The Roman Republic. Unit Review Chapter 10, Sections 1-3 World History

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1 Warm-up Questions Why were Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus killed? What Carthaginian general led an attack against Rome in 218 B.C.? What political impact did the murder of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus have?

2 The Roman Republic Unit Review Chapter 10, Sections 1-3 World History

3 Today s Learning Targets I will be able to hone my skills and knowledge in preparation of the unit exam tomorrow.

4 Warm-up Questions Why were Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus killed? Because they were trying to give land to the poor. What Carthaginian general led an attack against Rome in 218 B.C.? Hannibal

5 Warm-up Questions What political impact did the murder of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus have? Violence was now seen as a political weapon.

6 What is the continent where Rome is located? Europe

7 In terms of Roman influence, which would you rank as the most significant upon the United States? a) Checks & Balances b) Architecture c) Social Stratification

8 What geographical feature is mainland Italy called? A peninsula

9 What body of water lies off the west coast of the Italian Peninsula? Tyrrhenian Sea

10 What island is located off the southern tip of the Apennines? Sicily

11 What was the purpose of building cities upon hills? For defense

12 What political impact did the murder of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus have? Violence was now seen as a political weapon.

13 What type of government did the Roman Republic have? Aristocracy

14 Why did Rome s neighbors declare war on Rome? They were threatened by Rome s growing power.

15 What set of law was put on public display for all Romans to see? The Twelve Tables

16 What was the center of Roman Society? The Forum

17 Referring to the timeline above, how many years would pass from when the Etruscans took control of Rome to when the Twelve Tables were accepted? a) 450 years b) 350 years c) 200 years

18 What Carthaginian general led an attack against Rome in 218 B.C.? Hannibal

19 Why was the Roman military so successful in the 300 s B.C.? It was very organized.

20 Why were these laws written? To protect all Romans rights

21 What U.S. city was named after a famous Roman dictator? Cincinnati, Ohio

22 Why were Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus killed? Because they were trying to give land to the poor.

23 What mountain range runs through most of Italy? The Apennines

24 What two civilizations fought in the Punic Wars? Carthage and Rome

25 What was the result of the Second Punic War? Rome won

26 Why did Rome declare war on Carthage in the Third Punic War? Senators were afraid that Carthage was growing powerful again.

27 Patricians v. Plebeians Which group had the greatest population? Which group served in the Senate? Which group owned land?

28 Strabo Empires Ascendant [The city s engineers excelled in areas] neglected by the Greeks, such as the construction of roads and aqueducts, and of sewers that could wash the filth of the city into the Tiber. They have built paved roads throughout the country, leveling ridges and filling up hollows, so as to make possible the movements of heavily loaded wagons.... And such is the quantity of water brought in by the aqueducts, that veritable rivers flow through the city and its sewers: almost every house has cisterns, waterpipes, and copious fountains. Strabo, as quoted in Empires Ascendant: Time Frame 400 B.C. A.D. 200

29 Key Terms Covered People elect leaders to govern them: republic The common people of ancient Rome: plebeians

30 Key Terms Covered A person who ruled with complete power temporarily in times of emergencies: dictator A wealthy landowner and member of the ruling class: patrician

31 Key Terms Covered Elected officials: magistrates The two most powerful magistrates elected to run the city and lead the army: consuls

32 Key Terms Covered Roman s language: Latin The method of keeping any one part of government from becoming too powerful: Checks and Balances

33 Key Terms Covered Rome s public meeting place: Forum Group of up to 6,000 soldiers: legion

34 Key Terms Covered Council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city s leaders: Roman Senate To forbid or say no to: veto

35 Today s Learning Targets I have honed my skills and knowledge in preparation of the unit exam tomorrow.

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