The Fall of rome The rest of the world

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1 Name: Mrs. Page & The Fall of rome The rest of the world Directions: Use your notes, handouts, textbook and knowledge of Social Studies to answer all the questions completely. 1. Europe There were many reasons for the decline of the Roman Empire. These included:. The fall of Rome is not an accurate description of what really happened. In reality, there was a long slow change from one way of life to another. Over the next few centuries Roman culture began to include customs, ideas, and languages of the tribes that had invaded the empire. The cities and roads crumbled and even though the Christian Church preserved the Roman culture, it gave rise to civilization in Europe. The Effect of Christianity Christianity emerged within the Roman Empire, specifically in Roman-held lands in the Middle East. It spread quickly throughout the empire and reshaped Roman beliefs. 7. Christianity is a [monotheistic, polytheistic] religion. 8. Christian s believe that was the son of God. 9. Define the following terms associated with Christianity: a. messiah b. sect c. martyr d. pope e. heresy 10. What was the Edict of Milan? How did it effect the persecution of Christian s in the Roman Empire? 11. Byzantine Christians were different than the Christians in the West in many ways. Some of these differences included: 12. These differences lead to a schism, or. The branch of Christianity practiced in Byzantine was known as while the branch practiced in the western Europe was called _.

2 1. The Byzantine Empire was located in the [eastern, western] half of what was originally the Roman Empire. 2. Under Justinian, the Byzantine Empire expanded to include land in the following areas: _ 3. The capital of the Byzantine Empire was at Constantinople, which is located between the following two seas: 4. Who were the Visigoths, Franks, Vandals, and Ostrogoths? (Hint: Look at the map of the Roman Empire on page 150 in the text if you need help!) Justinian and Theodora Justinian was arguably the most influential of all Byzantine emperors. Besides expanded the empire to its largest, he also attempted to revive the greatness of Rome. He did this in many ways. 1. He built a immense church in Constantinople called the which means. 2. He reformed the system of law by setting up a commission to. The massive, organized collection of Roman law became known as. 3. He also entrusted his wife, empress as his adviser and, which was uncommon at this time.

3 2. Asia The Mongols Refer to the map as an additional resource for questions 4-5. The Mings Describe how the Ming emperors in China attempted to restore Chinese culture. 1. Who was Genghiz Khan? 2. Who was Kublai Khan? 3. Why were the Mongols such successful warriors? 4. How did the Mongol conquests promote trade and cultural diffusion? 5. At its height, geographically describe where the Mongol Empire reached.

4

5 Summarize below the reading about Genghis Khan on the prior page: Summarize below the reading about Marco Polo on the next page:

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7 ..Islam.. 1. Islam is a [monotheistic, polytheistic] religion. 2. Muslims believe that is the messiah. 3. Islam began in Arabia which is located where? 4. How did the teachings of Islam influence the arts? 5. What is The Thousand and One Nights? 6. How did Muslim scholars build on the achievements of earlier civilizations? Use the Cause and Effect Chart to answer the following questions: 1. How does the spread of Islam help explain the widespread knowledge of Arabic? 2. In your own words describe the causes and effects of the spread of Islam. Long Term Causes Weakness in the Byzantine and Persian Empires Economic and social changes in Arabia Immediate Causes Tribes are unified in Arabia by Islam Easy acceptance of social ideas from Islam, such as equality Spread of Islam Immediate Effects Centers of learning flourish Islam spread from Atlantic coast to Indus River Valley Long Term Effects Muslim civilization emerges Arabic becomes language of Muslims Muslim trade links Europe, Asia, Africa Split between Sunnis and Shiites Connections Today Islam practiced by nearly 1/5 of the world s population Arabic is one of the most widely known languages in the world

8 3. Africa King was considered a semi-divine rule who West African Kingdoms Woman had The founder of the kingdom of Mali who was a brilliant military leader Mansa Musa expanded borders and converted to Ghana Controlled key trade of: Mali Muslim traders introduced: Scholars from all over the world flocked to Songhai The ruler from who forged the largest state in West Africa Ruler forged diplomatic ties with Muslim states by Trading routes of east Africa 1. How did the location of Axum affect its success? 2. What idea entered Axum along trade routes, and how did it affect its history? 3. What religious traditions came together in Ethiopia? 4. What results did a blending of cultures have in East African city-states? 5. How did the people of Zimbabwe survive?

9 Reading Questions 1. Where was Mansa Musa s caravan heading in 1324? _ 2. Even though there is no factual evidence, who do most people believe Mansa Musa s ancestor is? 3. What are some of the reasons that have been suggested for why Mansa Musa made his pilgrimage? _ 4. Describe some of the preparations Mansa Musa made before taking his hajj. _ 5. List some of the things included in Mansa Musa s caravan. _ 6. Why was it such a big deal that Mansa Musa took a pilgrimage?

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