The Byzantine Empire. How did the Byzantine Empire develop and form its own distinctive church?

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1 The Byzantine Empire I N T E R A C T I V E S T U D E N T N O T E B O O K How did the Byzantine Empire develop and form its own distinctive church? P R E V I E W How do you think your experience exchanging paper tokens may be similar to trading goods in Constantinople? Examine the map your teacher is projecting. For each item in the first column of the chart, make an entry in the second column that connects your experience in the trading activity to history. Historical Connection Classroom Experience Traders came from various regions of the world, such as Africa, the Middle East, and Western Europe. Various goods were traded, such as gold, spices, and silk. Many traders came to Constantinople to trade. Traders traveled to Constantinople by land and water routes. Traders brought new products back to their homelands after trading in Constantinople. Teachers Curriculum Institute The Byzantine Empire 1

2 R E A D I N G N O T E S Social Studies Vocabulary As you complete the Reading Notes, use these terms in your answers. Constantinople Byzantine Empire Eastern Orthodox Church patriarch Section 1 1. What about Constantinople s location made it an ideal capital of the Byzantine Empire? 2. Suppose that you are a trader visiting Constantinople for the first time. On the left side of the postcard below, write a few sentences to a friend back home describing what you see as you walk through the city s streets. On the right side, address your postcard to a friend in a faraway land selected from the map in this section of the Student Text. 2 The Byzantine Empire Teachers Curriculum Institute

3 Section 2 1. What event forced Justinian I to start rebuilding parts of Constantinople? 2. What were some of the improvements made to Constantinople as a result of Justinian s public works projects? 3. Why was Justinian s Code significant? Teachers Curriculum Institute The Byzantine Empire 3

4 Section 3 1. Describe the relationship between religion and government in the Byzantine Empire. 2. For each image below, circle at least two details that illustrate aspects of Eastern Orthodox beliefs. Then, draw a line from each detail and explain how it is important to Eastern Orthodox faith. In this altar icon, saints Cyril and Methodius hold a document with Cyrillic letters. This is a Byzantine icon of Jesus. He is holding a Gospel. 4 The Byzantine Empire Teachers Curriculum Institute

5 Section 4 Three major disagreements contributed to a complete split in the Christian Church by Fill in the chart below with details of those three events and how they led to the East-West Schism. Date People Involved Event That Led to the Disagreement Result of the Disagreement 730 C.E. 800 C.E C.E. Teachers Curriculum Institute The Byzantine Empire 5

6 P R O C E S S I N G In the space below, create a real-estate advertisement to encourage people to move to Constantinople after the schism of Your advertisement must include the following elements: a memorable slogan a map that shows the location of Constantinople information about the city s geography, government, religion, and daily life four visuals that represent key ideas in the written information extra creative touches that make the advertisement look authentic writing that is free from spelling and grammatical errors 6 The Byzantine Empire Teachers Curriculum Institute

7 I N V E S T I G A T I N G P R I M A R Y S O U R C E S Identifying and Evaluating Evidence Use the reading to create a claim that answers this question: What kind of ruler was Justinian I? Claim: What evidence from the primary source documents supports your claim? Fill out the chart below. Circle the two strongest pieces of evidence. Source Evidence How does this support the claim? You can use this evidence to strengthen your claim. Write your revised claim below. Teachers Curriculum Institute, Inc. The Byzantine Empire 7

8 Constructing an Argument Create an argument to answer the question: What kind of ruler was Justinian I? Your argument should: clearly state your claim. include evidence from multiple sources. provide explanations for how the sources support the claim. Use this rubric to evaluate your argument. Make changes as needed. Score Description 3 The claim clearly answers the question. The argument uses evidence from two or more primary sources that strongly support the claim. The explanations accurately connect to the evidence and claim. 2 The claim answers the question. The argument uses evidence from one or more primary sources that support the claim. Some of the explanations connect to the evidence and claim. 1 The claim fails to answer the question. The argument lacks evidence from primary sources. Explanations are missing or are unrelated to the evidence and claim. 8 The Byzantine Empire Teachers Curriculum Institute, Inc.

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