

Chapter 10: Section 1 Main Ideas Chapter 10: Section 1 Main Ideas Main Idea #1: Islam was created by Muhammad in 570 ACE Main Idea #2: Islam is monotheistic, Allah is God, Quran is the sacred text of Islam, and Prophets were Abraham,

More information

Empires of Asia

Empires of Asia Empires of Asia 1450-1750 Rise of Empire: Russia Ivan the Great (1440-1505) Creates a strong army Used loyalties to the Orthodox Church Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) Increased power of the tsar Patterns

More information

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Chapter 10 Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Section 1 The Byzantine Empire Capital of Byzantine Empire Constantinople Protected by Greek Fire Constantinople Controlled by: Roman Empire Christians Byzantines

More information

Muslim Empires. Name: World History I + Mr. Horas

Muslim Empires. Name: World History I + Mr. Horas Muslim Empires Name: World History I + Mr. Horas http://www.chshistory.net 1 Reading #1: Pages 507-509 (White Pages) Muslim Empires The Ottoman Empire Reading #1: The Ottomans Build a Vast Empire Essential

More information

World History Unit 3 Contd. Post Classical Asia and Beyond

World History Unit 3 Contd. Post Classical Asia and Beyond World History Unit 3 Contd. Post Classical Asia and Beyond Essential Questions What were the major civilizations of Asia in the post-classical era? What were the effects of the Mongol invasions? What were

More information

Safavid Empire Timeline. By:Hayden Galloway and Bella Acuña

Safavid Empire Timeline. By:Hayden Galloway and Bella Acuña Safavid Empire Timeline By:Hayden Galloway and Bella Acuña Prezi Presentation https://prezi.com/qtaekkdks4jc/the-safavid-empire/ Event 1: Ismail s Conquest Ismail s Conquest His family were Shia Islam

More information

Section 2. Objectives

Section 2. Objectives Objectives Explain how Muslims were able to conquer many lands. Identify the divisions that emerged within Islam. Describe the rise of the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties. Explain why the Abbasid empire

More information

1. What initiated early Western European Empires to expand? What role did geography play?

1. What initiated early Western European Empires to expand? What role did geography play? World History Advanced Placement Unit 4: THE EARLY MODERN WORLD 1450 1750 Chapter 13 Political Transformations: Empires and Encounters, 1450 1750 Learning Targets To introduce students to the variety of

More information

Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam

Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam Objectives of this Unit: You will learn how Islam spread initially after Muhammad s death. You will learn how conquest and trade led to the spread of Islam, blending of cultures,

More information

This chapter will focus on Mohammad, the beliefs of Muslims, and the Islamic empires that ruled from North Africa to India.

This chapter will focus on Mohammad, the beliefs of Muslims, and the Islamic empires that ruled from North Africa to India. Chapter Introduction Chapter Introduction This chapter will focus on Mohammad, the beliefs of Muslims, and the Islamic empires that ruled from North Africa to India. Section 1: The Rise of Islam Section

More information

The Byzantine Empire and Russia ( )

The Byzantine Empire and Russia ( ) Chapter 10, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 10 The Byzantine Empire and Russia (330 1613) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River,

More information

CHAPTER SEVEN Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia

CHAPTER SEVEN Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia CHAPTER SEVEN Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia World Civilizations, The Global Experience AP* Edition, 5th Edition Stearns/Adas/Schwartz/Gilbert *AP and

More information

Rise and Spread of Islam

Rise and Spread of Islam Rise and Spread of Islam I. Byzantine Regions A. Almost entirely Christian by 550 CE B. Priests and monks numerous - needed much money and food to support I. Byzantine Regions C. Many debates about true

More information

Chapter 18 The Mongols Unify Eurasia

Chapter 18 The Mongols Unify Eurasia Chapter 18 The Mongols Unify Eurasia p243 China Under the Song Dynasty, 960-1279 Most advanced civilization in the world Extensive urbanization Iron and Steel Manufacturing Technical innovations Printing

More information

Name Class Date. Unit Test

Name Class Date. Unit Test MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. 1. A highly talented painter who was also a writer, inventor, architect, engineer,

More information

AP World History Chapter 6. The First Global Civilization The Rise and Spread of Islam

AP World History Chapter 6. The First Global Civilization The Rise and Spread of Islam AP World History Chapter 6 The First Global Civilization The Rise and Spread of Islam Abbasid Dynasty at its Peak The Islamic Heartlands in the Middle and Late Abbasid Eras A. Imperial Extravagance and

More information

9.6 The Delhi Sultanate

9.6 The Delhi Sultanate 9.6 The Delhi Sultanate 1.Mamluk dynasty (1206 90); 2.Khilji dynasty (1290 1320); 3.Tughlaq dynasty (1320 1414); 4.Sayyid dynasty (1414 51); a 5.Afghan Lodi dynasty (1451 1526) Sultanate of Delhi Most

More information

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Islamic Civilization Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Islamic Civilization Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do religions develop? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography influence the Arab way of life? 2. What message did Muhammad preach to the people of Arabia?

More information

AP World History Chapter 11 Notes

AP World History Chapter 11 Notes AP World History Chapter 11 Notes Even after the Arab Empire fell apart, the Islamic civilization continued to grow Major areas of Muslim expansion: India, Anatolia, West Africa, and Spain Islam brought

More information

The Byzantines

The Byzantines The Byzantines 330-1453 Development of the Byzantine Empire Strengths of the Empire Split between East and West Preserving Roman Law Decline of the Empire Strengths of the Empire The Byzantine Empire

More information

The Umayyad Dynasty. Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History

The Umayyad Dynasty. Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History The Umayyad Dynasty Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History The death of Muhammad Muhammad died in 632. Set off a problem that exists today the succession of the Islamic state Caliph Islamic

More information

WHII 2 a, c d, e. Name: World History II Date: SOL Review Day 1

WHII 2 a, c d, e. Name: World History II Date: SOL Review Day 1 Name: World History II Date: SOL Review Day 1 Directions label the following empires in 1500 on the map below England France Spain Russia Ottoman Empire Persia China Mughal India Songhai Empire Incan Aztec

More information

4. THE HAN EMPIRE 200 BC-200 AD

4. THE HAN EMPIRE 200 BC-200 AD 4. THE HAN EMPIRE 200 BC-200 AD CHINA S SYMBOL: THE DRAGON A. Govt & Military 1. Emperor with complete control 2. Military: a. Used the Great Wall to keep invaders out B. Economy 1. Empire linked through

More information

[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq

[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq Learning Objectives Describe the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia. Explain the origins and beliefs of Islam, including the significance

More information

Chapter 10: The Muslim World,

Chapter 10: The Muslim World, Name Chapter 10: The Muslim World, 600 1250 DUE DATE: The Muslim World The Rise of Islam Terms and Names Allah One God of Islam Muhammad Founder of Islam Islam Religion based on submission to Allah Muslim

More information

The Sui, Tang, and Song dynasties restored peace to China in between periods of chaos, civil war, and disorder.

The Sui, Tang, and Song dynasties restored peace to China in between periods of chaos, civil war, and disorder. China Reunified The Sui, Tang, and Song dynasties restored peace to China in between periods of chaos, civil war, and disorder. China Reunified Sui Dynasty Grief dynasty known for unifying China under

More information

Unit 8: Islamic Civilization

Unit 8: Islamic Civilization Unit 8: Islamic Civilization Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.8 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 AD by a) Describing the origin, beliefs, traditions,

More information

Chapter 9. The Byzantine Empire, Russia, and the rise of Eastern Europe

Chapter 9. The Byzantine Empire, Russia, and the rise of Eastern Europe Chapter 9 The Byzantine Empire, Russia, and the rise of Eastern Europe The 2 nd Rome Map of the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Justinian Building and Defending the Empire Justinian- Ruled the Byzantine

More information

Final Exam: January 23rd and January 24 th. Final Exam Review Guide. Day One: January 23rd - Subjective Final Exam

Final Exam: January 23rd and January 24 th. Final Exam Review Guide. Day One: January 23rd - Subjective Final Exam Final Exam: January 23rd and January 24 th Final Exam Review Guide Your final exam will take place over the course of two days. The short answer portion is Day One, January 23rd and the 50 MC question

More information

The Ottomans and Their Empire

The Ottomans and Their Empire Level 2-1 The Ottomans and Their Empire Michael Wilkins Summary This book is about the rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire Contents Before Reading Think Ahead 2 Vocabulary 3 During Reading Comprehension

More information

World History I. Robert Taggart

World History I. Robert Taggart World History I Robert Taggart Table of Contents To the Student.............................................. v A Note About Dates........................................ vii Unit 1: The Earliest People

More information

The Islamic Empires Chapter 11

The Islamic Empires Chapter 11 The Islamic Empires Chapter 11 Islam arose in the Arabian peninsula in the early 600 s Mecca Medina- Jerusalem Caliph-successor to Muhammad Divisions grow -->who should rule after Muhammad's death Sunni

More information

The Mongols. Background and effects

The Mongols. Background and effects The Mongols Background and effects Background 1206-1227 Reign of Chinggis Khan Chronology of the Mongol Empire 1211-1234 1219-1221 1237-1241 Conquest of northern China Conquest of Persia Conquest of Russia

More information

Ch. 18 Nomadic Empires and Eurasian Integration

Ch. 18 Nomadic Empires and Eurasian Integration Ch. 18 Nomadic Empires and Eurasian Integration Directions. Printout and review the Chapter outline & Study Guide prior to reading the Chapter. Not all the terms or people are to be found in the Chapter.

More information

The Umayyads and Abbasids

The Umayyads and Abbasids The Umayyads and Abbasids The Umayyad Caliphate was founded in 661 by Mu awiya the governor or the Syrian province during Ali s reign. Mu awiya contested Ali s right to rule, arguing that Ali was elected

More information

Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors

Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Constantinople Survived because it was far away from the Germanic tribe invasions It was the

More information

AP WORLD HISTORY UNIT IV PART 1 1

AP WORLD HISTORY UNIT IV PART 1 1 AP WORLD HISTORY UNIT IV PART 1 1 1. This building is a result of the efforts of the a. Ottomans b. Safavid c. Mongols d. Mughal 2. Of those listed below, which civilization existed in the most complete

More information

ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS A.D.

ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS A.D. ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS 600-1000 A.D. ISLAM VOCAB Muhammad the Prophet- the founder of Islam Islam- monotheistic religion meaning submission Muslim- followers of Islam Mecca- holy city to Arab people located

More information

CHAPTER 21. The Muslim Empires CHAPTER SUMMARY

CHAPTER 21. The Muslim Empires CHAPTER SUMMARY CHAPTER 21 The Muslim Empires CHAPTER SUMMARY The Mongol invasions of the 13th and 14th centuries destroyed theoretical Muslim unity. The Abbasid and many regional dynasties were crushed. Three new Muslim

More information

EXTERNAL INFLUENCES ON ARAB ACHIEVEMENTS

EXTERNAL INFLUENCES ON ARAB ACHIEVEMENTS EXTERNAL INFLUENCES ON ARAB ACHIEVEMENTS Robert Milton Underwood, Jr. 2009 Underwood 1 EXTERNAL INFLUENCES ON ARAB ACHIEVEMENTS Arab culture has very rich traditions that have developed over centuries.

More information

CHAPTER 10: POST-CLASSICAL ASIA AND BEYOND

CHAPTER 10: POST-CLASSICAL ASIA AND BEYOND CHAPTER 10: POST-CLASSICAL ASIA AND BEYOND INTRODUCTION In this chapter, you will learn about developments in Asia during the postclassical era of history, especially in Turkey, Central Asia, India, and

More information

19, 2007 EUROPEAN CHALLENGES TO THE MUSLIM WORLD

19, 2007 EUROPEAN CHALLENGES TO THE MUSLIM WORLD EUROPEAN CHALLENGES TO THE MUSLIM WORLD Stresses in the Muslim World Empires in Decline - 1700s - Muslim empires in India, Middle East, and Iran had been weakened - central govts. had lost control over

More information

THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE. The Empire in the East survived for another thousand years

THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE. The Empire in the East survived for another thousand years Constantine, the Roman Emperor who recognized Christianity as the legal religion, moved the capital to the Eastern Mediterranean (330 A.D.), rebuilt the city of Byzantium & later renamed it after himself.

More information

Chapter 18: The Rise of Russia

Chapter 18: The Rise of Russia Chapter 18: The Rise of Russia AP World History A Newly Independent Russia Liberation effort began in the 14 th century. Russia gained independence from Mongol control (Golden Horde) in 1480. Russia emerged

More information

THE MUGHAL EMPIRE CE: Feb. 14 th, 2013

THE MUGHAL EMPIRE CE: Feb. 14 th, 2013 THE MUGHAL EMPIRE 1526-1858 CE: Feb. 14 th, 2013 1526-1858 CE THE MUGHAL EMPIRE (THE GREATEST EMPIRE OF THE INDIA) LEADERSHIP The Great Mughal Emperors: Babur (1526-1530) The First of the Mughals Humayun

More information

Vocabulary Match the term to the definition. To create a better review sheet, write the term instead of the letter.

Vocabulary Match the term to the definition. To create a better review sheet, write the term instead of the letter. ! Vocabulary 1450-1750 Match the term to the definition. To create a better review sheet, write the term instead of the letter. A. Absolute monarchy B. Boyars C. Capitalism D. Caravel E. Catholic reformation

More information

2) The original base of the Ottoman Turks was A) Anatolia. B) Syria. C) Mesopotamia. D) Transoxiana. E) the Balkans.

2) The original base of the Ottoman Turks was A) Anatolia. B) Syria. C) Mesopotamia. D) Transoxiana. E) the Balkans. Name AP World - Unit 3 - Reading Quiz - Chapters 21 and 22 MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Period 1) Which of the following was NOT

More information

Section 3. Objectives

Section 3. Objectives Objectives Describe the role of trade in Muslim civilization. Identify the traditions that influenced Muslim art, architecture, and literature. Explain the advances Muslims made in centers of learning.

More information

UNIT 2 NEW EMPIRES EMERGE

UNIT 2 NEW EMPIRES EMERGE UNIT 2 NEW EMPIRES EMERGE SSWH4 The student will analyze the importance of the Byzantine and Mongol empires between 450 AD and 1500 AD. a. Analyze the importance of Justinian, include the influence of

More information

Name: Date: Period: Chapter 9 Reading Guide. D. What major area has been lost by 1000 CE, other than Italy?

Name: Date: Period: Chapter 9 Reading Guide. D. What major area has been lost by 1000 CE, other than Italy? Name: Date: Period: UNIT SUMMARY Chapter 9 Reading Guide Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe, p.204-218 In addition to the great civilizations of Asia and North Africa forming

More information

Islam and Geography. Clara Kim All rights reserved.

Islam and Geography. Clara Kim All rights reserved. Islam and Geography Copyright Clara Kim 2007. All rights reserved. Deserts Only a small strip of fertile land in south of Saudi Arabia Few oases The rest is Desert Bedouins Nomads who live in the desert

More information

Review Unit Packet (page 1-37)

Review Unit Packet (page 1-37) Reading Notes (homework) Review Unit Part 1 (1-9) Review Unit Packet (page 1-37) Questions of the Day, Terms, Objective Questions (in class) Question of the Day 1- How does food get into your home track

More information

SSWH 4 Presentation. Classical World

SSWH 4 Presentation. Classical World SSWH 4 Presentation Classical World SSWH 4 Analyze the impact of the Byzantine and Mongol empires. Vocabulary Byzantine Empire - This empire began as the eastern half of the Roman Empire, with its capital

More information

12. Chinese references to western barbarians in the Tang dynasty included which group of people? a. Portuguese b. Indians c. Vietnamese d.

12. Chinese references to western barbarians in the Tang dynasty included which group of people? a. Portuguese b. Indians c. Vietnamese d. 1. In contrast to the Silk Roads, the Sea Roads of the Indian Ocean a. did not transport any luxury goods. b. carried more products for a mass market. c. had much higher transportation costs. d. were centered

More information

What were the most important contributions Islam made to civilization?

What were the most important contributions Islam made to civilization? Islamic Contributions and Achievements Muslim scholars were influenced by Greek, Roman and Indian culture. Many ideas were adopted from these people and formed the basis of Muslim scholarship that reached

More information

Byzantines, Turks, and Russians Interact

Byzantines, Turks, and Russians Interact Byzantines, Turks, and Russians Interact 500-1500 Byzantium Germanic tribes had driven the Romans east. In 330 CE, the Roman emperor had begun to favor Christianity and established a city called Constantinople,

More information

Chapter 9 1. Explain why Islam is considered more than a religion, but rather a way of life?

Chapter 9 1. Explain why Islam is considered more than a religion, but rather a way of life? Chapters 9-18 Study Guide Review Chapter 9 1. Explain why Islam is considered more than a religion, but rather a way of life? The Quran and the Sunnah guide Muslims on how to live their lives. 2. What

More information

Part I: The Byzantine Empire - A Quick Overview

Part I: The Byzantine Empire - A Quick Overview Part I: The Byzantine Empire - A Quick Overview The Roman Empire Divided Constantine s City-- Constantinople The Byzantine Empire I. Origins of the Empire A. Started as eastern part of Roman Empire 1.

More information

B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories in Northern Europe& gained great wealth

B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories in Northern Europe& gained great wealth I. Roman Republic Expands A. Punic Wars - A series of battles where Rome defeated Carthage (North Africa) & became the dominant power in the Mediterranean B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories

More information

AP WORLD HISTORY Big Ideas

AP WORLD HISTORY Big Ideas AP WORLD HISTORY Big Ideas The purpose of this PowerPoint is for you to review 10 Big Ideas from each of our historical units. (Units 1& 2 are combined together). As you read the top 10 countdown hopefully

More information

Name: Date: Period: THE ISLAMIC HEARTLANDS IN THE MIDDLE AND LATE ABBASID ERAS p What symptoms of Abbasid decline were there?

Name: Date: Period: THE ISLAMIC HEARTLANDS IN THE MIDDLE AND LATE ABBASID ERAS p What symptoms of Abbasid decline were there? Name: Date: Period: Chapter 7 Reading Guide Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia, p.162-182 1. What are some of the reasons for Abbasid decline listed in the

More information

From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires

From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 4 Christians, Muslims, and Jews fought for control over the sacred city of Jerusalem. CHAPTER From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 11.1 Introduction In Chapter 10, you learned about Muslim contributions

More information

Chapter 25 Land Empires in the Age of Imperialism,

Chapter 25 Land Empires in the Age of Imperialism, Chapter 25 Land Empires in the Age of Imperialism, 1800-1870 The Ottoman Empire Egypt and the Napoleonic Example, 1798-1840 In 1798, Napoleon invaded Egypt and defeated the Mamluk. Returned to France.

More information

Overview of Imperial Nigeria. Chapter 27, Section 2

Overview of Imperial Nigeria. Chapter 27, Section 2 Overview of Imperial Nigeria Chapter 27, Section 2 Forms of Control 1. Colony A country or a territory governed internally by foreign power 2. Protectorate A country or a territory with its own internal

More information

Section 3. Empires of China and India. The Mauryan Empire

Section 3. Empires of China and India. The Mauryan Empire The Mauryan Empire Many small kingdoms existed across India in 300s BC Each kingdom had own ruler; no central authority united them Magadha a dominant kingdom near Ganges Strong leader, Chandragupta Maurya

More information

Land Empires in the Age of Imperialism THE EUROPEAN MOMENT ( )

Land Empires in the Age of Imperialism THE EUROPEAN MOMENT ( ) Land Empires in the Age of Imperialism THE EUROPEAN MOMENT (1750 1900) What do I need to do? You will need to take notes from these slides and video clips instead of reading the corresponding sections

More information

Name. The Crusades. Aim #1: What were the Crusades?

Name. The Crusades. Aim #1: What were the Crusades? Name The Crusades Aim #1: What were the Crusades? The Crusades were a series of wars starting in 1095 CE that lasted into the end of the 13th century (1200s) in which European Christians tried to win control

More information

The Muslim PR Game Called The Crusades by Armin Vamberian and Robert Sibley (Reprinted here by permission of Armin Vamberian)

The Muslim PR Game Called The Crusades by Armin Vamberian and Robert Sibley (Reprinted here by permission of Armin Vamberian) The Muslim PR Game Called The Crusades by Armin Vamberian and Robert Sibley (Reprinted here by permission of Armin Vamberian) There are some who seem to think that 9/11 was caused by America. They say

More information

CRISIS AND REFORMS CRISIS AND REFORMS DIOCLETIAN ( )

CRISIS AND REFORMS CRISIS AND REFORMS DIOCLETIAN ( ) CRISIS AND REFORMS After death of Marcus Aurelius (the end of the Pax Romana) the empire was rocked by political and economic turmoil for 100 years Emperors were overthrown regularly by political intrigue

More information

From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires

From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 11.1 Introduction In Chapter 10, you learned about Muslim contributions to world civilization. In this chapter, you will learn about the crusades, a series of religious

More information

The Ottomans Build a Vast Empire

The Ottomans Build a Vast Empire 1 The Ottomans Build a Vast Empire MAIN IDEA EMPIRE BUILDING The Ottomans established a Muslim empire that combined many cultures and lasted for more than 600 years. WHY IT MATTERS NOW Many modern societies,

More information

The Early Modern Muslim Empires. Chapter 21 Review

The Early Modern Muslim Empires. Chapter 21 Review The Early Modern Muslim Empires Chapter 21 Review Not the First Muslim Empires Muhammad united most of Arabia. Umayyad Empire (dominated by Arab Muslims) Abbasid Empire (dominated by Arab Muslims) These

More information

The historical background, the question, and the documents are on the pages that follow.

The historical background, the question, and the documents are on the pages that follow. The historical background, the question, and the documents are on the pages that follow. Islamic Contributions and Achievements Muslim scholars were influenced by Greek, Roman and Indian culture. Many

More information

Part 1: Use each map to answer the multiple choice questions ( / 16) Map A:

Part 1: Use each map to answer the multiple choice questions ( / 16) Map A: SS8 PRACTICE TEST: China, South East Asia, the Mongols and Japan to 1500 1 Part 1: Use each map to answer the multiple choice questions ( / 16) Map A: 1. In which continent would you find the shaded country?

More information

The Islamic World and Africa. Chapter 9

The Islamic World and Africa. Chapter 9 The Islamic World and Africa Chapter 9 Rise of Islam Due to warfare between the Byzantine and Persian empires trade land routes were changed. Sea routes were now used, connecting India with Arabian Peninsula

More information

Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg

Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg. 674 695 22 1 Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg. 677 681 Assume the role of a leader of an oil rich country. Why would you maybe need to diversify your country s economy? What

More information

Name: Period 3: 500 C.E C.E. Chapter 13: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia Chapter 14: The Expansive Realm of Islam

Name: Period 3: 500 C.E C.E. Chapter 13: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia Chapter 14: The Expansive Realm of Islam Chapter 13: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia Chapter 14: The Expansive Realm of Islam 1. How is the rise of neo-confucianism related to the increasing popularity of Buddhism? Can you think of other

More information

WHII SOL Review Packet 1

WHII SOL Review Packet 1 WHII SOL Review Packet 1 The Renaissance The Renaissance marked the rebirth of classical knowledge and the birth of the modern world The Renaissance started in the Italian City- states and spread to Northern

More information

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9 The Worlds of European Christendom Chapter 9 After the Roman Empire By the 4 th Century the Roman Empire gets divided Christian Europe is two parts: 1. Eastern half = The Byzantine Empire 2. Western half

More information

The Rise and Impact of Islam

The Rise and Impact of Islam The Rise and Impact of Islam Origins of Islam Muhammad (founder), Allah sent him an angel, Gabriel Muhammad was told he is a messenger. Islam: submission to the will of Allah in Arabic Muslim: one who

More information

The Islamic Empire absorbed several cultures and dominated trade between Asia and the Mediterranean sea.

The Islamic Empire absorbed several cultures and dominated trade between Asia and the Mediterranean sea. HOW DID ISLAM EXPAND? After Muhammad s death, Islamic Empire expanded from Arabian Peninsula to the Atlantic Ocean in the West and to the Indian Ocean in the East A) The Expansion Of Islam (632-846) 632

More information

The Decline Of The Mughal Empire (Oxford In India Readings: Debates In Indian History And Society)

The Decline Of The Mughal Empire (Oxford In India Readings: Debates In Indian History And Society) The Decline Of The Mughal Empire (Oxford In India Readings: Debates In Indian History And Society) Nov 27, 2009 won them concessions from the Mughal Empire. the Indian economy and society. Indian The Oxford

More information

WORLD HISTORY S1 FINAL EXAM REVIEW GUIDE

WORLD HISTORY S1 FINAL EXAM REVIEW GUIDE NAME: CLASS: WORLD HISTORY S1 FINAL EXAM REVIEW GUIDE Exam date: The final exam will cover material from throughout the first semester. The following is a list of notes that we have discussed in class

More information

TOPIC: ALL OF TERMINOLOGY LIST 3

TOPIC: ALL OF TERMINOLOGY LIST 3 This chapter covers the origins and early history of one of the world s most prominent religions. This section emphasizes the geometric nature of the Islamic aesthetic, architecture of the Muslim world,

More information

Great Neck South High School AP World History HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT SHEET

Great Neck South High School AP World History HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT SHEET HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT SHEET 1.1 Stearns, World Civilizations Prologue Chapter 1 From Human Prehistory to the Early Civilizations Themes Human Life in the Era of Hunters and Gatherers Human Life Before Agriculture

More information

DETAILED CONTENTS. The Classical Period, The Rise of Agriculture and Agricultural Civilizations 2 PART II PART I. Chapter 2 China 34

DETAILED CONTENTS. The Classical Period, The Rise of Agriculture and Agricultural Civilizations 2 PART II PART I. Chapter 2 China 34 List of Maps xv Preface xvii Supplements xxv About the Authors Prologue xxix xxvii PART I The Rise of Agriculture and Agricultural Civilizations 2 Chapter 1 From Human Prehistory to the Early Civilizations

More information

The Arabian Peninsula and Surrounding Lands

The Arabian Peninsula and Surrounding Lands G E O G R A P H Y C H A L L E N G E The Arabian Peninsula and Surrounding Lands 20 W 0 20 E FRANCE 40 N W SPAIN Cordoba N E Rome Tripoli Constantinople Athens Alexandria Cairo EGYPT Samarkand Antioch PERSIA

More information

The Worlds of Islam: Afro-Eurasian Connections

The Worlds of Islam: Afro-Eurasian Connections CHAPTER 9 The Worlds of Islam: Afro-Eurasian Connections 600 1500 CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES To examine the causes behind the spread of Islam To explore the dynamism of the Islamic world as the most influential

More information

Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station

Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station a. Explain the difference between an ethnic group and a religious group. Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station An ethnic group is a group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part

More information

3/12/14. Eastern Responses to Western Pressure. From Empire (Ottoman) to Nation (Turkey) Responses ranged across a broad spectrum

3/12/14. Eastern Responses to Western Pressure. From Empire (Ottoman) to Nation (Turkey) Responses ranged across a broad spectrum Chapter 26 Civilizations in Crisis: The Ottoman Empire, the Islamic Heartlands and Qing China Eastern Responses to Western Pressure Responses ranged across a broad spectrum Radical Reforms (Taiping & Mahdist

More information

Indias First Empires. Terms and Names

Indias First Empires. Terms and Names India and China Establish Empires Indias First Empires Terms and Names Mauryan Empire First empire in India, founded by Chandragupta Maurya Asoka Grandson of Chandragupta; leader who brought the Mauryan

More information

Gupta Empire of India ( )

Gupta Empire of India ( ) The Gupta Empire of India (320-720) The Kushans, an organized clan of Yue Qi nomads, made the northwest frontier of India part of their empire around 50 AD. The empire was wealthy, gaining substantial

More information

WH-2-13-S1-FINAL REVIEW

WH-2-13-S1-FINAL REVIEW WH-2-13-S1-FINAL REVIEW Matching Complete each sentence with the correct term from the choices listed below. Write the letter of the correct answer in the blank provided. a. serf c. papal supremacy b.

More information

World History Grade: 8

World History Grade: 8 World History Grade: 8 SOC 220 World History I No graduation credit 5 days per week; 1 school year Taught in English This is a required course for 8th grade students in the Mexican/U.S. Programs. This

More information