What time period followed the fall of the Roman Empire?

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1 What time period followed the fall of the Roman Empire?

2

3 I will be able to identify the major changes made during the Renaissance and Reformation periods.

4 Renaissance means rebirth in French. This was a time period following the middle ages that lasted from the s.

5 There was a renewed interest in learning about the achievements of the ancient Greeks and Romans.

6 The Renaissance began in Italy in the 14 th century. Cities like Florence and Venice became centers for artists and sculptors

7 Oil-based paints were used for the first time. Artists began to paint in perspective (3D) and use shading. Artists painted everyday life instead of religious scenes.

8

9 Art Pencil Sketch Creation of Adam Pieta

10

11 The first scientist to perform human dissections of the body to study anatomy. Painted very realistic pictures such as the Mona Lisa and Last Supper.

12 Mona Lisa

13 The Last Supper

14 Anatomical drawings by Leonardo Da Vinci

15 William Shakespeare is probably the most famous Renaissance writer. He is most famous for his plays, but also wrote poetry. His writing shows a deep understanding of human nature and expressed the thoughts and feelings of his characters.

16 William Shakespeare

17 Globe Theater London, England Shakespeare

18 Johannes Gutenberg invented the first real printing press in Germany. Gutenberg s first printed book was the bible. For the first time in history, the average person had access to printed materials.

19 Advances in technology helped to make exploration of the world possible. The introduction of latitude lines on maps made it easier for navigators to find their way. Larger ships with new sails and better steering devices made longer voyages possible.

20 Using your notes, draw four pictures on the worksheet representing four different aspects of the Renaissance and how it changed from the Middle Ages.

21 Let s go back in time to 1510 The Roman Empire controlled the Church. The main religion was Roman Catholic. The Pope was at the top of the Roman Catholic Church.

22 In order to raise money, the Roman Catholic Church promised to grant forgiveness for people's sins if they donated money. This practice was called selling "indulgences.

23 What does it mean to sell indulgences? Discussion Question: Do you think selling indulgences is a good way for the church to raise money? Why or why not?

24 Martin Luther began to criticize the Roman Catholic Church for holding too much money and power in Europe, and for selling indulgences. Martin Luther Martin Luther challenged the authority of the Pope and said that the Bible was the only true authority on faith.

25 Martin Luther nailed a list of his criticisms on the door of the Church. This document is called the "95 Theses". 28. It is certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box, gain and avarice can be increased, but the result of the intercession of the Church is in the power of God alone. 65. Therefore the treasures of the Gospel are nets with which they formerly were wont to fish for men of riches. 66. The treasures of the indulgences are nets with which they now fish for the riches of men.

26 Why did Martin Luther criticize the Catholic Church? What had authority of faith, according to Martin Luther? How did Martin Luther share his criticisms of the Catholic Church?

27 Martin Luther's criticism launched a movement to reform, or change, the Church in the 16 th Century. This movement is known as the Protestant Reformation.

28 As a result of the Reformation, Western Christianity split into two branches: Protestantism and Roman Catholicism. Many parts of Europe became Protestant and reforms were brought to the Catholic Church. Western Christianity Roman Catholicism Protestantism

29 What was the Protestant Reformation? Which new branch of Christianity was formed by the Reformation?

30 The Pope is the head of the Church The bible is the only true authority on faith. The Church can pay for its buildings with money from Indulgences. The Church has become corrupt, or unfair. It has taken power and money. The Church is wrong to sell indulgences. People must communicate with God through a priest.

31 Today we will look at some political cartoons that Martin Luther made to advertise his ideas. A political cartoon is a drawing that tries to show how the author feels about an issue. These cartoons often use irony or satire to make a statement or prove a point.

32

33 Jesus washes the feet of his disciples. The Pope makes others kiss his feet. Passion of Christ and Anti-Christ

34 A crown of thorns is prepared for Christ. The Pope wears three crowns of gold. Passion of Christ and Anti-Christ

35 On the back of your Renaissance Pictures paper, create your own political cartoon as if you were Martin Luther. Make it your own!

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