1 Rome Test: Foundation to Empire

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1 1 Rome Test: Foundation to Empire Part I Match (10) 1. Publius Cornelius Scipio 2. Hannibal 3. Sulla 4. Romulus 5. Lucretia 6. Tiberius Gracchus 7. Livy 8. Julius Caesar 9. Tarquin 10. Sabines a.virtuous Roman woman raped by Etruscans b.roman reformer, beaten to death by the mob. c.roman historian d.roman conqueror of Gaul; Beware the Ides of March e. Roman general of 2 nd Punic War f. Roman dictator used power of his army to control Rome. g. Founder of Rome h. Carthaginian general, defeated only once. i. Etruscan king, harsh ruler j. Roman neighbors who probably wished they had stayed home from an early Roman party. Part II Multiple Choice (22) 1. Early Roman society was divided into three classes a. Slaves, plebeians and patricians b. Preps, jocks and skaters c. Tribunes, consuls and Etruscans d. Patricians, plebeians and senators 2. All of the following is true of the Etruscans except a. Skill at building with brick and tile b. Famous for open displays of affection between men and women c. Lived on the agriculturally rich island of Sicily to the south of Rome d. Lived in the iron and metal rich region of Tuscany to the north of Rome 3. According to Roman legend, Rome was founded a. By Romulus, a twin raised by a she-wolf. b. On April, 753 BC. c. On a hill by the Tiber river. d. All of the above. 4. SPQR stands for a. Some Patricians Question Reform b. Slightly Paranoid Quiche-eating Romans c. Senate and People of Rome d. Senate and Plebeians of Rome 5. The Roman Republic was formed in the year a BC b. 753 BC c. 509 BC d. 202 BC

2 Rome Test: Foundation to Empire 2 6. The top political position in the Roman Republic was that of a. Tribune b. Senator c. Consul d. Praetor 7. Carthaginian weapon taken over the Alps and used against the Roman legions. a. Guided missiles b. Torpedoes c. Elephants d. Corvus 8. A Roman legion was comprised of approximately men. a b c. 10,000 d High government officials were given the title a. Consul b. Proconsul c. Publican d. Praetor 10. Territory conquered by Julius Caesar before he marched on Rome. a. Acadia b. Carthage c. Greece d. Gaul 11. Reforms that would help the urban poor and give land to farmers were tried by a. the Gracchi brothers c. Nero b. the second triumvirate d. Sulla 12. Social class that emerged in later stages of the Roman Republic a. Sequiter c. homoioi b. Equites d. periocoi 13. The basis of Roman Law and their first written law was known as a. Hammurabi s Code c. The Ten Commandments b. The Twelve Tables d. The Book of the Dead 14. Roman culture borrowed heavily from the a. Greeks c. Egyptians b. Gauls d. Hebrews 15. The sacrosanct position of was a concession to the lower classes, allowing a greater voice for the common people in government. a. Emperor c. Tribune b. Proconsul d. Publican

3 3 Rome Test: Foundation to Empire 16.The period known as the Pax Romana began in the reign of a. Nero c. Marcus Aurelius b. Augustus Caesar d. Tiberius 17. Roman law was originally divided into two sections; a.jus gentium and jus civile c. jus orange and jus pomme b.jus believe and jus tri d. jus dentium and jus reveille 18. Carpe diem or Seize the day is attributed to the following Roman writer a.virgil c. Speilberg b.horace d. Ovid 19. The 1 st Triumvirate was composed of a. Caesar, Pompey and Crassus c. Caesar, Antony and Lepidus b. Caesar, Yoda and Skywalker d. Antony, Crassus and Brutus 20. Small river that marks the northern border of Rome. a. Mill River c. Trout River b. Tiber River d. Rubicon River 21. Family of emperors that included an emperor who named a horse to the Senate and one who killed his wife and mother. a. Julian emperors c. Augustan emperors b. Aurelian emperors d. Stoic emperors 22. During the later stages of the, family became less significant with more cases of divorce. a. republic c. monarchy b. empire d. democracy Part III Short Answer. Answer any three in a well written paragraph. (9) 1. Identify three reasons for the growth and success of the Roman Army. 2. How did Hannibal threaten Rome during the 2 nd Punic War and how was he stopped? 3. Identify three changes Octavian Augustus made while he was an emperor. 4. Explain how reforms by Gaius Marius led to changes in the Republic. 5. What were the latifundia and how did they contribute to a crisis in the Roman Republic? 6. What were some of the major achievements of the early Roman Empire? 7. What are the main political differences between republic and empire?

4 Rome Test: Foundation to Empire 4 Part IV Identify the following and name one significant point about five of the following. (10)

5 5 Rome Test: Foundation to Empire Name: Part I Part II Part IV

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