1. Defeated Mark Antony in a struggle for power and was given the title Augustus, Exalted One.

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1 Name: Ch 6 Test I. Matching - Write the letter of the term that matches the definitions below. A. Virgil B. Attila C. Paul D. Cleopatra E. Ptolemy F. Peter G. Octavian H. Diocletian I. Julius Caesar J. Constantine 1. Defeated Mark Antony in a struggle for power and was given the title Augustus, Exalted One. 2. Forced the Roman senate to make him dictator and was ultimately murdered on March 15th. 3. Became a Christian missionary and spread Christianity to non-jews around the world. 4. Formally known as Simon and regarded by Catholics as the first Pope. 5. Proposed the theory that the Earth was the center of the universe. 6. Egyptian pharaoh who formed a political alliance with Mark Antony. 7. Issued the Edict of Milan which granted religious freedom in Rome. 8. Praised Rome's heroic past in the Aeneid. 9. Emperor who divided Rome into two parts to make it easier to govern. 10. Leader of the Huns, a nomadic group who conquered the Roman empire little by little. A. inflation B. mosaic C. heresy D. patriarch E. plebeian F. patrician G. aqueduct H. martyr I. bishop J. republic 11. A bridge-like structure that transported water from one location to another. 12. A person who dies for his or her religious beliefs. 13. A belief or opinion that is contrary (against) to official Church doctrine. 14. A government in which some officials are chosen by the people. 15. Members of the landholding upper class. 16. Members of the middle class who eventually gained some political power. 17. Works of art that used small colored pieces of glass or stone. 18. Was responsible for all Christians in a particular area called a diocese. 19. Held authority over other bishops in their area. 20. The rapid rise of prices. II. Multiple Choice - Choose the best answer and write the letter on the line provided. 1

2 1. Who represented the rights of the plebeians? a. patriarchs b. the senate c. tribunes d. patricians 2. Which culture greatly influenced the Romans? a. the Egyptians b. the Chinese c. the Huns d. the Greeks 3. What language was spoken in Ancient Rome? a. Latin b. Spanish c. Italian d. Roman 4. What was the governing body of ancient Rome called? a. the congress b. the republic c. the senate d. the tribune 5. Who was elected to supervise the business of government and command the armies? a. consuls b. dictators c. senators d. All of the choices 6. The early Romans were a. monotheistic b. polytheistic c. Jewish d. atheists 7. Which of the following contributed to the decline of the republic? a. unemployment b. food shortages c. the Pax Romana d. efficient rulers 8. Roman artists: a. didn't exist b. stressed idealism c. only made mosaicsd. stressed realism 9. People often went to the bathhouse to. a. trade goods b. gossip c. vote d. do their laundry 10. Which of these was not a form of entertainment in ancient Rome: a. chariot races b. gladiator fights c. plays d. bull fights III. True and False. Read the following statements and determine if they are true (T) or false (F). 1. Romans thought that the Greeks were at the height of cultural achievement. 2. Romans borrowed much of their philosophy from the Greeks. 3. Jews believed that Jesus was the son of God. 4. Jesus' teachings were rooted in Jewish tradition and he accepted the 10 Commandments. 5. Romans were always able to freely practice Christianity, without fear of persecution. 6. Girls were not allowed to attend school in ancient Rome. 7. In the event of war, the senate might have chosen a dictator to rule. 2

3 8. Mercenaries were Roman soldiers who were sent away for training at an early age. 9. Rome generally treated its defeated enemies with justice. 10. Constantine made Alexandria the center of power for the Roman Empire. IV. Graphic Organizer Figure I Influential Roman Emperors Study the table below and then answer the questions that follow. Leader and Years in Office Augustus (31 B.C. A.D. 14) Nero (A.D A.D. 68) Vespasian (A.D A.D. 79) Hadrian (A.D. 117 A.D. 138) Marcus Aurelius (A.D. 161 A.D. 180) Constantine (A.D. 306 A.D. 337) Major Policies Ended civil war; reformed government; established empire Persecuted Christians after fire destroyed much of Rome Authorized building projects in Rome; reorganized government finance Build Hadrian s Wall in Britain; codified Roman law Helped unify empire economically; made legal reforms Ended persecution of the Christians; called Nicaea council to settle Church disputes; built new capital at Constantinople 1. Which emperor s reign was the longest? 2. Which emperor s reign was the shortest? 3. How did the religious policies of Nero and Constantine differ? 4. Which emperor built a structure to help keep invaders out of Britain? 5. Which emperor made legal reforms? V. Short Answer Answer both questions below thoroughly and completely. Answers that are not written in complete, logical sentences will not be given credit. 3

4 1. The Greco-Roman civilizations made many important lasting contributions to the world. Support the validity of this statement by giving at least four examples of significant contributions. 2. List at least three causes of the "fall of Rome". (military, political, social, economic) 4

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