HCP WORLD HISTORY PROJECT THE ROMAN CONQUEST

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "HCP WORLD HISTORY PROJECT THE ROMAN CONQUEST"

Transcription

1 Coosa High School Rome, Georgia Instructor: Randy Vice Created by: Kierra Smith, Kayla Breeden, and Myra Hernandez HCP WORLD HISTORY PROJECT THE ROMAN CONQUEST SECTION ONE: POWERPOINT SECTION TWO: WRITTEN REPORT

2 SECTION ONE POWERPOINT PRESENTATION

3 The Roman Conquest of Europe By: Kierra Smith Mayra Hernandez Kayla Breeden

4 The First Romans The earliest to settle on the Italian Peninsula arrived in prehistoric times, B.C. The Latins, Greeks, and the Etruscans battled for control of the peninsula The Latins are considered the first Romans

5 The Latins, The Greeks, and The Etruscans The Latins built the original settlement of Rome The Greeks established colonies along Southern Italy and Sicily The Etruscans were native to Northern Italy and they strongly influenced the development of Roman Civilization

6 The Republic After Tarquin the Proud was taken from power, the Romans decided they would never be ruled by a king again After this was decided they established a republic After the creation of the republic, they expanded their territory by conquering Italy

7 The Italian Conquest To extend their power the legions battled for control of the Italian Peninsula By the 4th century B.C. the Romans dominated central Italy By 265 B.C. They had nearly of Italy

8 Treatment of the conquered people Rome treated different regions of its conquered people differently Neighboring Latins on the timber became full citizens of Rome In territories farther than Rome; they had all the same rights as citizens except the right to vote

9 Treatment continued All others were allies Rome didn t interfere with its allies as long as they supplied troops for the Roman army and didn t make friendship treaties with other states They all became partners in Rome s growth This policy toward defeated people helped Rome in building a long lasting empire

10 Carthage Carthage interfered with Roman access to the Mediterranean, where they traded In 264 B.C., Rome and Carthage went to war These were called the Punic Wars

11 The Punic Wars These were a series of three wars The first lasted 23 years and was fought for control of Sicily and the western Mediterranean Carthage was defeated The Second happened in 218 B.C. when Hannibal assembled an army to capture Rome The Romans stood strong and Hannibal never captured Rome

12 The Third Punic War The third war in 149 B.C. was when Rome laid siege to Carthage and made its territory a Roman province Rome s victories in the Punic Wars gave it control over the Western Mediterranean They then went on to conquer the eastern half and by 70 B.C. Rome s empire stretched from Anatolia to Spain Roman Republic

13 The Republic As Rome s territory expanded, it s republican government grew unstable The Republic collapsed as Romans experienced economic turmoil, civil war, and military upheaval In this military upheaval it was possible for a military leader supported by his troops to take control by force Because of this the government changed to dictator ruled and Julius Caesar came to rule as he tried to expand the empire

14 Julius Caesar Joined forces with Crassulus, a wealthy Roman, and Pompey a popular general Caesar was elected consul with their help in 59 B.C. For the next 10 years they dominated Rome as a triumvirate

15 Caesar During B.C. Caesar led his legions in a grueling but conquered all of Gaul He won his men s loyalty and devotion, because of his fully hardship in the war This made him very popular in the war

16 All or Nothing Caesar refusing to go back to Rome, led his army across the Rubicon River in Italy on Jan. 10, 49 B.C. Caesar s troops defeated Pompey s armies in Greece, Asia, Spain, and Egypt Caesar returned to Rome in 46 B.C. He was appointed dictator by the senate, and in 44 B.C. he was named dictator for life He governed as an absolute ruler

17 Differences For people in the provinces he granted Roman citizenship Expanded the senate with friends and supporters Created jobs for the poor Started colonies Increased soldiers pay

18 His Death Many people liked Caesar, yet many feared for themselves Marcus Brutus and Gauis Cassius and important senators plotted his assassination Caesar was stabbed to death in the senate chamber on March 15, 44 B.C.

19 The Second Triumvirate The Roman Republic what was left of it was destroyed when the civil war broke out again A Second Triumvirate was formed by Caesars 18 year old grandnephew, adopted son Octavian, Mark Antony, and a powerful politician named Lepidus, which lasted for 10 years

20 The End of the Second Triumvirate Jealousy and violence was the cause of the end to their alliance Octavian forced Lepidus to retire Octavian and Mark Antony became rivals

21 Continuation. Mark Antony meets Queen Cleopatra of Egypt He fell in love and followed her to Egypt Octavian accused Antony for plotting to rule Rome from Egypt Civil war broke out again At the Naval Battle of Actium in 31 B.C. Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian Soon after Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide

22 A New Ruler of Rome Octavian restored some aspects of the republic Became the unchallenged ruler of Rome Accepted the title of Augustus or Exalted One He kept the title emperor

23 Powerful After All Since the rule of Augustus Rome was at the peak of power Throughout the empire, peace reigned, for 207 years That period was known as the Pax Romana The Roman empire was made of more than 3 million square miles million was its population About 1 million lived in the city

24 A Stable Government Augustus was Rome s ablest emperor. After Augustus died in A.D. 14, the government that he established survived for centuries. Due to the civil service of carrying out day-to-day business. The Romans managed to control an empire by the second century A.D. reached from Spain to Mesopotamia, from North Africa to Britain.

25 Roman Trade Rome had a vast trading network. The Romans built complex systems of roads linked the empire in places as far as Persia and southern Russia. These roads were originally built by the Roman army for military purposes. Trade brought Roman ways to its provinces and beyond.

26 Roman World Throughout History, the Romans emphasized the values of discipline, strength, and loyalty. The Romans were practical people that honored strength more than beauty, power more than grace, and usefulness more than elegance. The Roman empire was filled with people from all walks of life, creating a very diverse society.

27 Slavery Slavery was a vital aspect of Roman life. One-third of the population are slaves. Many slaves were treated cruelly and worked at hard labor all day long. Some strong, and healthy males were forced to become gladiators, or professional fighters, who fought to the death in public contests. Other slaves were better treated Occasionally slaves would revolt. None of the revolts succeeded. More than a million slaves lost their lives to gain their freedom.

28 Gods and Goddesses The Romans worshiped powerful spirits or divine forces, called numina. They thought they resided in everything around them. Lares were the guardian spirits of each family. Government and religion were closely linked. Deities were symbols of the state. Romans were expected to honor them in public worship ceremonies and in their private rituals at shrines in their homes.

29 Society By the time of the empire, wealth and social status made a huge difference in how people lived. The rich lived extravagantly. But, most people in Tome barely had the necessities of life. During the time of the empire much of the population was unemployed. So, the government supported the people with daily rations of bread. To entertain and control these masses of people the government provided free games,races, mock battles, and gladiator contests.

30 Spread of Christianity When Roman power spread to Judea, home of the Jews, many began to believe in the coming of the messiah. The messiah was a Jew named Jesus, according to the Bible. Jesus had a group of followers called disciples which then became to be known as apostles. Jesus lived a perfect life, and was crucified by Pontius Pilate. Later, according to the Gospel, Jesus rose from his tomb and ascended into heaven. Due to the magnificent life Jesus Christ did. A religion called Christianity was formed. Christians are people who follow and pattern their life after the perfect life of Christ.

31 Weakening Empire At the end of the reign of emperor Marcus Aurelius marked the end of a time period called Pax Romana. On the Mediterranean Sea, hostile tribes and pirates disrupted trade, weakening the economy. Due to this the economy suffered from inflation. The military was disarray after Pax Romana. Over time, the soldiers began their allegiance not to Rome but to their commanders, who fought amongst themselves for the throne. To defend against threats the government recruited mercenaries.

32 Restoration In A.D. 284, Diocletian came to power. He restored order to the previous unstable government. Diocletian then divided the empire into the Greek-speaking East and the Latin-speaking West. Due to ill-health Diocletian retired in A.D Civil War broke out immediately afterwards. By 311, four rivals were competing for power. Among them was Constantine.

33 Constantine In 312 A.D. Constantine gained control of the western part of the empire. In 324 Constantine secured control of the East, restoring the concept of a single ruler. In 330 A.D. Constantine moved the capital from Rome to the Greek city called Byzantium, which was eventually changed to Constantinople.

34 Constantine Accepts Christianity In A.D.313, the Roman emperor Constantine announced a end to the prosecution of the Christians. He then declared Christianity to be one of the approved religions by the emperor. In 380 emperor Theodosius made it the empire s official religion. Christianity united the Roman empire

35 Fall of Roman Empire After the empire was divided,the west fell to outside invasions. In 527 Justinian came to the throne. According to historians Justinian was the last Roman Emperor and the first Byzantine Emperor (even though the word Byzantine didn t exist). He set up a powerful government that lasted for a short period of time. The empire began to fall when a plague of illness hit the land and took a huge percentage of the population. It was then stuck by a wave of invasions. But, held them off for one hundred years, and finally fell to the Ottoman Turks.

36 SECTION TWO HANDWRITTEN REPORT

37 Roman Conquest of Europe By: Kierra Smith Kayla Breeden Myra Hernandez Handwritten Report

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity Outcome: A Republic Becomes an Empire

Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity Outcome: A Republic Becomes an Empire Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity Outcome: A Republic Becomes an Empire 1 Constructive Response Question Compare and contrast the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire using specific examples: Classify

More information

THE PUNIC WARS. As Rome was growing, a rivalry developed with Carthage.

THE PUNIC WARS. As Rome was growing, a rivalry developed with Carthage. Chap. 9 Lesson 2 Intro: Starting in about 500 B.C., the Romans began extending their rule throughout the Italian Peninsula. The Romans fought many wars against neighboring cultures. With each victory the

More information

B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories in Northern Europe& gained great wealth

B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories in Northern Europe& gained great wealth I. Roman Republic Expands A. Punic Wars - A series of battles where Rome defeated Carthage (North Africa) & became the dominant power in the Mediterranean B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories

More information

6 th Grade Social Studies. Ch. 9.2 & Vocabulary. The Path of Conquest

6 th Grade Social Studies. Ch. 9.2 & Vocabulary. The Path of Conquest 6 th Grade Social Studies Ch. 9.2 & Vocabulary The Path of Conquest 1. B.C.-Romans extended their rule a. Fought many wars b. B.C. Rome controlled nearly all of the Italian Peninsula 2. The Wars a. Carthage-

More information

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opf27gaup9u&index=10&list=plb DA2E52FB1EF80C9

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opf27gaup9u&index=10&list=plb DA2E52FB1EF80C9 SECTION 5: ROMAN EMPIRE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opf27gaup9u&index=10&list=plb DA2E52FB1EF80C9 DECLINE OF ROMAN REPUBLIC ECONOMIC TURMOIL Rich vs. Poor Latifundia-Huge Estates (Plantations) Republican

More information

The Fall of Ancient Rome. Unit 1

The Fall of Ancient Rome. Unit 1 The Fall of Ancient Rome Unit 1 Do Now: Wednesday September 7, 2016 What do you remember from your seventh grade study of Ancient Rome? Make a list of everything you remember about the Ancient Romans:

More information

WHERE WAS ROME FOUNDED?

WHERE WAS ROME FOUNDED? The Origins of Rome: WHERE WAS ROME FOUNDED? The city of Rome was founded by the Latin people on a river in the center of Italy. It was a good location, which gave them a chance to control all of Italy.

More information

From Republic to Empire

From Republic to Empire is Rome grew into a huge empire, power fell into the hands of a single supreme ruler. CHAPTER From Republic to Empire 34.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you learned how Rome became a republic. In this

More information

Origins of Rome. Rome Conquers. Italian Peninsula Tiber River Built by Influenced by & Etruscans

Origins of Rome. Rome Conquers. Italian Peninsula Tiber River Built by Influenced by & Etruscans CHAPTER 6 ANCIENT ROME 500 BC AD 500 SECTION 1 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Origins of Rome Italian Peninsula Tiber River Built by Influenced by & Etruscans The Early Republic citizens vote for leaders democracy

More information

Label the following: Adriatic Sea Alps Corsica Ionian Sea Italian Peninsula Mediterranean Sea Po River Rome Sardinia Sicily Tiber River Carthage

Label the following: Adriatic Sea Alps Corsica Ionian Sea Italian Peninsula Mediterranean Sea Po River Rome Sardinia Sicily Tiber River Carthage Label the following: Adriatic Sea Alps Corsica Ionian Sea Italian Peninsula Mediterranean Sea Po River Rome Sardinia Sicily Tiber River Carthage There are 7 hills rising up above the Tiber River. Why do

More information

Copyright Clara Kim All rights reserved.

Copyright Clara Kim All rights reserved. Copyright Clara Kim 2007. All rights reserved. Roman Legion Divided into infantry and cavalry 5,000 Soldiers Every citizen had to serve for 10 years Roman Legion Divided into smaller groups of 80 men called

More information

Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity. Lesson 2: The Roman Empire: Rise and Decline

Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity. Lesson 2: The Roman Empire: Rise and Decline Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity Lesson 2: The Roman Empire: Rise and Decline BELLWORK Answer the following question with your neighbor: What events led to Rome becoming an empire? Lesson 2

More information

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire. Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs?

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire. Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs? Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs? 34.1. Introduction Emicristea /Dreamstime The Romans celebrated their military victories by building structures

More information

Comparing Republics. Rome Powers America. Consuls EXECUTIVE President. *Senate *Centuriate Assembly *Tribal Assembly. *House of Representatives

Comparing Republics. Rome Powers America. Consuls EXECUTIVE President. *Senate *Centuriate Assembly *Tribal Assembly. *House of Representatives Warm-Up What island did Rome get after the first Punic War? Who led the Carthaginians in the second Punic War? What famous travel method did they utilize? Name the three legislative bodies in the Roman

More information

From Republic to Empire:

From Republic to Empire: From Republic to Empire: Geography Rome is located in the middle of Italy On the banks of the Tiber River Established on the top of 7 hills Geography Geography Roman historian Livy wrote: Not without reason

More information

The Struggle with Carthage

The Struggle with Carthage The Struggle with Carthage Rome began as a small city-state in central Italy. It expanded its power and conquered a large area around the Mediterranean Sea, but its system of government did not survive

More information

CONTROL OCTAVIAN TRIUMVIRATE

CONTROL OCTAVIAN TRIUMVIRATE (1) None of the senators who assassinated Julius Caesar had the power to CONTROL Rome on their own Caesar's adopted son and heir, OCTAVIAN, was determined to take revenge for Caesar s death Octavian created

More information

Ancient Rome Part One: Early Kingdom and Republic

Ancient Rome Part One: Early Kingdom and Republic Ancient Rome Part One: Early Kingdom and Republic By History.com, adapted by Newsela staff on 01.23.17 Word Count 1,089 Visitors walk among ancient ruins at the Roman Forum in Rome, Italy, October 28,

More information

Chapter 5. Section 2

Chapter 5. Section 2 Chapter 5 Section 2 The price of success Roman military success increased the wealth of Roman citizens at home. social and economic consequences. Consequences of wealth The rich got richer while the poor

More information

In addition to Greece, a significant classical civilization was ancient Rome. Its history from 500 B.C A.D is known as the Classical Era.

In addition to Greece, a significant classical civilization was ancient Rome. Its history from 500 B.C A.D is known as the Classical Era. ROMAN CIVILIZATION In addition to Greece, a significant classical civilization was ancient Rome Its history from 500 B.C.- 600 A.D is known as the Classical Era. Impact of Geography on Rome: Identify 1

More information

Ancient Rome Republic to Empire. From a Republic to an Empire 509 B.C. 476 A.D.

Ancient Rome Republic to Empire. From a Republic to an Empire 509 B.C. 476 A.D. Ancient Rome Republic to Empire From a Republic to an Empire 509 B.C. 476 A.D. Roman Security System The Republic s Military First only patricians served in the army. Rome had many enemies: Gauls, Latins,

More information

Rome: From Village to Empire

Rome: From Village to Empire Rome: From Village to Empire Geography and Origin Like Greece, Italy is a mountainous peninsula Apennines & Alps Fertile plains in the north below the Alps Favorable climate, fertile land and meant most

More information

6 th Grade History Study Guide Chapter 7: Rome

6 th Grade History Study Guide Chapter 7: Rome 6 th Grade History Study Guide Chapter 7: Rome Name Student # Legend says that twin brothers, Romulus and Remus, were orphans who were found floating in a basket by a wolf and adopted by a shepherd and

More information

Guided Reading Activity 5-1. The Rise of Rome. DIRECTIONS: Answer the following questions as you read the section. Name Date Class

Guided Reading Activity 5-1. The Rise of Rome. DIRECTIONS: Answer the following questions as you read the section. Name Date Class Guided Reading Activity 5-1 The Rise of Rome DIRECTIONS: Answer the following questions as you read the section. 1. List the four reasons that the location of the city of Rome was especially favorable.

More information

The Rise and Fall of ROME

The Rise and Fall of ROME The Rise and Fall of ROME Origins of Rome At the same time that Athens and Sparta were becoming world powers, Rome got it s beginnings It started as a small village on the hills overlooking the Tiber River

More information

Chapter 12 Lesson 3: Roman Expansion. We will: Explain why Rome fought wars to expand its territory.

Chapter 12 Lesson 3: Roman Expansion. We will: Explain why Rome fought wars to expand its territory. Chapter 12 Lesson 3: Roman Expansion We will: Explain why Rome fought wars to expand its territory. Identify the locations of Rome s overseas provinces. Vocabulary Romanize Read You are There page 484

More information

Rome (509 B.C.E. 476 C.E.)

Rome (509 B.C.E. 476 C.E.) Ancient Rome Rome (509 B.C.E. 476 C.E.) Geographically Rome was well-situated The Alps to the north provided protection The sea surrounding the Italian peninsula limited the possibility of a naval attack

More information

Empire. 1. Rise of Rome 2. The Roman Republic 3. Decline of the Republic and Rise of the

Empire. 1. Rise of Rome 2. The Roman Republic 3. Decline of the Republic and Rise of the 1. Rise of Rome 2. The Roman Republic 3. Decline of the Republic and Rise of the Empire 4. The Pax Romana 5. The Rise of Christianity 6. The Fall of Rome Geography Etruscans Latins Carthaginians Greeks

More information

Study Guide Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire

Study Guide Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire Study Guide Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire 1) republic: a form of government in which citizens elect their leaders 2) legion: large groups of Roman soldiers 3) patrician: the ruling class 4) plebeian:

More information

Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity

Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity Early People 800 BC Latin people share the peninsula with the Etruscans Etruscans rule north and central Italy Romans take much from them: their alphabet; the

More information

Information for Emperor Cards

Information for Emperor Cards Information for Emperor Cards AUGUSTUS CAESAR (27 B.C. - 14 A.D.) has been called the greatest emperor in all of Roman history. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, war broke out among the many groups

More information

Central Location of Rome The City of Rome is in the middle of the Italian Peninsula.

Central Location of Rome The City of Rome is in the middle of the Italian Peninsula. Influence of Geography Rome s location benefited it in several ways. It was located 18 miles up river from the sea, the Tiber gave it access to the Mediterranean, but it was far enough inland to be protected

More information

Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Warm-Up Question:?

Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Warm-Up Question:? Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Warm-Up Question:? In addition to Greece, a significant classical civilization was ancient Rome Impact

More information

Warm-Up Question: Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire?

Warm-Up Question: Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Warm-Up Question: What is Hellenism? Why was Alexander of Macedonia considered great? In addition to

More information

Chapter 8 Reading Guide Rome Page 1

Chapter 8 Reading Guide Rome Page 1 Chapter 8 Reading Guide Rome Page 1 Section 1 Rome s Beginnings The Origins of Rome: Main Idea played a key role in the rise of Roman civilization 1. is a long, narrow Peninsula with a shape that looks

More information

THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire and what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world? Warm-Up Question:

More information

Who cares about Rome?

Who cares about Rome? Who cares about Rome? successor to Greece carrier of Greek civilization political model for later Europe measure of success for nations and individuals model for later monarchies model for later, mixed

More information

Chapter 10 Rome from City-State to Empire

Chapter 10 Rome from City-State to Empire Chapter 10 Rome from City-State to Empire p126 Roman Foundations Italy settled by Indo-Europeans about 1500 BCE Rome: City-state situated half way down Italian Peninsula Etruscans Arrived in Italy around

More information

So, What have the Romans ever done for us?

So, What have the Romans ever done for us? So, What have the Romans ever done for us? ROME Building a lasting civilization around the Mediterranean Sea The city of Rome was founded on the Tiber River. It sits on and around 7 hills Legends say that

More information

Section 1: From village to empire

Section 1: From village to empire Samenvatting door Leanne 2227 woorden 15 augustus 2013 7,3 10 keer beoordeeld Vak Methode Geschiedenis Sprekend verleden Summary history chapter 5: The Roman Empire Section 1: From village to empire Rome

More information

12/13/2017. Chapter Six A Look at Ancient Rome. Three Periods of Roman History. The Etruscans. I. Kingdom: 753 BC 509BC. Tiber River Seven Hills

12/13/2017. Chapter Six A Look at Ancient Rome. Three Periods of Roman History. The Etruscans. I. Kingdom: 753 BC 509BC. Tiber River Seven Hills Chapter Six A Look at Ancient Rome 1 Three Periods of Roman History I. Kingdom: 753 BC 509BC Tiber River Seven Hills II. Republic: 509 BC 31 BC III. Empire (Imperial) : 31 BC 476 AD (Western) 31 BC 1453

More information

Trouble in the Republic

Trouble in the Republic Trouble in the Republic Large gap between rich and poor ( no middle class) Farmer's: debt, farms ruined by war, small couldn't compete with large Patrician's buying land and creating large farming estates

More information

Unit 7 Lesson 4 The End of the Republic

Unit 7 Lesson 4 The End of the Republic Unit 7 Lesson 4 The End of the Republic Lesson 4 The End of the Republic 1. A Roman legion is building a pen to hold their officers horses. A post is put every 6 feet along a rectangular fence that is

More information

SOL 6 - WHI. The Romans

SOL 6 - WHI. The Romans SOL 6 - WHI The Romans The city of Rome, with its central location on the Italian peninsula, was able to extend its influence over the entire Mediterranean Basin. The Italian peninsula was protected by

More information

Ancient Rome: From Republic to Empire Notes**

Ancient Rome: From Republic to Empire Notes** Name Period Ancient Rome: From Republic to Empire Notes** The city of Rome was a dangerous place during the late republic (100BCE 50BCE) Politics were not working anymore Generals were fighting for control

More information

Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity (509 B.C. A.D. 476)

Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity (509 B.C. A.D. 476) Chapter 6, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 6 Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity (509 B.C. A.D. 476) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper

More information

The Roman Empire. The crowd broke into a roar It was he who brought all this wealth and glory to Rome. Rise of the Empire

The Roman Empire. The crowd broke into a roar It was he who brought all this wealth and glory to Rome. Rise of the Empire The Roman Empire The crowd broke into a roar It was he who brought all this wealth and glory to Rome. Rise of the Empire Julius Caesar is gone. Who will rise as leader of Rome? Civil war followed Caesar

More information

The Roman Empire. The Roman Empire 218BC. The Roman Empire 390BC

The Roman Empire. The Roman Empire 218BC. The Roman Empire 390BC The Roman Empire 218BC The Roman Empire 390BC The Roman Empire The Romans started building their Empire having expelled various kings, became a republic (nation) around the year 510 BC. Rome went onto

More information

Rome REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.)

Rome REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.) Rome REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.) The history of ancient Rome is perhaps best understood by dividing it in two: The Republic, 509 27 B.C.E. The Empire, 27 B.C.E. 476 C.E. Rome s central

More information

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire Objective: The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Rome from about 700 B.C. to 500 A.D. in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing

More information

Summary. The origins of Rome The Monarchy The Republic. The Empire. Make your own timeline. Society Institutions Expansion Crisis of the Republic

Summary. The origins of Rome The Monarchy The Republic. The Empire. Make your own timeline. Society Institutions Expansion Crisis of the Republic The origins of Rome The Monarchy The Republic Society Institutions Expansion Crisis of the Republic The Empire Society and Economy Pax Romana The crisis Make your own timeline Summary The Origins of Rome

More information

Name: Period: Date: Chapter XI Rome and Christianity

Name: Period: Date: Chapter XI Rome and Christianity Name: Period: Date: Chapter XI Rome and Christianity Study Guide Disorder in the Republic Section I: From Republic to Empire Why was there disorder in the republic? Who tried to end the chaos in Rome s

More information

THE ROMAN EMPIRE. The Roman Republic

THE ROMAN EMPIRE. The Roman Republic Questions & Connections THE ROMAN EMPIRE The Roman Republic From 616 to 509 BC, the Etrusans ruled Rome. After a successful rebellion again the Etruscan king, the romans set up a type of government called

More information

Unit 24: A Roman Dictator

Unit 24: A Roman Dictator T h e A r t i o s H o m e C o m p a n i o n S e r i e s T e a c h e r O v e r v i e w Julius Caesar is the most famous of the Roman rulers. Many of the Roman rulers were assassinated as others became jealous

More information

Core Knowledge. History Unit Overview Year Four Unit 1: The Stuarts. Application of Knowledge

Core Knowledge. History Unit Overview Year Four Unit 1: The Stuarts. Application of Knowledge The Stuart Succession In 1603, Queen Elizabeth died. She had never married, and did not have an heir. King James VI of Scotland was invited to come to England and become King James I. The Stuart Succession

More information

Chapter 8. The Rise of Ancient Rome

Chapter 8. The Rise of Ancient Rome Chapter 8 The Rise of Ancient Rome Section 1 The Roman Republic Let s Start at the Beginning - Fable beginning Twin brothers began Rome Romulus & Remus children of a princess & Mars god of war King fearful

More information

Ancient Rome. Chapter 6 Notes

Ancient Rome. Chapter 6 Notes Ancient Rome Chapter 6 Notes Geography of Rome Centrally located in the Mediterranean Basin & distant from east Mediterranean powers 1. Protected: could develop into a great civilization without invasion

More information

ANCIENT ROME. Section 1, 2, 4, and 5 Pages 208 to 241 in the Ancient World Book

ANCIENT ROME. Section 1, 2, 4, and 5 Pages 208 to 241 in the Ancient World Book ANCIENT ROME Section 1, 2, 4, and 5 Pages 208 to 241 in the Ancient World Book Romans Valued Loyalty and Justice People that broke the law would be severely punished. Romans believed that having the favor

More information

11/3/2015. Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity

11/3/2015. Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity 1 Constructive Response Question Describe who the earliest Roman settlers were and how Rome was founded according to the Romans. Compare and contrast the Roman

More information

Brain Pop Video The Fall of Rome

Brain Pop Video The Fall of Rome Brain Pop Video The Fall of Rome Roman Empire CAUSES FOR THE DECLINE OF THE WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE Economy Military Problems Political Issues Social Problems -Invaders and Pirates disrupt trade and make

More information

Section Summary. Review Questions 1. What governing body in the republic had the greatest power? CHAPTER SECTION 1.

Section Summary. Review Questions 1. What governing body in the republic had the greatest power? CHAPTER SECTION 1. SECTION 1 THE ROMAN WORLD TAKES SHAPE Rome s location on the Italian peninsula, centrally located in the Mediterranean Sea, benefited the Romans as they expanded. In addition, Italy had wide, fertile plains,

More information

Chapter 8 Objectives. Explain how Rome became a republic. Describe how Rome gained control of the Mediterranean region.

Chapter 8 Objectives. Explain how Rome became a republic. Describe how Rome gained control of the Mediterranean region. The Rise of Rome Chapter 8 Objectives Explain how Rome became a republic Describe how Rome gained control of the Mediterranean region. Explain how the failure of the republic lead to the creation of the

More information

CRISIS AND REFORMS CRISIS AND REFORMS DIOCLETIAN ( )

CRISIS AND REFORMS CRISIS AND REFORMS DIOCLETIAN ( ) CRISIS AND REFORMS After death of Marcus Aurelius (the end of the Pax Romana) the empire was rocked by political and economic turmoil for 100 years Emperors were overthrown regularly by political intrigue

More information

Section 1: The Early Hebrews

Section 1: The Early Hebrews Section 1: The Early Hebrews 1. Summarize the Beginnings in Canaan and Egypt: 2. Who led the Hebrews out of Mesopotamia? 3. After they lived in Canaan, where did they live? 4. Why was the pharaoh worried

More information

From Republic To Empire. Section 5.2

From Republic To Empire. Section 5.2 From Republic To Empire Section 5.2 The End of the Roman Republic By the second century B.C. the, made up mostly of the landed aristocracy, governed. The Senate and political offices were increasingly

More information

ROME. World History, Era 3

ROME. World History, Era 3 + ROME World History, Era 3 + THE ROMAN CIVILIZATION The Beginning A. Geographic Features of Rome! 1. Centrally located between Greece and Spain, extending like a boot into the Mediterranean Sea.! 2. Soil

More information

The Rise of Ancient Rome. Chapter 8

The Rise of Ancient Rome. Chapter 8 The Rise of Ancient Rome Chapter 8 Section 1 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Introduction Romulus and Remus- the twin kids of a princess and Mars Jealous king wanted them drowned Gods protected them- they were rescued

More information

Location & Geography

Location & Geography Ancient Rome Location & Geography Close to the Mediterranean Sea Next to the Tiber River, which increased trade and provided protection. Somewhat larger than the U.S. City of Rome was in the center of

More information

Ancient Rome Textbook Notes Section 1 Pages

Ancient Rome Textbook Notes Section 1 Pages Ancient Rome Textbook Notes Section 1 Pages 191-196 What is Rome s Geographic Setting? Peninsula- land surrounded by water on three sides Rivers, hills, and fertile soil Italy was in the center of the

More information

The Italian Peninsula

The Italian Peninsula Ancient Rome The Italian Peninsula Narrow boot-shaped peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea Modern-Day Italy Center of trade among 3 continents = Asia, Africa, Europe Mild, moist climate & rich soil Swamps

More information

World History I. Robert Taggart

World History I. Robert Taggart World History I Robert Taggart Table of Contents To the Student.............................................. v A Note About Dates........................................ vii Unit 1: The Earliest People

More information

REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST

REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST Ancient Greece Ancient Rome REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST INSTRUCTIONS: Go through the slides and answer each question in the packet; the slide numbers are listed for each question

More information

1. Tiberius Gracchus: Gaius Gracchus: Civil War: Spartacan Revolt: Cataline First Triumvirate:

1. Tiberius Gracchus: Gaius Gracchus: Civil War: Spartacan Revolt: Cataline First Triumvirate: 1. Tiberius Gracchus: Roman politician Trying to appeal to poor If they support him he will put limits on land, cattle, sheep (makes promises) Senators don't want him in power Can't get elected because

More information

Chapter 5: Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity 509 BC-AD 476

Chapter 5: Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity 509 BC-AD 476 Chapter 5: Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity 509 BC-AD 476 Geography Like Greece Italy is a peninsula. Not broken into small valleys Apennine Mts run down the length of the peninsula and are less

More information

Rise of the Roman Empire 753 B.C.E. to 60 C.E.

Rise of the Roman Empire 753 B.C.E. to 60 C.E. Rise of the Roman Empire 753 B.C.E. to 60 C.E. Today s Questions How was Rome founded? What led to the formation of Rome s republic? How was the Roman republic organized? What events led to imperialism

More information

Decline and Fall. Chapter 5 Section 5

Decline and Fall. Chapter 5 Section 5 Decline and Fall Chapter 5 Section 5 Problems & Upheavals A long period of unrest followed the death of the last good emperor,, in A.D. 180. For a period, Rome was ruled by the Severans, whose motto was

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Adriatic. Ionian. Sea. Strait of Messina. 100 miles km Azimuthal Equidistant projection. 750 b.c. 500 b.c. 250 b.c. 1 b.c.

NAME DATE CLASS. Adriatic. Ionian. Sea. Strait of Messina. 100 miles km Azimuthal Equidistant projection. 750 b.c. 500 b.c. 250 b.c. 1 b.c. Lesson 1 The Founding of Rome ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. What effect did geography have on the rise of Roman civilization? 2. How did Rome

More information

7/8 World History. Week 18. The Roman Empire & Christianity

7/8 World History. Week 18. The Roman Empire & Christianity 7/8 World History Week 18 The Roman Empire & Christianity Monday Do Now What happened to Alexander the Great s empire after he died? Objectives Students will understand the transition of Rome from a republic

More information

The Roman Republic. Chapter Outline. Chapter Outline 10/20/2011. Chapter 6

The Roman Republic. Chapter Outline. Chapter Outline 10/20/2011. Chapter 6 The Roman Republic Chapter 6 Chapter Outline The Romans built a great city The Roman Republic spread its power Republican government collapsed in Rome Chapter Outline The Romans built a great city What

More information

SSWH3: Examine the political, philosophical, & cultural interaction of classical Mediterranean societies from 700 BCE to 400 CE/AD

SSWH3: Examine the political, philosophical, & cultural interaction of classical Mediterranean societies from 700 BCE to 400 CE/AD SSWH3: Examine the political, philosophical, & cultural interaction of classical Mediterranean societies from 700 BCE to 400 CE/AD B. Identify the ideas and impact of important individuals, include: Socrates,

More information

The Roman Republic. Chapter 10

The Roman Republic. Chapter 10 The Roman Republic Chapter 10 Rome Italy Italy is a peninsula in Southern Europe It looks like a high-heeled boot sticking out into the Mediterranean Physical Features of Italy Two Main Mt. Ranges: 1.

More information

The Electronic Passport to Ancient Rome

The Electronic Passport to Ancient Rome The Electronic Passport to Ancient Rome A New Power Rises The earliest empires had been in the east. Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, India, and Greece were all home to at least one powerful civilization. About

More information

Chapter 10, Lesson 1 Notes

Chapter 10, Lesson 1 Notes Chapter 10, Lesson 1 Notes Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome, were raised by a she-wolf. The Tiber River was important to Rome b/c foreign ships could bring goods to the city The Etruscans

More information

Location. Palatine Hill Tiber River Valley (becomes the forum)

Location. Palatine Hill Tiber River Valley (becomes the forum) Rome Location Palatine Hill Tiber River Valley (becomes the forum) Physical features of Rome Tiber river-near Palatine Hill Alps Mountains- North of peninsula Apennine Mountains- backbone of Italian peninsula

More information

Name Date Period. Mr. Melia Social Studies Unit 9 Ancient Rome Chapter 7 Section 5

Name Date Period. Mr. Melia Social Studies Unit 9 Ancient Rome Chapter 7 Section 5 Name Date Period Mr. Melia Social Studies Unit 9 Ancient Rome Chapter 7 Section 5 The Fall of Rome One day in the year a.d. 312, the emperor Constantine (kahn stuhn teen) stood with his troops under a

More information

World History Topic 6: Ancient Rome

World History Topic 6: Ancient Rome World History Topic 6: Ancient Rome Lesson 1 The Roman Republic Key Terms Etruscans republic patrician consul dictator plebeian tribune veto legion World History Topic 6: Ancient Rome Lesson 1 The Roman

More information

Ancient Rome. AP World History Chapter 5a

Ancient Rome. AP World History Chapter 5a Ancient Rome AP World History Chapter 5a The Italian Peninsula Narrow boot-shaped peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea Modern-Day Italy Center of trade among 3 continents = Asia, Africa, Europe Mild, moist

More information

Ancient Rome. The cultural achievements of the Romans continue to influence the art, architecture, and literature of today.

Ancient Rome. The cultural achievements of the Romans continue to influence the art, architecture, and literature of today. MAIN IDEA The ancient Romans made important contributions to government, law, and engineering. Ancient Rome WHY IT MATTERS NOW The cultural achievements of the Romans continue to influence the art, architecture,

More information

1. Defeated Mark Antony in a struggle for power and was given the title Augustus, Exalted One.

1. Defeated Mark Antony in a struggle for power and was given the title Augustus, Exalted One. Name: Ch 6 Test I. Matching - Write the letter of the term that matches the definitions below. A. Virgil B. Attila C. Paul D. Cleopatra E. Ptolemy F. Peter G. Octavian H. Diocletian I. Julius Caesar J.

More information

The Punic Wars The Punic Wars BCE Carthage The Harbor of Carthage

The Punic Wars The Punic Wars BCE Carthage The Harbor of Carthage The Punic Wars The Punic Wars 264-146 BCE Punic comes from the Latin word for Three conflicts fought between Rome and Carthage First Punic War 264-241 BCE Fought over Second Punic War 218-201 BCE Fought

More information

FROM REPUBLIC TO EMPIRE

FROM REPUBLIC TO EMPIRE FROM REPUBLIC TO EMPIRE A PRESENTATION BY: JACKSON WILKENS, ANDREW DE GALA, AND CHRISTIAN KOPPANG ESTABLISHMENT OF THE PRINCIPATE 1. Augustus Caesar (30BCE-14CE) 2. Augustus as imperator 3. Further conquests

More information

Chapter 5: The Roman Empire

Chapter 5: The Roman Empire Chapter 5: The Roman Empire Section 1: Pax Romana - Period of peace from BC to AD - prospered, and communications improved, activities flourished - Pax Romana = I. Augustus: The First Citizen of Rome A.

More information

JULIUS CAESAR. Key Question: How should Caesar have been remembered by the people of Rome?

JULIUS CAESAR. Key Question: How should Caesar have been remembered by the people of Rome? JULIUS CAESAR Key Question: How should Caesar have been remembered by the people of Rome? As Rome expanded, many wealthy Romans neglected their civic duty. What does this mean? These wealthy Romans only

More information

Chapter 5 Final Activity

Chapter 5 Final Activity Chapter 5 Final Activity Matching Match the terms to the descriptions. a. latifundia f. Virgil b. republic g. mercenaries c. Ptolemy h. legion d. heresy i. Augustine e. dictator j. imperialism 1. a belief

More information

Civil War in Ancient Rome and the End of the Roman Republic

Civil War in Ancient Rome and the End of the Roman Republic Civil War in Ancient Rome and the End of the Roman Republic World History Workbook for High School Tiberius Gracchus and Land Reform In the years following the Punic Wars, the Roman lower classes (the

More information

According to His Purpose. How the world events surrounding the birth of Christ suited God s design.

According to His Purpose. How the world events surrounding the birth of Christ suited God s design. According to His Purpose How the world events surrounding the birth of Christ suited God s design. According to His Purpose 1. All things work together for good Romans 8:28 2. Things work out because they

More information

2 Main Points: 1) Foreign invasions and political/social/economic problems led to the collapse of the western 1/2 of the Roman Empire.

2 Main Points: 1) Foreign invasions and political/social/economic problems led to the collapse of the western 1/2 of the Roman Empire. 2 Main Points: 1) Foreign invasions and political/social/economic problems led to the collapse of the western 1/2 of the Roman Empire. 2) As the Western Roman Empire began to fall apart, the Christian

More information

How Does Rome Go from Republic to Empire?

How Does Rome Go from Republic to Empire? How Does Rome Go from Republic to Empire? The Punic Wars (264 146 BCE) Both Rome and Carthage want control of the Mediterranean Sea. In the first war, Rome wins and forces Carthage to hand over three

More information