Home work. Answer in complete sentences Use your study sheet to find the correct answers. A NEW POWER RISES

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1 Date: 1 A NEW POWER RISES 1. How would the army of the early Roman republic treat the people they captured? *2. Write a paragraph that describes the factors that make Rome an ideal location for a city. Remember to include a topic sentence, at least two supporting sentences, and a conclusion that is different from the study sheet. *3. Why do you think Rome is known as the Eternal City? ROMULUS AND REMUS 4. Who were the legendary founders of Rome? *5. According to Roman mythology, exactly how old is the Eternal City? Your answer must be precise, but does not have to be written in a complete sentence. 6. Who were the Etruscans? 2000 Mike Dowling, The Electronic Passport at All rights reserved. Page 1 of 1

2 Date: 2 7. Who were the patricians? THE PATRICIANS AND THE PLEBEIANS *9. Would you describe the plebeians as rich, middle class, or poor? Defend your answer. Fill in the Blanks THE PUNIC WARS Rome fought t vicious wars with C, a city on the north coast of A, between BC and BC. The wars were called the P Wars because P was the R name for C. The Romans initiated the first P War in order to gain control of S, an island off the southwest tip of the *I peninsula. Carthage tried to seek *r v ng in the S Punic War. A young g name H attacked R by leading an army on e over the A and into *I. Hannibal defeated the Roman a, but was unable to take the w city. The Romans won the war after Hannibal was recalled to C. Fifty y after the S Punic War, R s leaders decided to *d s r y Carthage. When Rome defeated C, the soldiers s the people and poured s over the Carthaginian f to ensure that c could no longer g. Many historians suggest that the brutality of the R can only be compared to the acts of the *G Nazis in the * century. 11. What caused the first Punic War? THE PUNIC WARS 2000 Mike Dowling, The Electronic Passport at All rights reserved. Page 2 of 2

3 Date: 3 *12. Why do you think Hannibal chose elephants rather than horses to attack Rome? Use your study sheet to find the correct answers *13. Why do you think the Romans fought the final Punic War? JULIUS CAESAR *14. Do you think Julius Caesar was a patrician or a plebeian? Explain your reasoning. 25. Why did Caesar want the opportunity to lead an army in Gaul? *16. What is a dictator? *17. Why was Caesar popular with the Roman people? *28. Why did the senators murder Caesar? 2000 Mike Dowling, The Electronic Passport at All rights reserved. Page 3 of 3

4 Date: 4 Use your study sheet to find the correct answers CAESAR AUGUSTUS *18. Why do you think Octavian was generous to the soldiers when they retired? *19. Do you think Octavian was popular with the Roman people? Defend your answer. 20. What was a pagan? CHRISTIANITY *21. Why do you think the followers of Jesus angered the local authorities in Jerusalem? *22. Why were the followers of Jesus eventually called Christians? 23. Why were many pagans attracted to the ideas of Christianity? *24. Why didn t the first Christians feel it was important to write down the stories of the life and wisdom of Jesus? 2000 Mike Dowling, The Electronic Passport at All rights reserved. Page 4 of 4

5 Date: 5 CONSTANTINE, CONSTANTINOPLE, AND THE FALL OF ROME *25. Write a paragraph that describes why Christianity spread through the Roman Empire. Your paragraph must have a topic sentence, at least two supporting sentences, and a valid conclusion that restates, but does not repeat the topic sentence. 26. Why did Constantine move his capital to Byzantium? CONSTANTINE, CONSTANTINOPLE, AND THE FALL OF ROME 27. Byzantium later became Constantinople. What is the current name of the city? In what modern nation will you find this city? 28. Why is Islam the predominant religious faith in the city once known as Constantinople? *29. What happened to the Roman Empire? 2000 Mike Dowling, The Electronic Passport at All rights reserved. Page 5 of 5

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